Conferences related to Masticatory muscles

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2020 42nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE


2020 IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (I2MTC)

The Conference focuses on all aspects of instrumentation and measurement science andtechnology research development and applications. The list of program topics includes but isnot limited to: Measurement Science & Education, Measurement Systems, Measurement DataAcquisition, Measurements of Physical Quantities, and Measurement Applications.


2019 IEEE-RAS 19th International Conference on Humanoid Robots (Humanoids)

Humanoid robotics


2018 25th International Conference on Mechatronics and Machine Vision in Practice (M2VIP)

As the demand for individualization is ever-increasing, products become platforms with ecosystems built around them. Integration is the key of such ecosystems. Mechatronics is characterized by its unique integrated view and understanding of systems. Machine vision complements mechatronics by supplying environmental information much needed for acting intelligently. Increasing computing power and decreasing sensor and actuator costs enable artificial intelligence methods to be deployed for consumer and industrial use. The 25th edition of the Mechatronics and Machine Vision in Practice (M2VIP) Conference aims to explore how the latest advances in mechatronics, machine vision and artificial intelligence shape the way products and production systems are designed, developed, manufactured (or implemented) and deployed. Thus, this conference provides a forum for researchers, academics and students to exchange and present their latest results and best practices.

  • 2017 24th International Conference on Mechatronics and Machine Vision in Practice (M2VIP)

    M2VIP-Conference has got into the third decade since its birth in 1994. Mechatronics is regarded as the fusion of mechanical, electrical and computer engineering for the design and development of mechatronic products while machine vision brings a sense of intelligence. With the advent of new functional materials, smart actuators, smart sensors, embedded computers and 3D printing technologies, as well as the latest advance in machine vision, intelligence, machine learning and computational modeling, a lot of more intelligent, powerful, miniaturized or user-friendly devices, systems and robots are emerging that meet the needs of modern day living and the challenges with Industry 4.0. At the core of these emerging smart products is essentially novel Mechatronic ways in coordinating the sensors that detect interactions with the surroundings and measure internal states, and commanding the actuators to achieve the motion functionalities, delivering machine intelligence.

  • 2016 23rd International Conference on Mechatronics and Machine Vision in Practice (M2VIP)

    'Mechatronics' has become accepted for what it is, the blending of mechanics, electronics and computer control into an integrated design. Mechatronic design can result in products which are much simpler than their intricate and costly predecessors and can make commonplace the miracles of yesterday. Much value-added comes from the skillful use of sensors and embedded machine intelligence. Machine-vision has emerged from the laboratory among other sophisticated sensors to find real applications in areas which include inspection, vehicle guidance and robot control. Low-cost cameras have been developed for multimedia applications, but with their ease of interfacing they offer a whole new field of low-cost vision-based control. M2VIP 2016 will provide a dynamic forum for international experts and researchers to present and review advances in mechatronics and machine vision which have culminated in practical applications, or which promise practical implementation in the very near future.

  • 2012 19th International Conference on Mechatronics and Machine Vision in Practice (M2VIP)

    Actuator and drive technology; aeronautical mechatronics; agricultural mechatronics; applied robotics including those manipulative, mobile, walking, flying, humanoid and bio-inspired; artificial and computational intelligence; medical robots.

  • 2008 15th International Conference on Mechatronics and Machine Vision in Practice (M2VIP)

    Following the success of its fourteen predecessors, M2VIP 2008 will provide a dynamic forum for international experts and researchers to present and review advances in mechatronics and machine vision which have culminated in practical applications, or which promise practical implementation in the very near future.

  • 2007 14th International Conference on Mechatronics and Machine Vision in Practice (M2VIP)

    Like its thirteen predecessors, M2VIP 2007 will provide a forum for international experts and researchers to present and review advances in mechatronics and machine vision which have culminated in practical applications, or which promise practical implementation in the very near future. Presentations are encouraged to include video material of experimental systems. This year application areas included agricultural, aeronautical, underwater, mining and medical mechatronics.


