Conferences related to Energy barrier

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2021 IEEE Pulsed Power Conference (PPC)

The Pulsed Power Conference is held on a biannual basis and serves as the principal forum forthe exchange of information on pulsed power technology and engineering.


2020 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA)

The International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA) is the IEEE Robotics and Automation Society’s biggest conference and one of the leading international forums for robotics researchers to present their work.


2020 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM)

The Annual IEEE PES General Meeting will bring together over 2900 attendees for technical sessions, administrative sessions, super sessions, poster sessions, student programs, awards ceremonies, committee meetings, tutorials and more


2020 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS)

IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS) is an annual conference coordinated by the Plasma Science and Application Committee (PSAC) of the IEEE Nuclear & Plasma Sciences Society.


2020 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS)

The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 1996 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '96

  • 1997 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '97

  • 1998 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '98

  • 1999 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '99

  • 2000 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2000

  • 2001 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2001

  • 2002 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2002

  • 2003 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2003

  • 2004 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2004

  • 2005 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2005

  • 2006 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2006

  • 2007 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2007

  • 2008 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2008

  • 2009 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2009

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2010 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2010

    Reports of research and development at the state-of-the-art of the theory and techniques related to the technology and applications of devices, components, circuits, modules and systems in the RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, submillimeter-wave and Terahertz ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum.

  • 2011 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2011

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2012 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2012

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2013 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2013

    The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter -wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics.The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2014 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2014

    IMS2014 will cover developments in microwave technology from nano devices to system applications. Technical paper sessions, interactive forums, plenary and panel sessions, workshops, short courses, industrial exhibits, and a wide array of other technical activities will be offered.

  • 2015 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2015

    The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics. The IMS includes technical sessions, both oral and interactive, worksh

  • 2016 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2016

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2017 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2017

    The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics.

  • 2018 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2018

    Microwave theory and techniques, RF/microwave/millimeter-wave/terahertz circuit design and fabrication technology, radio/wireless communication.

  • 2019 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2019

    Comprehensive symposium on microwave theory and techniques including active and passive circuit components, theory and microwave systems.

  • 2021 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2021

    The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics.

  • 2022 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2022

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2023 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2023

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2024 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2024

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2025 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2025

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conferencecovering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies;encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including thelatest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulationand more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions,panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2026 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2026

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2029 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2029

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2031 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2031

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2036 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2036

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.



Periodicals related to Energy barrier

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Advanced Packaging, IEEE Transactions on

The IEEE Transactions on Advanced Packaging has its focus on the modeling, design, and analysis of advanced electronic, photonic, sensors, and MEMS packaging.


Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission


Biomedical Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on

The Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems addresses areas at the crossroads of Circuits and Systems and Life Sciences. The main emphasis is on microelectronic issues in a wide range of applications found in life sciences, physical sciences and engineering. The primary goal of the journal is to bridge the unique scientific and technical activities of the Circuits and Systems ...


Computers, IEEE Transactions on

Design and analysis of algorithms, computer systems, and digital networks; methods for specifying, measuring, and modeling the performance of computers and computer systems; design of computer components, such as arithmetic units, data storage devices, and interface devices; design of reliable and testable digital devices and systems; computer networks and distributed computer systems; new computer organizations and architectures; applications of VLSI ...


Device and Materials Reliability, IEEE Transactions on

Provides leading edge information that is critical to the creation of reliable electronic devices and materials, and a focus for interdisciplinary communication in the state of the art of reliability of electronic devices, and the materials used in their manufacture. It focuses on the reliability of electronic, optical, and magnetic devices, and microsystems; the materials and processes used in the ...



Most published Xplore authors for Energy barrier

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Xplore Articles related to Energy barrier

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Switching margin comparison of Stoner-Wohlfarth MRAM and biased zero total anisotropy toggle mode MRAM

2006 IEEE International Magnetics Conference (INTERMAG), 2006

This paper will give a detailed comparison of the Stoner-Wohlfarth type MRAM (SW-MRAM) and the biased zero total anisotropy (ZTA) toggle mode MRAM (T-MRAM) in the aspects of operating fields and their operating field margin ratios.


