Ice

Ice is water frozen into the solid state. Usually ice is the phase known as ice Ih, which is the most abundant of the varying solid phases on the Earth's surface. It can appear transparent or opaque bluish-white color, depending on the presence of impurities or air inclusions. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Ice

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2023 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Conference (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering.Submitted full papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and poster sessions,will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE.


2021 IEEE Pulsed Power Conference (PPC)

The Pulsed Power Conference is held on a biannual basis and serves as the principal forum forthe exchange of information on pulsed power technology and engineering.


Oceans 2020 MTS/IEEE GULF COAST

To promote awareness, understanding, advancement and application of ocean engineering and marine technology. This includes all aspects of science, engineering, and technology that address research, development, and operations pertaining to all bodies of water. This includes the creation of new capabilities and technologies from concept design through prototypes, testing, and operational systems to sense, explore, understand, develop, use, and responsibly manage natural resources.

  • OCEANS '96

  • OCEANS '97

  • OCEANS '98

  • OCEANS '99

  • OCEANS 2000

  • OCEANS 2001

  • OCEANS 2002

  • OCEANS 2003

  • OCEANS 2004

  • OCEANS 2005

  • OCEANS 2006

  • OCEANS 2007

  • OCEANS 2008

    The Marine Technology Society (MTS) and the Oceanic Engineering Society (OES) of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) cosponsor a joint conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, education, and policy. Held annually in the fall, it has become a focal point for the ocean and marine community to meet, learn, and exhibit products and services. The conference includes technical sessions, workshops, student poster sessions, job fairs, tutorials and a large exhibit.

  • OCEANS 2009

  • OCEANS 2010

    The Marine Technology Society and the Oceanic Engineering Scociety of the IEEE cosponsor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science engineering, and policy.

  • OCEANS 2011

    The Marine Technology Society and the Oceanic Engineering Scociety of the IEEE cosponsor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science engineering, and policy.

  • OCEANS 2012

    Ocean related technology. Tutorials and three days of technical sessions and exhibits. 8-12 parallel technical tracks.

  • OCEANS 2013

    Three days of 8-10 tracks of technical sessions (400-450 papers) and concurent exhibition (150-250 exhibitors)

  • OCEANS 2014

    The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 450 technical papers and 150-200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2015

    The Marine Technology Scociety and the Oceanic Engineering Society of the IEEE cosponor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, and policy. The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 450 technical papers and 150-200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2016

    The Marine Technology Scociety and the Oceanic Engineering Society of the IEEE cosponor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, and policy. The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 500 technical papers and 150 -200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2017 - Anchorage

    Papers on ocean technology, exhibits from ocean equipment and service suppliers, student posters and student poster competition, tutorials on ocean technology, workshops and town meetings on policy and governmental process.

  • OCEANS 2018 MTS/IEEE Charleston

    Ocean, coastal, and atmospheric science and technology advances and applications

  • OCEANS 2021 San Diego

    Covering Oceanography as a whole - instrumentation, science, research, biology, subsea and surface vehicles, autonomous vehicles, AUV, ROV, manned submersibles, global climate, oceanography, oceanology, rivers, estuaries, aquatic life and biology, water purity, water treatment, sonar, mapping, charting, navigation, navigation safety, oil and gas, military, and commercial applications of the oceans, subsea mining, hot vents, adn more.


2020 IEEE Radar Conference (RadarConf20)

Annual IEEE Radar Conference

  • 1996 IEEE Radar Conference

  • 1997 IEEE Radar Conference

  • 1998 IEEE Radar Conference

  • 1999 IEEE Radar Conference

  • 2000 IEEE International Radar Conference

  • 2001 IEEE Radar Conference

  • 2002 IEEE Radar Conference

  • 2003 IEEE Radar Conference

  • 2004 IEEE Radar Conference

  • 2005 IEEE International Radar Conference

  • 2006 IEEE Radar Conference

  • 2007 IEEE Radar Conference

  • 2008 IEEE Radar Conference

    The 2008 IEEE Radar Conference will focus on the key aspects of radar theory and applications as listed below. Exploration of new avenues and methodologies of radar signal processing will also be encouraged. Tutorials will be held in a number of fields of radar technology. The Conference will cover all aspects of radar systems for civil, security and defense applications.

  • 2009 IEEE Radar Conference

    The conference's scope is civil and military radar, including science, technology, and systems. The theme for RADAR '09 is "Radar: From Science to Systems," emphasizing scientific or observational requirements and phenomenology that lead to the systems that we in the radar community develop.

  • 2010 IEEE International Radar Conference

    RADAR Systems, RADAR technology

  • 2011 IEEE Radar Conference (RadarCon)

    RadarCon11 will feature topics in radar systems, technology, applications, phenomenology,modeling, & signal processing. The conference theme, In the Eye of the Storm, highlights the strong regional interest in radar for severe weather analysis and tracking. Broader implications of the theme reflect global interests such as radar's role in assessing climate change, supporting myriad defense applications, as well as issues with spectrum allocation and management.

