610 resources related to Biodiversity
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The Conference focuses on all aspects of instrumentation and measurement science andtechnology research development and applications. The list of program topics includes but isnot limited to: Measurement Science & Education, Measurement Systems, Measurement DataAcquisition, Measurements of Physical Quantities, and Measurement Applications.
To promote awareness, understanding, advancement and application of ocean engineering and marine technology. This includes all aspects of science, engineering, and technology that address research, development, and operations pertaining to all bodies of water. This includes the creation of new capabilities and technologies from concept design through prototypes, testing, and operational systems to sense, explore, understand, develop, use, and responsibly manage natural resources.
The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops andinvitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields ofbiomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality paperswill be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and willbe indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE & IEEE Xplore
JCDL encompasses the many meanings of the term "digital libraries", including (but not limited to) new forms of information institutions; operational information systems with all manner of digital content; new means of selecting, collecting, organizing, and distributing digital content; and theoretical models of information media, including document genres and electronic publishing. Digital libraries are distinguished from information retrieval systems because they include more types of media, provide additional functionality and services, and include other stages of the information life cycle, from creation through use. Digital libraries also can be viewed as a new form of information institution or as an extension of the services libraries currently provide.
Technical topics include biological systems, vehicle dynamics and control, adaptive control, consensus control, cooperative control, control of communication networks, control of networked systems, control of distributed parameter systems, decentralized control, delay systems, discrete-event systems, fault detection, fault-tolerant systems, flexible structures, flight control, formation flying, fuzzy systems, hybrid systems, system identification, iterative learning control, model predictive control, linear parameter-varying systems, linear matrix inequalities, machine learning, manufacturing systems, robotics, multi-agent systems, neural networks, nonlinear control, observers, optimal control, optimization, path planning, navigation, robust control, sensor fusion, sliding mode control, stochastic systems, switched systems, uncertain systems, game theory.
Specific topics of interest include, but are not limited to, sequence analysis, comparison and alignment methods; motif, gene and signal recognition; molecular evolution; phylogenetics and phylogenomics; determination or prediction of the structure of RNA and Protein in two and three dimensions; DNA twisting and folding; gene expression and gene regulatory networks; deduction of metabolic pathways; micro-array design and analysis; proteomics; ...
Physics, medicine, astronomy—these and other hard sciences share a common need for efficient algorithms, system software, and computer architecture to address large computational problems. And yet, useful advances in computational techniques that could benefit many researchers are rarely shared. To meet that need, Computing in Science & Engineering (CiSE) presents scientific and computational contributions in a clear and accessible format. ...
Educational methods, technology, and programs; history of technology; impact of evolving research on education.
It is expected that GRS Letters will apply to a wide range of remote sensing activities looking to publish shorter, high-impact papers. Topics covered will remain within the IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Societys field of interest: the theory, concepts, and techniques of science and engineering as they apply to the sensing of the earth, oceans, atmosphere, and space; and ...
Theory, concepts, and techniques of science and engineering as applied to sensing the earth, oceans, atmosphere, and space; and the processing, interpretation, and dissemination of this information.
IGARSS'97. 1997 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium Proceedings. Remote Sensing - A Scientific Vision for Sustainable Development, 1997
Current approaches to mapping submerged coral ecosystems by remote sensing techniques is largely confined to the identification of general reef features in shallow tropical waters. Technical difficulties in compensating for the attenuation of radiance through the water column, as well as an incomplete understanding about the specific spectral features of coral and other substrates under normal and stressed conditions has ...
OCEANS 2014 - TAIPEI, 2014
After the successful sea trial in Mariana Trench in June 2012, JIAOLONG conducted its maiden scientific cruise from June 10<sup>th</sup> to Sept 20<sup>th</sup>, 2013. The cruise was composed of three legs in South China Sea, Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone of Northeast Pacific and cobalt-rich crust seamounts of Northwest Pacific respectively. This paper will mainly present JIAOLONG's positioning system sea trial results, ...
