Conferences related to Markov random fields

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2020 42nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE


2020 IEEE 17th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2020)

The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging. ISBI 2020 will be the 17th meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2020 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering cross-fertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.

  • 2019 IEEE 16th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI)

    The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging.ISBI 2019 will be the 16th meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2019 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering cross fertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.

  • 2018 IEEE 15th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2018)

    The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging. ISBI 2018 will be the 15th meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2018 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering crossfertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.

  • 2017 IEEE 14th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2017)

    The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging. ISBI 2017 will be the 14th meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2017 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering crossfertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.

  • 2016 IEEE 13th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2016)

    The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forumfor the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging. ISBI 2016 willbe the thirteenth meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitatinginteraction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2016 meeting will continue thistradition of fostering crossfertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrativeapproach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.

  • 2015 IEEE 12th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2015)

    The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging. ISBI 2015 will be the 12th meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2014 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering crossfertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.

  • 2014 IEEE 11th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2014)

    The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging. ISBI 2014 will be the eleventh meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2014 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering crossfertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.

  • 2013 IEEE 10th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2013)

    To serve the biological, biomedical, bioengineering, bioimaging and other technical communities through a quality program of presentations and papers on the foundation, application, development, and use of biomedical imaging.

  • 2012 IEEE 9th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2012)

    To serve the biological, biomedical, bioengineering, bioimaging, and other technical communities through a quality program of presentations and papers on the foundation, application, development, and use of biomedical imaging.

  • 2011 IEEE 8th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2011)

    To serve the biological, biomedical, bioengineering, bioimaging, and other technical communities through a quality program of presentations and papers on the foundation, application, development, and use of biomedical imaging.

  • 2010 IEEE 7th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2010)

    To serve the biological, biomedical, bioengineering, bioimaging, and other technical communities through a quality program of presentations and papers on the foundation, application, development, and use of biomedical imaging.

  • 2009 IEEE 6th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2009)

    Algorithmic, mathematical and computational aspects of biomedical imaging, from nano- to macroscale. Topics of interest include image formation and reconstruction, computational and statistical image processing and analysis, dynamic imaging, visualization, image quality assessment, and physical, biological and statistical modeling. Molecular, cellular, anatomical and functional imaging modalities and applications.

  • 2008 IEEE 5th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2008)

    Algorithmic, mathematical and computational aspects of biomedical imaging, from nano- to macroscale. Topics of interest include image formation and reconstruction, computational and statistical image processing and analysis, dynamic imaging, visualization, image quality assessment, and physical, biological and statistical modeling. Molecular, cellular, anatomical and functional imaging modalities and applications.

  • 2007 IEEE 4th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: Macro to Nano (ISBI 2007)

  • 2006 IEEE 3rd International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: Macro to Nano (ISBI 2006)

  • 2004 2nd IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: Macro to Nano (ISBI 2004)

  • 2002 1st IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: Macro to Nano (ISBI 2002)


2020 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)

CVPR is the premier annual computer vision event comprising the main conference and several co-located workshops and short courses. With its high quality and low cost, it provides an exceptional value for students, academics and industry researchers.

  • 2019 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)

    CVPR is the premier annual computer vision event comprising the main conference and severalco-located workshops and short courses. With its high quality and low cost, it provides anexceptional value for students, academics and industry researchers.

  • 2018 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)

    CVPR is the premier annual computer vision event comprising the main conference and several co-located workshops and short courses. With its high quality and low cost, it provides an exceptional value for students, academics and industry researchers.

  • 2017 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)

    CVPR is the premiere annual Computer Vision event comprising the main CVPR conferenceand 27co-located workshops and short courses. With its high quality and low cost, it provides anexceptional value for students,academics and industry.

  • 2016 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)

    CVPR is the premiere annual Computer Vision event comprising the main CVPR conference and 27 co-located workshops and short courses. With its high quality and low cost, it provides an exceptional value for students, academics and industry.

