Electronic Surgical Instruments
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AMC2020 is the 16th in a series of biennial international workshops on Advanced Motion Control which aims to bring together researchers from both academia and industry and to promote omnipresent motion control technologies and applications.
IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS) is an annual conference coordinated by the Plasma Science and Application Committee (PSAC) of the IEEE Nuclear & Plasma Sciences Society.
The Conference focuses on all aspects of instrumentation and measurement science andtechnology research development and applications. The list of program topics includes but isnot limited to: Measurement Science & Education, Measurement Systems, Measurement DataAcquisition, Measurements of Physical Quantities, and Measurement Applications.
The scope of the 2020 IEEE/ASME AIM includes the following topics: Actuators, Automotive Systems, Bioengineering, Data Storage Systems, Electronic Packaging, Fault Diagnosis, Human-Machine Interfaces, Industry Applications, Information Technology, Intelligent Systems, Machine Vision, Manufacturing, Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems, Micro/Nano Technology, Modeling and Design, System Identification and Adaptive Control, Motion Control, Vibration and Noise Control, Neural and Fuzzy Control, Opto-Electronic Systems, Optomechatronics, Prototyping, Real-Time and Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulation, Robotics, Sensors, System Integration, Transportation Systems, Smart Materials and Structures, Energy Harvesting and other frontier fields.
HRI is a highly selective annual conference that showcases the very best research and thinking in human-robot interaction. HRI is inherently interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary, reflecting work from researchers in robotics, psychology, cognitive science, HCI, human factors, artificial intelligence, organizational behavior, anthropology, and many other fields.
The IEEE Transactions on Automation Sciences and Engineering (T-ASE) publishes fundamental papers on Automation, emphasizing scientific results that advance efficiency, quality, productivity, and reliability. T-ASE encourages interdisciplinary approaches from computer science, control systems, electrical engineering, mathematics, mechanical engineering, operations research, and other fields. We welcome results relevant to industries such as agriculture, biotechnology, healthcare, home automation, maintenance, manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, retail, ...
The Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems addresses areas at the crossroads of Circuits and Systems and Life Sciences. The main emphasis is on microelectronic issues in a wide range of applications found in life sciences, physical sciences and engineering. The primary goal of the journal is to bridge the unique scientific and technical activities of the Circuits and Systems ...
The IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering will review the state-of-the-art and trends in the emerging field of biomedical engineering. This includes scholarly works, ranging from historic and modern development in biomedical engineering to the life sciences and medicine enabled by technologies covered by the various IEEE societies.
Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.
Theory and applications of industrial electronics and control instrumentation science and engineering, including microprocessor control systems, high-power controls, process control, programmable controllers, numerical and program control systems, flow meters, and identification systems.
2007 IEEE 34th International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS), 2007
Summary form only given. The capability of cold atmospheric plasmas to inactivate microorganisms is well established. By comparison, their ability to destruct solid proteins from surgical instruments is much less understood with only a few studies reported. Yet surgical instruments are typically contaminated by both pathogenic microorganisms and infectious protein. In this contribution, we present a systematic study of protein ...
2009 ICCAS-SICE, 2009
The surgical robot instruments conduct an operation in the body on behalf of the surgeon's hands. However working inside a body prohibits attaching electronic sensors in addition to space restriction. Therefore, all commercial surgical robots are only operated in position control mode becuase there is no way to measure the working force at instrument. The position control mode of the ...
Proceedings of 2011 International Conference on Electronic & Mechanical Engineering and Information Technology, 2011
For the purpose of helping new doctor master surgical technique, improving the successful rate of surgery, also for reducing the training cost of surgery, according to real-world surgery condition, three operative instrument simulators applied in surgery training were designed based on degree of freedom numbers of three operative instruments. Operator of those simulators can feel feedback force from simulators. Work ...
2017 25th Signal Processing and Communications Applications Conference (SIU), 2017
New technologies involve in health domain as in every field of our entire life. This paper presents a study on the surgical instruments which are an indispensable part of health institutions. In the study, an application-based software approach is introduced to track the surgical instruments on which square barcodes were placed via laser printers. Either in the literature or in ...
Proceedings of the IEEE 28th Annual Northeast Bioengineering Conference (IEEE Cat. No.02CH37342), 2002
The popularity of minimally invasive surgical (MIS) procedures over traditional open procedures motivates us to develop new instruments that address the limits of existing technology and enable more widespread use of minimally invasive approaches. Robotic surgical instruments have the potential to provide improved dexterity and range of motion within the confines of the human body when compared with manually actuated ...
