155 resources related to Brain cells
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IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS) is an annual conference coordinated by the Plasma Science and Application Committee (PSAC) of the IEEE Nuclear & Plasma Sciences Society.
The scope of the 2020 IEEE/ASME AIM includes the following topics: Actuators, Automotive Systems, Bioengineering, Data Storage Systems, Electronic Packaging, Fault Diagnosis, Human-Machine Interfaces, Industry Applications, Information Technology, Intelligent Systems, Machine Vision, Manufacturing, Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems, Micro/Nano Technology, Modeling and Design, System Identification and Adaptive Control, Motion Control, Vibration and Noise Control, Neural and Fuzzy Control, Opto-Electronic Systems, Optomechatronics, Prototyping, Real-Time and Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulation, Robotics, Sensors, System Integration, Transportation Systems, Smart Materials and Structures, Energy Harvesting and other frontier fields.
The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops andinvitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields ofbiomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality paperswill be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and willbe indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE & IEEE Xplore
The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging.ISBI 2019 will be the 16th meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2019 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering cross fertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.
Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters (AWP Letters) will be devoted to the rapid electronic publication of short manuscripts in the technical areas of Antennas and Wireless Propagation.
The Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems addresses areas at the crossroads of Circuits and Systems and Life Sciences. The main emphasis is on microelectronic issues in a wide range of applications found in life sciences, physical sciences and engineering. The primary goal of the journal is to bridge the unique scientific and technical activities of the Circuits and Systems ...
The IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering will review the state-of-the-art and trends in the emerging field of biomedical engineering. This includes scholarly works, ranging from historic and modern development in biomedical engineering to the life sciences and medicine enabled by technologies covered by the various IEEE societies.
Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.
2007 1st International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, 2007
To study genotoxicity and oxidative damage induced by di-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) in mice, different doses of DEHP were injected in the abdomen of the mice for 2 weeks. The effect of DEHP on DNA damage in nerve system of mice by celiac injection was examined by using single cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) and the changes of the activity of superoxide ...
IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, 2002
2005 IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology 27th Annual Conference, 2006
Tremor is one of the most disabling symptoms in patients with many movement disorders including Parkinson's disease (PD) and essential tremor (ET). Neural tremor, which is measured by microelectrodes placed near nerve cells or obtained from brain cells during stereotactic neurosurgery, is due to the fluctuation of the firing rate of neurons. The frequency of this neural tremor varies over ...
Proceedings. 15th IEEE International Conference on Tools with Artificial Intelligence, 2003
This paper presents a brain based biometrics methodology using local global (L-G) and stochastic Petri net (SPN) graphs. In particular, today's most used lying detection systems (polygraph) are based on blood pressure under certain psychological conditions and have been proven inadequate and inaccurate for determining if a person is saying the truth or not. The main reason behind this inaccuracy ...
IEEE Spectrum, 1992
Advances of note during 1991 are reviewed. A microprocessor-based fiber-optic sensing system that monitors blood gas in real time was introduced. Also introduced was a tympanic or ear thermometer that measures infrared heat generated by the eardrum and surrounding tissue and displays the temperature in about 2 s. Interest in artificial heart research was reviewed. Images of the human brain ...
Flying a Helicopter with Brain Waves - CES 2013
IMS 2014: Super High Bit Rate Radio Access Technologies for Small Cells Using Higher Frequency Bands
Reconstructed Brain Models for Virtual Bodies and Robots
Brain Inspired Computing Systems - Luping Shi: 2016 International Conference on Rebooting Computing
Computational Intelligence for Brain Computer Interface
Q&A with Chris Berka: IEEE Brain Podcast, Episode 9
Signal Processing and Machine Learning
Q&A with Dr. Jacob Robinson: IEEE Brain Podcast, Episode 5
EMBC '09 - Technology's Role in Understanding and Treating Conditions of the Brain.
The EU Human Brain Project - A Systematic Path from Data to Synthesis
A Manhattan Project for the Prosthetic Arms Race
EMBC 2011-Panel Discussion-Frontiers and Future Trends in Brain-Machine Interface
Q&A with Dr. Al Emondi: IEEE Brain Podcast, Episode 13
Technologies for 5G course, Part 2 - IEEE Smart Tech Workshop
Geothermal Energy in the Military
Scientific Discovery & Deep Brain Stimulation: Jerrold Vitek, MD, PhD
EMBC 2011-Keynote-Kamil Ugurbil-Frontiers in Neuroimaging: from Cortical Columns to Whole Brain Function, Connectivity and Morphology
Robot Stingrays Powered by Rat Muscle Cells - IEEE Spectrum Report
Q&A with Dr. Maryam Shanechi: IEEE Brain Podcast, Episode 6 Part 1
To study genotoxicity and oxidative damage induced by di-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) in mice, different doses of DEHP were injected in the abdomen of the mice for 2 weeks. The effect of DEHP on DNA damage in nerve system of mice by celiac injection was examined by using single cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) and the changes of the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) in liver, testicle and brain were also measured. Results showed that DEHP can induce DNA damage of nervy system of mice and DNA damage arouse along with the elevation of concentrations of DEHP (125, 375, 500 mg/kg.d). When the concentrations were 125 mg/kg.d and 375 mg/kg.d, DEHP can induce DNA strand breaks (p < 0.01, compared with control group) . The activity of SOD in liver, testicle and brain first arouse and then decreased alone with the rising of the doses. There were significant different in SOD activity in 375 mg/kg.d DEHP exposure group compared with that of the control. In conclusion, DEHP can induce DNA damage in nerve system of mice and oxidative damage in internal organs of mice with apparent dose-dependent manner.