Electronic and structural characteristics of atomic diffusion in Fe/Al [001] and Al/Fe [001] systems

Digest of Papers Microprocesses and Nanotechnology 2005, 2005

In this study, the atomistic behaviors of surface diffusion and incorporation in Fe-Al multilayer systems were quantitatively investigated using density functional theory (DFT) calculation. The energy barrier, energy gain, charge density distribution, and density of states (DOS) were analyzed, in detail, to determine the factors governing the interface morphology and the growth mode for multilayer fabrication of extremely reduced dimension.


Design and application of ultrathin SOI MOSFETs

IEEE SOS/SOI Technology Conference, 1989

Summary form only given. The fundamental electric properties of ultrathin SOI MOSFETs are reviewed and their prospects are discussed. Ultrathin SOI MOSFETs provide a viable LSI technology where there is a possibility that ultimate performance of MOS devices can be realized. The operation limit of ultrathin SOI MOSFETs should be pursued both theoretically and experimentally. Basic concepts for device optimization ...


Role of Dipolar Interactions on the Thermal Stability of High-Density Bit-Patterned Media

IEEE Magnetics Letters, 2012

We have characterized the magnetic reversal and thermal stability of bit- patterned media with a composite structure of [Co (0.25 nm)/Pd (0.7 nm)]<sub>5</sub> /Fe(<i>X</i>)/[Pd (0.7 nm)/Co (0.25 nm)] <sub>5</sub>, where <i>X</i> = 1, 1.5 , and 2 nm. For 25 nm diameter islands separated by 35 nm, the average thermal stability of the islands is confirmed by analyzing the time-dependent ...


Perspectives of magnetic recording system at 10 Tb/in<sup>2</sup>

2009 Asia-Pacific Magnetic Recording Conference, 2009

Due to the superparamagnetism, the configuration of magnetic recording system has to be changed in order to enhance the writing capability or to reduce the number of grains per bit. The next target of magnetic recording research is to enable HDD technologies at the areal density of 10 Tb/in2. This work studies the feasibility and the requirement to implement the ...



Educational Resources on Energy barrier

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Switching margin comparison of Stoner-Wohlfarth MRAM and biased zero total anisotropy toggle mode MRAM

    This paper will give a detailed comparison of the Stoner-Wohlfarth type MRAM (SW-MRAM) and the biased zero total anisotropy (ZTA) toggle mode MRAM (T-MRAM) in the aspects of operating fields and their operating field margin ratios.

  • Electronic and structural characteristics of atomic diffusion in Fe/Al [001] and Al/Fe [001] systems

    In this study, the atomistic behaviors of surface diffusion and incorporation in Fe-Al multilayer systems were quantitatively investigated using density functional theory (DFT) calculation. The energy barrier, energy gain, charge density distribution, and density of states (DOS) were analyzed, in detail, to determine the factors governing the interface morphology and the growth mode for multilayer fabrication of extremely reduced dimension.

  • Design and application of ultrathin SOI MOSFETs

    Summary form only given. The fundamental electric properties of ultrathin SOI MOSFETs are reviewed and their prospects are discussed. Ultrathin SOI MOSFETs provide a viable LSI technology where there is a possibility that ultimate performance of MOS devices can be realized. The operation limit of ultrathin SOI MOSFETs should be pursued both theoretically and experimentally. Basic concepts for device optimization should be established. At the same time, detailed characterization of ultrathin SOI devices should be continued. The development of crystal technology is not crucial for the development of the device technology.<<ETX>>

  • Role of Dipolar Interactions on the Thermal Stability of High-Density Bit-Patterned Media

    We have characterized the magnetic reversal and thermal stability of bit- patterned media with a composite structure of [Co (0.25 nm)/Pd (0.7 nm)]<sub>5</sub> /Fe(<i>X</i>)/[Pd (0.7 nm)/Co (0.25 nm)] <sub>5</sub>, where <i>X</i> = 1, 1.5 , and 2 nm. For 25 nm diameter islands separated by 35 nm, the average thermal stability of the islands is confirmed by analyzing the time-dependent coercive fields. However, by further analyzing the time- dependent hysteresis loop shape, we find a broad distribution of the effective energy barriers. We quantitatively show that this energy barrier distribution arises primarily from the dipolar interactions in these densely packed arrays and not from intrinsic distributions.

