Osteoporosis

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Osteoporosis is a disease of bones that leads to an increased risk of fracture. In osteoporosis the bone mineral density (BMD) is reduced, bone microarchitecture is deteriorating, and the amount and variety of proteins in bone is altered. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Osteoporosis

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2020 42nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE


2020 IEEE 17th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2020)

The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging. ISBI 2020 will be the 17th meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2020 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering cross-fertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.

  • 2019 IEEE 16th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI)

    The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging.ISBI 2019 will be the 16th meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2019 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering cross fertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.

  • 2018 IEEE 15th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2018)

    The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging. ISBI 2018 will be the 15th meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2018 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering crossfertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.

  • 2017 IEEE 14th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2017)

    The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging. ISBI 2017 will be the 14th meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2017 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering crossfertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.

  • 2016 IEEE 13th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2016)

    The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forumfor the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging. ISBI 2016 willbe the thirteenth meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitatinginteraction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2016 meeting will continue thistradition of fostering crossfertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrativeapproach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.

  • 2015 IEEE 12th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2015)

    The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging. ISBI 2015 will be the 12th meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2014 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering crossfertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.

  • 2014 IEEE 11th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2014)

    The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging. ISBI 2014 will be the eleventh meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2014 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering crossfertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.

  • 2013 IEEE 10th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2013)

    To serve the biological, biomedical, bioengineering, bioimaging and other technical communities through a quality program of presentations and papers on the foundation, application, development, and use of biomedical imaging.

  • 2012 IEEE 9th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2012)

    To serve the biological, biomedical, bioengineering, bioimaging, and other technical communities through a quality program of presentations and papers on the foundation, application, development, and use of biomedical imaging.

  • 2011 IEEE 8th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2011)

    To serve the biological, biomedical, bioengineering, bioimaging, and other technical communities through a quality program of presentations and papers on the foundation, application, development, and use of biomedical imaging.

  • 2010 IEEE 7th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2010)

    To serve the biological, biomedical, bioengineering, bioimaging, and other technical communities through a quality program of presentations and papers on the foundation, application, development, and use of biomedical imaging.

  • 2009 IEEE 6th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2009)

    Algorithmic, mathematical and computational aspects of biomedical imaging, from nano- to macroscale. Topics of interest include image formation and reconstruction, computational and statistical image processing and analysis, dynamic imaging, visualization, image quality assessment, and physical, biological and statistical modeling. Molecular, cellular, anatomical and functional imaging modalities and applications.

  • 2008 IEEE 5th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2008)

    Algorithmic, mathematical and computational aspects of biomedical imaging, from nano- to macroscale. Topics of interest include image formation and reconstruction, computational and statistical image processing and analysis, dynamic imaging, visualization, image quality assessment, and physical, biological and statistical modeling. Molecular, cellular, anatomical and functional imaging modalities and applications.

  • 2007 IEEE 4th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: Macro to Nano (ISBI 2007)

  • 2006 IEEE 3rd International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: Macro to Nano (ISBI 2006)

  • 2004 2nd IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: Macro to Nano (ISBI 2004)

  • 2002 1st IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: Macro to Nano (ISBI 2002)


2020 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC)

The 2020 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC 2020) will be held in Metro Toronto Convention Centre (MTCC), Toronto, Ontario, Canada. SMC 2020 is the flagship conference of the IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society. It provides an international forum for researchers and practitioners to report most recent innovations and developments, summarize state-of-the-art, and exchange ideas and advances in all aspects of systems science and engineering, human machine systems, and cybernetics. Advances in these fields have increasing importance in the creation of intelligent environments involving technologies interacting with humans to provide an enriching experience and thereby improve quality of life. Papers related to the conference theme are solicited, including theories, methodologies, and emerging applications. Contributions to theory and practice, including but not limited to the following technical areas, are invited.


2020 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (NSS/MIC)

All areas of ionizing radiation detection - detectors, signal processing, analysis of results, PET development, PET results, medical imaging using ionizing radiation


IECON 2020 - 46th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society

IECON is focusing on industrial and manufacturing theory and applications of electronics, controls, communications, instrumentation and computational intelligence.


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Periodicals related to Osteoporosis

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Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, IEEE/ACM Transactions on

Specific topics of interest include, but are not limited to, sequence analysis, comparison and alignment methods; motif, gene and signal recognition; molecular evolution; phylogenetics and phylogenomics; determination or prediction of the structure of RNA and Protein in two and three dimensions; DNA twisting and folding; gene expression and gene regulatory networks; deduction of metabolic pathways; micro-array design and analysis; proteomics; ...


Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, IEEE

Both general and technical articles on current technologies and methods used in biomedical and clinical engineering; societal implications of medical technologies; current news items; book reviews; patent descriptions; and correspondence. Special interest departments, students, law, clinical engineering, ethics, new products, society news, historical features and government.


Information Technology in Biomedicine, IEEE Transactions on

Telemedicine, teleradiology, telepathology, telemonitoring, telediagnostics, 3D animations in health care, health information networks, clinical information systems, virtual reality applications in medicine, broadband technologies, and global information infrastructure design for health care.