  • 2012 IEEE Radar Conference (RadarCon)

    The 2012 IEEE Radar Conference will host 400 to 600 attendees interested in innovations and developments in radar technology. The radar related topics will include presentations describing developments in radar systems and their implementations, phenomenology, target and clutter modeling, component advances, signal processing and data processing utilizing advanced algorithms. The conference will also include exhibits by vendors of radar systems, radar components, instrumentation, related software and publ

  • 2013 IEEE Radar Conference (RadarCon)

    The conference theme is The Arctic The New Frontier as it presents a vast and challenging environment for which radar systems operating in a multi-sensor environment are currently being developed for deployment on space, air, ship and ground platforms and for both remote sensing of the environment and for the monitoring of human activity. It is one of the major challenges and applications being pursued in the field of radar development in Canada.

  • 2014 IEEE Radar Conference (RadarCon)

    The 2014 IEEE Radar Conference will showcase innovations and developments in radar technology. Topics will include presentations describing developments in radar systems and their implementations, phenomenology, target and clutter modeling, signal processing, component advances, etc.

  • 2015 IEEE Radar Conference (RadarCon)

    The scope of the IEEE 2015 International Radar Conference includes all aspects of civil and military radar. Topics range from fundamental theory to cutting-edge applications, from signal processing, modeling, simulation to hardware implementation and experimental results.

  • 2016 IEEE Radar Conference (RadarCon)

    A continuing series of annual RADAR Conferences IEEE-AESS

  • 2017 IEEE Radar Conference (RadarCon)

    This conference will be a continuation of the annual IEEE radar series (formerly the IEEE National Radar conference). These conferences cover the many disciplines that span the applications of modern radar systems. This includes systems-level through subsystem and component technologies, antennas, and signal processing (deterministic and adaptive). The scope includes systems architectures of monostatic, bistatic and multistatic, and ground-based, airborne, and spaceborn realizations.

  • 2018 IEEE Radar Conference (RadarConf18)

    This conference will be a continuation of the annual IEEE radar series (formerly the IEEE National Radar conference). These conferences cover the many disciplines that span the applications of modern radar systems, including systems-level through subsystem and component technologies, antennas, and signal processing (deterministic and adaptive). The scope includes systems architectures of monostatic, bistatic and multistatic, and ground-based, airborne, shipborne, and spaceborne realizations.


2020 22nd European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE'20 ECCE Europe)

Energy conversion and conditioning technologies, power electronics, adjustable speed drives and their applications, power electronics for smarter grid, energy efficiency,technologies for sustainable energy systems, converters and power supplies



Periodicals related to Ice

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Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, IEEE

The IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine publishes articles concerned with the various aspects of systems for space, air, ocean, or ground environments.


Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on

Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.


Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE

IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters (AWP Letters) will be devoted to the rapid electronic publication of short manuscripts in the technical areas of Antennas and Wireless Propagation.


Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission


Control Systems Technology, IEEE Transactions on

Serves as a compendium for papers on the technological advances in control engineering and as an archival publication which will bridge the gap between theory and practice. Papers will highlight the latest knowledge, exploratory developments, and practical applications in all aspects of the technology needed to implement control systems from analysis and design through simulation and hardware.




Xplore Articles related to Ice

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Active Microwave Measurements Of Artificial Sea Ice

International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 'Remote Sensing: Moving Toward the 21st Century'., 1988

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Sensitivity Of Passive Micro Wave Sea Ice Concentration to the Selection Of Locally And Seasonally Adjusted Points

12th Canadian Symposium on Remote Sensing Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium,, 1989

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Microwave and thermal infrared emission from young sea ice and pancake ice

IGARSS '96. 1996 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 1996

The goals of this study are to observe the development of multifreqency microwave emissivity (e) of new and young sea ice grown under dynamic conditions, and to investigate the effects of ice growth and structural changes on its microwave signature. In particular, the authors are interested in three ice types, whose signatures are particularly difficult to investigate under normal field ...


Near Surface Measurements Of Arctic Sea Ice During The Fall Freeze-up

10th Annual International Symposium on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 1990

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Sea Ice Classification Using Fast Learning Neural Networks

[Proceedings] IGARSS '92 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 1992

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Educational Resources on Ice

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Active Microwave Measurements Of Artificial Sea Ice

    None

  • Sensitivity Of Passive Micro Wave Sea Ice Concentration to the Selection Of Locally And Seasonally Adjusted Points

    None

  • Microwave and thermal infrared emission from young sea ice and pancake ice

    The goals of this study are to observe the development of multifreqency microwave emissivity (e) of new and young sea ice grown under dynamic conditions, and to investigate the effects of ice growth and structural changes on its microwave signature. In particular, the authors are interested in three ice types, whose signatures are particularly difficult to investigate under normal field conditions. Unconsolidated frazil ice and pancake ice, which occur when ice forms in a wave field under stormy conditions, are found in abundance in the marginal ice zones of the Arctic and Antarctic sea ice packs. They make up a significant portion of the area covered by the new and young ice. Because new and young ice types are weaker than the surrounding thick ice and fracture first under conditions of high ice stress, a large percentage of the ridged ice consists of thin saline ice. As the ridges evolve, brine drains out of the elevated parts causing substantial changes in the permittivity distribution which can affect their microwave emissivities. Previous studies have shown that the microwave signatures of these ice types appear to be distinct in several respects, but the data from these experiments are sparse and the uncertainties are still relatively large. The differences between the microwave signatures of these ice types and those of first-year (FY) ice types grown under relatively calm conditions are important for interpreting satellite derived ice concentrations and ice type distributions. This paper presents the results of the author's latest studies of the microwave emissivities of these ice types.

