DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid — DNA — is a nucleic acid that contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms (with the exception of RNA viruses). The main role of DNA molecules is the long-term storage of information. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to DNA

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2020 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS)

The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 1996 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '96

  • 1997 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '97

  • 1998 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '98

  • 1999 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '99

  • 2000 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2000

  • 2001 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2001

  • 2002 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2002

  • 2003 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2003

  • 2004 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2004

  • 2005 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2005

  • 2006 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2006

  • 2007 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2007

  • 2008 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2008

  • 2009 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2009

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2010 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2010

    Reports of research and development at the state-of-the-art of the theory and techniques related to the technology and applications of devices, components, circuits, modules and systems in the RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, submillimeter-wave and Terahertz ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum.

  • 2011 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2011

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2012 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2012

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2013 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2013

    The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter -wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics.The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2014 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2014

    IMS2014 will cover developments in microwave technology from nano devices to system applications. Technical paper sessions, interactive forums, plenary and panel sessions, workshops, short courses, industrial exhibits, and a wide array of other technical activities will be offered.

  • 2015 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2015

    The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics. The IMS includes technical sessions, both oral and interactive, worksh

  • 2016 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2016

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2017 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2017

    The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics.

  • 2018 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2018

    Microwave theory and techniques, RF/microwave/millimeter-wave/terahertz circuit design and fabrication technology, radio/wireless communication.

  • 2019 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2019

    Comprehensive symposium on microwave theory and techniques including active and passive circuit components, theory and microwave systems.

  • 2021 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2021

    The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics.

  • 2022 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2022

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2023 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2023

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2024 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2024

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2025 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2025

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conferencecovering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies;encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including thelatest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulationand more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions,panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2026 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2026

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2029 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2029

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2031 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2031

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2036 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2036

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.


2020 42nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE


Oceans 2020 MTS/IEEE GULF COAST

To promote awareness, understanding, advancement and application of ocean engineering and marine technology. This includes all aspects of science, engineering, and technology that address research, development, and operations pertaining to all bodies of water. This includes the creation of new capabilities and technologies from concept design through prototypes, testing, and operational systems to sense, explore, understand, develop, use, and responsibly manage natural resources.

  • OCEANS '96

  • OCEANS '97

  • OCEANS '98

  • OCEANS '99

  • OCEANS 2000

  • OCEANS 2001

  • OCEANS 2002

  • OCEANS 2003

  • OCEANS 2004

  • OCEANS 2005

  • OCEANS 2006

  • OCEANS 2007

  • OCEANS 2008

    The Marine Technology Society (MTS) and the Oceanic Engineering Society (OES) of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) cosponsor a joint conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, education, and policy. Held annually in the fall, it has become a focal point for the ocean and marine community to meet, learn, and exhibit products and services. The conference includes technical sessions, workshops, student poster sessions, job fairs, tutorials and a large exhibit.

  • OCEANS 2009

  • OCEANS 2010

    The Marine Technology Society and the Oceanic Engineering Scociety of the IEEE cosponsor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science engineering, and policy.

  • OCEANS 2011

    The Marine Technology Society and the Oceanic Engineering Scociety of the IEEE cosponsor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science engineering, and policy.

  • OCEANS 2012

    Ocean related technology. Tutorials and three days of technical sessions and exhibits. 8-12 parallel technical tracks.

  • OCEANS 2013

    Three days of 8-10 tracks of technical sessions (400-450 papers) and concurent exhibition (150-250 exhibitors)

  • OCEANS 2014

    The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 450 technical papers and 150-200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2015

    The Marine Technology Scociety and the Oceanic Engineering Society of the IEEE cosponor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, and policy. The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 450 technical papers and 150-200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2016

    The Marine Technology Scociety and the Oceanic Engineering Society of the IEEE cosponor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, and policy. The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 500 technical papers and 150 -200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2017 - Anchorage

    Papers on ocean technology, exhibits from ocean equipment and service suppliers, student posters and student poster competition, tutorials on ocean technology, workshops and town meetings on policy and governmental process.

