Orthotics

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"Orthotist", "orthopaedic brace" and "ankle-foot orthotic (AFO)" redirect here, where they are dealt with in their respective sections. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Orthotics

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2020 IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics (AIM)

The scope of the 2020 IEEE/ASME AIM includes the following topics: Actuators, Automotive Systems, Bioengineering, Data Storage Systems, Electronic Packaging, Fault Diagnosis, Human-Machine Interfaces, Industry Applications, Information Technology, Intelligent Systems, Machine Vision, Manufacturing, Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems, Micro/Nano Technology, Modeling and Design, System Identification and Adaptive Control, Motion Control, Vibration and Noise Control, Neural and Fuzzy Control, Opto-Electronic Systems, Optomechatronics, Prototyping, Real-Time and Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulation, Robotics, Sensors, System Integration, Transportation Systems, Smart Materials and Structures, Energy Harvesting and other frontier fields.


2019 14th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI)

HRI is a highly selective annual conference that showcases the very best research and thinking in human-robot interaction. HRI is inherently interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary, reflecting work from researchers in robotics, psychology, cognitive science, HCI, human factors, artificial intelligence, organizational behavior, anthropology, and many other fields.

  • 2018 13th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI)

    HRI is a highly selective annual conference that showcases the very best research and thinking in human-robot interaction. HRI is inherently interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary, reflecting work from researchersin robotics, psychology, cognitive science, HCI, human factors, artificial intelligence, organizational behavior,anthropology, and many other fields.

  • 2017 12th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI)

    The conference serves as the primary annual meeting for researchers in the field of human-robot interaction. The event will include a main papers track and additional sessions for posters, demos, and exhibits. Additionally, the conference program will include a full day of workshops and tutorials running in parallel.

  • 2016 11th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI)

    This conference focuses on the interaction between humans and robots.

  • 2015 10th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI)

    HRI is a single -track, highly selective annual conference that showcases the very bestresearch and thinking in human -robot interaction. HRI is inherently interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary,reflecting work from researchers in robotics, psychology, cognitive science, HCI, human factors, artificialintelligence, organizational behavior, anthropology, and many other fields.

  • 2014 9th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI)

    HRI is a highly selective annual conference that showcases the very best research and thinking in human -robot interaction. HRI is inherently interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary, reflecting work from researchers in robotics, psychology, cognitive science, HCI, human factors, artificial intelligence, organizational behavior, anthropology, and many other fields.

  • 2013 8th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI)

    HRI is a single -track, highly selective annual conference that showcases the very best research and thinking in human-robot interaction. HRI is inherently interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary, reflecting work from researchers in robotics, psychology, cognitive science, HCI, human factors, artificial intelligence, organizational behavior, anthropology, and many other fields.

  • 2012 7th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI)

    HRI is a single-track, highly selective annual conference that showcases the very best research and thinking in human-robot interaction. HRI is inherently interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary, reflecting work from researchers in robotics, psychology, cognitive science, HCI, human factors, artificial intelligence, organizational behavior, anthropology, and many other fields.

  • 2011 6th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI)

    Robot companions Lifelike robots Assistive (health & personal care) robotics Remote robots Mixed initiative interaction Multi-modal interaction Long-term interaction with robots Awareness and monitoring of humans Task allocation and coordination Autonomy and trust Robot-team learning User studies of HRI Experiments on HRI collaboration Ethnography and field studies HRI software architectures HRI foundations Metrics for teamwork HRI group dynamics.

