Conferences related to Cranium

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2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops andinvitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields ofbiomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality paperswill be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and willbe indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE & IEEE Xplore


2019 9th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

Neural Engineering

  • 2017 8th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    Neural Engineering is an emerging core discipline,which coalesces neuroscience with engineering.Members of both the Neuroscience and Engineering Communities areencouraged to attend this highly multidisciplinarymeeting. The conference will highlight the emergingengineering innovations in the restoration andenhancement of impaired sensory, motor, andcognitive functions, novel engineering for deepeningknowledge of brain function, and advanced designand use of neurotechnologies

  • 2015 7th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    Neural engineering deals with many aspects of basic and clinical problemsassociated with neural dysfunction including the representation of sensory and motor information, theelectrical stimulation of the neuromuscular system to control the muscle activation and movement, theanalysis and visualization of complex neural systems at multi -scale from the single -cell and to the systemlevels to understand the underlying mechanisms, the development of novel neural prostheses, implantsand wearable devices to restore and enhance the impaired sensory and motor systems and functions.

  • 2013 6th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    Neural engineering deals with many aspects of basic and clinical problems associated with neural dysfunction including the representation of sensory and motor information, the electrical stimulation of the neuromuscular system to control the muscle activation and movement, the analysis and visualization of complex neural systems at multi-scale from the single-cell and to the system levels to understand the underlying mechanisms, the development of novel neural prostheses, implants and wearable devices to restore and enhance the impaired sensory and motor systems and functions.

  • 2011 5th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    highlight the emerging field, Neural Engineering that unites engineering, physics, chemistry, mathematics, computer science with molecular, cellular, cognitive and behavioral neuroscience and encompasses such areas as replacing or restoring lost sensory and motor abilities, defining the organizing principles and underlying mechanisms of neural systems, neurorobotics, neuroelectronics, brain imaging and mapping, cognitive science and neuroscience.

  • 2009 4th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    highlight the emerging field, Neural Engineering that unites engineering, physics, chemistry, mathematics, computer science with molecular, cellular, cognitive and behavioral neuroscience and encompasses such areas as replacing or restoring lost sensory and motor abilities, defining the organizing principles and underlying mechanisms of neural systems, neurorobotics, neuroelectronics, brain imaging and mapping, cognitive science and neuroscience.

  • 2007 3rd International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering

  • 2005 2nd International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering

  • 2003 1st International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering


2019 IEEE International Conference on Signal and Image Processing Applications (ICSIPA)

The conference scope would be covering latest technological advances and research results in the fields of theoretical, experimental and applied signal, image and video processing. Hence, IEEE ICSIPA conference seeks original high quality submissions addressing innovative research in the broad field of signal, image and video processing. These broad fields include but not limited to 1) Acquisition, Storage, Retrieval and Display, 2) Computer Vision Processing and Analysis, 3) Information Forensics and Security, 4) Biomedical Signal Processing, 5)Applied Signal and Speech Processing, and 6) Emerging Technologies


2019 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS)

The conference covers all aspects of the technology associated with ultrasound generation and detection and their applications.


2019 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (NSS/MIC)

This conference is the annual premier meeting on the use of instrumentation in the Nuclear and Medical fields. The meeting has a very long history of providing an exciting venue for scientists to present their latest advances, exchange ideas, renew existing collaboration and form new ones. The NSS portion of the conference is an ideal forum for scientists and engineers in the field of Nuclear Science, radiation instrumentation, software engineering and data acquisition. The MIC is one of the most informative venues on the state-of-the art use of physics, engineering, and mathematics in Nuclear Medicine and related imaging modalities, such as CT and increasingly so MRI, through the development of hybrid devices


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Periodicals related to Cranium

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Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, IEEE

Both general and technical articles on current technologies and methods used in biomedical and clinical engineering; societal implications of medical technologies; current news items; book reviews; patent descriptions; and correspondence. Special interest departments, students, law, clinical engineering, ethics, new products, society news, historical features and government.


Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on

Imaging methods applied to living organisms with emphasis on innovative approaches that use emerging technologies supported by rigorous physical and mathematical analysis and quantitative evaluation of performance.


Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on

All aspects of the theory and applications of nuclear science and engineering, including instrumentation for the detection and measurement of ionizing radiation; particle accelerators and their controls; nuclear medicine and its application; effects of radiation on materials, components, and systems; reactor instrumentation and controls; and measurement of radiation in space.


Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on

Statistical and structural pattern recognition; image analysis; computational models of vision; computer vision systems; enhancement, restoration, segmentation, feature extraction, shape and texture analysis; applications of pattern analysis in medicine, industry, government, and the arts and sciences; artificial intelligence, knowledge representation, logical and probabilistic inference, learning, speech recognition, character and text recognition, syntactic and semantic processing, understanding natural language, expert systems, ...


