Conferences related to Billets

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2020 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC)

The 2020 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC 2020) will be held in Metro Toronto Convention Centre (MTCC), Toronto, Ontario, Canada. SMC 2020 is the flagship conference of the IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society. It provides an international forum for researchers and practitioners to report most recent innovations and developments, summarize state-of-the-art, and exchange ideas and advances in all aspects of systems science and engineering, human machine systems, and cybernetics. Advances in these fields have increasing importance in the creation of intelligent environments involving technologies interacting with humans to provide an enriching experience and thereby improve quality of life. Papers related to the conference theme are solicited, including theories, methodologies, and emerging applications. Contributions to theory and practice, including but not limited to the following technical areas, are invited.


2020 IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics (AIM)

The scope of the 2020 IEEE/ASME AIM includes the following topics: Actuators, Automotive Systems, Bioengineering, Data Storage Systems, Electronic Packaging, Fault Diagnosis, Human-Machine Interfaces, Industry Applications, Information Technology, Intelligent Systems, Machine Vision, Manufacturing, Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems, Micro/Nano Technology, Modeling and Design, System Identification and Adaptive Control, Motion Control, Vibration and Noise Control, Neural and Fuzzy Control, Opto-Electronic Systems, Optomechatronics, Prototyping, Real-Time and Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulation, Robotics, Sensors, System Integration, Transportation Systems, Smart Materials and Structures, Energy Harvesting and other frontier fields.


2020 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC)

The Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibition (OFC) is the largest global conference and exhibition for optical communications and networking professionals. For over 40 years, OFC has drawn attendees from all corners of the globe to meet and greet, teach and learn, make connections and move business forward.OFC attracts the biggest names in the field, offers key networking and partnering opportunities, and provides insights and inspiration on the major trends and technology advances affecting the industry. From technical presentations to the latest market trends and predictions, OFC is a one-stop-shop.


IECON 2020 - 46th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society

IECON is focusing on industrial and manufacturing theory and applications of electronics, controls, communications, instrumentation and computational intelligence.


2019 14th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications (ICIEA)

Artificial Intelligence, Control and Systems, Cyber-physical Systems, Energy and Environment, Industrial Informatics and Computational Intelligence, Robotics, Network and Communication Technologies, Power Electronics, Signal and Information Processing


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Periodicals related to Billets

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Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission


Automatic Control, IEEE Transactions on

The theory, design and application of Control Systems. It shall encompass components, and the integration of these components, as are necessary for the construction of such systems. The word `systems' as used herein shall be interpreted to include physical, biological, organizational and other entities and combinations thereof, which can be represented through a mathematical symbolism. The Field of Interest: shall ...


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Control Systems Technology, IEEE Transactions on

Serves as a compendium for papers on the technological advances in control engineering and as an archival publication which will bridge the gap between theory and practice. Papers will highlight the latest knowledge, exploratory developments, and practical applications in all aspects of the technology needed to implement control systems from analysis and design through simulation and hardware.


Electron Device Letters, IEEE

Publishes original and significant contributions relating to the theory, design, performance and reliability of electron devices, including optoelectronic devices, nanoscale devices, solid-state devices, integrated electronic devices, energy sources, power devices, displays, sensors, electro-mechanical devices, quantum devices and electron tubes.


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Most published Xplore authors for Billets

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Xplore Articles related to Billets

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Centerline segregation in continuous casting billets

Tsinghua Science and Technology, 2004

Centerline segregation is of practical significance since it affects the material properties. Centerline segregation in continuous casting billets was studied by solving the fluid flow, solidification, and solute transport equations from the initially liquid steel to the completely solid state using the finite difference method with the SIMPLER algorithm. The results show that the centerline segregation is induced by both ...


Power requirements of rolling mills

Proceedings of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, 1912

The increasing use of electric motors for driving the main rolls in modern steel works, makes the question of the power requirements of rolling mills of considerable importance to the industrial engineer engaged in designing such installations. An error in judgment due either to inexperience or to lack of accurate information, may involve the loss of a large sum of ...


