Natural gas

Natural gas is a gas consisting primarily of methane, typically with 0–20% higher hydrocarbons. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Natural gas

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Oceans 2020 MTS/IEEE GULF COAST

To promote awareness, understanding, advancement and application of ocean engineering and marine technology. This includes all aspects of science, engineering, and technology that address research, development, and operations pertaining to all bodies of water. This includes the creation of new capabilities and technologies from concept design through prototypes, testing, and operational systems to sense, explore, understand, develop, use, and responsibly manage natural resources.

  • OCEANS '96

  • OCEANS '97

  • OCEANS '98

  • OCEANS '99

  • OCEANS 2000

  • OCEANS 2001

  • OCEANS 2002

  • OCEANS 2003

  • OCEANS 2004

  • OCEANS 2005

  • OCEANS 2006

  • OCEANS 2007

  • OCEANS 2008

    The Marine Technology Society (MTS) and the Oceanic Engineering Society (OES) of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) cosponsor a joint conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, education, and policy. Held annually in the fall, it has become a focal point for the ocean and marine community to meet, learn, and exhibit products and services. The conference includes technical sessions, workshops, student poster sessions, job fairs, tutorials and a large exhibit.

  • OCEANS 2009

  • OCEANS 2010

    The Marine Technology Society and the Oceanic Engineering Scociety of the IEEE cosponsor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science engineering, and policy.

  • OCEANS 2011

    The Marine Technology Society and the Oceanic Engineering Scociety of the IEEE cosponsor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science engineering, and policy.

  • OCEANS 2012

    Ocean related technology. Tutorials and three days of technical sessions and exhibits. 8-12 parallel technical tracks.

  • OCEANS 2013

    Three days of 8-10 tracks of technical sessions (400-450 papers) and concurent exhibition (150-250 exhibitors)

  • OCEANS 2014

    The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 450 technical papers and 150-200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2015

    The Marine Technology Scociety and the Oceanic Engineering Society of the IEEE cosponor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, and policy. The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 450 technical papers and 150-200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2016

    The Marine Technology Scociety and the Oceanic Engineering Society of the IEEE cosponor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, and policy. The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 500 technical papers and 150 -200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2017 - Anchorage

    Papers on ocean technology, exhibits from ocean equipment and service suppliers, student posters and student poster competition, tutorials on ocean technology, workshops and town meetings on policy and governmental process.

  • OCEANS 2018 MTS/IEEE Charleston

    Ocean, coastal, and atmospheric science and technology advances and applications


ICASSP 2020 - 2020 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP)

The ICASSP meeting is the world's largest and most comprehensive technical conference focused on signal processing and its applications. The conference will feature world-class speakers, tutorials, exhibits, and over 50 lecture and poster sessions.


2020 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC)

The 2020 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC 2020) will be held in Metro Toronto Convention Centre (MTCC), Toronto, Ontario, Canada. SMC 2020 is the flagship conference of the IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society. It provides an international forum for researchers and practitioners to report most recent innovations and developments, summarize state-of-the-art, and exchange ideas and advances in all aspects of systems science and engineering, human machine systems, and cybernetics. Advances in these fields have increasing importance in the creation of intelligent environments involving technologies interacting with humans to provide an enriching experience and thereby improve quality of life. Papers related to the conference theme are solicited, including theories, methodologies, and emerging applications. Contributions to theory and practice, including but not limited to the following technical areas, are invited.


2020 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM)

All topics related to engineering and technology management, including applicable analytical methods and economical/social/human issues to be considered in making engineering decisions.


2020 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM)

The Annual IEEE PES General Meeting will bring together over 2900 attendees for technical sessions, administrative sessions, super sessions, poster sessions, student programs, awards ceremonies, committee meetings, tutorials and more



Periodicals related to Natural gas

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Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, IEEE

The IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine publishes articles concerned with the various aspects of systems for space, air, ocean, or ground environments.


Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on

Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.


Automation Science and Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

The IEEE Transactions on Automation Sciences and Engineering (T-ASE) publishes fundamental papers on Automation, emphasizing scientific results that advance efficiency, quality, productivity, and reliability. T-ASE encourages interdisciplinary approaches from computer science, control systems, electrical engineering, mathematics, mechanical engineering, operations research, and other fields. We welcome results relevant to industries such as agriculture, biotechnology, healthcare, home automation, maintenance, manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, retail, ...


Circuits and Systems Magazine, IEEE


Control Systems Technology, IEEE Transactions on

Serves as a compendium for papers on the technological advances in control engineering and as an archival publication which will bridge the gap between theory and practice. Papers will highlight the latest knowledge, exploratory developments, and practical applications in all aspects of the technology needed to implement control systems from analysis and design through simulation and hardware.




Xplore Articles related to Natural gas

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Large helium refrigeration plant operating experience

2007 IEEE Particle Accelerator Conference (PAC), 2007

Air Products and Linde have signed a Teaming Agreement to pursue refrigeration services for the proposed International Linear Collider. Air Products brings unique helium liquefaction and refrigeration capabilities to the table through its operation of one third of the world's cryogenic liquefiers and ownership of Gardner Cryogenics - the world's leading developer, designer and manufacturer of liquid helium storage, distribution ...


Practical aspects of incorporating ethical business practices in the power industry

IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting, 2004., 2004

Financial markets have been rocked by scandals recently. While compliance (e.g., with health, environment, and state public utility regulations, etc.) normally is considered a hallmark of the power industry, it too has seen its share of questionable practices. What can a power company do to establish a foundation for sound business practices? This presentation will describe basic elements of a ...


Optimization of industrial methanol synthesis on the basis of natural gas

5th Korea-Russia International Symposium on Science and Technology. Proceedings. KORUS 2001 (Cat. No.01EX478), 2001

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CAES: The Underground Portion

IEEE Power Engineering Review, 1985

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CO<inf>2</inf> removal from natural gas by hydrate formation

2011 Second International Conference on Mechanic Automation and Control Engineering, 2011

High component of CO2 in natural gas is hazardous for the utilization of natural gas. Thus CO2 must be removed from natural gas. As one of the new separation technology, hydrate formation has more advantages than original technology. It can be carried out under milder conditions and it is wild range applicable. Moreover, the gas regeneration rate is higher while ...



Educational Resources on Natural gas

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Large helium refrigeration plant operating experience

    Air Products and Linde have signed a Teaming Agreement to pursue refrigeration services for the proposed International Linear Collider. Air Products brings unique helium liquefaction and refrigeration capabilities to the table through its operation of one third of the world's cryogenic liquefiers and ownership of Gardner Cryogenics - the world's leading developer, designer and manufacturer of liquid helium storage, distribution and transportation equipment. Air Products is an industry leader throughout the helium supply chain, from providing technology for crude helium extraction from natural gas, to delivering liquid helium to end users, as well as through MRI helium supply activities. Air Products has designed and installed most of the world's crude helium extraction plants. Linde designs and builds cryogenic plants and systems for the most varied fields, from fundamental research and industrial HTS applications to the cooling of superconducting accelerators and cold neutron sources, fusion and fission applications and the industrial liquefaction of helium and hydrogen.

  • Practical aspects of incorporating ethical business practices in the power industry

    Financial markets have been rocked by scandals recently. While compliance (e.g., with health, environment, and state public utility regulations, etc.) normally is considered a hallmark of the power industry, it too has seen its share of questionable practices. What can a power company do to establish a foundation for sound business practices? This presentation will describe basic elements of a good ethics and compliance program. These elements can be, and have been, adopted at a number of power companies. Such program elements include: 1) High level oversight, 2) Compliance standards and procedures, 3) Effective training for employees, 4) Due care in the delegation of discretionary authority, 5) Monitoring and auditing systems, 6) Channels for making inquiries or reporting concerns with questionable practices, 7) Consistent enforcement of policies and 8) remedial modifications to the compliance program as necessary. The presentation includes examples of the range of resources that can be applied in each one of these program elements. Examples of telltale signs of imminent failure is also provided.

  • Optimization of industrial methanol synthesis on the basis of natural gas

    None

  • CAES: The Underground Portion

    None

  • CO<inf>2</inf> removal from natural gas by hydrate formation

    High component of CO2 in natural gas is hazardous for the utilization of natural gas. Thus CO2 must be removed from natural gas. As one of the new separation technology, hydrate formation has more advantages than original technology. It can be carried out under milder conditions and it is wild range applicable. Moreover, the gas regeneration rate is higher while the process is shorter. However, as the study time is short, hydrate formation has high energy consumption which makes it less commercially attractive. In this study, we show the broad prospect of the utilization of this technology and put forward the future research direction.

  • Study on China's natural gas industry development strategy under the framework of international energy security cooperation-Taking natural gas industry in Sichuan Province as an example

    With the establishment and development of global energy markets, traditional energy security thoughts controlling the energy supplies to ensure energy security has changed and energy security research has been gradually shifted to the pricing or to the establishment of cooperation mechanisms. At present, China's international energy cooperation is still in its infancy and expansion period though the scope of cooperation is extensive and there is still a long way to deepen multilateral cooperation, especially under the framework of international energy security cooperation. By analyzing the current situation of China's participation in international energy cooperation and based on the empirical study of Sichuan natural gas industry, this paper concludes that the natural gas energy development strategy in China should be international quality resources oriented by optimizing and adjusting its energy structure and promoting the production and consumptions under the framework of international energy security cooperation.