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Most published Xplore authors for Cranium

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Xplore Articles related to Cranium

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New 3DP Process Technique of SFF System Using a Photopolymer Resin and a Powder

2006 SICE-ICASE International Joint Conference, 2006

SFF system could quickly makes models and prototype parts from 3D computer- aided design (CAD) data. SFF system in the office environment is a tool that streamlines and expedites the product development process. The 3DP technology is one of SFF(solid freeform fabrication) technologies which have recently came into the spotlight and are being applied to various fields. This process has ...


A quasi-power theorem for bulk conductors: comments on rheoencephalography

IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 1991

A special case of Tellegen's theorem, the quasi-power theorem, is developed for bulk conductors, and a bulk conductor analog of Cohn's theorem is developed that can be used to predict the sensitivity of impedance plethysmographic measurements to tissue impedance changes in a system of bulk conductors. An example addressing the effects of scalp and cranium on the inference of regional ...


Transcranial Doppler ultrasound using adaptive beamforming technique for the suppression of high-intensity interferences

2013 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS), 2013

The control of vasospasm is important in postoperative management after the occurrence of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) is a diagnostic safety test that measures the blood flow in the cranium; however, TCD has low reliability because of the high-intensity interference returned from the cranium. In this study, we employed two techniques to suppress interferences. First, we used a ...


Force histograms computed in O(NlogN)

2008 19th International Conference on Pattern Recognition, 2008

The relative position between two objects in a 2D raster image is often represented quantitatively by a force histogram. In the general case, force histograms are computed in O(KN¿N) time: N is the number of pixels in the image and K is the number of directions in which forces are considered. When the objects are defined as fuzzy sets, this ...


Detection of brain herniation with spectral coherence analysis of somatosensory evoked potentials

Proceedings of the Second Joint 24th Annual Conference and the Annual Fall Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society] [Engineering in Medicine and Biology, 2002

Brain herniation was induced in a rat model by expansion of a balloon in the epidural space. Somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) from median nerve stimulation were recorded on the cranium and analyzed with spectral coherence algorithm. Post-experimental MRI evaluation of the brains was correlated to coherence analysis results.


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IEEE.tv Videos

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • New 3DP Process Technique of SFF System Using a Photopolymer Resin and a Powder

    SFF system could quickly makes models and prototype parts from 3D computer- aided design (CAD) data. SFF system in the office environment is a tool that streamlines and expedites the product development process. The 3DP technology is one of SFF(solid freeform fabrication) technologies which have recently came into the spotlight and are being applied to various fields. This process has the advantage of the fast manufacture time. But conventional 3DP process needs the post-process necessarily and a part fabricated by this process has too low strength. So we proposed a new 3DP process to reduce post-process time and fabricate a part with high strength and construct a SFF system. In this study, we constructed the SFF system using a photopolymer resin and a powder. We used the piezo printhead for the printing of the UV resin on the slice contour and experimented the curing of photopolymer resin in the powder based 3DP system

  • A quasi-power theorem for bulk conductors: comments on rheoencephalography

    A special case of Tellegen's theorem, the quasi-power theorem, is developed for bulk conductors, and a bulk conductor analog of Cohn's theorem is developed that can be used to predict the sensitivity of impedance plethysmographic measurements to tissue impedance changes in a system of bulk conductors. An example addressing the effects of scalp and cranium on the inference of regional blood flow in brain tissue raises questions about the origins of the REG (rheoencephalogram). While the author feels this work suggests further investigation into the origins of the REG is warranted, its clinical usefulness, based on validated correlations with cerebral blood flow, remains undisputed.<<ETX>>

  • Transcranial Doppler ultrasound using adaptive beamforming technique for the suppression of high-intensity interferences

    The control of vasospasm is important in postoperative management after the occurrence of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) is a diagnostic safety test that measures the blood flow in the cranium; however, TCD has low reliability because of the high-intensity interference returned from the cranium. In this study, we employed two techniques to suppress interferences. First, we used a moving target indicator (MTI) filter that suppresses echoes from undesired stationary targets. Second, we applied spatial domain interferometry with the Capon method to the signal after MTI filtering. The desired signal from red blood cells is supposed to have a low correlation with the interferences from undesired stationary targets. We thus averaged the covariance matrix to range direction without averaging sub- matrices in the diagonal direction. In a simulation study, we succeeded in estimating blood flow velocity with an average estimation velocity error of 0.2 m/s, where the desired signal intensity from red blood cells is 60 dB lower than the cranium interference intensity. The center frequency of the pulse is 2.0 MHz and the pulse length is 5 μs. These results indicate the high potential of the proposed method for improving the estimation accuracy of blood flow velocity in the cranium.

