Bioterrorism

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Bioterrorism is terrorism involving the intentional release or dissemination of biological agents. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Bioterrorism

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2020 IEEE 23rd International Conference on Information Fusion (FUSION)

The International Conference on Information Fusion is the premier forum for interchange of the latest research in data and information fusion, and its impacts on our society. The conference brings together researchers and practitioners from academia and industry to report on the latest scientific and technical advances.


2020 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS)

IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS) is an annual conference coordinated by the Plasma Science and Application Committee (PSAC) of the IEEE Nuclear & Plasma Sciences Society.


2019 14th Annual Conference System of Systems Engineering (SoSE)

IEEE System, Man, and Cybernetics Society and IEEE Reliability Society announce the 14th International Conference on System of Systems Engineering (SoSE) with its vast ramifications in numerous engineering fields such as control, computing, communication, information technology and in applications such manufacturing, defense, national security, aerospace, aeronautics, energy, environment, healthcare, and transportation. The conference theme is “Internet of Things as System of Systems”. Papers on theories, methodologies, and applications of System of Systems Engineering in science, technology, industry, and education are welcome.

  • 2018 13th Annual Conference on System of Systems Engineering (SoSE)

    SoSE is the main conference on Systems of Systems, defined as complex systems created by the systematic and dynamic assembly of various interacting sub-systems. The 2018 conference theme is “Systems of systems Management and Control: Frontiers between cyber, physical, and social systems”.

  • 2017 12th System of Systems Engineering Conference (SoSE)

    Internet of Things as System of Systems

  • 2016 11th System of Systems Engineering Conference (SoSE)

    IEEE System, Man, and Cybernetics Society and IEEE Reliability Society announce the Eleventhth International Conference on System of Systems Engineering (SoSE) with its vast ramifications in numerous engineering fields such as control, computing, communication, information technology and in applications such manufacturing, defense, national security, aerospace, maritime, energy, environment, healthcare, and transportation. The conference theme is "SoSE and Cyber Physical Systems (CPS), from academia to application and back" We welcome papers on theories, methodologies, and applications of SoSE and CPS in science, technology, industry, and education. Particularly those that deal with the interaction between research institutes, industry, funding and policy makers. What can we do to stimulate both knowledge creation and economic value? Papers should be five to six pages in length, in standard two-column IEEE Conference Proceedings format.

  • 2015 10th System of Systems Engineering Conference (SoSE)

    IEEE System, Man, and Cybernetics Society and IEEE Reliability Society announce the Sixth International Conference on System of Systems Engineering (SoSE) with its vast ramifications in numerous engineering fields such as control, computing, communication, information technology and in applications such manufacturing, defense, national security, aerospace, aeronautics, energy, environment, healthcare, and transportation. The conference theme is “SoSE Controls, Modeling, and Simulation” three areas of significant investment within the public and private sectors as well as being significant initiatives areas of IEEE. Papers on theories, methodologies, and applications of System of Systems Engineering in science, technology, industry, and education are welcome.

  • 2014 9th International Conference on System of Systems Engineering (SOSE)

    Sociotechnical Aspects of SoSE; The Nexus between Complex Systems Concepts and SoSE; SoSE Application Domains and Case Studies; Open Cloud Computing; SoSE Approaches, Tools, Methods and Processes; SoSE modelling, simulation & and analysis; Entrepreneurship.

  • 2013 8th International Conference on System of Systems Engineering (SoSE)

    IEEE System, Man, and Cybernetics Society and IEEE Reliability Society announce the 8th International Conference on System of Systems Engineering (SoSE) with its vast ramifications in numerous engineering fields such as control, computing, communication, information technology and in applications such manufacturing, defense, national security, aerospace, aeronautics, energy, environment, healthcare, and transportation. The conference theme is

  • 2012 7th International Conference on System of Systems Engineering (SoSE)

    The conference theme is SoSE in cooperative and competitive distributed decision making in complex dynamic systems , focusing on SoSE control and simulation methodologies to support decisions in different application fields, among others transport, energy, industrial and environmental risk management. Papers on theories, methodologies, and applications of System of Systems Engineering in science, technology, industry, and education are welcome.

