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The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering.Submitted full papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and poster sessions,will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE.
The ITherm Conference series is the leading international venue for scientific and engineering exploration of thermal, thermomechanical, and emerging technology issues associated with electronic devices, packages, and systems.
ECTC is the premier international conference sponsored by the IEEE Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Society. ECTC paper comprise a wide spectrum of topics, including 3D packaging, electronic components, materials, assembly, interconnections, device and system packaging, optoelectronics, reliability, and simulation.
the IEEE/IEDM has been the world's main forum for reporting breakthroughs in technology, design, manufacturing, physics and the modeling of semiconductors and other electronic devices. Topics range from deep submicron CMOS transistors and memories to novel displays and imagers, from compound semiconductor materials to nanotechnology devices and architectures, from micromachined devices to smart -power technologies, etc.
The Conference focuses on all aspects of instrumentation and measurement science andtechnology research development and applications. The list of program topics includes but isnot limited to: Measurement Science & Education, Measurement Systems, Measurement DataAcquisition, Measurements of Physical Quantities, and Measurement Applications.
The IEEE Transactions on Advanced Packaging has its focus on the modeling, design, and analysis of advanced electronic, photonic, sensors, and MEMS packaging.
Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission
Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.
Component parts, hybrid microelectronics, materials, packaging techniques, and manufacturing technology.
Provides leading edge information that is critical to the creation of reliable electronic devices and materials, and a focus for interdisciplinary communication in the state of the art of reliability of electronic devices, and the materials used in their manufacture. It focuses on the reliability of electronic, optical, and magnetic devices, and microsystems; the materials and processes used in the ...
VXV International Symposium on Theoretical Engineering, 2009
Today modern industry make very extensive use of various composite materials. Because of complexity of such structures, abilities of commonly used NDT methods sometimes are not sufficient. More advanced techniques should be utilized. In this paper both T-Ray (terahertz radiation) and low energy DR (Digital Radiography) methods are compared for the purposes of various composite materials evaluation. Different types of ...
International Report on Wafer Level Reliability Workshop, 1992
Proceedings of the IEEE 2001 International Interconnect Technology Conference (Cat. No.01EX461), 2001
Adhesion energies of Cu-low k dielectric interfaces, measured with the technique of four-point bending, show a correlation to chemical mechanical polish results. A limit of 5 J/m/sup 2/ is established, below which thin film delamination and cracking are observed. In general, spin-on polymer dielectrics exhibit better adhesion to barrier films than carbon-doped oxide dielectrics. PVD barriers exhibit better adhesion to ...
2009 15th International Workshop on Thermal Investigations of ICs and Systems, 2009
Taking the advantage of the thermo-elastic effect, while using an infrared camera system, the mechanical stress could be made visible. The stress concentrations at the tip of a subcritical crack growth could clearly be detected. Through the observation during the periodic loading of a CT-specimen the crack growth rate can be determined. For this purpose, a specially developed loading stage ...
IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging, and Manufacturing Technology: Part A, 1997
In the current study, 1200 l/mm gratings are replicated at elevated temperatures onto the cross sections of two delaminated plastic packages: a thin quad flatpack plastic package (TQFPP) and a power small outline plastic package (PSOPP). The specimens are measured at room temperature for thermal deformation induced by cooling process. The finite element models are used to simulate the cooling ...
Today modern industry make very extensive use of various composite materials. Because of complexity of such structures, abilities of commonly used NDT methods sometimes are not sufficient. More advanced techniques should be utilized. In this paper both T-Ray (terahertz radiation) and low energy DR (Digital Radiography) methods are compared for the purposes of various composite materials evaluation. Different types of tested materials (glass fiber and carbon fiber composite structures) and defects such as delaminations will be analysed.
Adhesion energies of Cu-low k dielectric interfaces, measured with the technique of four-point bending, show a correlation to chemical mechanical polish results. A limit of 5 J/m/sup 2/ is established, below which thin film delamination and cracking are observed. In general, spin-on polymer dielectrics exhibit better adhesion to barrier films than carbon-doped oxide dielectrics. PVD barriers exhibit better adhesion to low k dielectric films than CVD barriers. Surface treatments of the dielectric film before barrier deposition are found to strongly modulate CVD barrier to spin-on polymer adhesion.
Taking the advantage of the thermo-elastic effect, while using an infrared camera system, the mechanical stress could be made visible. The stress concentrations at the tip of a subcritical crack growth could clearly be detected. Through the observation during the periodic loading of a CT-specimen the crack growth rate can be determined. For this purpose, a specially developed loading stage will be presented. It is now possible to have further investigation in material class of polymers, which is very important in the field of system integration. First promising results will be presented.
In the current study, 1200 l/mm gratings are replicated at elevated temperatures onto the cross sections of two delaminated plastic packages: a thin quad flatpack plastic package (TQFPP) and a power small outline plastic package (PSOPP). The specimens are measured at room temperature for thermal deformation induced by cooling process. The finite element models are used to simulate the cooling process and the results are compared with the Moire interferometry results. The finite element models with different delaminations between die and die attach are used to simulate the fringe patterns obtained from Moire interferometry. It was found that the delamination size can be estimated by the combination of Moire technique and finite element method. The finite element model, once verified, can then be used in making cost effective decisions in plastic packaging design and processing.
