194 resources related to Patent law
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The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE
To promote awareness, understanding, advancement and application of ocean engineering and marine technology. This includes all aspects of science, engineering, and technology that address research, development, and operations pertaining to all bodies of water. This includes the creation of new capabilities and technologies from concept design through prototypes, testing, and operational systems to sense, explore, understand, develop, use, and responsibly manage natural resources.
The International Conference on Consumer Electronics (ICCE) is soliciting technical papersfor oral and poster presentation at ICCE 2018. ICCE has a strong conference history coupledwith a tradition of attracting leading authors and delegates from around the world.Papers reporting new developments in all areas of consumer electronics are invited. Topics around the major theme will be the content ofspecial sessions and tutorials.
All topics related to engineering and technology management, including applicable analytical methods and economical/social/human issues to be considered in making engineering decisions.
2020 IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC)
Promote science and engineering of photovoltaic materials, devices, systems and applications
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters (AWP Letters) will be devoted to the rapid electronic publication of short manuscripts in the technical areas of Antennas and Wireless Propagation.
IEEE Communications Magazine was the number three most-cited journal in telecommunications and the number eighteen cited journal in electrical and electronics engineering in 2004, according to the annual Journal Citation Report (2004 edition) published by the Institute for Scientific Information. Read more at http://www.ieee.org/products/citations.html. This magazine covers all areas of communications such as lightwave telecommunications, high-speed data communications, personal communications ...
Computer, the flagship publication of the IEEE Computer Society, publishes peer-reviewed technical content that covers all aspects of computer science, computer engineering, technology, and applications. Computer is a resource that practitioners, researchers, and managers can rely on to provide timely information about current research developments, trends, best practices, and changes in the profession.
The design and manufacture of consumer electronics products, components, and related activities, particularly those used for entertainment, leisure, and educational purposes
Educational methods, technology, and programs; history of technology; impact of evolving research on education.
2009 IEEE 10th International Conference on Computer-Aided Industrial Design & Conceptual Design, 2009
The core value of industrial design is innovation. It is important to afford powerful legend safeguard for the application of intellectual property from innovativeness, locality and practicalness. For example, there are industrial design patent protections for innovative design forms, utility model patent protections for innovative utilities. Although China industrial design has developed for decades, there are still many problems in ...
IEEE 2002 International Symposium on Technology and Society (ISTAS'02). Social Implications of Information and Communication Technology. Proceedings (Cat. No.02CH37293), 2002
For many years computer software and ways of doing business were not considered to be patentable. Software was finally deemed patentable in the early eighties and ways of doing business were patented in the nineties, especially with the advent of e-commerce. In this paper I review the expanded scope of patents being issued by the PTO (Patent and Trademark Office) ...
IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 1978
IEEE Communications Magazine, 1986
IEMC '03 Proceedings. Managing Technologically Driven Organizations: The Human Side of Innovation and Change, 2003
Considering the varied debates on the low investment and low efficiency of technology innovations in China, through analyzing the incentive system of technology innovation, this paper builds the model of technology innovation flow with the impact of innovation incentives. Then this model is utilized to study the unique phenomenon of technology innovation flow of China. It finally clarifies the issues, ...