  • OCEANS 2018 MTS/IEEE Charleston

    Ocean, coastal, and atmospheric science and technology advances and applications


2020 IEEE International Solid- State Circuits Conference - (ISSCC)

ISSCC is the foremost global forum for solid-state circuits and systems-on-a-chip. The Conference offers 5 days of technical papers and educational events related to integrated circuits, including analog, digital, data converters, memory, RF, communications, imagers, medical and MEMS ICs.


2020 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC)

The 2020 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC 2020) will be held in Metro Toronto Convention Centre (MTCC), Toronto, Ontario, Canada. SMC 2020 is the flagship conference of the IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society. It provides an international forum for researchers and practitioners to report most recent innovations and developments, summarize state-of-the-art, and exchange ideas and advances in all aspects of systems science and engineering, human machine systems, and cybernetics. Advances in these fields have increasing importance in the creation of intelligent environments involving technologies interacting with humans to provide an enriching experience and thereby improve quality of life. Papers related to the conference theme are solicited, including theories, methodologies, and emerging applications. Contributions to theory and practice, including but not limited to the following technical areas, are invited.



Periodicals related to DNA

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Automation Science and Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

The IEEE Transactions on Automation Sciences and Engineering (T-ASE) publishes fundamental papers on Automation, emphasizing scientific results that advance efficiency, quality, productivity, and reliability. T-ASE encourages interdisciplinary approaches from computer science, control systems, electrical engineering, mathematics, mechanical engineering, operations research, and other fields. We welcome results relevant to industries such as agriculture, biotechnology, healthcare, home automation, maintenance, manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, retail, ...


Biomedical Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on

The Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems addresses areas at the crossroads of Circuits and Systems and Life Sciences. The main emphasis is on microelectronic issues in a wide range of applications found in life sciences, physical sciences and engineering. The primary goal of the journal is to bridge the unique scientific and technical activities of the Circuits and Systems ...


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, IEEE Transactions on

Part I will now contain regular papers focusing on all matters related to fundamental theory, applications, analog and digital signal processing. Part II will report on the latest significant results across all of these topic areas.


Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, IEEE/ACM Transactions on

Specific topics of interest include, but are not limited to, sequence analysis, comparison and alignment methods; motif, gene and signal recognition; molecular evolution; phylogenetics and phylogenomics; determination or prediction of the structure of RNA and Protein in two and three dimensions; DNA twisting and folding; gene expression and gene regulatory networks; deduction of metabolic pathways; micro-array design and analysis; proteomics; ...




Xplore Articles related to DNA

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Parallel DNA Arithmetic Operation With One Error Detection Based on 3-Moduli Set

IEEE Transactions on NanoBioscience, 2016

The redundant residue number system is introduced into DNA computing in order to overcome the negative effect caused by the instability of the biochemical reactions and the error hybridizations. Based on the Adleman-Lipton model and a special 3-moduli set, the DNA encoding scheme for redundant residue numbers is presented and the DNA algorithm of one-digit error detection is proposed. The ...


A modified computational model of ant colony system in DNA sequence design

2011 IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development, 2011

Many studies have focused in designing a set of good DNA sequences as it is one of the crucial tools in improving the reliability and efficiency of DNA computing. In this paper, an improved model of Ant Colony System is developed in optimizing DNA sequences design. The proposed model suggests that each artificial ant represents a possible solution of the ...


Efficient mapping of DNA logic circuits on parallelized digital microfluidic architcture

2017 19th International Symposium on Computer Architecture and Digital Systems (CADS), 2017

DNA is known as the basic element for storing the life codes and transferring the genetic features through the generations. However, it is found that DNA molecules can be utilized for a new kind of computation that opens fascinating horizons in computation and medical sciences. Significant contributions are addressed on design of DNA-based logic gates for medical and computational applications. ...


