Conferences related to Flame Testing

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2020 59th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC)

The CDC is the premier conference dedicated to the advancement of the theory and practice of systems and control. The CDC annually brings together an international community of researchers and practitioners in the field of automatic control to discuss new research results, perspectives on future developments, and innovative applications relevant to decision making, automatic control, and related areas.


2020 IEEE 70th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC)

ECTC is the premier international conference sponsored by the IEEE Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Society. ECTC paper comprise a wide spectrum of topics, including 3D packaging, electronic components, materials, assembly, interconnections, device and system packaging, optoelectronics, reliability, and simulation.


2020 IEEE IAS Electrical Safety Workshop (ESW)

Accelerate application of breakthrough improvements in human factors, technology, and managing systems that reduce risk of electrical injuries. Stimulate innovation in overcoming barriers. Change and advance the electrical safety culture to enable sustainable improvements in prevention of electrical accidents and injuries


2020 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS)

IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS) is an annual conference coordinated by the Plasma Science and Application Committee (PSAC) of the IEEE Nuclear & Plasma Sciences Society.


2020 IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (I2MTC)

The Conference focuses on all aspects of instrumentation and measurement science andtechnology research development and applications. The list of program topics includes but isnot limited to: Measurement Science & Education, Measurement Systems, Measurement DataAcquisition, Measurements of Physical Quantities, and Measurement Applications.


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Periodicals related to Flame Testing

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Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, IEEE

The IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine publishes articles concerned with the various aspects of systems for space, air, ocean, or ground environments.


Components and Packaging Technologies, IEEE Transactions on

Component parts, hybrid microelectronics, materials, packaging techniques, and manufacturing technology.


Computing in Science & Engineering

Physics, medicine, astronomy—these and other hard sciences share a common need for efficient algorithms, system software, and computer architecture to address large computational problems. And yet, useful advances in computational techniques that could benefit many researchers are rarely shared. To meet that need, Computing in Science & Engineering (CiSE) presents scientific and computational contributions in a clear and accessible format. ...


Control Systems Magazine, IEEE

The magazine covers theory, analysis, design (computer-aided design), and practical implementation of circuits, and the application of circuit theoretic techniques to systems and to signal processing. Content is written for the spectrum of activities from basic scientific theory to industrial applications.


Control Systems Technology, IEEE Transactions on

Serves as a compendium for papers on the technological advances in control engineering and as an archival publication which will bridge the gap between theory and practice. Papers will highlight the latest knowledge, exploratory developments, and practical applications in all aspects of the technology needed to implement control systems from analysis and design through simulation and hardware.


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Most published Xplore authors for Flame Testing

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Xplore Articles related to Flame Testing

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IEEE Standard for Flame Testing of Cables for Use in Cable Tray in Industrial and Commercial Occupancies

IEEE Std 1202-1991, 1991

Revised by IEEE Std 1202-2006 A test protocol and the performance criteria to determine the flame propagation tendency of cables in a vertical cable tray are established. It applies to single insulated and multiconductor cables. The test consists of exposing cable samples to a theoretical 20 kW (70 000 Btu/hr) flaming ignition source for a 20 min duration. The test ...


Spread of flame testing of glass - backsheet c-Si solar modules: Degradation progression and effect of module laminate materials

2015 IEEE 42nd Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC), 2015

Recent changes to the flammability test set in UL 1703 have raised the opportunity for using glass - backsheet c-Si modules on rooftop installations. For this module type, passing the Spread of Flame test can be problematic. This paper describes work undertaken to identify the progression of degradation in the module during the course of the test, and to understand ...


IEEE 1202 flame testing of cables for use in cable tray

Conference Record of 1991 Annual Pulp and Paper Industry Technical Conference, 1991

The new IEEE 1202, IEEE Standard for Flame Testing of Cables for Use in Cable Tray in Industrial and Commercial Occupancies, is described. This flame test standard will: (1) contribute to harmonization of Canadian and US standards, most likely becoming a North American standard and eventually replacing the current UL and CSA tray cable flame tests; (2) provide more flame ...


Development and characterization of ablative materials used for rocket motors

2017 Third Asian Conference on Defence Technology (ACDT), 2017

The major purpose of this research work was to acquire two formulations of ablative materials used for solid rocket nozzles. These advanced materials are fiber-reinforced polymer matrix composites capable of protecting the structures from the exceedingly severe performing conditions. These materials should withstand very high temperatures in the order of thousands of degrees Celsius, high thrust, high friction, and impact. ...