  • 2011 6th International Conference on System of Systems Engineering (SoSE)

    the Sixth International Conference on System of Systems Engineering (SoSE) with its vast ramifications in numerous engineering fields such as control, computing, communication, information technology and in applications such manufacturing, defense, national security, aerospace, aeronautics, energy, environment, healthcare, and transportation. The conference theme is SoSE in Cloud Computing, Smart Grid, and Cyber Security, three areas of significant investment within the public and private sectors as well

  • 2010 5th International Conference on System of Systems Engineering (SoSE)

    The 5th International Conference on System of Systems Engineering (SoSE) covers engineering fields such as control, computing, communication, information technology and the applications to manufacturing, defense, national and homeland security, aerospace, aeronautics, energy, environment, transport.

  • 2009 IEEE International Conference on System of Systems Engineering (SoSE)

    SYSTEM OF SYSTEMS, ARCHITECHTURE, MODLEING, SIMULATION, EMERGENCE, ENGINEERING, CONTROL, APPLICATION IN DEFENSE, ENERGY, SECURITY, SPACE, AERONAUTICS, MANUFACTURING, EARTH OBSERVATION, WATER RESOURCES, ETC.

  • 2008 IEEE International Conference on System of Systems Engineering (SoSE)

    Various concepts and fundamental theories and applications of system of systems and SoS Engineering will be discussed in this meeting. This is the 3rd of its sereis.

  • 2007 IEEE International Conference on System of Systems Engineering (SoSE)

  • 2006 IEEE/SMC International Conference on System of Systems Engineering (SoSE)


2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops andinvitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields ofbiomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality paperswill be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and willbe indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE & IEEE Xplore


2019 44th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz)

Science, technology and applications spanning the millimeter-waves, terahertz and infrared spectral regions


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Periodicals related to Bioterrorism

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Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, IEEE

Both general and technical articles on current technologies and methods used in biomedical and clinical engineering; societal implications of medical technologies; current news items; book reviews; patent descriptions; and correspondence. Special interest departments, students, law, clinical engineering, ethics, new products, society news, historical features and government.


Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on

The development and application of electric systems, apparatus, devices, and controls to the processes and equipment of industry and commerce; the promotion of safe, reliable, and economic installations; the encouragement of energy conservation; the creation of voluntary engineering standards and recommended practices.


Information Forensics and Security, IEEE Transactions on

Research on the fundamental contributions and the mathematics behind information forensics, information seurity, surveillance, and systems applications that incorporate these features.


Information Technology in Biomedicine, IEEE Transactions on

Telemedicine, teleradiology, telepathology, telemonitoring, telediagnostics, 3D animations in health care, health information networks, clinical information systems, virtual reality applications in medicine, broadband technologies, and global information infrastructure design for health care.


Intelligent Systems, IEEE

IEEE Intelligent Systems, a bimonthly publication of the IEEE Computer Society, provides peer-reviewed, cutting-edge articles on the theory and applications of systems that perceive, reason, learn, and act intelligently. The editorial staff collaborates with authors to produce technically accurate, timely, useful, and readable articles as part of a consistent and consistently valuable editorial product. The magazine serves software engineers, systems ...


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Most published Xplore authors for Bioterrorism

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Xplore Articles related to Bioterrorism

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Integrated Disaster Response Information Surveillance (IDRIS) System

2006 ITI 4th International Conference on Information & Communications Technology, 2006

Summary form only given. In this paper we report the design and development of a scalable and flexible integrated disaster response information surveillance (IDRIS) system consisting of two complimentary models: the architectural model and the computational model. Using front end Tablet PCs equipped with wireless technology IDRIS is a real-time data recording, information display, storage, communication and tracking system to ...


Technological challenges in counter bioterrorism

Proceedings 5th International Workshop on Enterprise Networking and Computing in Healthcare Industry (HealthCom), 2003

In the current environment of potential threats of global bioterrorism, research and development efforts are being directed on several fronts for countering bioterrorism activities. These include both basic science initiatives and applied engineering innovations. In the context of science and technology challenges, some of the major issues to be addressed, include 1) understanding the 'make-up' of the biological agents used ...


Process oriented emergency capability assessment

2010 IEEE International Conference on Emergency Management and Management Sciences, 2010

Emergency capability assessment is of great significance for emergency management level improvement. The paper analyzes the problems of the existing emergency capability assessment mode which is based on the characteristic property scoring and thinks the mode ignores the interrelationship between the activities and does not fully reflect the organization's emergency management capability. Emergency process is a collection of emergency activities ...


Air and Water Sterilization using Non-Thermal Plasma

2007 IEEE 34th International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS), 2007

Summary form only given. Various investigations have proven the effectiveness of nonthermal plasma against microorganisms. This sterilization effect is of great importance in countering the threat of bioterrorism. So far, most of sterilization studies have been in the direction of surface sterilization. The sterilization effect of plasma on air and water were investigated in this study. For air sterilization, a ...