  • 2015 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)

    computer, vision, pattern, cvpr, machine, learning

  • 2014 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)

    CVPR is the premiere annual Computer Vision event comprising the main CVPR conference and 27 co-located workshops and short courses. Main conference plus 50 workshop only attendees and approximately 50 exhibitors and volunteers.

  • 2013 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)

    CVPR is the premiere annual Computer Vision event comprising the main CVPR conference and 27 co-located workshops and short courses. With its high quality and low cost, it provides an exceptional value for students, academics and industry.

  • 2012 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)

    Topics of interest include all aspects of computer vision and pattern recognition including motion and tracking,stereo, object recognition, object detection, color detection plus many more

  • 2011 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)

    Sensors Early and Biologically-Biologically-inspired Vision, Color and Texture, Segmentation and Grouping, Computational Photography and Video

  • 2010 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)

    Concerned with all aspects of computer vision and pattern recognition. Issues of interest include pattern, analysis, image, and video libraries, vision and graphics, motion analysis and physics-based vision.

  • 2009 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)

    Concerned with all aspects of computer vision and pattern recognition. Issues of interest include pattern, analysis, image, and video libraries, vision and graphics,motion analysis and physics-based vision.

  • 2008 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)

  • 2007 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)

  • 2006 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)

  • 2005 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)


2020 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP)

The International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP), sponsored by the IEEE SignalProcessing Society, is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances andresearch results in the fields of theoretical, experimental, and applied image and videoprocessing. ICIP 2020, the 27th in the series that has been held annually since 1994, bringstogether leading engineers and scientists in image and video processing from around the world.


2020 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME)

Multimedia technologies, systems and applications for both research and development of communications, circuits and systems, computer, and signal processing communities.

  • 2019 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME)

    speech, audio, image, video, text and new sensor signal processingsignal processing for media integration3D imaging, visualization and animationvirtual reality and augmented realitymulti-modal multimedia computing systems and human-machine interactionmultimedia communications and networkingmedia content analysis and searchmultimedia quality assessmentmultimedia security and content protectionmultimedia applications and servicesmultimedia standards and related issues

  • 2018 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME)

    The IEEE International Conference on Multimedia & Expo (ICME) has been the flagship multimedia conference sponsored by four IEEE societies since 2000. It serves as a forum to promote the exchange of the latest advances in multimedia technologies, systems, and applications from both the research and development perspectives of the circuits and systems, communications, computer, and signal processing communities. ICME also features an Exposition of multimedia products and prototypes.

  • 2017 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME)

    Topics of interest include, but are not limited to: – Speech, audio, image, video, text and new sensor signal processing – Signal processing for media integration – 3D visualization and animation – 3D imaging and 3DTV – Virtual reality and augmented reality – Multi-modal multimedia computing systems and human-machine interaction – Multimedia communications and networking – Media content analysis – Multimedia quality assessment – Multimedia security and content protection – Multimedia databases and digital libraries – Multimedia applications and services – Multimedia standards and related issues

  • 2016 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME)

    Topics of interest include, but are not limited to:- Speech, audio, image, video, text and new sensor signal processing- Signal processing for media integration- 3D visualization and animation- 3D imaging and 3DTV- Virtual reality and augmented reality- Multi-modal multimedia computing systems and human-machine interaction- Multimedia communications and networking- Media content analysis- Multimedia quality assessment- Multimedia security and content protection- Multimedia databases and digital libraries- Multimedia applications and services- Multimedia standards and related issues

  • 2015 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME)

    With around 1000 submissions and 500 participants each year, the IEEE International Conference on Multimedia & Expo (ICME) has been the flagship multimedia conference sponsored by four IEEE societies since 2000. It serves as a forum to promote the exchange of the latest advances in multimedia technologies, systems, and applications from both the research and development perspectives of the circuits and systems, communications, computer, and signal processing communities.

  • 2014 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME)

    The IEEE International Conference on Multimedia & Expo (ICME) has been the flagship multimedia conference sponsored by four IEEE societies since 2000. It serves as a forum to promote the exchange of the latest advances in multimedia technologies, systems, and applications. In 2014, an Exposition of multimedia products, prototypes and animations will be held in conjunction with the conference.Topics of interest include, but are not limited to:

  • 2013 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME)

    To promote the exchange of the latest advances in multimedia technologies, systems, and applications from both the research and development perspectives of the circuits and systems, communications, computer, and signal processing communities.

  • 2012 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME)

    IEEE International Conference on Multimedia & Expo (ICME) has been the flagship multimedia conference sponsored by four IEEE Societies. It exchanges the latest advances in multimedia technologies, systems, and applications from both the research and development perspectives of the circuits and systems, communications, computer, and signal processing communities.

  • 2011 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME)

    Speech, audio, image, video, text processing Signal processing for media integration 3D visualization, animation and virtual reality Multi-modal multimedia computing systems and human-machine interaction Multimedia communications and networking Multimedia security and privacy Multimedia databases and digital libraries Multimedia applications and services Media content analysis and search Hardware and software for multimedia systems Multimedia standards and related issues Multimedia qu

  • 2010 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME)

    A flagship multimedia conference sponsored by four IEEE societies, ICME serves as a forum to promote the exchange of the latest advances in multimedia technologies, systems, and applications from both the research and development perspectives of the circuits and systems, communications, computer, and signal processing communities.

  • 2009 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME)

    IEEE International Conference on Multimedia & Expo is a major annual international conference with the objective of bringing together researchers, developers, and practitioners from academia and industry working in all areas of multimedia. ICME serves as a forum for the dissemination of state-of-the-art research, development, and implementations of multimedia systems, technologies and applications.

  • 2008 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME)

    IEEE International Conference on Multimedia & Expo is a major annual international conference with the objective of bringing together researchers, developers, and practitioners from academia and industry working in all areas of multimedia. ICME serves as a forum for the dissemination of state-of-the-art research, development, and implementations of multimedia systems, technologies and applications.

  • 2007 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME)

  • 2006 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME)

  • 2005 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME)

  • 2004 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME)

  • 2003 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME)

  • 2002 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME)

  • 2001 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME)

  • 2000 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME)


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Periodicals related to Markov random fields

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Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, IEEE Transactions on

Speech analysis, synthesis, coding speech recognition, speaker recognition, language modeling, speech production and perception, speech enhancement. In audio, transducers, room acoustics, active sound control, human audition, analysis/synthesis/coding of music, and consumer audio. (8) (IEEE Guide for Authors) The scope for the proposed transactions includes SPEECH PROCESSING - Transmission and storage of Speech signals; speech coding; speech enhancement and noise reduction; ...


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, IEEE Transactions on

Video A/D and D/A, display technology, image analysis and processing, video signal characterization and representation, video compression techniques and signal processing, multidimensional filters and transforms, analog video signal processing, neural networks for video applications, nonlinear video signal processing, video storage and retrieval, computer vision, packet video, high-speed real-time circuits, VLSI architecture and implementation for video technology, multiprocessor systems--hardware and software-- ...


Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, IEEE/ACM Transactions on

Specific topics of interest include, but are not limited to, sequence analysis, comparison and alignment methods; motif, gene and signal recognition; molecular evolution; phylogenetics and phylogenomics; determination or prediction of the structure of RNA and Protein in two and three dimensions; DNA twisting and folding; gene expression and gene regulatory networks; deduction of metabolic pathways; micro-array design and analysis; proteomics; ...


Computer Graphics and Applications, IEEE

IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications (CG&A) bridges the theory and practice of computer graphics. From specific algorithms to full system implementations, CG&A offers a strong combination of peer-reviewed feature articles and refereed departments, including news and product announcements. Special Applications sidebars relate research stories to commercial development. Cover stories focus on creative applications of the technology by an artist or ...


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Most published Xplore authors for Markov random fields

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Xplore Articles related to Markov random fields

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A clustering approach for change detection in SAR images

EUSAR 2012; 9th European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar, 2012

This paper presents a new approach for change detection in SAR images based on clustering method. Classic change detection methods use a hard threshold to divide the difference map into two classes: change and unchanged, which has a disadvantage that some weak changed regions are often undetected. Unlike those methods, our proposed method use expectation maximization with graph cut optimization ...