DNA cryptography…life blood for new ERA computers

2017 International Conference on Energy, Communication, Data Analytics and Soft Computing (ICECDS), 2017

Internet is growing every day. But it became a great challenge to provide security to the data transferring through Internet. Though there are many security strategies developed, intruders are working with different methods to hack and modify the data. Now-a-days, DNA computing is one of the emerging research areas of Computer Science. The computational process speed is very high by ...


Multiplexer and demultiplexer design with DNA-Computation

International Conference on Electrical & Computer Engineering (ICECE 2010), 2010

DNA-Computation is one of the latest inter disciplinary issues and an efficient technique to solve non-polynomial problem by polynomial time. In this paper I have showed a 5-steps design procedure of Multiplexer and Demultiplexer with DNA-Computation which is performed in a constant time for 1×n Demultiplexer and n×1 Multiplexer. Actually it is an example of top-down design procedure with DNA.



Educational Resources on DNA

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Parallel DNA Arithmetic Operation With One Error Detection Based on 3-Moduli Set

    The redundant residue number system is introduced into DNA computing in order to overcome the negative effect caused by the instability of the biochemical reactions and the error hybridizations. Based on the Adleman-Lipton model and a special 3-moduli set, the DNA encoding scheme for redundant residue numbers is presented and the DNA algorithm of one-digit error detection is proposed. The parallel DNA arithmetic operation can be realized in redundant residue number system with error detection, and which can improve the reliability of DNA computing and simplify the DNA encoding scheme.

  • A modified computational model of ant colony system in DNA sequence design

    Many studies have focused in designing a set of good DNA sequences as it is one of the crucial tools in improving the reliability and efficiency of DNA computing. In this paper, an improved model of Ant Colony System is developed in optimizing DNA sequences design. The proposed model suggests that each artificial ant represents a possible solution of the DNA sequences design problem. This differs from the previous Ant Colony System approached where a number of artificial ants are required to represent a possible solution. In the implementation, four objective measures and two constraint measures are employed to obtain a good set of DNA sequences. The performance of the proposed model is evaluated by comparing the result with existing Ant Colony System model and other published sequence design method. The experimental result shows that the proposed Ant Colony System model outperformed the existing Ant Colony System model.

  • Efficient mapping of DNA logic circuits on parallelized digital microfluidic architcture

    DNA is known as the basic element for storing the life codes and transferring the genetic features through the generations. However, it is found that DNA molecules can be utilized for a new kind of computation that opens fascinating horizons in computation and medical sciences. Significant contributions are addressed on design of DNA-based logic gates for medical and computational applications. Microfluidic biochips are known as efficient platforms to implement the DNA circuits but current biochips architectures allow sequential implementation of DNA modules that leads to increase the run time. In this paper, a new Microfluidic biochip architecture and corresponding CAD flow is presented for parallel implementation of DNA circuits. In this flow, Verilog description of the circuit files are synthesized and converted into a bioassay file format. Then assay files are implemented on a microfluidic biochip based on parallel architecture that mane is PBCM architecture. Experimental results show that the experimental time of assays and pin number of biochips are reduced by 17% and 23% respectively.

  • DNA cryptography…life blood for new ERA computers

    Internet is growing every day. But it became a great challenge to provide security to the data transferring through Internet. Though there are many security strategies developed, intruders are working with different methods to hack and modify the data. Now-a-days, DNA computing is one of the emerging research areas of Computer Science. The computational process speed is very high by using DNA computers when compared to traditional systems. When Adleman introduced the concept of calculating complex problems using DNA, most of the researchers concentrate on DNA computing to meet the challenges of solving the complex problems. Some of the researchers realised that the best information carrier is the DNA and also many of them are interested to develop different cryptographic algorithms to provide security using DNA which is going to be used in DNA Computer Systems. By using the bio Molecular technology, security keys generated by DES are extracted in short span. Keeping in view the importance of DNA, because of its inherent quality of parallelization and hugeness that stores enormous information, in this paper I would highlight the concepts of DNA computing and throw light on the various algorithms developed in the field of DNA cryptography.