2018 IEEE 18th International Conference on Bioinformatics and Bioengineering (BIBE)

The series of BIBE Conferences was initiated in 2000 and is the first of its kind in IEEE inspiringothers to follow its path. The 18th annual IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics andBioengineering aims at building synergy between Bioinformatics and Bioengineering, twocomplementary disciplines that hold great promise for the advancement of research anddevelopment in complex medical and biological systems, agriculture, environment, publichealth, drug design. Research and development in these two areas are impacting the scienceand technology in fields such as medicine, food production, forensics, etc. by advancingfundamental concepts in molecular biology, by helping us understand living organisms atmultiple levels, by developing innovative implants and bio-prosthetics, and by improving toolsand techniques for the detection, prevention and treatment of diseases.


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Periodicals related to Masticatory muscles

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Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on

Theory and applications of industrial electronics and control instrumentation science and engineering, including microprocessor control systems, high-power controls, process control, programmable controllers, numerical and program control systems, flow meters, and identification systems.


Robotics & Automation Magazine, IEEE

It will build upon the existing newsletter base by adding high quality technical articles in the areas of: applied research, state of the shelf solutions and technologies, and education. Articles will be targeted toward the practicing engineer. Creative solutions to real-world problems will be emphasized. Implementation details will be highlighted. Tutorials will provide the technical and historical knowledge required to ...



Most published Xplore authors for Masticatory muscles

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Xplore Articles related to Masticatory muscles

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Template-based Automatic Segmentation of Masseter Using Prior Knowledge

2006 IEEE Southwest Symposium on Image Analysis and Interpretation, 2006

In this paper, we propose a knowledge-based, fully automatic methodology for segmenting the masseter, which is a muscle of mastication, from 2-D magnetic resonance (MR) images for clinical purposes. To our knowledge, there is currently no methodology which automatically segments the masseter from MR images. Our methodology uses five ground truths, where the masseter has been manually segmented and verified ...


Controllability of temporomandibular-joint loading by coordinative activities of masticatory muscles-a two-dimensional static model analysis

Proceedings of 18th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 1996

Masticatory and bite-forces, when applied to the teeth, generate tremendous compressive force in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Normally, it is controlled, to a certain extent, by stomatognathic means. In an attempt to clarify this control mechanism, the authors analyzed the relationship between TMJ loading and the activities of the masticatory muscles, by employing a static two-dimensional jaw-model. Static equilibrium analyses ...


Development of a mastication robot using nonlinear viscoelastic mechanism

Proceedings of the 1997 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robot and Systems. Innovative Robotics for Real-World Applications. IROS '97, 1997

This paper describes the mathematical and mechanical models that simulate the nonlinearity of human's masticatory muscle. In addition, the experimental results of a real food chewing experiment by a mastication robot is described. When the lower jaw rapidly closes during the chewing motion, it may come in hard contact with the upper jaw if the food is a crushable one. ...


Automatic Segmentation of Muscles of Mastication from Magnetic Resonance Images Using Prior Knowledge

18th International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR'06), 2006

We propose a knowledge-based, fully automatic methodology for segmenting muscles of mastication from 2-D magnetic resonance (MR) images. To the best of our knowledge, there is currently no methodology which automatically segment muscles of mastication. In our approach, MR images with muscles of interest that have been manually segmented by medical experts are used to train the system to identify ...


Quantification of masticatory efficiency with a mastication robot

Proceedings. 1998 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (Cat. No.98CH36146), 1998

This paper describes the quantification of masticatory efficiency by using a mastication robot that was developed as a mechanical simulator of human masticatory jaw motion on the basis of dental robotics. The masticatory efficiency is evaluated on the basis of human mastication and the quantification of masticatory efficiency is studied experimentally. In this paper, the authors use the sifting test ...