Intellectual Property Law Primer - Tyson Benson (2014-HKN-SLC)
IEEE Brain: Intellectual Property: the Currency of Commercialization
IEEE Patent Presentation
IEEE Xplore's Resources for Entrepreneurs
Obtaining a US patent with Dr. William Tonti
Protecting Internet Traffic: Security Challenges and Solutions – IEEE Internet Initiative Webinar
Capacitive Sensor Interfaces - Man-Kay Law - ISSCCedu 2020
End of Moore's Law Challenges and Opportunities: Computer Architecture Perspectives: IEEE Rebooting Computing 2017, Margaret Martonosi
From the Quantum Moore's Law toward Silicon Based Universal Quantum Computing - IEEE Rebooting Computing 2017
The Future of Semiconductor: Moore's Law Plus - IEEE Rebooting Computing Industry Summit 2017
What Will Carry the Industry Beyond the Tradition of Moore's Law? - IEEE Rebooting Computing Industry Summit 2017
Did You Know: Eric Schmidt is HKN
All You Wanted to Know About Chinese Manufacturing But Were Afraid to Ask
It’s An 802 Thing - 40th Anniversary - IEEE 802 Leader
Oral History: Jerry Minter
Computing Beyond Moore's Law - William Vanderlinde: 2016 International Conference on Rebooting Computing
Panel Discussion: RegionaI Issues and Developments Related to Internet Governance, Cybersecurity and Privacy - ETAP Tel Aviv 2015
Who Owns What and How Do You Protect It? - IEEE USA
Larson Collection interview with Arthur L. Schawlow
The core value of industrial design is innovation. It is important to afford powerful legend safeguard for the application of intellectual property from innovativeness, locality and practicalness. For example, there are industrial design patent protections for innovative design forms, utility model patent protections for innovative utilities. Although China industrial design has developed for decades, there are still many problems in how to protect efficiently for the rights and interests of designers and enterprises. Intellectual property protection technology affords a practical approach to protect innovation results. ¿Intellectual property is the impetus for independent innovations, the ensures for international competition, and the vitalities for economy development.¿ The article has systemically discussed the application of intellectual property in design innovation from four aspects: intellectual property strategy, the relationship of intellectual property and design innovation, the enterprise innovation and intellectual property, and the facing problems and countermeasures of enterprises.
For many years computer software and ways of doing business were not considered to be patentable. Software was finally deemed patentable in the early eighties and ways of doing business were patented in the nineties, especially with the advent of e-commerce. In this paper I review the expanded scope of patents being issued by the PTO (Patent and Trademark Office) and the roles of the congress, the patent bar and the courts. I also address the question: do software and ways of doing business patents "promote the progress of science and useful arts" as envisioned in the Constitution (Article 1, Section 8)? The answer seems to be no: the patent system is broken. Some proposed fixes are included.
Considering the varied debates on the low investment and low efficiency of technology innovations in China, through analyzing the incentive system of technology innovation, this paper builds the model of technology innovation flow with the impact of innovation incentives. Then this model is utilized to study the unique phenomenon of technology innovation flow of China. It finally clarifies the issues, which have puzzled China on the technology innovations, from the full new views.
This paper discusses the case which involved the battle between Gillette's MACH3 three-blade razor and Schick's QUATTRO four-blade razor. Gilette had sued Schick for patent infringement in its hometown of Boston. Gillette's patent had only one independent claim, and it called for a safety razor comprising a group of first, second, and third blades. Schick's position was simple its razor had four blades, not a group of three blades, Gillette's position was also simple - it said that its claim required at least three blades but was not limited to just three blades. The Boston court sided with Schick which concluded that Gillette's invention was limited to just three blades. Gillette appealed to the CAFC. There, it argued that its claim language should be read as open language permitting the incorporation of additional elements, including additional blades in the claimed razor. It relied on two words in its independent claim, which Gillette said signaled the claim's openness, namely, the word comprising and the word group. Schick, on the other hand, argued to the CAFC that the Boston court had been right and Gillette was elevating form over substance, since Gillette's patent was filled with references to three-blade razors but did not have a single specific mention of a four-, or more, blade razor. The CAFC struggled with the closeness of these competing arguments. In the end, the two-member majority agreed with Gillette's arguments regarding the use of the words comprising and group. This case serves as a lesson that one must be very careful about what one says about an adverse patent in a public forum.
