Conferences related to Cosmic rays

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2020 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and North American Radio Science Meeting

The joint meeting is intended to provide an international forum for the exchange of information on state of the art research in the area of antennas and propagation, electromagnetic engineering and radio science


2020 22nd European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE'20 ECCE Europe)

Energy conversion and conditioning technologies, power electronics, adjustable speed drives and their applications, power electronics for smarter grid, energy efficiency,technologies for sustainable energy systems, converters and power supplies


2020 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS)

IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS) is an annual conference coordinated by the Plasma Science and Application Committee (PSAC) of the IEEE Nuclear & Plasma Sciences Society.


2020 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM)

the IEEE/IEDM has been the world's main forum for reporting breakthroughs in technology, design, manufacturing, physics and the modeling of semiconductors and other electronic devices. Topics range from deep submicron CMOS transistors and memories to novel displays and imagers, from compound semiconductor materials to nanotechnology devices and architectures, from micromachined devices to smart -power technologies, etc.


2020 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (NSS/MIC)

All areas of ionizing radiation detection - detectors, signal processing, analysis of results, PET development, PET results, medical imaging using ionizing radiation


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Periodicals related to Cosmic rays

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Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, IEEE

The IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine publishes articles concerned with the various aspects of systems for space, air, ocean, or ground environments.


Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE

IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters (AWP Letters) will be devoted to the rapid electronic publication of short manuscripts in the technical areas of Antennas and Wireless Propagation.


Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission


Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs, IEEE Transactions on

Part I will now contain regular papers focusing on all matters related to fundamental theory, applications, analog and digital signal processing. Part II will report on the latest significant results across all of these topic areas.


Design & Test of Computers, IEEE

IEEE Design & Test of Computers offers original works describing the methods used to design and test electronic product hardware and supportive software. The magazine focuses on current and near-future practice, and includes tutorials, how-to articles, and real-world case studies. Topics include IC/module design, low-power design, electronic design automation, design/test verification, practical technology, and standards. IEEE Design & Test of ...


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Most published Xplore authors for Cosmic rays

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Xplore Articles related to Cosmic rays

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Modification of backgammon shape cathode and graded charge division readout method for a novel triple charge division centroid finding method

1996 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium. Conference Record, 1996

The triple charge division (TCD) centred finding method that uses a modified pattern of a backgammon shape cathode (MBSC) is introduced for medium range length position sensitive detectors with optimum numbers of cathode segments. The MBSC pattern has three separated areas and uses sawtooth like insulator gaps for separating the areas. The side areas of the MBSC pattern are severed ...


Attempt to a non-destructive Single Event Burnout test of Fast High Current Thyristors

2011 IEEE Pulsed Power Conference, 2011

This paper describes an attempt to perform a non-destructive measurement of Single Event Burnout (SEB) failure rate of Fast High Current Thyristors (FHCT) when exposed to cosmic rays and to particle accelerator radiation. FHCTs are used as the power switching components of a beam abort system in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and their reliable operation is mandatory for the ...


The ATLAS Level-1 Muon Barrel Trigger timing studies using combined trigger and offline tracking

2009 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record (NSS/MIC), 2009

We present here the strategy and tools developed to time in all the elements of the Level-1 Muon Barrel Trigger of the ATLAS experiment at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. A perfect synchronicity among the various trigger elements and with the LHC Bunch Crossing time is vital for the correctness of the ATLAS physics results. We review the possible sources ...


Influence of Terrestrial Cosmic Rays on the Reliability of CCD Image Sensors—Part 2: Experiments at Elevated Temperature

IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 2008

An aging effect in solid-state image sensors is studied: the generation of hard errors resulting in hot spots, warm pixels, or white pixels. This effect even occurs in image sensors that are simply stored on the shelf. The first paper described experiments that were set up to prove that the main origin can be found with neutrons that create displacement ...