Tremor is one of the most disabling symptoms in patients with many movement disorders including Parkinson's disease (PD) and essential tremor (ET). Neural tremor, which is measured by microelectrodes placed near nerve cells or obtained from brain cells during stereotactic neurosurgery, is due to the fluctuation of the firing rate of neurons. The frequency of this neural tremor varies over time and is nonstationary. We describe a frequency tracking method using the extended Kalman filter (EKF) to estimate the instantaneous tremor frequency (ITF) of binary spike trains detected from microelectrode recordings (MER). The results demonstrate that the EKF can accurately track fluctuations in tremor frequency even though the noise in binary spike trains is not Gaussian
This paper presents a brain based biometrics methodology using local global (L-G) and stochastic Petri net (SPN) graphs. In particular, today's most used lying detection systems (polygraph) are based on blood pressure under certain psychological conditions and have been proven inadequate and inaccurate for determining if a person is saying the truth or not. The main reason behind this inaccuracy is the psychological conditions under the test is contacting. Innocent persons with psychological fear to police or FBI agents may inappropriately react during the test producing false alarms, while at the same time guilty persons with acting capabilities may be lying and pass the test. Here in this paper we present a methodology based on fMRI and the way that the brain cells or brain regions interact regarding thinking and/or executing certain tasks. More specifically, fMRI provides color images for the active regions of the brain during thinking and/or performing certain tasks. These region-images are extracted and geometrically (topologically) are associated with the L-G graphs. Then using SPN graphs we represent their functionality. Thus, comparing the L-G and SPN graphs extracted from the candidate fMRI images to a set of "correct" generic L-G and SPN graph models available in an L-G/SPN graph database offers a more accurate measurement of the truth of false answers during the test. The main reason about the accuracy is that a liar will be detected because he/she will try to "think" how to avoid the truth.
Advances of note during 1991 are reviewed. A microprocessor-based fiber-optic sensing system that monitors blood gas in real time was introduced. Also introduced was a tympanic or ear thermometer that measures infrared heat generated by the eardrum and surrounding tissue and displays the temperature in about 2 s. Interest in artificial heart research was reviewed. Images of the human brain as it performed the simple task of recalling a word showed that the recall process was going on in unexpected parts of the brain, not just in the hippocampus.<<ETX>>
What is death? Over the centuries, the line dividing life and death has moved from the cessation first of breathing, then of the heartbeat, and finally of brain activity. But cryogenic methods first contemplated in science fiction may push the line even further. The idea is to freeze legally dead people in liquid nitrogen in the hope of regenerating them at some future date.
Summary form only given. This project proposes the use of Digital Signal Processing (DSP) for real-time capture and analysis of pathological slide images to improve accuracy and efficiency. Analyzing cell density statistics and average cell nuclei diameters of a slide image is useful to determine the abnormality of slide sample. Being tedious as it is in counting/measuring hundreds to thousands of cells in one sample slide under a microscope, the manual result, typically can be achieved by a pathologist, is often limited by human eye precision/efficiency. Millions of biopsy samples obtained daily around the world, from minor skin lesions to major tumors, are anxiously waiting to be screened/examined. As a high-level, interactive environment for data visualization/analysis/computation, MATLAB/spl reg/ is utilized currently to perform automatic image analysis and segmentation of brain cells on a computer. By comparing cell concentration and cell nuclei sizes between cancerous and normal image groups, MATLAB/spl reg/ can be programmed to distinguish normal brain cells from questionable ones. In general, pathological image analysis using a computer-based application could demonstrate great precision and efficiency for screening large quantities of cells on one or numerous sample slides. Currently, MATLAB/spl reg/ image analysis works on captured/digitized slide images and takes a minute per image to automatically pre-screen abnormalities that require further human expert analysis. With future real-time/parallel/machine-intelligent improvements, we hope that DSP can help physicians/pathologists/patients everywhere to get immediate diagnosis for effective/timely treatment, and can show accuracy within acceptable levels that are comparable to human pathologists in dealing with cell-overlapping and non-cell objects existing in slide images.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is responsible for approximately 80,000 permanently disabled persons per year, however, there is currently no pharmacological treatment for the head injured patient. The primary mechanical stimulus responsible for TBI occurs in less than a second, but is capable of initiating an extended cellular and molecular sequelae requiring hours or days or years to develop which results in the death of brain cells. A more thorough understanding of these molecular changes, including alterations in gene expression, could suggest new therapies for the TBI patient to either ameliorate detrimental or augment beneficial aspects of the post-traumatic sequelae. A novel in vitro model of TBI was developed to produce a precise and reproducible mechanical injury of long term organotypic brain slice cultures (OBSC) at strains and strain rates thought to be responsible for in vivo TBI. At 24 h after in vitro stretch injury, the expression of BDNF, NGF, and TrkA was increased whereas that of bcl-2, CREB, and GAD/sub 65/ was decreased. These results imply that apoptosis may play a role in cell death after TBI and suggest new therapies for the patient including infusion of growth factors such as BDNF or NGF.
The author discusses advanced techniques for unleashing the creative self through subconscious and superconscious awarenesses. He discusses brain waves, the hypnogogic state, and two powerful creativity tools known as lucid dreaming and image streaming.
This paper reports our 3D reconstruction work of mouse brain cells from a confocal image stack. Gradients at volumetric points are used for boundary surface extraction and structure visualization from 3D volumetric confocal microscopic images. We present a method to automatically evaluate the suitability of gradients for 3D boundary identification. The approach developed is applied for 3D reconstruction of mouse brain cells from confocal image stack
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