High Sensitivity Particle Detection by Biased AC Electroosmotic Trapping on Cantilever

19th IEEE International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems, 2006

Real-time detection of low-concentration pathogenic/toxic bioparticles is important for deterring infectious diseases and bioterrorism, which is difficult to achieve for lab-on-a-chip. Currently sensitivity is achieved through time-consuming culturing or sophisticated processing, often unfeasible under field conditions. By microfluidic convection of particles from solution bulk onto sensing electrodes, local cell count can be greatly enriched and sensitivity can be increased significantly. ...


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Educational Resources on Bioterrorism

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IEEE.tv Videos

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Integrated Disaster Response Information Surveillance (IDRIS) System

    Summary form only given. In this paper we report the design and development of a scalable and flexible integrated disaster response information surveillance (IDRIS) system consisting of two complimentary models: the architectural model and the computational model. Using front end Tablet PCs equipped with wireless technology IDRIS is a real-time data recording, information display, storage, communication and tracking system to be used by the EMS department personnel at disaster sites. With its built-in two complementary models coupled with features to adapt to user behavior under different circumstances, we believe that the IDRIS system has the potential to be a key component for syndromic surveillance and disaster management strategies.

  • Technological challenges in counter bioterrorism

    In the current environment of potential threats of global bioterrorism, research and development efforts are being directed on several fronts for countering bioterrorism activities. These include both basic science initiatives and applied engineering innovations. In the context of science and technology challenges, some of the major issues to be addressed, include 1) understanding the 'make-up' of the biological agents used in a terrorist attack, 2) surveillance and diagnosis of patients infected with potential biological agents, 3) detection of the environmental presence of bioagents, 4) development of antivirals and other drugs and vaccines, 5) biosensing detection tools for alerts and assessments of human health risks, and 6) the protection of the national critical information infrastructure. We present a broad overview of the R&D efforts currently under way for the identification of the potential threats as well as developing effective countermeasures to bioterrorism.

  • Process oriented emergency capability assessment

    Emergency capability assessment is of great significance for emergency management level improvement. The paper analyzes the problems of the existing emergency capability assessment mode which is based on the characteristic property scoring and thinks the mode ignores the interrelationship between the activities and does not fully reflect the organization's emergency management capability. Emergency process is a collection of emergency activities and their relations. The assessment mode which takes emergency process as evaluation object can make up for the deficiencies of existing assessment mode. Process-oriented model of emergency capacity assessment is proposed and the index system is described. Finally the article points out our future research.

  • Air and Water Sterilization using Non-Thermal Plasma

    Summary form only given. Various investigations have proven the effectiveness of nonthermal plasma against microorganisms. This sterilization effect is of great importance in countering the threat of bioterrorism. So far, most of sterilization studies have been in the direction of surface sterilization. The sterilization effect of plasma on air and water were investigated in this study. For air sterilization, a small scale model of HVAC was designed and dielectric barrier discharge plasma source was used for treatment of air. This PDRF (Pathogen Detection and Remediation Facility) consisted of a circulatory airflow system, a plasma chamber and a sampling system. The airflow was set to mimic actual air flow in an HVAC system (25 L/sec). The bacterium E coli have been used as a prototype bacterium in these experiments. It is a gram negative non-spore forming bacteria. E coli bacteria were cultured in liquid broth media and grown overnight. The bacterial containing aerosol was introduced into the system using a collision nebulizer. Air sampling system consisted of AGI Air Samplers. The plasma discharge was then ignited. This created a "screen" of plasma across the chamber and the entire contaminated air stream was treated. Air samples taken from the system were analyzed using the plate count method and flow cytometry. The first pass through this screen of plasma produced greater than 1 log reduction and by the time of the second treatment with plasma, the 5 log reduction had been achieved. The present study provides data on the effectiveness of the sterilization action of pulsed spark discharge in water containing Escherichia coli (E. coli). Potable water containing E.coli was treated with a pulsed spark discharge system. The other discharge systems used for water sterilization: pulsed corona, gliding arc and DC discharge over the water were also investigated for comparison. The present study demonstrated that a rather low energy input of 400-600 J/ml of water was required to obtain a one-log reduction in E. coli concentration. The energy consumption for other plasma sources used for water sterilization (corona, gliding arc and DC discharge) to obtain the same sterilization effect was much higher.