Discussion on “the operation of a large electrically driven reversing rolling mill.” (Sykes) Pittsburgh, Pa., April 26, 1912. (see proceedings for May, 1912)

Proceedings of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, 1912

R. A. Black: The discussion has been on electrically operated rolling mills. A question comes to my mind as to the comparative cost of electrically operated versus steam operated mills. This is one thing that electrical engineers are facing now, the question of which pays. I heard the superintendent of a large steel mill say recently that this subject has ...


Power requirements for rolling high-carbon steel of small section

Proceedings of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, 1909

The tests in this paper were taken from a 9-in. merchant mill, a plan of which is shown in Fig. 1. The mill consists of seven stands of three-high rolls and one finishing stand of two-high rolls driven by a two-speed two-phase, 60-cycle, 2200-volt induction motor of squirrel-cage rotor construction, connected to the mill by means of a 42-in. three-ply ...


Prototype fabrication of ultrafine filament NbTi conductors for the SSC

IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 1987

Production quantities of multifilamentary NbTi/Cu composite wire have been fabricated for SSC dipole magnet development. These composites contained 10,000 to 37,000 filaments having a diameter of 5.0 to 2.7 micrometers at final wire size. The large number of filaments in these composites has been achieved by employing a double extrusion process. The critical current density (Jc) has been optimized for ...


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Educational Resources on Billets

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Centerline segregation in continuous casting billets

    Centerline segregation is of practical significance since it affects the material properties. Centerline segregation in continuous casting billets was studied by solving the fluid flow, solidification, and solute transport equations from the initially liquid steel to the completely solid state using the finite difference method with the SIMPLER algorithm. The results show that the centerline segregation is induced by both the fluid flow in the mushy zone and the accumulation of solute-rich liquid near the solidification front. The species concentration in the center of the strand rises quickly in the mushy region to a maximum at the end of solidification. The most serious segregation occurs along the billet centerline.

  • Power requirements of rolling mills

    The increasing use of electric motors for driving the main rolls in modern steel works, makes the question of the power requirements of rolling mills of considerable importance to the industrial engineer engaged in designing such installations. An error in judgment due either to inexperience or to lack of accurate information, may involve the loss of a large sum of money in the installation itself, but what is of still greater importance, is the loss that is incurred indirectly, due to the time lost before the error can be remedied. The subject is one of great complexity due to the various factors controlling the power requirements and also to the variation in operating conditions in different works. The subject of rolling mills is one on which it is hardly possible to obtain reliable information from published data and the whole rolling mill practise is based upon empirical knowledge gained by experience. During the last few years an attempt has been made in Europe to reduce the subject of rolling mill practise to some scientific basis but without very great success up to the present time.

  • Discussion on “the operation of a large electrically driven reversing rolling mill.” (Sykes) Pittsburgh, Pa., April 26, 1912. (see proceedings for May, 1912)

    R. A. Black: The discussion has been on electrically operated rolling mills. A question comes to my mind as to the comparative cost of electrically operated versus steam operated mills. This is one thing that electrical engineers are facing now, the question of which pays. I heard the superintendent of a large steel mill say recently that this subject has never been taken up and thoroughly discussed, and that he had never been able to find any comparison of the cost of operating an electrical mill and a steam driven mill. Is it better? Is it cheaper? Does it pay to operate electrically? Which is the more flexible? Can you turn out steel as quickly and as economically with electric as with steam operated mills?

  • Power requirements for rolling high-carbon steel of small section

    The tests in this paper were taken from a 9-in. merchant mill, a plan of which is shown in Fig. 1. The mill consists of seven stands of three-high rolls and one finishing stand of two-high rolls driven by a two-speed two-phase, 60-cycle, 2200-volt induction motor of squirrel-cage rotor construction, connected to the mill by means of a 42-in. three-ply belt. The ratings of the motor are 600 h. p. at 600 rev. per min. (synchronous speed) and 450 h. p. 450 rev. per min. The pulley reduction gives a mill-speed of one-half these values.

  • Prototype fabrication of ultrafine filament NbTi conductors for the SSC

    Production quantities of multifilamentary NbTi/Cu composite wire have been fabricated for SSC dipole magnet development. These composites contained 10,000 to 37,000 filaments having a diameter of 5.0 to 2.7 micrometers at final wire size. The large number of filaments in these composites has been achieved by employing a double extrusion process. The critical current density (Jc) has been optimized for the final wires as well as for samples taken from the first stage extrusion. Jc ranged from 2300 to 3400 A/mm<sup>2</sup>at 5 tesla depending on filament size and process history. The Jc results obtained in this investigation along with resistive transition parameter "n" are reported.