  • Power price in deregulated markets

    We compare the diurnal pattern of power price for weekdays and weekends for 14 deregulated markets, and find significant differences. All markets show low early morning prices with one or more price peaks during the day and evening. North American markets show a weekday monotonic pattern; European and New Zealand markets show a "double peak" pattern. Markets differ in the ratio of daily maximum to minimum price and of average weekday to average weekend price, and hence have a different incentive for time shifting power consuming activities within and between days. Data were filtered to remove days of high or low price excursions. In some but not all markets both the average price and the diurnal price pattern change significantly; infrequent price excursions shape price patterns. Price shows a significant correlation to load in some but not all markets. Some deregulated markets have patterns that are consistent and predictable and encourage a customer to shape power consuming activities, while other markets show a far lower degree of consistency, and create a high incentive to hedge.

  • Gas up

    This article deals with the unique solutions developed for the Hammerfest liquified natural gas project. A liquefied natural gas (LNG) production unit has been equipped with all-electric, variable-speed refrigeration compressor drivers with the ratings of 32 and 65 mW. These compressor strings have been successfully tested by load performance, and their actual service was commenced in autumn 2007. This article focuses on the rotordynamic aspects of the high speed brushless synchronous motors. LNG production involves gaseous methane liquefaction in an extensive refrigeration process. FE calculations of the system is performed to avoid vibration problem at site.

  • Coastal marine facilities created from large floating ice structures

    This paper describes a new and novel method of creating coastal marine facilities by freezing water in preformed modular structures. This technique has many desirable features for construction, operation and maintenance of large floating facilities in the coastal ocean environment. Since the structural material is mainly frozen coastal waters affixed to a metal or plastic framework there is relatively little environmental impact in its construction and operation in coastal waters. This method provides a means of sustainable development in harmony with the environment. Building large floating structures requires enormous amounts of cooling energy. Liquid natural gas (LNG) is used at -162 degrees centigrade as the source of thermal energy. Since LNG is used for gas energy it is abundantly available as an energy source near large coastal communities. The coastal water used will primarily be drawn from fresh water river outflows or brackish water from nearby estuaries. Once frozen, there are several proven methods that can be used to insulate the structure to limit thawing. The structure size and shape is determined by the preconstructed framework. Plastic membrane structures can be used for the frameworks. The resulting ice structures are very durable in compression and impact loads. The cost of material and material transportation is relatively economical.

  • Integrated and Cost-effective Design Utilizes LNG Cryogenic Energy for Power Generation

    Recycling valuable LNG cold energy released in the gasification process for power generation is the main cold energy utilization mode in present LNG receiving terminals, it can reduce the cost of LNG regasification, relieve CO<sub>2</sub> emission, and provide electric power demand for receiving terminals. Aiming at the current low exergetic efficiency of the Rankin and direct-expansion system in LNG receiving terminals, based on the existing technology and demand of receiving terminals, a new integrated and cost- effective design is carried out to recycle the LNG cold energy to power generation in this paper. In the improved processes, LNG cold energy is employed to cool chilling water to meet the cooling demand from air- conditioning, air compressor and intake gas for gas turbine of LNG receiving terminals. On the one hand, it saves 1124 kW power consumed by refrigerator to produce chilling water; on the other hand, low temperature overplus heat cooled by circulating cooling water in gas-fired power plant is used to heat natural gas and propane working fluid, which result in the total expansion work power of natural gas and propane turbine increased by 2558 kW, and the natural gas and propane thermal efficiencies are increased by 55.2% and 22.5%, respectively. Compared with the original processes, about 61.5 kW power is recycled per LNG ton in the new Rankin and Direct-expansion power generation technique, the energetic and exergetic efficiencies are increased by 38%, meanwhile it gains annual economic benefits of 30.92 million Yuan for the LNG receiving terminals.



Standards related to Natural gas

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IEEE Guide for Gas-Insulated Substations

This guide provides information of special relevance to the planning, design, testing, installation, operation and maintenance of gas-insulated substations(GIS) and equipment. This guide is intended to supplement IEEE Std C37-122- 1993(R2002). In general, this guide is applicable to all GIS above 52 kV. However the importance of the topics covered varies with application category. For example, issues related to advanced ...


IEEE Standard for Inertial Sensor Terminology

To review all of the definitions included in the standard and to revise them as required. New terminology will be added to bring the document up to date with current technology.