  • Force histograms computed in O(NlogN)

    The relative position between two objects in a 2D raster image is often represented quantitatively by a force histogram. In the general case, force histograms are computed in O(KN¿N) time: N is the number of pixels in the image and K is the number of directions in which forces are considered. When the objects are defined as fuzzy sets, this complexity also depends quadratically on the number M of possible membership degrees. In the present paper, an algorithm that runs in O(NlogN) is introduced. Computation times are basically independent of K and M. All objects (convex, concave, crisp, fuzzy) are handled in an equally fast manner. Experiments validate the theoretical analysis.

  • Detection of brain herniation with spectral coherence analysis of somatosensory evoked potentials

    Brain herniation was induced in a rat model by expansion of a balloon in the epidural space. Somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) from median nerve stimulation were recorded on the cranium and analyzed with spectral coherence algorithm. Post-experimental MRI evaluation of the brains was correlated to coherence analysis results.

  • EEG complexity measurement of focal ischemic cerebral injury

    Based on a new focal cerebral ischemia experimental model using SD rats, the authors analyzed EEG complexity. They found that EEG complexity is very sensitive to the extent of focal ischemic cerebral injury. In addition ischemic and normal regions can be distinguished by analyzing their EEG complexities.

  • 3-d visualization system of the cranium based on X-ray images

    A 3-d visualization system of the cranium based on reconstruction from X-rays is presented. Since X-rays belong to the penetrating projection images, the objects do not have definite surface in images. To solve this problem, an approach of pasting the lead granules on the face of a patient and reconstructing the face through the correlated vision is adopted. Then the 3-d cranium model is built by subtracting the thickness of soft tissue from the face model. The whole system consists of image pre-processing, feature point recognition, matching, texture mapping, animation, and 3-d measurement. Only the X-ray machine, adhesive tapes with lead granules and M-ultrasonograph are needed. The experiment demonstrates that this approach s effective and of high precision. It can help doctors examine and measure the face and cranium of patients by computer. Hopefully, this product could he developed and applied in clinic one day.

  • Problems of physiognomic identification with video cameras

    Anthropometry is the science which studies the proportions of the human body by means of measuring systems. Craniometry limits its studies to cranial structures, which constitute an important mainstay for human identification. We have focused our work on the analysis of the cranium for personal identification. The study of the face and its comparison with stereotyped images of a person constitutes the simplest form of identification, which is usually not sufficient due to errors which may arise, but which on numerous occasions is the only means for positive identification. Investigators have systematically applied new procedures which leave direct recognition out of the current methods. The discovery of fingerprint identification in the 19th century and the application of genetic markers with the analysis of DNA seem to completely invalidate the methods. However, we must find out the usefulness of the study of the cranium in personal identification, due to the variety of elements it contributes to the investigation, on occasions constituting individualizing procedures or, in other situations, because it serves as an aid to providing an insight into the characteristics of the individual. Knowing the craniometric points and their location on the face can help us to carry out the cranio-photo superpositions, which may turn out to be individualizing.

  • Transcranial shear-mode ultrasound imaging Characterization of Point Spread Function and assessment of excitation techniques

    This study presents work on an imaging technique that utilizes shear-wave propagation through the skull. The pulse-echo point spread functions (PSF) were obtained by imaging a point scatterer behind ex vivo human craniums at 1 MHz. Brightness images of the target obtained with either shear-mode or conventional longitudinal-mode transmission in the bone were assessed to quantify distortions to the PSF. The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) limitations introduced by severe attenuation of shear-waves in the skull were overcome with frequency modulated (FM) coded excitations.

  • Segmentation fusion of image with meningoma

    Possessing both merits and demerits respectively, CT and MRI test are the two common radiological means to diagnose meningoma. With high-density resolution, CT detects even tiny density differentia of normal tissue and tumor tissue in the brain, but can not distinguish every soft tissue as expected. MRI scans all direction of the tissues freely, and can clearly differentiate soft tissues such as muscle, fascia, fat, gray matter, white matter, and abnormal lesion, but can not accurately identify the calcified part of tumor and the boundary between tumor and cranium. In recent years, researchers around world try to register and fuse images of CT and MRI in order to achieve a new image with more information for diagnosis and differentiating diagnosis. Based on CT and MRI images of meningoma, the normal parts and tumor parts were registered, segmented and processed with weighted fusion. Pseudo color was used on the image to provide more easily recognized information in new one for early clinical diagnosis of the meningoma.



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