2011 International Conference on Remote Sensing, Environment and Transportation Engineering, 2011
The Earth ecological systems offer fundamental resources and services for human social and economic development. The assessment of ecological values and services, significant for ecological and environmental protection, is mainly based on ecology and economics principles and has emphasized on the use of remote sensing and GIS technology in recent years. This paper presents a case study in which the ...
2016 IEEE Region 10 Humanitarian Technology Conference (R10-HTC), 2016
The ultimate aim and critical role of education is shaping human behaviour. It is our prime duty to take care of the well-being of the earth. The present day society needs to formulate an innovative Educational Policy aimed to evolve a “Complete Man” with three major goals; Academic Excellence, Moral and Spiritual Values and Social Sensibilities. Responsible behaviour is the ...
Proceedings of OCEANS 2005 MTS/IEEE, 2005
This paper describes how a pro-active cross sector partnership between organizations has successfully contributed to a better understanding of marine biodiversity and consensus among stakeholders on conservation priorities in the Gulf of Paria, Venezuela. ConocoPhillips Venezuela and its partners discovered offshore oil resources in the Gulf of Paria, northeastern Venezuela in 1999, and have since been making progress on their ...
Current approaches to mapping submerged coral ecosystems by remote sensing techniques is largely confined to the identification of general reef features in shallow tropical waters. Technical difficulties in compensating for the attenuation of radiance through the water column, as well as an incomplete understanding about the specific spectral features of coral and other substrates under normal and stressed conditions has limited mapping and assessment procedures. This paper reports on recent developments in mapping submerged coral assemblages in Fiji using satellite imagery and in situ field measurements. An accurate and replicable procedure is proposed to quantify the spectral response of various corals and other submerged substrates to determine biodiversity and stress indicators for mapping and assessing coral ecosystems at site specific and regional locations. Applications of the approach in establishing baseline information, assessing environmental change and managing linked systems within an integrated coastal management framework are highlighted.
After the successful sea trial in Mariana Trench in June 2012, JIAOLONG conducted its maiden scientific cruise from June 10<sup>th</sup> to Sept 20<sup>th</sup>, 2013. The cruise was composed of three legs in South China Sea, Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone of Northeast Pacific and cobalt-rich crust seamounts of Northwest Pacific respectively. This paper will mainly present JIAOLONG's positioning system sea trial results, the sampling in dives and preliminary scientific results at a cold seep site in South China Sea, four sites in Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone and two sites in cobalt-rich crust seamounts in Northwest Pacific. JIAOLONG's stability, maneuverability, capability and positioning ability were very well demonstrated during the dives in the first scientific cruise. With scientist in-situ, JIAOLONG's great advantages over the other deep sea facilities have been fully revealed at the seabed investigation. In the future, JIAOLONG will play a more important role in the deep sea scientific exploration and other applications.
The Earth ecological systems offer fundamental resources and services for human social and economic development. The assessment of ecological values and services, significant for ecological and environmental protection, is mainly based on ecology and economics principles and has emphasized on the use of remote sensing and GIS technology in recent years. This paper presents a case study in which the MODIS data were used to retrieve important variables such fractional vegetation cover, net primary productivity, and so on that were incorporated into the modelling of ecological capital (EC) in Shihezi area, Xinjiang. The model for ecological capital assessment was built using the MODIS retrievals, meteorological observation, and in-situ measurements, and used to estimate the spatial distribution of the values of EC in the south Junggar border in the years from 2000 to 2009. The results indicate that the EC values of the grasslands and water bodies account for a large portion of the total in the study area. The spatial distribution of the EC is uneven, exhibiting high values in the south and low in the north of the study area. The capital values in the last ten years have been totally reduced down in the area, and the components of the capital values have varied to some extent. This was mainly caused by two reasons: climate change and human activities. The fluctuation of precipitation and rising-up temperature are main natural factors that caused the reduction and variation of regional EC values. On the other hand, the Shihezi Oasis and the surrounding areas are characterized as strong human interference in the last 50 years or so such as agricultural and urban land development, and overgrazing. The findings show that the EC has been threatened in the south Junggar border since 2000 and more restrictive policy and measures for ecological protection is necessary.