Where did the U.S. patent laws come from? One answer is from from the greed of English kings and queens. To raise money for themselves and their friends, the kings and queens of England adopted a policy of granting monopolies called "letters patents" for everyday goods such as vinegar, wine, salt, paper, oil, bottles, you name it. The crown sold these letters patents to brokers (or gave them to friends and supporters), who in turn sold them to particular companies interested in trading in the various goods. Over the years the U.S. Congress has enacted a series of comprehensive Patent Statutes, the first of which went into effect in 1790 and the most recent of which was enacted in 1952. Congress has also regularly fine-tuned the Patent Statutes in major and minor ways to respond to perceived needs in the country's continuing efforts to encourage innovation and thus grow the economy. Various stages of U.S. patent law can be identified in this process of legislating rewards for innovation. Initially, before 1836, U.S. patents were granted without examination, as is still done in some parts of the world. This left the issue of patent validity solely to the courts, which was unsatisfactory for a growing economy. In response, Congress created the Patent Office in 1836 and directed that Office to conduct a thorough examination of the prior art before a patent was issued. The Patent Office also was charged with resolving disputes between rival inventors and disseminating the technical information contained in patents to the public.
What happens when the purposes of the patent laws conflict with the purposes of the trademark laws? Which law should prevail? That was the question before the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit in the recent case of Vornado vs. Duracraft. The answer the court gave was that the patent laws should prevail and as a result, the court severely limited the trademark doctrine of "trade dress" protection. The law of trade dress deals with the design and shape of products and their packaging. Originally developed under the general law of unfair competition, both state and federal courts now protect from misappropriation product configurations that identify a manufacturer as the source of a product. Examples of configurations which have been found to be entitled to such protection include the Rolls-Royce radiator grille, and the Honeywell circular thermostat. When trade dress rights exist, a competitor can be stopped from making a look-alike product. Because trade dress rights, like other trademark rights, can potentially last forever, courts have put strict limits on the types of product configurations that are eligible for trade dress protection. Configurations that are functional cannot receive trade dress protection. The test for functionality is often whether other configurations exist that can perform the same function. The Vornado case added another limitation to the trade dress doctrine, namely, if a product configuration is a significant inventive component of the claims of a patent on the product, that configuration cannot receive trade dress protection even if it is not functional. The case involved a highly successful electric fan invented by the Vornado company. The fan had a sleek modern appearance with a distinctive spiral grille, which readily identified it as a Vornado fan. Vornado obtained a utility patent on its fan, all the claims of which included the spiral grille feature. Vornado, however, was not able to obtain a claim to the spiral grille by itself since such grilles, although no longer in use, were disclosed in old patents.
At first glance, US and Israeli law would appear to permit patent protection for all inventions that involve processes, including those involving software. Certainly, other technical processes or procedures, such as chemical or mechanical processes, have been eligible for patent protection in the US and Israel. US patent law states that whoever invents or discovers any new and useful process, machine, manufacture, or composition of matter, may obtain a patent therefor. Israeli patent law states that an invention, whether a product or process, which is new, useful, and useable in industry or agriculture and includes an inventive step is a patentable invention. However, in Israel and the US, software and software-related inventions have traditionally been viewed as ineligible for patent protection because of software's resemblance to human thought processes. This has been based primarily on the desire to avoid placing legal restrictions on truly mental processes, such as mathematics. Since the early 1980s, though, US courts and the US Patent and Trademark Office have taken a new approach by favoring patent protection for software-related inventions. The Israeli patent Registrar, however, seems to be wavering between the old and new approaches.
The legal protection extended by the statute laws of China on works of applied art could be overlapping while sometimes is conflicted and inadequate in practice, due to the fact that works of applied art are of both practical and artistic nature. The authors suggest approaches for improvement in both legislation and judicial practice based on the current statue laws and case studies. The authors propose the creation of a multilayered protection mechanism for China's intellectual property law system, which stresses protection by the copyright law, with protection by the design patent law as an essential supplement, and enhanced by the comprehensive application of the trademark law, the anti-unfair competition law, and other related laws and regulations.
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