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Educational Resources on Masticatory muscles

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Template-based Automatic Segmentation of Masseter Using Prior Knowledge

    In this paper, we propose a knowledge-based, fully automatic methodology for segmenting the masseter, which is a muscle of mastication, from 2-D magnetic resonance (MR) images for clinical purposes. To our knowledge, there is currently no methodology which automatically segments the masseter from MR images. Our methodology uses five ground truths, where the masseter has been manually segmented and verified by medical experts, to serve as the reference and provide prior knowledge. The prior knowledge involved is the spatial relationship between the region of interest (ROI) of the head and ROI of the masseter. In the segmentation process, anisotropic diffusion first smoothens the ROI of the latter, and thresholding removes unwanted neighboring regions of the masseter. A template of the masseter is then used to obtain an initial segmentation of the muscle, which serves as the initialization to the gradient vector flow (GVF) snake for refining the initial segmentation. We performed 2-D segmentation of the masseter on a total of 25 MR images, which belong to the mid-facial region through the mandible from five data sets. Validation was done by comparing the segmentation results obtained by using our proposed methodology against manual segmentations done by medical experts, obtaining an average accuracy of 92%

  • Controllability of temporomandibular-joint loading by coordinative activities of masticatory muscles-a two-dimensional static model analysis

    Masticatory and bite-forces, when applied to the teeth, generate tremendous compressive force in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Normally, it is controlled, to a certain extent, by stomatognathic means. In an attempt to clarify this control mechanism, the authors analyzed the relationship between TMJ loading and the activities of the masticatory muscles, by employing a static two-dimensional jaw-model. Static equilibrium analyses determined that TMJ loading can be minimized by coordinating the activities of the muscles, under controlled bite conditions, by pointing the loading vector in a direction solely indicated.

  • Development of a mastication robot using nonlinear viscoelastic mechanism

    This paper describes the mathematical and mechanical models that simulate the nonlinearity of human's masticatory muscle. In addition, the experimental results of a real food chewing experiment by a mastication robot is described. When the lower jaw rapidly closes during the chewing motion, it may come in hard contact with the upper jaw if the food is a crushable one. To clarify the mechanism of this reflective jaw motion, the authors focused on the nonlinearity of human's masticatory muscle. The authors propose a feasible mathematical model of the muscle and its nonlinearity. A nonlinear viscoelastic mechanism is designed based on the mathematical model. From the result of chewing experiment, the authors confirmed the effectiveness of the proposed mechanism for the control of the robot jaw.

  • Automatic Segmentation of Muscles of Mastication from Magnetic Resonance Images Using Prior Knowledge

    We propose a knowledge-based, fully automatic methodology for segmenting muscles of mastication from 2-D magnetic resonance (MR) images. To the best of our knowledge, there is currently no methodology which automatically segment muscles of mastication. In our approach, MR images with muscles of interest that have been manually segmented by medical experts are used to train the system to identify a relationship between the region of interest (ROI) of the head and ROI of the muscle. Anisotropic diffusion is used to smooth the ROI of the latter. Neighboring regions of the muscle are removed by thresholding. A template of the muscle, from the manual tracings, is used to obtain an initial segmentation of the muscle. Small unwanted regions in the ROI are removed via connected components labeling. A gradient vector flow (GVF) snake, using the initial segmentation as initialization, is used to refine the initial segmentation. We performed 2D segmentation of the medial and lateral pterygoids on a total of 50 MR images, in the mid-facial region through the mandible with accuracy ranging from 85% to 98%

  • Quantification of masticatory efficiency with a mastication robot

    This paper describes the quantification of masticatory efficiency by using a mastication robot that was developed as a mechanical simulator of human masticatory jaw motion on the basis of dental robotics. The masticatory efficiency is evaluated on the basis of human mastication and the quantification of masticatory efficiency is studied experimentally. In this paper, the authors use the sifting test to quantify efficiency. The results of chewing experiments with robot by comparing the differences in chewing motion between clenching and grinding showed that the masticatory efficiency of the latter was higher than that of the former.