The ultimate aim and critical role of education is shaping human behaviour. It is our prime duty to take care of the well-being of the earth. The present day society needs to formulate an innovative Educational Policy aimed to evolve a “Complete Man” with three major goals; Academic Excellence, Moral and Spiritual Values and Social Sensibilities. Responsible behaviour is the need of the hour; and Ecological sciences are door to sustainable development. We have to be cautious of our limited resources that we consume without thinking about future scenario. Educating our children from early childhood and inculcating good values and habits may lay strong foundation and lead us to a path of sustainable development. Consciousness is awareness. Environmental awareness is to understand the fragility of our environment and the importance of its protection. One needs to be aware of the duties and responsibilities, in order to deal effectively and conserve the environment. Environmental education's primary goals are to deepen students' engagement with issues in environment and science and take sensitive actions to improve the quality of life. There is a correlation between quality and values.
This paper describes how a pro-active cross sector partnership between organizations has successfully contributed to a better understanding of marine biodiversity and consensus among stakeholders on conservation priorities in the Gulf of Paria, Venezuela. ConocoPhillips Venezuela and its partners discovered offshore oil resources in the Gulf of Paria, northeastern Venezuela in 1999, and have since been making progress on their development plans. At the time, little was known about biodiversity in this region; however, ConocoPhillips decided to address this emerging issue as part of the Company's sustainable development approach to hydrocarbon development. Further, baseline studies and consultation completed with the support of Ecology and Environment Inc. (E & E) - as well as preliminary results of an assessment of the West Central Atlantic (Caribbean) fisheries, which was being completed in 2002 by Conservation International - suggested that the Gulf of Paria could harbor important levels of aquatic biodiversity. In July 2002, ConocoPhillips requested a meeting to present its draft plan of development, to share results of preliminary baseline studies completed by E & E, and to seek input on actions to protect biodiversity. In turn, Conservation International shared the results of its assessment of the West Central Atlantic fisheries, which classified the Gulf of Paria as important to Caribbean aquatic biodiversity. Over time, a Memorandum of Agreement was established to complete a collaborative process of biodiversity characterization and establishing priorities. In late 2002, Conservation International led a rapid assessment program to characterize and document aquatic biodiversity in the southern Gulf of Paria. In 2003, ConocoPhillips organized workshops with a diverse group of leading conservation organizations, academic institutions, consultants, and other stakeholders to evaluate results of the rapid assessment; and achieve consensus on potential risks to biodiversity and opportunities for conservation. ConocoPhillips also integrated community input, particularly small-scale fishermen who are dependent on aquatic resources in the region for their sustenance. This effort culminated in an initial biodiversity action plan, which was published with Conservation International and formally launched at a Biodiversity Symposium, Contribution to the Knowledge on Biological Diversity and Socio-Cultural Aspects of the Gulf of Paria and the Orinoco Delta that ConocoPhillips organized on June 3, 2004 in Caracas, Venezuela. Later that year, the www.ConocoPhillipsPana.com website was established to provide a focal point and repository for information. Information is also available on Conservation International's Website at http://www.celb.org/xp/CELB/news-events/press/spl I.bar/releases/06032004.xml. Collaboration between ConocoPhillips and Conservation International - and other organizations - has confirmed that Gulf of Paria harbors a unique variety and abundance of aquatic species, including nine (9) new to science. The initial biodiversity action plan is the first step in generating and disseminating knowledge, raising awareness, achieving consensus on priorities and encouraging conservation as well as sustainable development in the Gulf of Paria through cooperation, engagement and dialogue among stakeholders.
