Nanofluidics

Nanofluidics is the study of the behavior, manipulation, and control of fluids that are confined to structures of nanometer (typically 1-100 nm) characteristic dimensions (1 nm = 10 m). Fluids confined in these structures exhibit physical behaviors not observed in larger structures, such as those of micrometer dimensions and above, because the characteristic physical scaling lengths of the fluid, very closely coincide with the dimensions of the nanostructure itself. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Nanofluidics

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2020 42nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE


2020 IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics (AIM)

The scope of the 2020 IEEE/ASME AIM includes the following topics: Actuators, Automotive Systems, Bioengineering, Data Storage Systems, Electronic Packaging, Fault Diagnosis, Human-Machine Interfaces, Industry Applications, Information Technology, Intelligent Systems, Machine Vision, Manufacturing, Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems, Micro/Nano Technology, Modeling and Design, System Identification and Adaptive Control, Motion Control, Vibration and Noise Control, Neural and Fuzzy Control, Opto-Electronic Systems, Optomechatronics, Prototyping, Real-Time and Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulation, Robotics, Sensors, System Integration, Transportation Systems, Smart Materials and Structures, Energy Harvesting and other frontier fields.


2020 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS)

One of the flagship conferences for the IEEE Robotics and Automation Society (RAS)


2020 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM)

the IEEE/IEDM has been the world's main forum for reporting breakthroughs in technology, design, manufacturing, physics and the modeling of semiconductors and other electronic devices. Topics range from deep submicron CMOS transistors and memories to novel displays and imagers, from compound semiconductor materials to nanotechnology devices and architectures, from micromachined devices to smart -power technologies, etc.


2019 IEEE 9th International Nanoelectronics Conferences (INEC)

Topics of Interests (but not limited to)• Application of nanoelectronic• Low-dimensional materials• Microfluidics/Nanofluidics• Nanomagnetic materials• Carbon materials• Nanomaterials• Nanophotonics• MEMS/NEMS• Nanoelectronic• Nanomedicine• Nano Robotics• Spintronic devices• Sensor and actuators• Quality and Reliability of Nanotechnology



Periodicals related to Nanofluidics

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Advanced Packaging, IEEE Transactions on

The IEEE Transactions on Advanced Packaging has its focus on the modeling, design, and analysis of advanced electronic, photonic, sensors, and MEMS packaging.


Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, IEEE Transactions on

Electrical insulation common to the design and construction of components and equipment for use in electric and electronic circuits and distribution systems at all frequencies.


Electrical Insulation Magazine, IEEE

The magazine covers theory, analysis, design (computer-aided design), and practical implementation of circuits, and the application of circuit theoretic techniques to systems and to signal processing. Content is written for the spectrum of activities from basic scientific theory to industrial applications.


Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on

Science and technology related to the basic physics and engineering of magnetism, magnetic materials, applied magnetics, magnetic devices, and magnetic data storage. The Transactions publishes scholarly articles of archival value as well as tutorial expositions and critical reviews of classical subjects and topics of current interest.


Microelectromechanical Systems, Journal of

A journal covering Microsensing, Microactuation, Micromechanics, Microdynamics, and Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS). Contains articles on devices with dimensions that typically range from macrometers to millimeters, microfabrication techniques, microphenomena; microbearings, and microsystems; theoretical, computational, modeling and control results; new materials and designs; tribology; microtelemanipulation; and applications to biomedical engineering, optics, fluidics, etc. The Journal is jointly sponsored by the IEEE Electron Devices ...



Most published Xplore authors for Nanofluidics

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Xplore Articles related to Nanofluidics

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Thermal and electrical experimental characterization of Ethylene Glycol and water mixture nanofluids for a 400w Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell

2014 IEEE International Conference on Control System, Computing and Engineering (ICCSCE 2014), 2014

Nanofluid is an emerging technology in heat transfer study. The effect of nanofluids as a cooling medium in liquid cooled Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) is studied. Nanofluids with 0.1% and 0.5% volume concentration of Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> are dispersed in base fluid of 50:50 mixture of Ethylene Glycol and water were analyzed experimentally. A rated power of 400 W liquid ...


Ferrofluid effect in mineral oil: PDIV, streamer, and breakdown voltage

2014 ICHVE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Application, 2014

Ferrofluid is a colloidal liquid made of magnetite nano-particles coated by a surfactant, and blended in a liquid substance. Regarding transformer insulation, small amounts of ferrofluid improve oil performance, particularly as regards the breakdown voltage during positive lightning impulse. Indeed, the performance of colloidal liquids based on ferrofluid and oils having different humidity levels has not been investigated thoroughly. Also, ...


Novel Micro/Nanofluidics Fabricated by Imprint Molding of Inorganic Polymers

2006 SICE-ICASE International Joint Conference, 2006

We have successfully fabricated the polysilazane glass derived microfluidics with high optical transparency, biocompatibility thermal stability and chemical inertness via simple fabrication process. And also a hydrophilic nanofluidic system was fabricated with newly synthesized organic-inorganic material with excellent patternability. The preliminary study for photochemical reactions with the microfluidics, the separation of biomolecules with nanofluidics, it was claimed the obvious niche ...


A fluidic microenergy generator enabled by hybrid nanomaterial nanofluids

SENSORS, 2013 IEEE, 2013

Nanofluid, a type of fluid with dispersed nanoparticles, has been studied and used as a direct absorber of solar or thermal energy for the past years. Herein, a fluidic energy generator enabled by a new type of nanofluid is developed, which has also been used to power a thermistor successfully. This type of nanofluid contains single-walled carbon nanotube-CuS nanoparticles (SWNT-CuS ...


Effect of Fe<inf>3</inf>O<inf>4</inf>nanoparticle concentrations on dielectric property of transformer oil

2016 IEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Application (ICHVE), 2016

Nanoparticles have the potential to enhance the insulation conduct of transformer oil. The concentration of nanoparticles influences the breakdown vitality of mineral oil. In this investigation, mineral oil based nanofluids were prepared by scattering magnetic nanoparticles into transformer oil with different concentrations from 5% to 80% w/v. The AC and lightning impulse breakdown strengths of the oil samples with and ...



Educational Resources on Nanofluidics

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IEEE.tv Videos

No IEEE.tv Videos are currently tagged "Nanofluidics"

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Thermal and electrical experimental characterization of Ethylene Glycol and water mixture nanofluids for a 400w Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell

    Nanofluid is an emerging technology in heat transfer study. The effect of nanofluids as a cooling medium in liquid cooled Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) is studied. Nanofluids with 0.1% and 0.5% volume concentration of Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> are dispersed in base fluid of 50:50 mixture of Ethylene Glycol and water were analyzed experimentally. A rated power of 400 W liquid cooled PEMFC was used to verify the findings. The result showed that insignificant improvement in performance of PEMFC with nanofluids through polarization curve findings, perhaps due to the lower wattage of PEMFC used. The advantage of nanofluids utilization in PEMFC might be visible in higher wattage of PEMFC due to higher working fluid temperature. Higher thermal conductivity of nanofluid at higher temperature is expected to give advantage in terms of polarization curve of a PEMFC. However, the thermal performance is improved through the heat transfer rate increment of 68.5 % and 46 % for both 0.5 % of Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> nanofluid and 0.1 % of Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> nanofluid respectively.

  • Ferrofluid effect in mineral oil: PDIV, streamer, and breakdown voltage

    Ferrofluid is a colloidal liquid made of magnetite nano-particles coated by a surfactant, and blended in a liquid substance. Regarding transformer insulation, small amounts of ferrofluid improve oil performance, particularly as regards the breakdown voltage during positive lightning impulse. Indeed, the performance of colloidal liquids based on ferrofluid and oils having different humidity levels has not been investigated thoroughly. Also, the influence of ferrofluid on partial discharge inception has not been reported in detail. Therefore, breakdown voltage and partial discharge inception tests were carried out using oils with different moisture and ferrofluid concentrations. The results show that ferrofluid does not affect appreciably partial discharge inception, but can be beneficial for streamer propagation and breakdown voltage.

  • Novel Micro/Nanofluidics Fabricated by Imprint Molding of Inorganic Polymers

    We have successfully fabricated the polysilazane glass derived microfluidics with high optical transparency, biocompatibility thermal stability and chemical inertness via simple fabrication process. And also a hydrophilic nanofluidic system was fabricated with newly synthesized organic-inorganic material with excellent patternability. The preliminary study for photochemical reactions with the microfluidics, the separation of biomolecules with nanofluidics, it was claimed the obvious niche between conventional devices using glass and PDMS materials, thus it holds tremendous potential in the field of micro reaction technology as well as biosensor and bioreactors

  • A fluidic microenergy generator enabled by hybrid nanomaterial nanofluids

    Nanofluid, a type of fluid with dispersed nanoparticles, has been studied and used as a direct absorber of solar or thermal energy for the past years. Herein, a fluidic energy generator enabled by a new type of nanofluid is developed, which has also been used to power a thermistor successfully. This type of nanofluid contains single-walled carbon nanotube-CuS nanoparticles (SWNT-CuS NPs) hybrid nanomaterial. Experiments found it has a significantly enhanced capability for the absorption and storage of the solar thermal energy compared to water. The fluidic energy generator enabled by 50 μL nanofluid can generate output voltage up to 100 μV, and thus can operate small electronic devices or sensors by directly converting the solar thermal energy into electricity.

