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IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS) is an annual conference coordinated by the Plasma Science and Application Committee (PSAC) of the IEEE Nuclear & Plasma Sciences Society.
To promote awareness, understanding, advancement and application of ocean engineering and marine technology. This includes all aspects of science, engineering, and technology that address research, development, and operations pertaining to all bodies of water. This includes the creation of new capabilities and technologies from concept design through prototypes, testing, and operational systems to sense, explore, understand, develop, use, and responsibly manage natural resources.
The world's premiere conference in MEMS sensors, actuators and integrated micro and nano systems welcomes you to attend this four-day event showcasing major technological, scientific and commercial breakthroughs in mechanical, optical, chemical and biological devices and systems using micro and nanotechnology.The major areas of activity in the development of Transducers solicited and expected at this conference include but are not limited to: Bio, Medical, Chemical, and Micro Total Analysis Systems Fabrication and Packaging Mechanical and Physical Sensors Materials and Characterization Design, Simulation and Theory Actuators Optical MEMS RF MEMS Nanotechnology Energy and Power
The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops andinvitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields ofbiomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality paperswill be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and willbe indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE & IEEE Xplore
Electrets and related phenomena are at the frontier of both fundamental scientific and technological interest. The advent of additive manufacturing also opens up new challenges in this field, which can aid solving many process-related challenges and bring about new ways of manufacturing. The huge success of device applications of electrets in the past can expand on novel applications in energy harvesting, bioelectrical stimulation, new sensors and actuators, device and components and characterisation techniques. The ISE conference series is a unique meeting opportunity for scientists and engineers from all over the world working in the field of electrical engineering, manufacturing and process engineering, materials science and engineering, condensed matter physics and chemistry. It provides a platform for interdisciplinary discussions, debate and dialogues on recent advances in research, development and applications.
Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters (AWP Letters) will be devoted to the rapid electronic publication of short manuscripts in the technical areas of Antennas and Wireless Propagation.
Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission
The Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems addresses areas at the crossroads of Circuits and Systems and Life Sciences. The main emphasis is on microelectronic issues in a wide range of applications found in life sciences, physical sciences and engineering. The primary goal of the journal is to bridge the unique scientific and technical activities of the Circuits and Systems ...
Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.
Proceedings of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, 1914
The Stott-Gorsuch method is applied to the determination of the cost of manufacturing electricity in a 60-cycle station of 100,000 kilowatts installed capacity. The results correspond to the assumption that such a station is capable of delivering from 350,000,000 to 700,000,000 kelvins per annum for load factor ranging from 0.50 to 1.00. For unity load factor the cost of three-phase ...
IEEE Power Engineering Review, 1992
Proceedings of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, 1906
To show this method of treatment more clearly, a simple problem will be discussed by means of it. A typical interurban railway consisting of one long line has been selected, because it suffices to exhibit the method without an excessive amount of labor. No attempt has been made to determine exactly the quantities used, but only to make them consistent, ...
Proceedings of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, 1908
The method of attacking the problem of the location of substations in electric railways is governed by the physical layout of the road. The problem involved in the case of networks serving a limited territory, such as urban or suburban lines, may be solved from a study of the magnitude of the various relatively fixed load-centers which are created by ...
IEEE Spectrum, 1988
The two-part special report discusses the recently developed high-temperature superconducting ceramics. The first part describes promising processing advances and examines concerns about critical current density and brittleness. Both problems present a serious roadblock to practical use of these materials. The second part investigates the more interesting and feasible applications, which appear to be several years away. An accompanying box insert ...
The Stott-Gorsuch method is applied to the determination of the cost of manufacturing electricity in a 60-cycle station of 100,000 kilowatts installed capacity. The results correspond to the assumption that such a station is capable of delivering from 350,000,000 to 700,000,000 kelvins per annum for load factor ranging from 0.50 to 1.00. For unity load factor the cost of three-phase electricity at the outgoing cables ranges from 0.65 cent per kelvin with coal at $5.00 per ton, down to a matter of 0.20 cent per kelvin for fuel of negligible cost. A method is indicated for tracing through the increase in the cost of the electricity at later stages of its journey from the source to the consumer.
To show this method of treatment more clearly, a simple problem will be discussed by means of it. A typical interurban railway consisting of one long line has been selected, because it suffices to exhibit the method without an excessive amount of labor. No attempt has been made to determine exactly the quantities used, but only to make them consistent, as in any problem they must be determined for the particular conditions encountered.