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Most published Xplore authors for Osteoporosis

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Xplore Articles related to Osteoporosis

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Holographic deformation analysis of the human femur

2001 Conference Proceedings of the 23rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2001

The deformations of the neck and head of the human dried femur were measured and analyzed with loads applied at the femoral head. Particular attention was paid to measurements of bones with osteoporosis. We used double exposures or real-time holographic interferometry to measure precisely. The distal part of each femur was embedded in super hard plaster, and the load was ...


Femur Bone Volumetric Estimation from a Single X-Ray Image for Osteoporosis Diagnosis

2006 International Symposium on Communications and Information Technologies, 2006

BMD (bone mineral density) is an indicator of osteoporosis that is serious disease, particularly for elderly. To calculate BMD, we need to measure volume by noninvasive way. This paper proposes noninvasive bone volume measurement method. A novel method is presented for a volumetric of femur bone which uses a computer-based procedure to estimate volumetric from a single x-ray image. We ...


Model-based analysis of computed radiographs

[1990] Proceedings of the First Conference on Visualization in Biomedical Computing, 1990

Algorithms for computed radiography that allow a computer to recognize anatomy in medical imagery and to identify variations from normal in size, shape and density are discussed. The imagery is obtained from a Philips/Fuji computed radiography system that uses reusable photoluminescent image plates. The approach is general, allowing the use of the same system software for any modelled anatomy. Image-processing ...


Nanomaterials for osteoporosis treatment

Proceedings of the IEEE 31st Annual Northeast Bioengineering Conference, 2005., 2005

In osteoporosis research, there are several major barriers that exist for the use of any pharmaceutical agents to stimulate new bone formation. Because of these limitations that even the best strategies to sufficiently increase bone mass (although, to date, still unproven) require at least one year to see any change; a time period not acceptable especially for the elderly. For ...


Quantification of trabecular bone structure from three-dimensional /spl mu/MR images

Proceedings 2001 International Conference on Image Processing (Cat. No.01CH37205), 2001

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has recently been applied to the study of osteoporosis. Accurate acquisition techniques and image analysis protocols for the determination of trabecular bone structure are yet to be defined. Two different approaches for three-dimensional acquisition and reconstruction are exploited to derive the structural parameters of trabecular bone explants. In particular, MR microscopy (/spl mu/MRI) is used to ...


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Educational Resources on Osteoporosis

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IEEE.tv Videos

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Holographic deformation analysis of the human femur

    The deformations of the neck and head of the human dried femur were measured and analyzed with loads applied at the femoral head. Particular attention was paid to measurements of bones with osteoporosis. We used double exposures or real-time holographic interferometry to measure precisely. The distal part of each femur was embedded in super hard plaster, and the load was applied at the femoral head. In order to better simulate the situation of a femur under physiological muscles, we used the 3D finite element method (FEM) for our analyses. After modeling the femur, which consisted of meshing as eight noded elements for each section of diaphysis, we used the 3D FEM to calculate stress and strain. We obtained the following results : (1)the deformations increased with the progress of osteoporosis;(2) femur with osteoporosis showed obvious rotational components in the femoral shaft and (3) a compressive stress distribution could be found at the medial side of the diaphyseal region by using the FEM.

  • Femur Bone Volumetric Estimation from a Single X-Ray Image for Osteoporosis Diagnosis

    BMD (bone mineral density) is an indicator of osteoporosis that is serious disease, particularly for elderly. To calculate BMD, we need to measure volume by noninvasive way. This paper proposes noninvasive bone volume measurement method. A novel method is presented for a volumetric of femur bone which uses a computer-based procedure to estimate volumetric from a single x-ray image. We use an active contour model (ACM) for 2D segmentation. Volumetric technique that the thickness of femur region mapping to a pixels are determined using a physical model of image acquisition and knowledge base of the doctor. From above, we can construct a femur bone of each pixel. Therefore we can determine a volumetric of femur bone. In this paper, we also present a volumetric of femur bone, to evaluate results of the proposed method by actual experiments. We compare a BMD of the proposed method results with a BMD of CT-SCAN results

  • Model-based analysis of computed radiographs

    Algorithms for computed radiography that allow a computer to recognize anatomy in medical imagery and to identify variations from normal in size, shape and density are discussed. The imagery is obtained from a Philips/Fuji computed radiography system that uses reusable photoluminescent image plates. The approach is general, allowing the use of the same system software for any modelled anatomy. Image-processing techniques are used to extract edges, regions, vertices and other relevant image features. These features trigger formation of hypotheses of the imaged bones and soft tissues. Multiple hypotheses of the size and orientation of the imaged anatomy are matched against stored 3-D models of the relevant anatomy, obtained from statistically valid population studies. A typical processing example from a normal hand is shown.<<ETX>>