  • Effect of Fe<inf>3</inf>O<inf>4</inf>nanoparticle concentrations on dielectric property of transformer oil

    Nanoparticles have the potential to enhance the insulation conduct of transformer oil. The concentration of nanoparticles influences the breakdown vitality of mineral oil. In this investigation, mineral oil based nanofluids were prepared by scattering magnetic nanoparticles into transformer oil with different concentrations from 5% to 80% w/v. The AC and lightning impulse breakdown strengths of the oil samples with and without nanoparticles were investigated in accordance with IEC standard methods. The test outcomes indicate that addition of magnetic nanoparticles can enhance the insulation strength of transformer oil. With the increase of nanoparticle concentrations, the AC and positive impulse breakdown strength of transformer oil are first increased and up to the maximum value at the concentration of 40%. After which the breakdown strength start decreasing. The result of negative impulse breakdown showed that the breakdown voltage of nanofluids with multiple concentrations were lower than the breakdown strength of pure transformer oil. The probable modification mechanisms of Fe3O4nanoparticles on dielectric features of transformer oil were also reviewed.

  • Breakdown properties of mineral oil-based nanofluids

    A previous paper proved that conductive nanoparticles-based nanofluids have a better performance than the host mineral oil, but the obtained results still left doubts about their origin and if they are really statistically significant. In this work, we analyzed the impulse breakdown strength of different concentration nanofluids, and the effect moisture has on sinusoidal AC breakdown tests. The results highlight a concentration dependent behavior of the breakdown measurements, and a stronger resistance of nanofluids against moisture contamination.

  • Analysing the impact of Moisture on the AC Breakdown Voltage of Fe<inf>3</inf>O<inf>4</inf>Based Nanodielectric Fluids

    The interest in the development of new nanodielectric fluids suitable for electrotechnical applications has increased significantly in the last decade. Several authors have reported experiences on fluids manufactured using different base fluids and nanoparticles. Most of these studies are focused on the comparison of the thermal and dielectric properties of the nanofluids and the base liquids and most authors have found that the addition of nanoparticles can lead to an improvement of the properties of insulating liquids. The main objective of this paper is to study the enhancement of the AC Breakdown Voltage (AC BV) at 50 Hz achieved when dispersing nanoparticles (NP) in transformer oil. In particular, transformer mineral oil was used while the nanoparticles used were Fe3O4 in hexane base. In order to obtain a good dispersion of the nanoparticles an ultrasonic agitator was used. The impact of moisture in the dielectric strength of fluids prepared with different concentrations of NP was evaluated and compared with that of the base liquid. The experimental results show a certain improvement of the dielectric strength of the nanodielectric fluids compared to that of the Mineral Oil.

  • Preparation and study of breakdown features of transformer oil based magnetic nanofluids

    Nanofluids were developed by suspending conductive nanoparticles (Fe3O4) to improve the dielectric properties of transformer oil. The AC and lightening impulse breakdown voltages were measured for prepared samples in accordance to IEC standards. The results menifested that the addition of conductive nanoparticles (NPs) to the mineral oil can improve the mean AC breakdown performance 1.16 times of that for carrier oil approximately. Additionally, for nanofluids, the mean lightning impulse breakdown voltages were also enhanced than that of base transformer oil and were 1.36 times in comparison to host oil. A possible mechanism of conductive nanoparticles was also used to describe the difference among the performance of nanofluids and base oil.

  • Influence of nanoparticle concentration on the frequency domain spectroscopy properties of transformer oil-based nanofluids

    In order to explore the relationship between microstructure and macroscopic performance of transformer oil-based nanofluids, the transformer oil modified by silicon dioxide nanoparticles were prepared whose stability and moisture content were measured. Then the dielectric spectroscopy of the pure oil and transformer oil-based nanofluids were measured and the influence of nanoparticle concentration on the frequency domain spectroscopy of transformer oil-based nanofluids were investigated. The results indicate that compared with pure oil, two obvious polarization peaks can be observed in the imaginary part of the complex permittivity of transformer oil-based nanofluids in the whole measured frequency domain and the value of low frequency polarization peak is higher than the high frequency one. No obvious polarization peak is presented in the whole measured frequency range for pure oil. As the nanoparticle concentration increase, the value of two polarization peaks both increase, and the low frequency polarization peak has the tendency of moving to the high frequency. The electrical double layer theory was used to explain this phenomenon.

  • Investigation on breakdown strength of mineral oil based carbon nanotube

    Interests on nanomaterials for enhancing the insulation properties of dielectric liquid are growing in recent years. This paper presents experimental studies dealing with the influence of carbon nanotube (CNT) nanomaterials in AC breakdown voltages. The observations of AC electrical breakdown voltages of CNT disperse in mineral oil at 2.5mm gap distance were recorded. Five different amounts of concentrations of CNT in mineral oil are within the range from 0.01 to 0.20g/L. By analyzing the AC breakdown voltage using normal distribution, the probability of breakdown failure can be estimated for designing insulation in transformer. In order to test the validity of normal distribution, Shapiro-Wilk technique was used in this experiment. Based on the investigations, it is shown that 0.01g/L and 0.05g/L CNT nanofluids were possible to enhance dielectric strength of mineral oil. These three concentrations are considered to have a greater potential to be as alternative transformer oil. However, as for 0.10g/L and 0.20g/L CNT nanofluids, AC breakdown voltages show the opposite outcome.



Standards related to Nanofluidics

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No standards are currently tagged "Nanofluidics"