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The Pulsed Power Conference is held on a biannual basis and serves as the principal forum forthe exchange of information on pulsed power technology and engineering.
The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE
The 2020 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC 2020) will be held in Metro Toronto Convention Centre (MTCC), Toronto, Ontario, Canada. SMC 2020 is the flagship conference of the IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society. It provides an international forum for researchers and practitioners to report most recent innovations and developments, summarize state-of-the-art, and exchange ideas and advances in all aspects of systems science and engineering, human machine systems, and cybernetics. Advances in these fields have increasing importance in the creation of intelligent environments involving technologies interacting with humans to provide an enriching experience and thereby improve quality of life. Papers related to the conference theme are solicited, including theories, methodologies, and emerging applications. Contributions to theory and practice, including but not limited to the following technical areas, are invited.
All areas of ionizing radiation detection - detectors, signal processing, analysis of results, PET development, PET results, medical imaging using ionizing radiation
The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.
Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.
Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission
The IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering will review the state-of-the-art and trends in the emerging field of biomedical engineering. This includes scholarly works, ranging from historic and modern development in biomedical engineering to the life sciences and medicine enabled by technologies covered by the various IEEE societies.
Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.
Specific topics of interest include, but are not limited to, sequence analysis, comparison and alignment methods; motif, gene and signal recognition; molecular evolution; phylogenetics and phylogenomics; determination or prediction of the structure of RNA and Protein in two and three dimensions; DNA twisting and folding; gene expression and gene regulatory networks; deduction of metabolic pathways; micro-array design and analysis; proteomics; ...
IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 1999
Current imaging modalities fail to detect small tumors in the breast. Opto- acoustic tomography is a novel technique for early cancer detection with promising diagnostic capability. The experimental limit of sensitivity and maximal depth of the laser opto-acoustic detection for small model tumors located within bulk phantom tissue were studied. Two phantoms with optical properties similar to that of breast ...
Trans Black Sea Region Symposium on Applied Electromagnetism, 1996
2010 IEEE International Conference on BioInformatics and BioEngineering, 2010
Respiratory and cardiac motions induce displacement and deformation of the tumor-volume in various internal organs. To accommodate this undesired movement and other errors, physicians incorporate a large margin around the tumor to delineate Planning Target Volume (PTV), so that the Clinical Target Volume (CTV) receives the prescribed radiation dose under any scenario. Consequently, a large volume of healthy tissue is ...
Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 1988
An in vivo impedance measurement system using a coaxial needle was developed to investigate the usefulness of impedance information for tumor diagnoses. Impedance in the range of 0 to 200 kHz was measured, and an equivalent circuit representing the tissue structure of tumors was derived. Malignant breast and lung tumors had significantly higher impedances than benign tumors, indicating the system ...
IEEE Power Engineering Review, 1994
Current imaging modalities fail to detect small tumors in the breast. Opto- acoustic tomography is a novel technique for early cancer detection with promising diagnostic capability. The experimental limit of sensitivity and maximal depth of the laser opto-acoustic detection for small model tumors located within bulk phantom tissue were studied. Two phantoms with optical properties similar to that of breast tissue in the near infrared spectral range were used in these studies: turbid gelatin slabs with the thickness of 100 mm and chicken breast muscle slabs with the thickness of up to 80 mm. Gelatin spheres with enhanced absorption coefficient relative to the background absorption and liver tissue were used to simulate small tumors. The experiments demonstrated the capability of laser optoacoustic imaging to detect and localize phantom tumors with the diameter of 2 mm at a depth of up to 60 mm within the gelatin phantoms and 3/spl times/2/spl times/0.6-mm piece of liver tissue within 80-mm chicken breast tissue. Theoretical studies on sensitivity of opto-acoustic detection at various diameters, depths of location, and absorption coefficients of small tumors were performed using the experimental data. Our results suggest that the opto-acoustic imaging may occupy a significant niche in early detection of cancer in the breast and other organs.
Respiratory and cardiac motions induce displacement and deformation of the tumor-volume in various internal organs. To accommodate this undesired movement and other errors, physicians incorporate a large margin around the tumor to delineate Planning Target Volume (PTV), so that the Clinical Target Volume (CTV) receives the prescribed radiation dose under any scenario. Consequently, a large volume of healthy tissue is irradiated and sometimes it is difficult to spare critical organs adjacent to the tumor. In this study we have proposed a novel approach to 4D Active Tracking and Dynamic Delivery (ATDD) together with tumor motion prediction. Proposed algorithm can predict tumor position and the robotic system can continuously track the tumor during radiation dose delivery, so that a precise dose is given to a moving target while reducing dose to nearby critical organs for improved patient treatment outcome. The efficacy of the proposed method has been investigated by extensive computer simulation. The results have been presented in this article.