  • Near Surface Measurements Of Arctic Sea Ice During The Fall Freeze-up

    None

  • Sea Ice Classification Using Fast Learning Neural Networks

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  • Polarimetric backscattering at 23 cm wavelength from Antarctic lead ice and estimation of ice thickness

    Copolar ratios and phases in backscattering from Beaufort Sea ice at 23 cm wavelength (L-band) vary with apparent ice thickness. Specifically, copolar ratios for multiyear and apparently thick first-year ice agree with those expected for Bragg scattering from an effectively infinitely thick slab with small surface roughness (relative to the radiation wavelength). Copolar phases for multiyear ice cluster tightly around one value, which was taken as a reference value (early data were not phase-calibrated). Copolar phases for apparently thick first-year ice cluster around the same reference value, but are slightly more variable. Both ratios and phases for lead ice, however, display large departures from thick ice values. A scattering model proposed to explain those variations predicts approximately equal likelihoods for copolar phases greater than and less than the reference value. The Beaufort Sea data, however, show negative copolar phase values (i.e., values below the reference value) in all but one case. While this may be because all leads imaged in the data set were of similar ages, the paucity of positive copolar phases was a significant gap in observational support for the theory. The author presents new data from the Shuttle Imaging Radar-C (SIRC) mission during October 1994 showing leads in the northern Weddell Sea. As in the Beaufort, essentially no surface observations are available, but conventional SAR imagery suggests the presence of lead ice of at least two distinct ages in close proximity in the Weddell scene. Ice regions in the two categories show spatially coherent, but quite different, polarimetric signatures at L-band, including copolar phases larger than neighbouring thicker ice in one case and smaller in the other. The copolar phase also varies between regions. The author presents a quantitative analysis of the observations and a comparison with theory. The author concludes with an assessment of the possibility of estimating lead ice thickness directly from snapshot and time-sequential L-band polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery.

  • Evaluation of SSM/I-derived sea ice concentrations with AVHRR imagery

    Sea ice concentration fields from several different passive microwave algorithms are compared with AVHRR visible and infrared imagery. AVHRR imagery is obtained over a several month period for the Barents Sea, East Greenland Sea, and Baffin Bay regions. These encompass a variety of different ice and weather conditions; in this paper, only the East Greenland Sea region is presented. Of the algorithms evaluated, the NASA Team 2 algorithm appears to perform the best, with a lower bias and lower RMS difference when compared to AVHRR concentrations, especially in regions of thin ice. The Cal/Val performs well in thin ice, but overestimates thicker ice concentrations. The NASA Team and Bootstrap tend to overestimate concentration near the ice edge, but underestimate it within the ice pack.

  • Active and Passive Microwave Observations of Arctic Sea Ice During the Fall Freeze-up

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  • Sensitivity analysis of operational passive microwave sea-ice algorithms

    Given the importance of the relatively long-term passive microwave record for climate studies, we evaluated the sensitivity of passive microwave brightness temperatures and corresponding sea ice concentrations to variations in surface and atmospheric conditions. Based on model results, this effort allows sources and magnitudes of error in the available algorithms and the existing passive, microwave derived time series or sea ice concentrations to be better quantified.

  • Potential of RADARSAT-2 for sea ice classification

    Polarimetric data acquired by the CCRS CV-580 airborne SAR are used to assess the capability of RADARSAT-2 for operational sea ice classification. The information content of the polarimetric data is illustrated by showing how specific scattering mechanisms are portrayed by the entropy, anisotropy and /spl alpha/-angle features. Ice type classes are derived from the full polarimetric data set using a complex Wishart classifier. The classes are then mapped into 2-D scatterplots to compare the information content between dual and fully polarimetric data. While dual polarimetric data are an improvement over single channel data, it is found that fully polarimetric data are needed to provide accurate ice classification performance.



Standards related to Ice

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IEEE Standard for Safety Levels with Respect to Human Exposure to Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Fields, 3 kHz to 300 GHz

Recommendations are made to protect against established adverse health effects in human beings associated with exposure to electric, magnetic and electromagnetic fields in the frequency range of 3 kHz to 300 GHz. The recommendations are expressed in terms of basic restrictions (BRs) and maximum permissible exposure (MPE) values. The BRs are limits on internal fields, specific absorption rate (SAR), and ...