The method of attacking the problem of the location of substations in electric railways is governed by the physical layout of the road. The problem involved in the case of networks serving a limited territory, such as urban or suburban lines, may be solved from a study of the magnitude of the various relatively fixed load-centers which are created by the configuration of the lines; and the sub-stations may be placed at the different centroids of the system. In the case of long single roads connecting distant communities, such as interurban and trunk lines, there is presented the study of more or less uniformly loaded stretches, in which there are no distinct centers of load, except those that result from the characteristics of the line profile or the traffic movement. The latter problem is more susceptible to mathematical treatment, so that the contents of this paper will be confined to the consideration of interurban and trunk line projects, or, in other words, to relatively long roads.
The two-part special report discusses the recently developed high-temperature superconducting ceramics. The first part describes promising processing advances and examines concerns about critical current density and brittleness. Both problems present a serious roadblock to practical use of these materials. The second part investigates the more interesting and feasible applications, which appear to be several years away. An accompanying box insert on theory explains what is known about superconductivity in these ceramics.<<ETX>>
The reliability of Cu and W contacts under high fluence stress mimicking source/drain contacts in the on-state of a transistor is evaluated. We use Kelvin structures to study the contact degradation and to determine the lifetime as a function of voltage and temperature. Failure analysis reveals significant damage created in the proximity of the contacts. It is concluded that not electromigration alone, but also Joule heating of the contact and the contact interfaces triggers failure.
The approach to realize the electrical interconnect and qualities of the contact have a direct impact on the performance and reliability of devices. Herein, Si-Au/Pt/Ti contact structure is fabricated using anodic bonding as a novel approach to realize the electrical interconnect. In order to evaluate the qualities of the anodic bonded contact, the contact resistance is extracted. The cross-bridge Kelvin method is optimized and a new method is presented to directly measure the contact resistance, named four-terminals bonded vertical Kelvin method (BVD). The two-dimensional resistor network model of the BVD method indicates that the relationship between the contact resistance and the measured resistance can be easily established. The BVD method can directly and precisely measure the contact resistance since kinds of interferences from parasitic resistances are minimized. Data obtained from the test indicate that the anodic bonded contact is Ohmic contact when the area of the contact is larger than 15*20 mum<sup>2</sup> with the contact length not smaller than 15 mum; whereas, the contact is not Ohmic contact and not stable when the area of the contact is smaller than 15*20 mum<sup>2</sup>. The qualities of small-size anodic bonded contact is related with the effects of interfacial states, native oxide layer, series resistances at the interface, and the other particularities such as interfacial inter-diffusion, Au/Si eutectic reaction and surface topology.
Azeotropic distillation is a special case of multicomponent distillation used for separation of binary mixtures which are either difficult or impossible to separate by ordinary fractionation. It is commonly used to separate close boiling mixtures with far fewer trays than in conventional distillation and with less circulation, resulting in lower equipment and energy costs. It is widely used for the dehydration of alcohols and is being applied in new areas of chemical processing because of its efficiency. The work is mainly focus on the separation of azeotropic mixtures. Selection of solvent plays an important role in industry to break the azeotropes in easy way. The solvent is selected in such a way that it should break the azeotropic mixture and also should form azeotropic mixture with one of the original component. Determining the existence of homogeneous azeotropes together with their composition, temperature and pressure is important from both theoretical and practical standpoints in the analysis of phase behavior and in the synthesis and design of separation system employing distillation. Different moles of solvent are added to the existence composition of azeotropic mixtures at constant temperature and pressure. Raoult's law is taken in the modeling to get vapor mixture from given liquid mixture calculated after addition of the solvent to the original azeotropic mixture.
A simplified procedure for measuring the absorbed dose using floating-gate transistors is presented and demonstrated on 64 K UVPROMs. Reading the dosimeter involves a standard electrical readout at 5 V, generates shifts in the response curve that are proportional to absorbed dose, and is suitable for applications on spacecraft
In this printed material we intended to lessen the high operational state temperature of electro-thermally impelled micro-gripper. As a rule cases the operational state temperature of electro-thermally activated small scale grippers is high for the most part in the scope of thousand Kelvin. It is the greatest downside of electro-thermally incited smaller scale grippers for some application reason and it is extremely hard to diminish it as low as could be expected under the circumstances. In this paper we diminish the operational state temperature of electro-thermally incited micro-gripper from thousand Kelvin to 377 [K] with the displacement of 17.9 μm and for incitation parallel biasing component is utilized with 0-2 volt go.
This project will develop standard methods for the electrical characterization of carbon nanotubes (CNTs). The methods will be independent of processing routes used to fabricate the CNT's.
Corrosion, Advanced Characterization - Postdoctoral Researcher
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory