Biomechanics

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Biomechanics is the application of mechanical principles to biological systems, such as humans, animals, plants, organs, and cells. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Biomechanics

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2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops andinvitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields ofbiomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality paperswill be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and willbe indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE & IEEE Xplore


2019 IEEE 16th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI)

The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging.ISBI 2019 will be the 16th meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2019 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering cross fertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.


2019 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS)

The conference covers all aspects of the technology associated with ultrasound generation and detection and their applications.


2019 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS)

robotics, intelligent systems, automation, mechatronics, micro/nano technologies, AI,


2019 International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA)

Flagship conference of the robotics and automation society, a premiere international venue for international robotics researchers


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Periodicals related to Biomechanics

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Biomedical Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on

The Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems addresses areas at the crossroads of Circuits and Systems and Life Sciences. The main emphasis is on microelectronic issues in a wide range of applications found in life sciences, physical sciences and engineering. The primary goal of the journal is to bridge the unique scientific and technical activities of the Circuits and Systems ...


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Computing in Science & Engineering

Physics, medicine, astronomy—these and other hard sciences share a common need for efficient algorithms, system software, and computer architecture to address large computational problems. And yet, useful advances in computational techniques that could benefit many researchers are rarely shared. To meet that need, Computing in Science & Engineering (CiSE) presents scientific and computational contributions in a clear and accessible format. ...


Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, IEEE

Both general and technical articles on current technologies and methods used in biomedical and clinical engineering; societal implications of medical technologies; current news items; book reviews; patent descriptions; and correspondence. Special interest departments, students, law, clinical engineering, ethics, new products, society news, historical features and government.


Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on

Theory and applications of industrial electronics and control instrumentation science and engineering, including microprocessor control systems, high-power controls, process control, programmable controllers, numerical and program control systems, flow meters, and identification systems.


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Most published Xplore authors for Biomechanics

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Xplore Articles related to Biomechanics

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Biomechanics of biomimetic and bioinspired systems: Innovation inspired by nature

2017 Fourth International Conference on Advances in Biomedical Engineering (ICABME), 2017

Mimicking Nature becomes very popular in technology, however the approaches used for bio-imitation are not clearly defined especially in bioengineering and biomedical sciences. Most of the time, these scientific fields apply imitation principles but the interest of biomechanical assessment is underestimated. There are three main ways to mimic biological systems : biomimicry, biomimetics and bioinspiration. But most importantly, the biological ...


Biomechanics analysis of human proximal femur under four different standing postures based on finite element method

2012 IEEE Symposium on Robotics and Applications (ISRA), 2012

This paper proposed an effective finite element modeling method for human bone, which was suitable for orthopedic biomechanics research. Proximal femur models under four different standing postures were established and the stress distribution as well as the relationship between von Mises stress and adduction angle were analyzed. It was found that tensile stress would appear around the lateral femoral neck ...


Effects of Posterior Cruciate Ligament Deficient on Biomechanics of Knee's Principal Ligaments at Different Flexion Angles

2012 Third International Conference on Digital Manufacturing & Automation, 2012

To investigate the response of posterior cruciate ligament rupture on the biomechanics of other principal ligaments, the MRI images of normal human knee at various flexion angles(0°,25°,60° and 80°)were developed through SONATAMESTRO 1.5T and the intact and posterior cruciate ligament deficient knee models were built based on these images. Then three different loads were applied to these models for the ...


Human body biomechanics under incidence of induced positive/negative emotions

2015 E-Health and Bioengineering Conference (EHB), 2015

In this paper presents an exploratory analysis of the effects of the same type of positive / negative emotion induced on the human body biomechanics. In the first part they are analyzed static and dynamic characteristics of the human body (stability, posture) to establish normal bio-behavior. In the second part of the paper, the experimental work is developed and presented. ...


Biomechanics of femoral deformity in osteogenesis imperfecta (OI): a quantitative approach to rehabilitation

The 26th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2004

Skeletal deformity is an important characteristic of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). To study the influence of deformity in stress/strain distribution, a finite element analysis (TEA) of the femur during physiological loading was developed. The diaphysis was altered mathematically to reflect different clinical deformities of OI. Joint reaction and muscle forces were adapted from the literature to reproduce the loading environment at ...


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Educational Resources on Biomechanics

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IEEE.tv Videos

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Biomechanics of biomimetic and bioinspired systems: Innovation inspired by nature

    Mimicking Nature becomes very popular in technology, however the approaches used for bio-imitation are not clearly defined especially in bioengineering and biomedical sciences. Most of the time, these scientific fields apply imitation principles but the interest of biomechanical assessment is underestimated. There are three main ways to mimic biological systems : biomimicry, biomimetics and bioinspiration. But most importantly, the biological system must be understood, especially regarding the pivotal question of the structure-function-property relationships. In this task, the complexity of biological entities often requires a simplification that can be achieved with the bio-mimetic approach. Once the fundamental biological principles are understood, they can be mimicked through the bioinspiration approach to conceive cutting-edge technologies. At term, these innovative approaches will provide a new frame for the biome-chanically rational design of biomedical devices.

  • Biomechanics analysis of human proximal femur under four different standing postures based on finite element method

    This paper proposed an effective finite element modeling method for human bone, which was suitable for orthopedic biomechanics research. Proximal femur models under four different standing postures were established and the stress distribution as well as the relationship between von Mises stress and adduction angle were analyzed. It was found that tensile stress would appear around the lateral femoral neck and the von Mises stress was the minimum when the adduction angle was around 11°. This paper was expected to provide some directions for clinical treatment of femoral fracture.

  • Effects of Posterior Cruciate Ligament Deficient on Biomechanics of Knee's Principal Ligaments at Different Flexion Angles

    To investigate the response of posterior cruciate ligament rupture on the biomechanics of other principal ligaments, the MRI images of normal human knee at various flexion angles(0°,25°,60° and 80°)were developed through SONATAMESTRO 1.5T and the intact and posterior cruciate ligament deficient knee models were built based on these images. Then three different loads were applied to these models for the finite element simulation to obtain the reaction force and stress state of the other three principal ligaments. The results show that:(1) ligaments' tensions significantly changed at 0° and 60° flexion angles, and were more sensitive to flexion angles than load conditions; (2) a larger maximum von-Mises equivalent stress can be found at four flexion angles especially at 60°.

  • Human body biomechanics under incidence of induced positive/negative emotions

    In this paper presents an exploratory analysis of the effects of the same type of positive / negative emotion induced on the human body biomechanics. In the first part they are analyzed static and dynamic characteristics of the human body (stability, posture) to establish normal bio-behavior. In the second part of the paper, the experimental work is developed and presented. Experimental tests conducted on a sample of 16 human subjects, according to the procedure and methodology developed is presented in the third part of the work. At the end of the work are reviewed and analyzed primary results shown, during recordings as the basis for future research.

  • Biomechanics of femoral deformity in osteogenesis imperfecta (OI): a quantitative approach to rehabilitation

    Skeletal deformity is an important characteristic of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). To study the influence of deformity in stress/strain distribution, a finite element analysis (TEA) of the femur during physiological loading was developed. The diaphysis was altered mathematically to reflect different clinical deformities of OI. Joint reaction and muscle forces were adapted from the literature to reproduce the loading environment at 10% gait cycle (loading response, LR). The goal of the study was to quantitatively describe the stress/strain distribution while comparing the extent of deformity. The results showed that deformity could deteriorate the stress/strain distribution. The study offers a quantitative means for rehabilitative intervention.

  • Biomechanics of cranial dynamics during daily living activities

    Motion tracking capabilities of a head-mounted accelerometer apparatus were investigated in conjunction with three-dimensional motion analysis techniques during activities of daily living. In this report, measures between systems are compared for jogging, toe-touching, and start-from-rest tasks. Good fidelity was found for most measures between systems; some phase shifts and amplitude discrepancies were observed, and attributed to transducer orientation and system asynchrony. This preliminary work demonstrates the potential benefits of hybrid motion analysis systems.

  • Biomechanics of the Intrinsically Optimal Design of the Intervertebral Disc

    The spinal shock-absorbing disc needs to have the flexibility to enable the spine to bend and twist. At the same time under loading, its lateral and axial deformations have to be contained, so that it does not herniate and impinge on the spinal-chord. The disc is composed of a fluid-like nucleus pulposus (NP) contained within an annulus. Hence when the disc is loaded, the NP gets pressurized and stresses the surrounding annulus. Now, because its elastic modulus is stress-dependent (i.e. E-E <sub>0</sub> = ksigma, where k is a constitutive parameter ), the annulus stiffens under loading. In this way, the flexible disc is able to sustain its loading with minimal deformation and thereby contain its deformation. In this paper, we have carried out a stress and deformation analysis of the spinal disc, and demonstrated that its deformations are invariant with the load intensity and only dependent on its dimensions and its constitutive property parameter k. Thus, we demonstrate that the intrinsic design of the spinal disc makes it an optimal structure

  • Biomechanics of Lumbar Vertebrae as a Functionally Optimal Structure

    In this paper, we demonstrate that the spinal vertebral body (VB) remodels (as per Wolf's law) such that its shape and dimensions enable it to be a light- weight high-strength structure. The VB is modeled as a hyperboloid shell, whose generators are shown to sustain (and transmit) all the loadings on the VB as axial forces. Upon minimizing the sum of the forces in the hyperboloid VB generators with respect to its shape parameters thetas (the angle between pairs of generators), we obtain the optimal shape-dimensions of the VB which corresponds to its measured shape-dimensions. This parameter thetas is deemed to be the prime shape parameter of the hyperboloid VB

  • Development on rehabilitation instrument of genu varum and genu valgum based on biomechanics

    Aiming at flaws of patient's pain and high expense caused by surgical treatment of genu varum and genu valgum, this paper puts forward a new method based on biomechamics and cartilage-derived growth theory to cure genu varum and genu valgum, in which different kinds of the external force are imposed on knee to stimulate the histiocytic growth of different parts of patient's knee, and develops a prototype and does experiments. The results show that patients have little anguish, low expense, without operation and make obvious effect after they has been cured from three to six months.

  • Tibio-tarsal joint biomechanics analisys through Finite Element Modeling: A static loading model of the human tibio-tarsal joint

    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the behavior of the human tibio-tarsal joint during static loading. The tibio-tarsal joint represents the transition area between the verticality of the calf and the foot. Along with the subtalar and transverse tarsal joints, it represents a crucial component of the ankle. A Finite Element Model (FEM) of the human tibia, fibula and talus was created, taking into consideration the anatomical characteristics of an average weight male adult. In order to analyze the behavior of the tibio-tarsal joint during static loading, the fore mentioned components were rendered in vertical position, and the relations between components were defined. The biomechanical properties (Young's Modulus, Density and Poisson's Ratio) of the human cortical bone were applied with regard to current literature and research. The resulting assembly was subjected to a uniformly distributed pressure of 0,625 kg/cm2. Displacement, vonMisses Stress and Strain were the selected output parameters. The software used to obtain the respective results was SolidWorks®2014. Understanding the biomechanical behavior of the tibio-tarsal joint during static as well as dynamic loading is essential in order to formulate objective treatment solutions in case of ankle trauma and fracture.



Standards related to Biomechanics

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