Markov random fields for handwritten Chinese character recognition

Eighth International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition (ICDAR'05), 2005

In this paper, we propose a statistical-structural scheme for Chinese character modeling based on Markov random fields (MRFs). We use 2-D Gabor filters to extract directional stroke segments from images of Chinese characters, where each stroke segment is associated with a state in Markov random field models. The structural information is described by neighborhood system and pair-state clique potentials; meanwhile ...


A study on microarray image gridding techniques for DNA analysis

2014 2nd International Conference on Electronic Design (ICED), 2014

Microarray is one of the most promising tools available for researchers in the life sciences to study gene expression profiles. Through microarray analysis, gene expression levels can be obtained, and the biological information of a disease can be identified. The gene expression information embedded in the microarray is extracted using image-processing techniques. Gridding is one of the important processes used ...


An image coding algorithm based on a class of doubly stochastic image models

International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing,, 1989

The authors present a novel image coding algorithm based on a class of image models known as doubly stochastic Gaussian models (DSGM). They exploit the nonhomogeneous nature of images by a space-variant autoregressive representation that switches in a set of linear predictive submodels. The switch is controlled by a 2-D Markov chain. The coder is a DPCM (differential pulse code ...


A New Model for Image Segmentation

IEEE Signal Processing Letters, 2008

As a region-based approach, the Mumford-Shah (MS) model is a robust image segmentation technique. However, the solution of the MS model is not trivial. Although some alternative approaches have been presented, these methods are either inefficient or applicable only to some special cases. We present a new model which consists of two terms, the length of the segmentation curve and ...


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Educational Resources on Markov random fields

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • A clustering approach for change detection in SAR images

    This paper presents a new approach for change detection in SAR images based on clustering method. Classic change detection methods use a hard threshold to divide the difference map into two classes: change and unchanged, which has a disadvantage that some weak changed regions are often undetected. Unlike those methods, our proposed method use expectation maximization with graph cut optimization to cluster the difference map into three classes: strong changed areas, weak changed areas and unchanged areas. The experimental results on real SAR images show that our approach obtains a higher detection rate than the previous ones.

  • Markov random fields for handwritten Chinese character recognition

    In this paper, we propose a statistical-structural scheme for Chinese character modeling based on Markov random fields (MRFs). We use 2-D Gabor filters to extract directional stroke segments from images of Chinese characters, where each stroke segment is associated with a state in Markov random field models. The structural information is described by neighborhood system and pair-state clique potentials; meanwhile the statistical information is represented by single-state probability density functions (pdfs). Extensive experiments on similar characters have been carried out on the database ETL9B. The experimental results confirm that Markov random field models are effective in modeling both statistical and structural information of Chinese characters, and works well for handwritten Chinese character recognition.

  • A study on microarray image gridding techniques for DNA analysis

    Microarray is one of the most promising tools available for researchers in the life sciences to study gene expression profiles. Through microarray analysis, gene expression levels can be obtained, and the biological information of a disease can be identified. The gene expression information embedded in the microarray is extracted using image-processing techniques. Gridding is one of the important processes used to extract features in DNA microarray, by assigning each spot in the microarray with individual coordinates for further data interpretation. This paper evaluates popular techniques of DNA microarray image gridding in the literature with an emphasis on gridding accuracy, speed, and the ability to remove noise. Based on our evaluation, the Otsu method can provide a better performance in terms of processing speed, accuracy, and ability to remove noise compared to other methods discussed in this paper.

  • An image coding algorithm based on a class of doubly stochastic image models

    The authors present a novel image coding algorithm based on a class of image models known as doubly stochastic Gaussian models (DSGM). They exploit the nonhomogeneous nature of images by a space-variant autoregressive representation that switches in a set of linear predictive submodels. The switch is controlled by a 2-D Markov chain. The coder is a DPCM (differential pulse code modulation) system that is given the submodel (predictor) coefficients. In order to obtain these predictors, a recursive state estimation of the underlying Markov chain is done. This combination provides the doubly recursive prediction nature of this algorithm. Two coding schemes based on this structure are introduced. The first is a backward adaptation DPCM coder that needs very few side information bits. The other transmits codes for both model indices and quantized prediction residuals. Experimental results for different bit rates are presented.<<ETX>>

  • A New Model for Image Segmentation

    As a region-based approach, the Mumford-Shah (MS) model is a robust image segmentation technique. However, the solution of the MS model is not trivial. Although some alternative approaches have been presented, these methods are either inefficient or applicable only to some special cases. We present a new model which consists of two terms, the length of the segmentation curve and the high-frequency component in the regions. Because only one variable needs to be solved, the method of solution is very efficient. Using the level set method, the approach can segment objects with complicated image intensity distribution without any approximations. In addition, the new model can segment both step and roof edges.

  • A Novel Nonlocal QuadraticMRF Prior Model for Positron Emission Tomography

    Bayesian approaches, or maximum a posteriori (MAP) methods, have been accepted as an effective solution to overcome the ill-posed problem of such image reconstructions as positron emission tomography (PET) image reconstruction. Based on Bayesian theory, prior information of the objective image is imposed on image reconstruction to suppress noise. Generally, the information in most of prior models is from a simply weighted differences between the pixel densities in a small local neighborhood, so it can only provide limit prior information for reconstruction. In this paper, a novel nonlocal Markov random fields (MRF) prior, which is able to exploit global information in image using large neighborhoods and a new weighting method, is proposed. Relevant experiments about the proposed prior's application in PET are illustrated. Results and comparisons with other priors proved the proposed nonlocal prior's good performance in both lowering noise effect and preserving edges

  • Multispectral and color image modeling and synthesis using random field models

    We develop multispectral random field image models for use in image processing applications. The simultaneous autoregressive and Markov random field (MRF) models have been widely used in modeling intensity images. In this work we extend these models to include the more general multispectral case where images are represented by multiple intensity planes. In particular, we focus on the obvious application to color texture modeling using the RGB color model. For each model type we present the model equations, develop methods for synthesizing images based on these models and procedures for estimating the model parameters. In addition, the conditions necessary to ensure model validity are identified. We also provide experimental results which, substantiate the validity of these results. Color images synthesized from these models are shown to have the statistical characteristics implied by the model equations and parameters estimated from these images are very close to the known values from which the images were generated. In further experiments color random field models were fitted to natural texture samples. Images synthesized from these models are observed to be visually similar to the original images.

  • DPA: a deterministic approach to the MAP problem

    Deterministic pseudo-annealing (DPA) is a new deterministic optimization method for finding the maximum a posteriori (MAP) labeling in a Markov random field, in which the probability of a tentative labeling is extended to a merit function on continuous labelings. This function is made convex by changing its definition domain. This unambiguous maximization problem is solved, and the solution is followed down to the original domain, yielding a good, if suboptimal, solution to the original labeling assignment problem. The performance of DPA is analyzed on randomly weighted graphs.<<ETX>>

  • Simultaneous reconstruction of activity distribution and attenuation/scatter distribution in myocardial SPECT

    To get good reconstruction from the SPECT data heavily corrupted by noise, attenuation, scattering and blurring, it is essential to find the medium attenuation/scatter distribution of the study. In myocardial SPECT, this problem is more severe because of the complex structure of the chest. The authors present a Bayesian approach which estimate both the activity distribution and the medium distribution simultaneously. Their method consists of three models for the different aspects of SPECT. It is concluded that the deformable template used to model the medium distribution, together with the Markov random field, used to model the activity distribution, provides a way to impose global and local regularizations on the highly ill-posed problem of reconstructing activity distribution from the projection data alone. The Bayesian approach yields good results for reconstructions in myocardial SPECT.

  • Dynamic background discrimination with belief propagation

    A probabilistic graphical model is proposed for the complex video foreground and background discrimination. The model learns the temporal and the spatial correlation from the video input data. The inference of the graphical model is achieved with the generalized belief propagation algorithm. Experiments have shown that the proposed method is able to model the dynamic backgrounds containing swaying trees, bushes and moving ocean waves. The final segmentation results are very promising.



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