  • Nanomaterials for osteoporosis treatment

    In osteoporosis research, there are several major barriers that exist for the use of any pharmaceutical agents to stimulate new bone formation. Because of these limitations that even the best strategies to sufficiently increase bone mass (although, to date, still unproven) require at least one year to see any change; a time period not acceptable especially for the elderly. For these reasons, in this study we used nanotechnology (or the design of materials with 10/sup -9/ m dimensions) to develop novel drug-carrying systems that will specifically attach to osteoporotic (not healthy) bone. Moreover, some of these novel drug carrying systems will then distribute pharmaceutical agents locally to quickly increase bone mass. Efforts will focus on the prolonged release of bioactive agents (bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2)) to efficiently regenerate enough bone for the patient to return to a normal active lifestyle. Particularly, inorganic biodegradable nanomaterials (including ceramics like hydroxyapatite or HA) will be functionalized with bioactive chemicals. Such bioactive groups will be placed on the outer surface of the nanoparticle systems using various techniques. The outer coating of the embedded nanoparticle systems will also be created to have different biodegradation rates for the controlled release of embedded bioactive agents to the target site.

  • Quantification of trabecular bone structure from three-dimensional /spl mu/MR images

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has recently been applied to the study of osteoporosis. Accurate acquisition techniques and image analysis protocols for the determination of trabecular bone structure are yet to be defined. Two different approaches for three-dimensional acquisition and reconstruction are exploited to derive the structural parameters of trabecular bone explants. In particular, MR microscopy (/spl mu/MRI) is used to obtain conventional (FT) and projection reconstruction (PR) spin-echo images (41/spl times/41/spl times/41 /spl mu/m/sup 3//voxel). Segmentation of the high-resolution images into bone and bone marrow is obtained by using a suitable threshold. The main bone structural parameters are then derived by using a 3D version of the directed secant algorithm applied to a series of contiguous sections. The efficiency of the two methods in the assessment of trabecular bone architecture is discussed.

  • Effects of ovariectomization on interfacial interactions of cortical bone in the rat femur

    In recent years, many researchers have studied the changes in bone mass and biomechanical competence in relation to age and sex hormones due to the increase awareness of osteoporosis in the elderly. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of ovariectomization and aging on the cortical bone of the rat femur concentrating on the biomechanical properties and bone mass. The fluoride treatment technique was employed to understand the relationship between the biomechanical properties and the interfacial interactions between the mineral-organic interface of the cortical bone.

  • An image processing algorithm to estimate bone mineral density using digital X-ray images

    The main idea of this paper is to test and validate an image processing algorithm that estimates the bone mineral density from digital X-ray (both real-time and open source) images itself. This method can reduce cost; reduce the time for detecting the patient status and also it is a non-invasive method.

  • Deformation Analysis of the Human Femur by Holographic Interferometry

    The deformations of the neck and head of the human dried femur were measured and analyzed with loads applied at the femoral head. Particular attention was paid to measurements of bones with osteoporosis. We used double exposures or real-time holographic interferometry to measure precisely. The distal part of each femur was embedded in super hard plaster, and the load was applied at the femoral head. In order to better simulate the situation of a femur under physiological muscles, we used the 3D finite element method (FEM) for our analyses. After modeling the femur, which consisted of meshing as eight noded elements for each section of diaphysis, we used the 3D FEM to calculate stress and strain. We obtained the following results : (l)the deformations increased with the progress of osteoporosis;(2) femur with osteoporosis showed obvious rotational components in the femoral shaft and (3) a compressive stress distribution could be found at the medial side of the diaphyseal region by using the FEM.

  • Bone protective effects and mechanism of Polygonatum Sibiricum Polysaccharide in ovariectomized rat

    Objective: To assess the bone protective effects and mechanism of Polygonatum Sibiricum Polysaccharide(PSP) in ovariectomized rat. Methods: 60 female SD rats were randomly separated into 6 groupsxontrol group (n=10); ovariectomized group (OVX) (n=10); the OVX + E2group(OVX + E2) (n=10); the high-dose OVX + PSP group (OVX + HZ) (n=10); the moderate-dose OVX + PSP group (OVX + MZ) (n=10); the low dose OVX + PSP group (OVX + LZ) (n=10). PSP was administered intragastrically to the rats. After 35 days, the total body Bone mineral density (BMD) was assessed in the rats. All sections were processed for hematoxylin-eosin staining (H.E.) ,and Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP), and Bone Gla protein (BGP) immunoreactivity was assessed. Serum tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and bone specific alkaline phosphatase (BAFP) levels were assessed using commercially available ELISA kits. Results: The expression of BMP and bFGF were significantly increased in OVX+HP. The expression of TRAP, TNF-α, BGP and BAFP were significantly decreased in OVX+HP. BMD was significantly increased in OVX+HP (vs. OVX, P<;0.05). Conclusion: The results of this experiment demonstrate that PSP can increase the expression of bFGF and BMP while reducing the expression of TRAP, BGP, TNF-α and BAFP. The administration of PSP to ovariectomized rats reverses bone loss and prevents osteoporosis.

  • Further Studies on the Acoustic Emission of Fresh "Malian Bones"

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