Single event upset immune GaAs memories

Proceedings of the IEEE 1991 National Aerospace and Electronics Conference NAECON 1991, 1991

The author describes the design and development status of two different memory architectures which both promise immunity to upset from cosmic rays and energetic protons. The first memory is a conventional static RAM with capacitors added in the memory cell to increase the critical charge for upset above the charge deposited by natural events. The second is a nonvolatile memory ...


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Educational Resources on Cosmic rays

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Modification of backgammon shape cathode and graded charge division readout method for a novel triple charge division centroid finding method

    The triple charge division (TCD) centred finding method that uses a modified pattern of a backgammon shape cathode (MBSC) is introduced for medium range length position sensitive detectors with optimum numbers of cathode segments. The MBSC pattern has three separated areas and uses sawtooth like insulator gaps for separating the areas. The side areas of the MBSC pattern are severed by a central common area. The size of the central area is twice the size of both sides. Whereas the central area is the widest area among three, both sides areas have the main role in position sensing. With the same resolution and linearity, the active region of the original backgammon pattern increases twice by using the MBSC pattern, and with the same length, the linearity of TCD centred finding is much better than the backgammon charge division readout method. The linearity prediction of TCD centred finding and experimental results necessitated us to find an optimum truncation of the apices of the MBCS pattern in the central area. The TCD centred finding has a special readout method since charges must be collected from two segments in both sides and from three segments in the central area of the MBSC pattern. The so called graded charge division (GCD) is the special readout method for TCD. The GCD readout is a combination of the charge division readout and sequence grading of serial segments. Position sensing with TCD centred finding and GCD readout were done by two sizes of MBSC patterns (200 mm and 80 mm) and a spatial resolution of about 1% of the detector length is achieved.

  • Attempt to a non-destructive Single Event Burnout test of Fast High Current Thyristors

    This paper describes an attempt to perform a non-destructive measurement of Single Event Burnout (SEB) failure rate of Fast High Current Thyristors (FHCT) when exposed to cosmic rays and to particle accelerator radiation. FHCTs are used as the power switching components of a beam abort system in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and their reliable operation is mandatory for the LHC safety.

  • The ATLAS Level-1 Muon Barrel Trigger timing studies using combined trigger and offline tracking

    We present here the strategy and tools developed to time in all the elements of the Level-1 Muon Barrel Trigger of the ATLAS experiment at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. A perfect synchronicity among the various trigger elements and with the LHC Bunch Crossing time is vital for the correctness of the ATLAS physics results. We review the possible sources of delays and how they are accounted and corrected for, using a large sample of cosmic ray data collected by ATLAS; and present initial results, that will be refined with early LHC collision data.

  • Influence of Terrestrial Cosmic Rays on the Reliability of CCD Image Sensors—Part 2: Experiments at Elevated Temperature

    An aging effect in solid-state image sensors is studied: the generation of hard errors resulting in hot spots, warm pixels, or white pixels. This effect even occurs in image sensors that are simply stored on the shelf. The first paper described experiments that were set up to prove that the main origin can be found with neutrons that create displacement damage in the silicon bulk. These neutrons are part of terrestrial cosmic rays. This second paper is based on measurements done on devices that were stored on the shelf, but at elevated temperatures. In addition, annealing experiments were performed on packaged devices. The creation of these hot spots is independent of technology, architecture, sensor type, or sensor vendor, and it is observed in CCDs as well as in CMOS image sensors. However, the generation, and particularly the stability, of the hot spots seems to depend strongly on the storage temperature or on the annealing temperature.