  • 2010 5th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI)

    TOPICS: Robot companions, Lifelike robots, Assistive (health & personal care) robotics, Remote robots, Mixed initiative interaction, Multi-modal interaction, Long-term interaction with robots, Awareness and monitoring of humans, Task allocation and coordination, Autonomy and trust, Robot-team learning, User studies of HRI, Experiments on HRI collaboration, Ethnography and field studies, HRI software architectures

  • 2009 4th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI)

    * Robot companions * Lifelike robots * Assistive (health & personal care) robotics * Remote robots * Mixed initiative interaction * Multi-modal interaction * Long-term interaction with robots * Awareness and monitoring of humans * Task allocation and coordination * Autonomy and trust * Robot-team learning * User studies of HRI * Experiments on HRI collaboration * Ethnography and field studies * HRI software architectures

  • 2008 3rd ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI)

    Robot companions Lifelike robots Assistive (health & personal care) robotics Remote robots Mixed initiative interaction Multi-modal interaction Long-term interaction with robots Awareness and monitoring of humans Task allocation and coordination Autonomy and trust Robot-team learning User studies of HRI Experiments on HRI collaboration Ethnography and field studies HRI software architectures HRI foundations Metrics for teamwork HRI group dynamics Individual vs. group HRI

  • 2007 2nd Annual Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI)


2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops andinvitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields ofbiomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality paperswill be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and willbe indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE & IEEE Xplore


2019 IEEE 15th International Conference on Automation Science and Engineering (CASE)

The conference is the primary forum for cross-industry and multidisciplinary research in automation. Its goal is to provide a broad coverage and dissemination of foundational research in automation among researchers, academics, and practitioners.


2019 IEEE 58th Conference on Decision and Control (CDC)

The CDC is recognized as the premier scientific and engineering conference dedicated to the advancement of the theory and practice of systems and control. The CDC annually brings together an international community of researchers and practitioners in the field of automatic control to discuss new research results, perspectives on future developments, and innovative applications relevant to decision making, systems and control, and related areas.The 58th CDC will feature contributed and invited papers, as well as workshops and may include tutorial sessions.The IEEE CDC is hosted by the IEEE Control Systems Society (CSS) in cooperation with the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM), the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS), the Japanese Society for Instrument and Control Engineers (SICE), and the European Union Control Association (EUCA).


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Periodicals related to Orthotics

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Automation Science and Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

The IEEE Transactions on Automation Sciences and Engineering (T-ASE) publishes fundamental papers on Automation, emphasizing scientific results that advance efficiency, quality, productivity, and reliability. T-ASE encourages interdisciplinary approaches from computer science, control systems, electrical engineering, mathematics, mechanical engineering, operations research, and other fields. We welcome results relevant to industries such as agriculture, biotechnology, healthcare, home automation, maintenance, manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, retail, ...


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Control Systems Technology, IEEE Transactions on

Serves as a compendium for papers on the technological advances in control engineering and as an archival publication which will bridge the gap between theory and practice. Papers will highlight the latest knowledge, exploratory developments, and practical applications in all aspects of the technology needed to implement control systems from analysis and design through simulation and hardware.


Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, IEEE

Both general and technical articles on current technologies and methods used in biomedical and clinical engineering; societal implications of medical technologies; current news items; book reviews; patent descriptions; and correspondence. Special interest departments, students, law, clinical engineering, ethics, new products, society news, historical features and government.


Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on

Theory and applications of industrial electronics and control instrumentation science and engineering, including microprocessor control systems, high-power controls, process control, programmable controllers, numerical and program control systems, flow meters, and identification systems.


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Xplore Articles related to Orthotics

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Polypropylene orthotics in rehabilitation of post polio residual paralysis

Proceedings of the First Regional Conference, IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society and 14th Conference of the Biomedical Engineering Society of India. An International Meet, 1995

Several patients suffering from neuromuscular disorders, trauma-related problems of limbs and congenital deformities require orthotic support. Presently available rehabilitation aids like calipers, braces, and other appliances made of metallic parts have a distinct disadvantage of being heavy and cannot be managed by patients whose muscles are already weakened. Since they have normal intelligence and other faculties, if the physical disability ...


Development of a vertebral endplate 3-D reconstruction technique

IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, 1997

The increase of low back problems has stimulated the development of different analysis and evaluation techniques. Among these methods, the direct linear transformation (DLT) technique is commonly used to reconstruct the spine in three dimensions by means of its known image coordinates on radiographs. Despite its efficiency and precision, general reconstruction of some standard anatomical landmarks does not give all ...