  • High Sensitivity Particle Detection by Biased AC Electroosmotic Trapping on Cantilever

    Real-time detection of low-concentration pathogenic/toxic bioparticles is important for deterring infectious diseases and bioterrorism, which is difficult to achieve for lab-on-a-chip. Currently sensitivity is achieved through time-consuming culturing or sophisticated processing, often unfeasible under field conditions. By microfluidic convection of particles from solution bulk onto sensing electrodes, local cell count can be greatly enriched and sensitivity can be increased significantly. This paper discusses how AC electro-osmosis (ACEO) is applied to trap particles in labs-on-a-chip. A new technique – biased ACEO is developed for effective particle trapping, and its integration with cantilevers is prototyped to reach ultra high detection sensitivity.

  • An integrated approach to mapping worldwide bioterrorism research capabilities

    Biomedical research used for defense purposes may also be applied to biological weapons development. To mitigate risk, the U.S. government has attempted to monitor and regulate biomedical research labs, especially those that study bioterrorism agents/diseases. However, monitoring worldwide biomedical researchers and their work is still an issue. In this study, we developed an integrated approach to mapping worldwide bioterrorism research literature. By utilizing knowledge mapping techniques, we analyzed the productivity status, collaboration status, and emerging topics in bioterrorism domain. The analysis results provide insights into the research status of bioterrorism agents/diseases and thus allow a more comprehensive view of bioterrorism researchers and ongoing work.

  • Update on City Emergency Response System with Environmental Risk Management

    Environmental risk management (ERM) is updated on the city emergency response system (CERC) in Nanning City, China. The technical routine developed better support effective urban ERM in the Nanning CERC. Started from identification of risk sources, programs of sources monitoring, risk prediction and early warning, treatment and disposal, and management with update were discussed. This work highlights major steps in the procedure for update on the CERC with ERM, which provides a demonstration case for integrating urban emergency response and environmental management with functional enhancement.

  • Technological challenges in counter bioterrorism

    This article focuses on bioterrorism, which plays a major role in the CBRNE arsenal because of their relative ease of delivery brought about by low visibility, high potency, and substantial accessibility.

  • Encapsulation of immunoreactive protective antigen within a nanofibrous membrane for use as a transdermal anthrax vaccine

    Bacillus anthracis, the bacterium which causes anthrax, has been a source of major concern since the deadly series of contaminated postal letters back in 2001. The three main proteins secreted by the bacterium are protective antigen (PA), lethal factor (LF), and edema factor (EF), and are the cause of its virulent effect. With the impeding threat of bioterrorist attacks, studies have been undertaken to develop an effective anthrax vaccine. The currently proposed technologies suffer from immunity conferred only in a small percentage of subjects, but most importantly the unrealistic method of delivery during a pandemic situation. Our group has proposed to construct a transdermal patch composed of a nonwoven nanofibrous membrane of PA as a self administrable anthrax vaccine prepared by the cost efficient technique of electrospinning. The fabricated water-soluble membrane with a high surface area-to-volume and mass ratios is expected to allow antigen penetration into the human skin layers, where antigen presenting cells will enable cutaneous immunity. This study utilized a novel immunoblotting assay to investigate the effect of electrospinning process on the protein's immunoreactivity. The developed method allowed for accurate quantification of the immobilized PA deposited on 4 mm times 4 mm silicon wafers proposed as delivery vehicles.

  • Confirmation of protective antigen functionality in an electrospun, nanofibrous membrane

    The use of Bacillus anthracis as a bioterrorist agent, in 2001, resulted in the death of 5 individuals. The pathogenicity of anthrax is due to the proteolytic effects of one of its components: the enzyme lethal factor (LF). LF's substrate is located within the cytosol of cells and its cleavage results in a silencing of the interleukin-6 (IL-6) cytokine signaling pathway. The entry of LF into the cytosol is facilitated by a binding protein: protective antigen (PA). Proposed here is a nanofibrous membrane, containing encapsulated PA, that can function as a transdermal anthrax vaccine. This membrane is produced using the voltage-intensive process of electrospinning. To confirm retention of protein biological activity throughout the process, Mono Mac 6 cells, a human monocytic cell line, were treated with electrospun PA after being activated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and dosed with LF. A down regulation of IL-6 production, determined through an ELISA, was used as an indicator for PA function. Functionality of electrospun PA was confirmed and the amount of functioning PA deposited on a 4 mm times 4 mm silicon wafer substrate was quantified using the dose-dependent response between PA present and IL-6 down regulated.



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