We propose a method for tracking the condition of a composite part using Bayesian filtering of nondestructive evaluation (NDE) data over the lifetime of the part. NDE provides information about the state of a part or material without destroying or degrading the part. The Bayesian process builds on the lifetime history of NDE scans and can give better estimates of material condition compared to the most recent scan alone, which is the common practice in the aerospace industry. Bayesian inference provides probabilistic estimates of damage state that are updated as each new set of NDE data becomes available. The method is tested on simulated data and then on an experimental data set. Flash thermography NDE data was collected over the lifetime of a part to serve as a time history of that part. Computed tomography (CT) data was also collected after each damage event and provided a high resolution volume model of damage that acted as 'truth'. After each time point, the condition estimate was compared to 'ground truth' from CT to evaluate the performance of the thermography-based condition tracking.
As portable electronic products toward thinner form-factor with higher integrated functionality and performance, adopting advanced Cu with extreme Low-k inter-metal-dielectric material (ELK IMD) wafer fabrication technology, such as 28nm technology, and WLCSP packaging with large die size become the trend in fulfilling high-end product demands. To investigate 28nm wafer WLCSP board level reliability performance is essential and critical for successful product launch and preventing field return risk. 28nm test vehicles were used with combinations in different die sizes, 3.5×3.5 mm2and 6×6 mm2, and different solder ball compositions, SAC405, LF35, LF35+2%Bi and SACQ, to understand solder ball alloy effect and potential impact on board level reliability. TCB 200cycle test showed, for 6×6 mm2test vehicle, SACQ solder ball split showed no ball crack open risk and the other solder ball splits showed ~ 29% - 62% ball crack open defect risk. On the contrary. for 3.5×3.5 mm2test vehicle, all solder ball splits showed no solder ball crack open risk except for SACQ solder ball split which encountered 33% solder joint crack open risk. A quick stress test methodology using 75 cycles of -650C~1500C liquid-to-liquid thermal shock (LLTS), showing ~acceleration factor of 1.9 compared with TCB stress, was validated and used for shortening experiment cycle time. A 5×5 mm2test vehicle was used for different underfill fillet height evaluation to assess board level reliability impact, mainly no underfill, negative, zero and 100% filet height conditions. LLTS 75cycles result showed zero and negative underfill filet height splits with die edge ELK delamination defects. A package stress modeling was performed and showed the highest WLCSP ELK stress with zero underfill filet height condition, followed by negative filet height and 100% filet height conditions. The results well matched with experimental results.
Dielectric spectroscopy measurements below 1 Hz are often dominated by "conduction-like" effects. For this reason, they often appear to be dismissed as being of little interest. In this paper two "sub-hertz" responses are considered that give insights into the insulating systems concerned. The first system is that of cross-linked polyethylene, taken from a power cable system. Measurements at temperatures between 60 C and close to melting at 100 C show a change in characteristic from a percolation process to a "true" DC conduction at close to the melting point. Using DC conductivities, it appears to be possible to show whether the cable has been subjected to thermo-electric ageing. This might give insights into where the conduction and hence the ageing in the XLPE is occurring. The second system is an epoxy composite. By considering the sub-hertz response, it is possible to demonstrate the effect of the interface between the filler and the epoxy matrix. In this system, ageing, resulting in delamination between the glass fiber filler and the epoxy, is clearly detected by sub-hertz dielectric spectroscopy. This process is likely to be facilitated by the presence of water, which is known to lead to mechanical failure in such systems, and which can also be detected by "sub- hertz" dielectric spectroscopy. The implications for nano-dielectrics are then briefly considered.
In this paper, dicing saw process on the wafer has thick Aluminum pads on the scribe street is studied. Thick Aluminum pads wafer has bad topside chipping at Aluminum pads and the chipping out of specification limit is about 3.0%. New blade and dicing saw process are introduced to solve this issue. According the evaluation results, optimized recipe can solve the bad topside chipping on the Aluminum pads and the yield loss is zero. Backside chipping and blade life also are evaluated to ensure without additional cost.
The demand for miniaturization, increased functionality, better performance and lower cost has forced the electronics industry to shift from traditional packaging techniques to advanced high density packaging technologies. As the packaging density increases, the packaging reliability becomes more essential. In this paper, an accelerated reliability test method to evaluate the packaging reliability of high density packaging integrated circuits (ICs) is presented. Differing from the traditional reliability prediction methods, the technology of FIMV (Force current measure voltage) was applied during the reliability test which allowed the reliability performance of ICs to be assessed in real time. It was found that the voltage changed correspondingly for the different stress changing conditions. So it is validated that the use of FIMV technology as an indicator of degradation of packaging property is effective. The experimental results show that thermal cycling stress can affect the adhesion of the interfaces in plastic packaging ICs. Temperature change during the thermal cycling test and the mismatch between the CTEs of the encapsulant and the adjacent material of plastic packaging ICs can lead to thermo-mechancial stresses that can cause delamination or de-adhesion. Additionally it is found that unwanted Au-Al intermetallic compound may form at the bond interface because of the effect of high temperature. The formation of the unwanted Au-Al intermetallic compound will reduce the bond strength and lead to wire bond lift-off finally. At last future research work in this field is suggested.
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