  • Multiplexer and demultiplexer design with DNA-Computation

    DNA-Computation is one of the latest inter disciplinary issues and an efficient technique to solve non-polynomial problem by polynomial time. In this paper I have showed a 5-steps design procedure of Multiplexer and Demultiplexer with DNA-Computation which is performed in a constant time for 1×n Demultiplexer and n×1 Multiplexer. Actually it is an example of top-down design procedure with DNA.

  • Arithmetic Computation Using Self-Assembly of DNA Tiles: Modular-Square over Finite Field GF(2n)

    Tile assembly model is a highly distributed parallel model of DNA computing. This paper proposes how the tile assembly process could be used for computing the modular square, an operation combining square and reduction, over finite field GF(2n). In this molecular computing system, reduction is executed after the completion of square. The time complexity of this molecular computing system is ⊙(n) and the space complexity is ⊙(n2). This system requires 75 types of computation tiles and 9 types of boundary tiles.

  • Spanning tree problem based on sticker model

    Composition and biochemistry experiments of sticker model and the realization process of fundamental biochemical experiments are discussed. Based on separation technology and electrophoresis experiment, a new detection experiment is put forward, which can be used to detect experimental results containing various kinds of memory complex. DNA algorithm of making ali spanning tree problem and its biochemical realization process are put forward, first the initial solution space of spanning subgraph is created, then ali spanning trees are selected from the initial solution space. During the creating solution space of spanning subgraph, complete hybridization based on incomplete separation is first put forward, which can separate equably one tube into several tubes according to the requirement of algorithm design. The correctness and complexity of the DNA algorithm are discussed and proved. Finally, the validity and feasibility of the DNA algorithm are explained by a simulate experiment. Two kinds of biotechnology are first put forward, which are detection experiment based on separation technology and complete hybridization based on incomplete separation, and DNA algorithm of making ali spanning tree problem is also first put forward.

  • A DNA encryption technique based on matrix manipulation and secure key generation scheme

    Information technology is growing day by day, at the same time security of information is major concern. There are various users and organizations who want to prevent their crucial data from attackers and hackers. Various cryptographic systems are developed in past years. A new field of cryptography is emerging based on DNA computing due to high storage capacity, vast parallelism and exceptional energy efficiency of biological DNA. This field is in initial stage so a lot of research has to be done yet. In this paper we are presenting a DNA encryption technique based on matrix manipulation and secure key generation scheme.

  • Bordered Factors of a Finite Word

    In this paper, we define θ-bordered factor of a word, the concept of θ-valence of a bordered factor and θ sub word complexity of a word. We study some properties of involutively θ-bordered factors of a word. This study can be applied in DNA computation as it gives information on the number of sites in a DNA strand that can bind with each other affecting subsequent computations.

  • A novel approach to perform reversible addition/subtraction operations using deoxyribonucleic acid

    Reversible logic transforms logic signal in a way that allows the original input signals to be recovered from the produced outputs, has attracted great attention because of its application in many areas. Traditional silicon computers consume much more power compared to computing systems based on Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA). In addition, DNA-based logic gates are stable and reusable. In this paper, we propose a new approach for designing DNA-based reversible adder/subtractor circuit; it's possible to perform addition and subtraction operations using single circuit representation. We first merge the properties of addition and subtraction operations. Then, we demonstrate reversible DNA-based addition and subtraction operations. Our proposed DNA- based reversible addition/subtraction circuit is faster than the conventional one due to parallelism and replication properties of DNA strands. It also requires less space because of compactness of DNA strands. In addition, the DNA-based adder/subtractor circuit needs low power as the formation of DNAs consumes a small amount of energy. Finally, the comparative results show that the proposed DNA-based system requires m+3.2<sup>n</sup> DNA signals, but in existing system, it requires m.2<sup>n</sup>, where m is the size of extra tags and n is the total number of bits. Besides, the run time complexity of proposed system has O(1) while the existing system has O(mln<sub>2</sub>n).



Standards related to DNA

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No standards are currently tagged "DNA"