Yulun Wang, 2017 IEEE Medal for Innovations in Healthcare Technology at VIC Summit-1 of 2
Surgical Robotics: Endoluminal Surgical Robotics
Surgical Robotics: da Vinci and beyond
Surgical Robotics: Shared research platforms and frameworks - da Vinci Research Kit
Surgical Robotics: Transition to Automation
Towards Intelligent Robotic Surgical Assistants
The DLR MiroSurge, a Robotic System for Surgery
Brooklyn 5G Summit: Next-Generation Tools for 5G Research
Surgical Robotics: RAVEN Interfaces for collaborative research
IMS 2011 Microapps - Pulsed S-Parameter Measurements Using PXI Instruments
Robotics History: Narratives and Networks Oral Histories:Russ Taylor
Robo Surgeons - IEEE Spectrum Report
Surgical Robotics: Medical robotics and computer-integrated interventional medicine
Surgical Robotics: Automated assessment and teaching of surgical skill
Surgical Robotics: Compensation of physiological motion for enhanced surgical accuracy
Surgical Robotics: Force and stiffness sensing and assistive telemanipulation in restrictive surgical environments
MicroApps: Radar Design Flow with NI-AWR Integrated Framework (National Instruments)
IEEE Highlight: Electronic Nose: Diagnosing Cancer Through Smell
APEC Exhibitor Showcase - Texas Instruments Power Management
Summary form only given. The capability of cold atmospheric plasmas to inactivate microorganisms is well established. By comparison, their ability to destruct solid proteins from surgical instruments is much less understood with only a few studies reported. Yet surgical instruments are typically contaminated by both pathogenic microorganisms and infectious protein. In this contribution, we present a systematic study of protein destruction using cold atmospheric pressure helium discharge. Helium-oxygen mixture is preferred as the working gas, because it can reduce the gas temperature near room temperature and as such allow its application to polymer- based instruments. Our study has two components the first being plasma destruction of solid protein deposited on stainless-steel disks as a model of surgical instruments and the second being plasma destruction of three different sets of surgical forceps that have already been autoclaved. A number of characterization techniques are used, including laser- induced fluorescence, scanning-electron microscope, electron energy dispersion X-ray analysis and electrophoresis. The objective of our study is to demonstrate the intrinsic capability of cold atmospheric plasmas to destruct surface proteins and also the benefits and challenges of implementing this technique for medical sterilization. A supplementary study is also presented to study and differentiate possible protein destruction mechanisms using optical emission spectroscopy and protein destruction kinetics and through a series of experiments aimed to differentiate the production of different plasma species. The results from this study suggest that (1) intrinsically cold atmospheric plasmas are capable of both protein destruction and microbial inactivation; (2) the technology can be adapted for decontamination of real surgical instruments: and (3) atomic oxygen and excited nitride oxide are key decontaminating agents.
The surgical robot instruments conduct an operation in the body on behalf of the surgeon's hands. However working inside a body prohibits attaching electronic sensors in addition to space restriction. Therefore, all commercial surgical robots are only operated in position control mode becuase there is no way to measure the working force at instrument. The position control mode of the robot system has some problem in grasping. To build a force controllable surgical robot instrument system, this paper proposes torque measuring mechanism indirectly using reaction force. The proposed mechanism estimates the grasping force from measuring reaction force against the driving motor by using a load-cell. The motor is mounted on movable platform which push on load cell according to the tension arisen by reaction force.
For the purpose of helping new doctor master surgical technique, improving the successful rate of surgery, also for reducing the training cost of surgery, according to real-world surgery condition, three operative instrument simulators applied in surgery training were designed based on degree of freedom numbers of three operative instruments. Operator of those simulators can feel feedback force from simulators. Work spaces of the simulators were analyzed. The results shows that three simulators meet the design requirements and their work space were the same as that of real operative instruments. The simulators can exactly be used to simulate specific operative instruments in surgical training system.
New technologies involve in health domain as in every field of our entire life. This paper presents a study on the surgical instruments which are an indispensable part of health institutions. In the study, an application-based software approach is introduced to track the surgical instruments on which square barcodes were placed via laser printers. Either in the literature or in the industrial sense, the surgical instrument tracking systems are at the prototype stage. The result of the feasibility studies clearly indicates the major requirements of this industrial domain: Turkish and user-friendly interface, efficiency and dynamic surgical instrument tracking system. In order to answer these needs, in this paper, Surgical Instrument Tracking System (CATS), which performs the monitoring/tracking of surgical instruments in health institutions, is presented. In particular, the track of these tools is provided via optic barcode readers and user-friendly workstations that are placed in various units of the healthcare institution (especially in centralized sterilization unit). With this study, every phase of sterilization cycle can be controlled. The system also aims to prevent the loss (and theft) of surgical instruments and to determine missing/incomplete surgical containers more quickly and effectively.