IEEE Standard for Flame-Propagation Testing of Wire & Cable

IEEE Std 1202-2006 (Revision of IEEE Std 1202-1991), 2006

Standardization of cable flame propagation testing is beneficial to cable manufacturers,distributors, and users. Uniform procedures; consistent, repeatable results; and measurable testacceptance criteria are required to allow comparisons among competing products and to allowselection of the correct product for the application.


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Educational Resources on Flame Testing

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • IEEE Standard for Flame Testing of Cables for Use in Cable Tray in Industrial and Commercial Occupancies

    Revised by IEEE Std 1202-2006 A test protocol and the performance criteria to determine the flame propagation tendency of cables in a vertical cable tray are established. It applies to single insulated and multiconductor cables. The test consists of exposing cable samples to a theoretical 20 kW (70 000 Btu/hr) flaming ignition source for a 20 min duration. The test facility, test sample requirements, test procedure, and evaluation of results are covered. A test protocol and the performance criteria to determine the flame propagation tendency of cables in a vertical cable tray are established. It applies to single insulated and multiconductor cables. The test consists of exposing cable samples to a theoretical 20 kW (70 000 Btu/hr) flaming ignition source for a 20 min duration. The test facility, test sample requirements, test procedure, and evaluation of results are covered.

  • Spread of flame testing of glass - backsheet c-Si solar modules: Degradation progression and effect of module laminate materials

    Recent changes to the flammability test set in UL 1703 have raised the opportunity for using glass - backsheet c-Si modules on rooftop installations. For this module type, passing the Spread of Flame test can be problematic. This paper describes work undertaken to identify the progression of degradation in the module during the course of the test, and to understand which variables in module design can affect the process. Small and full size modules were prepared with different laminate material combinations, and these were flame tested while recording video, thermocouple and thermal imaging data. From these data sets, we have developed a physical model of events leading to failure, with critical steps consisting of A) stress generation in the glass due to thermal expansion B) glass cracking, and C) escape of volatiles through glass cracks followed by ignition above the glass and into the laminate. Glass cracking has been found to be the single most important factor in spread of flame testing. Encapsulant degree of cure is also important in determining flame performance.

  • IEEE 1202 flame testing of cables for use in cable tray

    The new IEEE 1202, IEEE Standard for Flame Testing of Cables for Use in Cable Tray in Industrial and Commercial Occupancies, is described. This flame test standard will: (1) contribute to harmonization of Canadian and US standards, most likely becoming a North American standard and eventually replacing the current UL and CSA tray cable flame tests; (2) provide more flame retardant cables for use in cable trays; and (3) address the valid criticism that not all constructions in a product line will pass the existing flame tests since only a 7/C or a 9/C 12 AWG (3.31-mm/sup 2/) construction is tested (under this new standard, there is a very high probability that all constructions will pass the flame test). Adoption of this standard may eliminate some present cable constructions from use in cable trays or at least require some redesign to comply with the flame test.<<ETX>>

  • Development and characterization of ablative materials used for rocket motors

    The major purpose of this research work was to acquire two formulations of ablative materials used for solid rocket nozzles. These advanced materials are fiber-reinforced polymer matrix composites capable of protecting the structures from the exceedingly severe performing conditions. These materials should withstand very high temperatures in the order of thousands of degrees Celsius, high thrust, high friction, and impact. In this study, the composites fiber glass were obtained with a phenolic resin (PR) and modified PR by the addition of epoxy resins and phenyltrimethoxysilane for improving the ablation resistance using the hot compression molding technique. Moreover, the physical as well as chemical properties of the matrix and the composites were determined by using standard experimental methods. The comparison between modified PR and traditional PR were analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and the ablative measurement on laminate specimens were tested by using oxyacetylene flame testing. The results showed that the modified PR composites significantly enhanced ablation resistance.

  • IEEE Standard for Flame-Propagation Testing of Wire &amp;amp; Cable

    Standardization of cable flame propagation testing is beneficial to cable manufacturers,distributors, and users. Uniform procedures; consistent, repeatable results; and measurable testacceptance criteria are required to allow comparisons among competing products and to allowselection of the correct product for the application.