  • Determination of physiological cross-section area of patient-specific masticatory muscles with three-dimensional medical imaging analysis

    The physiological cross-section area (PCSA) of the masticatory muscles of an adolescent patient were determined based upon the clinical relevant computer tomography (CT) data. A procedure was developed by means of three-dimensional medical image analysis. The resultant PCSA values are in consistent with available knowledge in the literature.

  • Functions of the posterior temporalis and digastric muscles during bilateral biting in the control of temporomandibular joint loading

    We analyzed the function of the activation of the posterior temporalis and digastric muscles, which is associated with bilateral biting that occurs during control of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) loading. For purposes of this investigation, we employed a static two-dimensional model that included a rigid-body spring model of the articular disk. Consequently, the activation of the posterior temporalis muscle was verified to reduce minimum TMJ loading, while that of the digastric muscle was verified to increase TMJ loading.

  • The Effects of Estrogen on Cytoplasmic Ca²+ Concentration of Masticatory Muscles Myoblast in Acid Condition

    Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) affect women with a higher frequency than men, which suggests a possible link between its pathogenesis and sex hormone, such as estrogen. Cytoplasmic Ca2+plays an important role in cell normal function and cytoplasmic Ca2+accumulation may be a key factor that causes skeletal muscle fatigue and injury. To investigate the effects of estrogen on intracellular Ca2+concentration of masticatory muscles, myoblasts from masticatory muscles of female Sprague-Dawley rats were cultured and loaded with Fluo-4 AM, the indicator of Ca2+. And the dynamic Ca2+transients were visualized with confocal laser-scanning microscopy. 17β-estradiol was added to the myoblasts in resting and acid condition (PH=6.7). In the resting condition, 17β-estradiol with the concentration of 10-9mol/L, 10-8mol/L and 10-7mol/L lead cytoplasmic Ca2+concentration to increase immediately, followed by decreasing right away, and in the end came into a Ca2+homeostasis similar with the concentration at base line. In the acid condition (PH=6.7) which mimicked muscle fatigue state, 17β-estradiol with the concentration of 10-9mol/L 10-8mol/L and 10-7mol/L induced the cytoplasmic Ca2+concentration to decrease immediately, then came into a new Ca2+homeostasis which was lower than the concentration at base line. The results suggest that in acid condition, estrogen may maintain the skeletal cytoplasmic Ca2+concentration in a lower level and reduce the cytoplasmic Ca2+accumulation to keep the normal functions of masticatory muscles myoblasts.

  • A system for simultaneous signals acquisition of EMG activity, bite force, and muscle pain, reveals the rotation of synergistic activity in the human jaw elevator muscles

    Aim of the present study was to describe a multipurpose system to be used in oral physiology research, which has been developed in order to simultaneously acquire multiple signals from the masticatory muscles (i.e. bite force, EMG activity, and muscle pain). A preliminary study was carried out to test the performance of this system in ten subjects. We investigated the effect of prolonged isometric jaw clenching at different force levels on the EMG activity of paired masseter and temporalis muscles, while monitoring bite force and local pain perceived in the muscle investigated.

  • Masticatory muscles and mandibular bone growth

    It is well known that bone density is well controlled by muscular systems and its biomechanical environment in living individuals. Investigating the growth changes in mandibular bone mineralization leads to further understanding of masticatory functions. On the other hand, medical imaging system such as computed tomography (CT) have provided a method to not only assess the infrastructure, but to quantify the bone. In our previous studies, we introduced a new calibration phantom developed from a Ca compound for applying quantitative computed tomography to the human craniomandibular skeleton (Maki et al., 1997). With this technique, the growth changes in three-dimensional distribution of the highest mineralized cortical bone of the mandible and relationship between muscle function were evaluated in this study.



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