  • Single event upset immune GaAs memories

    The author describes the design and development status of two different memory architectures which both promise immunity to upset from cosmic rays and energetic protons. The first memory is a conventional static RAM with capacitors added in the memory cell to increase the critical charge for upset above the charge deposited by natural events. The second is a nonvolatile memory which uses a capacitor to store the data. Data storage is by electrical polarization in a thin-film ferroelectric material which is not affected by charge deposition. Radiation test results are presented.<<ETX>>

  • Analysis of charge carrier multiplication events in NPT and PT-diodes triggered by an ionizing particle

    We report on the modelling and numerical simulation of an ion irradiation experiment employed for characterizing the robustness of discrete power devices against cosmic rays. On the basis of cylinder-symmetrical simulations, we analyse the response of a non-punch-through (NPT) diode to an ionizing particle penetrating the device. The simulations visualize and demonstrate the temporal and spatial evolution of the electric field and the carrier densities. Another result is the accumulated charge generated by the impact of one single ion in the interior of the device. The simulated values conform well with recently reported experimental data. Simulating the device response of a punch-through (PT) diode shows that charge multiplication events, which unavoidably occur at sufficiently large reverse voltages, can lead to the destruction of the device. Moreover, our simulations and experiments also indicate that PT diodes exhibit higher robustness, against cosmic radiation in comparison to NPT diodes.

  • Simulation of cosmic ray failures rates using semiempirical models

    A method for the calculation of failure rates due to cosmic rays is presented. The method is based on the output of standard device simulation tools and is applied to IGBTs and free-wheeling diodes. Different models for the failure rate density are compared with respect to their consistency with experimental data. The method is applied both to the active area and to the edge termination of IGBTs. Furthermore the influence of gate voltage on the failure rate of IGBTs is investigated. The method can be used to predict failure rates over a wide range of voltage classes and to detect weak points of device design.

  • Single Event Error Generation by 14 MeV Neutrons Reactions in Silicon

    A formalism is presented which permits the calculation of electronic upsets caused by the reaction products from 14 MeV neutrons on silicon. The derivation of the formalism is developed from work in the field of radiobiology/microdosimetry. The equations follow from the mathematics of geometrical probability and are neither intuitive nor model dependent. The parameters required are the dimensions of the sensitive volume and the threshold energy for electronic upset. The results are general in the sense that any reaction, within the limits stated, can be described. Application is made to the specific case of soft error production in dynamic RAM's.

  • Performance of large area micromegas detectors for the ATLAS muon spectrometer upgrade project

    32 high-rate capable SM2 Micromegas quadruplets are built, for the upgrade of the Small Wheels of the ATLAS muon spectrometer. The cathodes and strip-anodes of the 2 m2quadruplets consist of stable honeycomb sandwiches with a requested planarity better than 80 μm. The qualification of full-size SM2 quadruplets will be performed in the Munich Cosmic Ray Measurement Facility (CRF). Two fully working 4 m × 2.2 m ATLAS drift-tube chambers provide muon tracking, a RD51 SRS based data acquisition system provides readout of all 12288 electronic channels using 96 APV25 front-end boards. The goal is to measure the homogeneity of pulse-height and efficiency and to determine the planarity of the sandwich planes and the positions of the readout-strips. This has been pioneered by studying a 102 × 92 cm2Micromegas chamber with similar readout pitch in the CRF using the TPC-like analysis method. At trigger rates above 100 Hz data taking takes only a few days for sufficient statistics. Shifts of readout planes and bulging due to overpressure were resolved with an accuracy better than 50 μm, single plane angular resolution with an accuracy of about 5° and spatial resolution of 300 μm in agreement with 83 μm for the same detector at high energy 120 GeV pion beams when taking into account the multiple scattering of the low energy cosmic muons.

  • Commissioning of the ATLAS offline software with cosmic rays

    The ATLAS experiment of the LHC is now taking its first data by collecting cosmic ray events. The full reconstruction chain including all sub-systems (inner detector, calorimeters and muon spectrometer) is being commissioned with this kind of data for the first time. Detailed analysis are being performed in order to provide ATLAS with its first alignment and calibration constants and to study the combined muon performance. Combined monitoring tools and event displays have also been developed to ensure good data quality. A simulation of cosmic events according to the different detector and trigger setups has also been provided to verify it gives a good description of the data.



Standards related to Cosmic rays

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Jobs related to Cosmic rays

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