  • Solid cast transformers

    The author provides an overview of the available types of solid cast transformers and compares the advantages and disadvantages of solid cast transformers with those of alternatives. Specifically, a comparison between different solid cast construction techniques is made in the following areas: available techniques; high voltage coils; low voltage coils; and mechanical, electrical, thermal strength, and flame test results. Also, comparisons are made between solid cast transformers and other dry-type and liquid-filled transformers. It is concluded that solid cast transformers do not present potential environmental problems, have proven to be self-extinguishing in flammability tests, can match the basic insulation levels (BILs) of liquid- filled transformers, have higher short-circuit strength, require very little maintenance, and have a very competitive total installed cost.<<ETX>>

  • Research on the Technology of Fire Detection Based on Image Processing in Unmanned Substation

    Nowadays, unmanned substation is a new trend for electrical power system with the fast development of new science and technology. Fire detection technology is the major part of unmanned substation. How to judge the fire flame is the key of image-type fire detecting technology. In this paper, a unmanned substation in the environment of the specific process of fire detection and testing process for each step in more detail, through the differential to determine, image extraction, flame recognition three steps on the flame testing done considering. The method can greatly improve veracity of fire prediction, comparing with the traditional detection method.

  • Flammability and toxicity testing of wire and cable

    Numerous entities are developing and implementing new testing requirements to measure the flame propagation characteristics of tray cables and the toxic gases generated during combustion of wire and cable. The author provides an overview of the organizations developing the tests, a general description of the test protocols, their current status, and their potential impact on the petroleum and chemical industries. It is suggested that the establishment of new flame testing criteria for tray cables may eliminate some presently permitted cable constructions. Introduction of new materials that are either more flame retardant, produce less smoke, or generate less corrosive or toxic gases will provide opportunities for new constructions and products.<<ETX>>

  • Flammability and toxicity testing of wire and cable

    New testing requirements are being developed and implemented to measure the flame propagation characteristics of tray cables and the toxic gases generating during combustion of wire and cable. The author provides an overview of the organizations developing the tests, a general description of the test protocols, the current status, and the potential impact on the pulp and paper industry. It is noted that the establishment of new flame testing criteria for tray cables may eliminate some cable constructions presently used in cable tray. The introduction of new materials that either are more flame retardant, produce less smoke, or generate less toxic gas provides opportunities for new construction and products.<<ETX>>

  • Flammability and toxicity testing of wire and cable

    Numerous organizations are developing and implementing new testing requirements to measure the flame propagation characteristics of tray cables and the toxic gases generated during combustion of wire and cable. An overview of the organizations developing the tests, a general description of the test protocols, the current status, and the potential impact on industrial and commercial facilities are provided. It is shown that the establishment of a new flame testing criteria for tray cables may eliminate some cable constructions presently permitted in cable tray. Introduction of new materials that either are more flame retardant, produce less smoke, or generate less corrosive or toxic gases will provide opportunities for new constructions and products. While only wire and cable are addressed, the combustion toxicity test procedures are also valid for testing any building material or furnishing.<<ETX>>



Standards related to Flame Testing

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IEEE Guide for Fire Hazard Assessment of Electrical Insulating Materials in Electrical Power Systems


IEEE Standard for Cable-Penetration Fire Stop Qualification Test

This standard provides direction for establishing a type test for qualifying the fire performance of penetration fire stops when mounted in fire resistive wall and floor assemblies. Update the standard with addition of positive pressure testing, method for criteria, and add appendix for usage of test.


IEEE Standard for Flame-Propagation Testing of Wire & Cable

This standard provides a protocol for exposing cable samples to a theoretical 20 kW (70 000 Btu/h) flaming ignition source for a 20-min test duration. The test determines the flame propagation tendency of singleconductor and multi-conductor cables intended for use in cable trays.


IEEE Standard for Flame-Propagation Testing of Wire & Cable

This standard provides a protocol for exposing cable samples to a theoretical 20 kW (70 000 Btu/h) flaming ignition source for a 20-min test duration. The test determines the flame propagation tendency of singleconductor and multi-conductor cables intended for use in cable trays.


IEEE Standard Test Procedure for Flame-Retardant Coatings Applied to Insulated Cables in Cable Trays



Jobs related to Flame Testing

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