  • Implementation of electric drive of withdrawal-roll set in horizontal continuous casting machine for the production of small billets

    Metallurgical industry has appreciated advantages of continuous casting machines for producing a variety of high-quality products made of steel and special alloys. Design features of horizontal continuous casting machines, makes it possible to use this type of machines on mini-plants with annual productivity lower than hundreds of thousands tons of end-products. The paper examines the construction of continuous casting machines of horizontal type and principles of operation of the modern continuous casting machines intended for production of billets made of carbon quality steels and special alloys from 40 to 80 mm in diameter, describes basic requirements for withdrawal device and its operation cycle. The experimental data analysis is conducted for revealing of different combinations of basic parameters of the casting cycle and their influence on electric motor equivalent torque . Based on the results of trial operation, further mechanism improvement of withdrawal and its controls methods are proposed.

  • Visual Billet Location Control Using Particle Swarm Optimization in Steel Mill

    This paper presents a visual billet location control system based on particle swarm optimization in the heating kiln. There is not a fixed lighting, and the environment illumination would change gradually with the change of temperature. This paper proposes a robust detecting method for detecting the moving billet in the heating kiln. The statistical methods are used to classify the sensed image, three representative images are extracted as the background images for background subtraction to describe the illumination change of environment. The illumination change can detect by matching similitude between the sensed image and three background images using absolute difference and PSO. In the practical experiment, the visual billet location control system can get a well control performance in a steel workshop.

  • Design and Experimental Results of a DC Induction Heater Prototype for Aluminum Billets

    The advantages of dc induction heating in high efficiency and good heating quality have been proved and studied worldwide in past decades. In this paper, a laboratory-scale dc induction heater with iron yoke for aluminum billets is designed and tested in detail. The billet to be heated is placed in the air gap of the yoke and is driven by a motor. The magnetic field in the gap is built up by copper windings with direct currents. The whole heating processes under different conditions are observed. Various surface temperature distributions have been achieved by changing several heating parameters including heating time, rotating speed, and dc magnetic field. Numerical analysis for calculating the heating process is also carried out in a commercial finite-element software. Results show that all the heating parameters will affect the final heating effects. Also, the numerical results agree well with the experimental results.

  • Billet heating control fuel-saving solution in the rolling mill furnace

    The heating of billets before rolling is conducted in the continuous furnace. The billets with different parameters are simultaneously heated in the furnace. The rolling mill performance capacity is uneven. This causes a wide range of slab heating duration. That is why implementation of power saving heating modes is subject to revision of the control system structure. The paper shows the demand on the use of separate subsystems for the following functions: forecast of the heating time for each billet at the moment of its charging in the furnace; detection of the billet location while its movement from charging to the discharging zone; modeling of the heating process for each billet to evaluate its thermal state; calculation of the optimal heating path taking into account the forecast heating time. The main elements of the structure, interrelation between separate subsystems and main principles of each subsystem operation are shown in the paper. The calculation of the optimal heating path for each billet was conducted according to the fuel consumption minimization criterion.

  • A Discourse on Variables Affecting Grinding Spark Duration of Billets -Using 1018 Steel B5 Process of Certain Steel Plant as Example

    The length of time the grinding spark lasts during the rolling process is usually the standard used to determine the quality of the billet, since there are many different components to a billet, and since during the steelmaking process, the factors affecting the duration of the grinding spark are quite complicated. Therefore, through the 1018 steel billet that uses the B5 process, this research includes variables such as the constituent components, the processing procedures, the time and temperature of the production process, and the alloy addition into the sample data for analysis using the Statistical Program for Social Sciences (SPSS) 12.0. (Rock, 2007) Through multiple regression analysis, this research aims to uncover and control the variables affecting the duration of grinding sparks, in order to reduce the duration of grinding sparks, thus improving quality. By applying the methods suggested in this research to other steel types, reasonable regression models on factors affecting the grinding spark duration of different steel types can be obtained, and they can further be controlled to reduce the load of downstream inspection and lapping, thus improving their quality.



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