The popularity of minimally invasive surgical (MIS) procedures over traditional open procedures motivates us to develop new instruments that address the limits of existing technology and enable more widespread use of minimally invasive approaches. Robotic surgical instruments have the potential to provide improved dexterity and range of motion within the confines of the human body when compared with manually actuated instruments. The high strain response of electron-irradiated p(VDF-TrFE) copolymer makes it a candidate actuator material for robotic instruments that provide electronic mediation and multiple degrees of freedom of tip movement. We are currently studying both active and passive viscoelastic properties with the end goal of constructing a mathematical model to simulate the behavior of this material as an actuator. Studies have been conducted on 15 micron thick samples in rolled and rolled-flattened configurations. Active responses indicate approximately 2.5% strain in a 93 MV/m electric field under lightly loaded test conditions. Passive properties can be modeled by a 5 parameter viscoelastic model with two time constants of approximately 12 and 193 seconds. Current studies are examining means of combining active and passive properties in a simple model that can aid in design of a control system for the robotic actuators.
Tremor is the major cause for human imprecision during microsurgery. It corrupts accurate voluntary motion causing an unwanted disturbance or noise. Even though there have been many developments made for tremor measurements, still the challenges remain to make these measurements robust and accurate in real-time working environment. Hence, need is to design a system and to develop an algorithm that can track and nullify these tremors while still responding to the movements/commands of the surgeon's hands. In the research work interest lies in the area of signal acquisition which includes design of the device to acquire the hand motion, differentiate between the voluntary motion and the motion incurred due to physiological tremor. Signal processing is done with focus on filtering of tremor signal for tremor compensation in robotic surgical applications. The present work deals with the issues to measure the hand tremor at the surgeon handle and to reduce at the far end at tool tip.
The measurement of interaction forces in minimally invasive surgical devices, sensorized with photonic crystal fiber (PCF) sensors, is presented in this paper. Two types of PCF sensors are used: a tapered PCF interferometer and a microhole-collapsed PCF interferometer for the detection of interaction forces generated in surgical devices without the influence of ambient temperature variation. The demonstration devices used for force characterization are a laparoscopic scissor and a standard surgical scissor blade. The force sensitivity of each sensorized blade is examined and compared with fiber Bragg grating (FBG)-sensorized blades. Results show that the PCF-sensorized surgical blades outperform the blades fitted with the FBG sensors during static load measurement.
Optical means of instrument tracking has been widely used in image-guided interventions and considered the de facto standard for tracking rigid bodies with a direct line-of-sight. However, the occlusion problem which remains unresolved in current systems frustrates surgeons during the operation. To address this challenge, we propose a surgical instrument tracking system based on multiple reconfigurable monocular modules. The main approach is to enable the system to dynamically reconfigure the multiple monocular modules when occlusion occurs partially within the workspace. In this paper, we focus on the system architecture and an agile multicamera calibration method which only uses the customized tool for the surgical instrument tracking scenario. Additionally, two fast non-iterative algorithms are proposed and studied. In order to show the feasibility and superiority of the corresponding multicamera calibration algorithm, comparison experiments have carried out. The intensive investigation results give a practical instruction to the real implementation of the proposed system in image-guided interventions.
Due to the direct line-of-sight constraint, surgical instrument optical tracking system (OTS) suffers occlusion problem caused by the equipments, staff members, or surgical instruments during the operation. To alleviate the burden of surgeons, we propose a robotic platform and an optimization based control methods to autonomously re-configure the optical tracker when the occlusion problem is about to occur. The robotic platform, which comprises a robot arm with 4 degrees of freedom, an optical tracker, and a RGB-D camera, is first proposed and characterized. The problem formulation and algorithm development are then intensively analysed. Furthermore, simulation experiments with different occlusion situations are conducted. The results are analyzed and discussed in the end.
Computer aided surgery (CAS) often involves the use of instrument, implants and other interactive device whose pose is tracked in real time so as to provide navigated positioning of the instrument to guide the surgeon carrying out the operation. The infrared tracking system has been proved to be a valuable alternative to tracking system based on other technologies, such as magnetic, acoustic, gyroscopic and mechanical due to its precision and robustness. Often, markers attached to instruments for infrared tracking system are spherical and therefore not distinguishable, making identification targets from the points cloud necessary. Owing to the wear, tear or damage of the instrument in service, the relative position between the work point and the markers on instruments will change, which makes the instrument calibration before the application obbligato. This paper presents the effective algorithms for detecting the targets from the reconstructed 3D point cloud and estimating the relative position of work point to markers placed on the instrument. Both of them are essential in the procedure of pose estimation of surgical instrument.
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