Passageway modeling between neural signal and muscle activation

ICCAS 2010, 2010

This paper deals with an acquisition and recognition of Electromyography (EMG) signals, their processing to get the neural activation, their transformation to muscle activation and the relationship of neural activation to muscle activation. This issue is related to the stability of an EMG-based orthotic control. The EMG signals are recorded with surface electrodes attached to the skin on top of ...


A device for the measurement of passive torque versus range-of-motion in the clubfoot deformity

Proceedings of the 15th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Societ, 1993

None


Development of the specification for a motorised upper limb orthotic system

IEE Colloquium on Mechatronic Aids for the Disabled, 1995

Impairment of upper limb functions such as range of movement, strength, sensation, proprioception and dexterity can lead to severe handicap for people with disabilities and the elderly. The preservation of motor function and joint range of motion plays an important role in maintaining the independence of people with disabilities and powered orthoses for the upper limb have the potential for ...


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Educational Resources on Orthotics

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Polypropylene orthotics in rehabilitation of post polio residual paralysis

    Several patients suffering from neuromuscular disorders, trauma-related problems of limbs and congenital deformities require orthotic support. Presently available rehabilitation aids like calipers, braces, and other appliances made of metallic parts have a distinct disadvantage of being heavy and cannot be managed by patients whose muscles are already weakened. Since they have normal intelligence and other faculties, if the physical disability is taken care of, they will be useful members of society. The present paper is an analysis of our efforts to use polypropylene for the fabrication of lower limb orthotic appliances. Over a follow up period of one year with 200 patients fitted with custom made polypropylene orthotics we found very encouraging results.

  • Development of a vertebral endplate 3-D reconstruction technique

    The increase of low back problems has stimulated the development of different analysis and evaluation techniques. Among these methods, the direct linear transformation (DLT) technique is commonly used to reconstruct the spine in three dimensions by means of its known image coordinates on radiographs. Despite its efficiency and precision, general reconstruction of some standard anatomical landmarks does not give all the necessary data for a detailed analysis of the intrinsic geometrical characteristics of lumbar vertebrae. Thus, in order to obtain such geometrical information a three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction vertebral endplate contour technique has been developed. This technique involves: (1) iterative optimization and reconstruction processes of the vertebral endplate centroid; and (2) 3-D reconstruction of vertebral endplate contour. Validation based on mathematical simulations demonstrated that two or three iterations are necessary to correct (within 2 mm) the endplate centroid position for simulated error higher than 10 mm. Other validations based on 3-D reconstructions of a chamfered tube and a dry vertebra contours of known dimensions have given mean errors of 2 mm. Application on a healthy subject demonstrated the potential of this 3-D reconstruction technique. Finally, 3-D data obtained on vertebral endplates would allow the development of new clinical measurements that could be used to evaluate the lumbar spine geometrical behavior and orthoses biomechanical effects.

  • Passageway modeling between neural signal and muscle activation

    This paper deals with an acquisition and recognition of Electromyography (EMG) signals, their processing to get the neural activation, their transformation to muscle activation and the relationship of neural activation to muscle activation. This issue is related to the stability of an EMG-based orthotic control. The EMG signals are recorded with surface electrodes attached to the skin on top of the selected muscles and they reflect the activation of the muscles. The acquired EMG patterns are processed in a manner to remove the non-target patterns. The parameters for processing of EMG signals are suggested to make the signal suitable for calculating muscle activation and muscle force.

  • A device for the measurement of passive torque versus range-of-motion in the clubfoot deformity

    None

  • Development of the specification for a motorised upper limb orthotic system

    Impairment of upper limb functions such as range of movement, strength, sensation, proprioception and dexterity can lead to severe handicap for people with disabilities and the elderly. The preservation of motor function and joint range of motion plays an important role in maintaining the independence of people with disabilities and powered orthoses for the upper limb have the potential for playing a major part in enabling this independence. A consortium headed by the University of Newcastle upon Tyne with four European partners (University of Abertay Dundee (UK), Scienzia Machinale (Italy), TVI Europe (UK) and the Free University of Berlin (Germany)) and funded by the European Union Technology Initiative for Disabled and Elderly (TIDE) has embarked on a three year project to address the problems outlined above. This project is entitled Motorised Upper Limb Orthotic Systems (MULOS) and will develop modular, lightweight, powered structures for the upper limb, incorporating closed loop force and position feedback control. The main objective of the orthosis is to assist its users in activities of daily living. Secondary objectives are for exercise and continuous passive motion (CPM) modes.<<ETX>>

  • Electromyography Based Orthotic Arm and Finger Rehabilitation System

    Electromyography (EMG), a technique used to analyze and record electric current produced by skeletal muscles, has been used to control replacement limbs, and diagnose muscle irregularities. In this work, an EMG based system comprising of an orthotic arm and finger device to aid in muscle rehabilitation, is presented. As the user attempts to contract their bicep or forearm muscles, the system senses the change in the EMG signals and in turn triggers the motors to assist with flexion and extension of the arm and fingers. As brain is a major factor for muscle growth, mental training using motor imagery was incorporated into the system. Subjects underwent mental training to show the capability of muscle growth. The measured data reveals that the subjects were able to compensate for the loss of muscle growth, due to shorter physical training sessions, with mental training. Subjects were then tested using the orthotic arm and finger rehabilitation device with motor imagery. The findings also showed a positive increase in muscle growth using the rehabilitation system. Based on the experimental results, the EMG rehabilitation system presented in this paper has the potential to increase muscle strength and improve the recovery rate for muscle injuries, partial paralysis, or muscle irregularities.

  • Pulse-train controllers for functional neuromuscular stimulation

    This summary describes work in progress toward the development of closed-loop control systems for the functional neuromuscular (electrical) stimulation of muscles in paralyzed patients. A simple closed-loop digital controller which regulates muscle force in a robust way (that is, with low sensitivity to modelling errors and disturbances) has been designed using classical discrete- time root-locus methods. This controller has been evaluated in cat soleus and plantaris and performs well in both.

  • Issues in impedance selection and input devices for multijoint powered orthotics

    The authors investigated the applicability of impedance controllers to robotic orthoses for arm movements. They had tetraplegics turn a crank using their paralyzed arm propelled by a planar robot manipulandum. The robot was under impedance control, and chin motion served as command source. Stiffness varied between 50, 100, or 200 N/m and damping varied between 5 or 15 N/m/s. Results indicated that a low stiffness and high viscosity provided better directional control of the tangential force exerted on the crank.

  • Foot/Ankle Roll-Over Characteristics for Different Joint Alignments of the Ankle-Foot Orthosis( AFO) during Level Walking

    This study investigated foot/ankle roll-over characteristics for different joint alignments of the ankle-foot orthosis(AFO). Seven volunteers without any musculoskeletal or foot problems participated in motion analyses. To obtain roll-over shape of the ankle-foot complex, we used trajectories of ankle and knee joints and the center of pressure(COP) between initial contact (lC) and opposite initial contact(OIC). After the roll-over shape was determined for each data, it was represented by a circular arc using the least-square method. Results showed that for the more dorsiflexed AFOs, the more distally the roll- over trajectory moved at initial contact. Also, we found that the radius of curvature significantly increased and the center of roll-over shape moved posteriorly and superiorly in dorsiflexed AFOs. Present results might provide a better understanding for the proper alignment of the orthotics as well as a single roll-over shape during walking.

  • Walking speed and slope estimation using shank-mounted inertial measurement units

    • Gait cycle segmentation using inverted pendulum model of walking • Direct integration of accelerations • Real-time algorithm in Matlab/Simulink Real Time Workshop/Real Time Windows Target • Accurate speed estimation with 7% error • Useful for control of prostheses, orthoses, exoskeletons and energy harvesters



Standards related to Orthotics

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