Environmental education is one of the important and effective approaches to solve environmental problems and to protect biodiversity. It is significant to discuss the theory of Environmental Education for Biodiversity Conservation (EEFBC), and to build a multi-dimensional system for implementing EEFBC towards sustainable development in the special Chinese context for the whole society. Four dimensions, from the perspective of education delivery, should be respected. They are (1) temporal dimension: a lifelong education penetrating from the beginning to the end of life; (2) spatial dimension: education for all and at three levels, namely school, family and society; (3) modality dimension: whole process of education, covering formal and informal education system; (4) institution dimension: translate compliance into self- awareness.
The temporal evolution of decadal NDVI composition is regarded as an effective time window which is able to show the natural seasonal variations. In this study, a time series of SPOT-VEGETATION Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) data with 1×1 km² spatial resolution are used to detect the vegetation cover change in west Songnen plain, Northeast China during the period of 1998 to 2006. Our findings suggest that the yearly average Maximum Value Composite NDVI (MNDVI) over the study area decreased from 0.41 in 1998 to 0.39 in 2006, and the annual average NDVI value dropped by 0.015, which indicated the decreasing trend of vegetation activity. The degraded regions occupied 57.33% of the study area. Results can provide valuable information for environmental management policies involving biodiversity preservation and rational exploitation of natural and agricultural resources in this vulnerable ecotone.
Summary form only given. The LITCHI project (Logic-based Integration of Taxonomic Conflicts in Heterogeneous Information Systems) aims to develop software to enable the automated detection and, where possible, resolution of conflicts in taxonomic checklists. A taxonomic checklist is a list of the names of species (and other taxa) used within a particular biological database. Since species names are typically used to gain access to data within biological databases, checklists provide a concise representation of the data values that can act as keys when querying such databases. More importantly, species names are also typically used as the join attribute when integrating several biological databases. However, naming of species is a subjective activity, and different scientific communities will have different ideas about the names that should be used for particular species. These conflicts of opinion arise as a result of the subjective nature of the classification process and geographical or historical differences in background knowledge. Some communities may use different names for the same species, while other groups of scientists may use the same name to refer to different species. Often, there is no one right naming scheme, but some consistent set of names must be used if biological databases are to be integrated. Therefore, there is a real need for a tool which will assist biologists in the integration of checklists, prior to the integration of species databases, so that these differences of opinion can be resolved.
A crucial challenge among remote sensing communities is the availability of open data. Several European and international programs address this aim offering a useful support to many applications. The detection of changes in ecosystems for the monitoring of biodiversity is one of the main goal for the commitments undertaken not only by the European Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC) and the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD) but also the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). This work aims to show the usefulness of free available data for the detecting of changes in (semi-) natural grasslands ecosystem for three different test site in Italy and Portugal. Due to its request for only one multispectral remote sensed image at time T2 and a land cover map at time T1, the Cross Correlation Analysis (CCA) algorithm was preferred for the detection of changes from (semi-) natural grasslands to other land cover. A Sentinel-2 image as T2 and the (semi-) natural grasslands Copernicus layer as T1 were considered. The accuracy assessment of the change maps was based on stratified random sampling weighting the Overall Accuracy (OA) by the proportions of the study area represented by the map classes. The reported finding for OA % of 94.21±0.10, is encouraging and promising as a support to policy makers.
A study was made on the recovery genotypes local grapevine with the aim to conserve them and to evaluate their health status and thus to improve the quality of the propagation material. Clone accessions of 61 vines were grafted and placed in a germoplasma field. The varieties that were considered enologically valuable were subjected to sanitary selection. Some vines showed indubitable healthy qualities, and should be immediately evaluated from an economical point view and then certificated. Possible sanitation treatments were also evaluated, with the aim of extending the number clone accessions to be included in experimental trials to access their yield .
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