  • Perspectives of magnetic recording system at 10 Tb/in<sup>2</sup>

    Due to the superparamagnetism, the configuration of magnetic recording system has to be changed in order to enhance the writing capability or to reduce the number of grains per bit. The next target of magnetic recording research is to enable HDD technologies at the areal density of 10 Tb/in2. This work studies the feasibility and the requirement to implement the magnetic recording system at 10 Tb/in2. From the analysis of two possible approaches: the energy assisted magnetic recording (EAMR) on granular media and the bit patterned media (BPM) with EAMR, the simulation based virtual design of magnetic recording system at 10 Tb/in2 is proposed.

  • Approximation of the electron emission integral (semiconductor devices)

    Recent research has focused on the mathematical formulation of charge-carrier emission over energy barriers in semiconductor devices. The description of this process includes an improper integral that cannot be evaluated explicitly. Approximate representations based on the Gauss-Laguerre quadrature are proposed for high accuracy over the physical range of interest. These approximations are formulated and their accuracy quantified.<>

  • Reliability study of perpendicular STT-MRAM as emerging embedded memory qualified for reflow soldering at 260°C

    A comprehensive reliability analysis of perpendicular Spin-Transfer-Torque Magnetic Random Access Memory (pSTT-MRAM) is demonstrated that pSTT-MRAM is capable of fast write, more than 107 cycles endurance, less than 10-20read disturb error rate at 125°C, and 10 years data retention up to 225°C at chip level. Furthermore, we prove for the first time that pSTT-MRAM technology can withstand reflow soldering at 260°C, thus enabling the opportunity for embedded nonvolatile memories in consumer and automotive Microcontrollers (MCUs) applications.

  • Reader instability as a source of low frequency noise

    Magnetoresistive readers/sensors are designed to work in stable condition. This work presents a series of analytical and experimental methods that allow to detect and analyse reader noise caused by switching between metastable states.

  • How antiferromagnetic coupling can stabilize recorded information

    Summary form only given. The signal-to-noise ratio requirements for high- density recording media have driven down the grain size of present recording media to the range in which superparamagnetic effects become significant. Antiferromagnetically coupled (AFC) media have been suggested to further reduce the grain size while maintaining thermal stability as well as write- ability of the media. In typical AFC media designs, the stabilization layer can show superparamagnetic behavior. In this report, we analyze the stabilization mechanism of AFC media by calculating the effective energy barrier against magnetization reversal of a pair of anti-ferromagnetically coupled single-domain particles, whereby one of the particles can be superparamagnetic. Due to the interfacial exchange coupling between the grains, the magnetic energy of the stabilization layer is coupled to that of the main layer.

  • Effective volume of interacting particles

    The Fokker-Planck equation is used to calculate the time decay of the magnetization for a system of two interacting particles. This approach is valid for all values of the energy barriers compared to the thermal energy, whereas the usual approach, using the Néel formula for the relaxation rate, is limited to large energy barriers. The effect of interactions can be described by an effective volume, which is proportional to the interaction strength for weakly interacting particles in zero applied field, and becomes equal to twice the particle volume for strongly interacting particles (if the ratio of the anisotropy field over the saturation magnetization is not too large). Results are also shown in the case of a small applied field.



Standards related to Energy barrier

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IEEE Guide for Animal Deterrents for Electric Power Supply Substations


IEEE Guide for Gas-Insulated Substations

This guide provides information of special relevance to the planning, design, testing, installation, operation and maintenance of gas-insulated substations(GIS) and equipment. This guide is intended to supplement IEEE Std C37-122- 1993(R2002). In general, this guide is applicable to all GIS above 52 kV. However the importance of the topics covered varies with application category. For example, issues related to advanced ...


IEEE Standard Test Procedures for Semiconductor X-Ray Energy Spectrometers