An in vivo impedance measurement system using a coaxial needle was developed to investigate the usefulness of impedance information for tumor diagnoses. Impedance in the range of 0 to 200 kHz was measured, and an equivalent circuit representing the tissue structure of tumors was derived. Malignant breast and lung tumors had significantly higher impedances than benign tumors, indicating the system could be useful for tumor diagnoses.<<ETX>>
Single photon transmission scans, using /sup 137/Cs (662 keV gamma rays), are performed post-injection for clinical whole body PET studies. Two methods of processing the transmission data are investigated. The first method segments the transmission image into lung and soft tissue volumes. Average attenuation coefficients for 511 keV are applied and this transmission image is forward projected for attenuation correction. In the second method short emission contamination (EC) scans are performed after the singles transmission scans. These are singles transmission scans without a /sup 137/Cs transmission source. These EC scans are then subtracted from the transmission scans to remove contamination of the 662 keV energy window by 511 keV emission gamma rays. From 10 patients studied by this method, the EC subtracted transmission images have average soft tissue attenuation coefficients of 0.074/cm, compared to the expected value of 0.086/cm for 662 keV gamma rays. Simple scaling of these transmission images to 511 keV values (0.095/cm) results in quantitative attenuation correction. A comparison of the two methods is made for these 10 patient studies. Both methods result in accurate attenuation correction. The segmentation method performs low noise attenuation correction but is more limited to torso studies with the limbs out of the FOV. The EC subtraction method is more versatile and is applicable to the entire body but results in some more noise in the fully corrected images.
The interest in magnetic fluid hyperthermia (MFH) and cancer therapy has noticeably increased in the last years. At present, a successful realization of this interdisciplinary research is hampered by some unsolved problems. One of these problems this paper intended to clarify is how to find an estimate of the appropriate dosage of magnetic nanoparticles that injected into the tumor would help achieve an optimum temperature of 42degC, thus resulting in an increase of the susceptibility for apoptosis in tumor cells. We created a computational model in COMSOL: Multiphysics in order to analyze the heat dissipation within the tumor tissue. By considering various types of tissues with their respective physical and physiological properties (breast, liver, and skin tissues) and also by taking into account the amount of heat generated through the Brownian rotation and the Neel relaxation, it has been studied the tumor border temperature achieved for various concentrations of magnetic nanoparticles in their superparamagnetic behavior. Distinct simulations of a spherical tumor located in a cubical region of a volume of 1.2-3.5 cm<sup>3</sup> within the tissue were designed. We performed a systematical variation of tumor diameter and particle dosage for every physical parameter of above mentioned tumor tissues (e.g., tissue density, tumor/tissue perfusion rate). By this systematization we intended to understand the interdependence of these parameters and their effects on hyperthermia therapy.
Small animal PET scanning with <sup>18</sup>F-FDG has been increasingly used in the studies using murine tumor models. The aim of this study was to obtain multimodal tumor images with the use of small animal PET and clinical CT by using hardware guidance and a registration method. PET imaging studies were performed with a dedicated small animal PET scanner. Static PET images of mice with liver and lung tumors were scanned for 20 minute by the use of hardware guidance with 1% activity of the injected dose. The CT images obtained with the use of a clinical CT scanner can be used to improve the anatomical localization of uptake in PET images. <sup>124</sup>I -FIAU-PET was obtained from mice containing an orthotopic hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Contrast enhanced CT images were obtained at three hours after injection of contrast agent. The PET and CT images were fused using hardware fiducial markers that were manually identified in both data sets. The PET and CT images were precisely registered by the use of a small animal contour point in both data sets to perform a point-based rigid registration. The registered images in the HCC model and a lung metastatic tumor model showed good agreement of tumor region on the both PET and CT images. The use of PET and contrast enhanced CT allowed a precise and improved detection of tumors in liver and lung models. Multimodal imaging with small animal PET and clinical CT images was useful in the detection of metastatic tumors and this multimodal imaging registration method can improve the quantitative accuracy and interpretation of tracer.
Noninvasive temperature imaging would enhance the ability to uniformly heat tumors at therapeutic levels. Ultrasound is an attractive modality for this purpose. Previously, we predicted monotonic changes in ultrasonic backscattered energy (CBE) for certain sub wavelength scatterers. We measured CBE values similar to our predictions in bovine liver, turkey breast, and pork rib in 1D. Those measurements were corrected manually for changes in the axial position of scatterers with temperature. To investigate the effect of temperature on CBE in 2D, we imaged 1-cm thick samples of bovine liver during heating in a water bath from 37 to 50/spl deg/C. Images were formed by a Terason 2000 imager with a 7 MHz linear probe. Employing RF signals from the Terason 2000 (courtesy Teratech Corp.) permitted the use of cross-correlation as a similarity measure for automatic tracking of feature displacement as a function of temperature. Tissue motion across the specimen was non-uniform with typical total displacements of 0.5 to 1 mm in both axial and lateral directions. Tissue motion in 8 image regions was tracked from 37 to 50/spl deg/C in 0.5/spl deg/C steps. Motion compensated image regions were demodulated with the Hilbert transform and smoothed with a 3/spl times/3 running average filter before forming the backscattered energy at each pixel. Our measure of CBE compared means of both the positive and negative changes in the BE images. CBE changed monotonically by about 4 dB at 50/spl deg/C from its value at 37/spl deg/C. Relatively noise-free CBE curves from tissue volumes of less than 1 cm/sup 3/ supports the use of CBE for temperature estimation. Motion in 3D will affect CBE values, but because beam width in elevation is larger than the lateral width, effects of motion in elevation on CBE may be less. Thus, we expect CBE to support temperature estimation in 3D. Furthermore, because CBE exploits inherent tissue inhomogeneities, extension to in vivo applications is a genuine prospect.
Automatic extraction of tumors is needed in a medical field. A 3D image is composed of the sequence of 2D CT images. The extraction of a liver field is difficult, because the CT images include various internal organs. In this paper, an improved active net is proposed to analyze the information of CT images. It is shown this method has the ability as a pre-processing system for extraction of liver tumors.
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