Conferences related to Solvents

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2023 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Conference (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering.Submitted full papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and poster sessions,will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE.


2021 IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC)

Photovoltaic materials, devices, systems and related science and technology


2020 IEEE 70th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC)

ECTC is the premier international conference sponsored by the IEEE Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Society. ECTC paper comprise a wide spectrum of topics, including 3D packaging, electronic components, materials, assembly, interconnections, device and system packaging, optoelectronics, reliability, and simulation.


2020 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM)

the IEEE/IEDM has been the world's main forum for reporting breakthroughs in technology, design, manufacturing, physics and the modeling of semiconductors and other electronic devices. Topics range from deep submicron CMOS transistors and memories to novel displays and imagers, from compound semiconductor materials to nanotechnology devices and architectures, from micromachined devices to smart -power technologies, etc.


2020 IEEE International Magnetic Conference (INTERMAG)

INTERMAG is the premier conference on all aspects of applied magnetism and provides a range of oral and poster presentations, invited talks and symposia, a tutorial session, and exhibits reviewing the latest developments in magnetism.


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Periodicals related to Solvents

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Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission


Biomedical Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on

The Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems addresses areas at the crossroads of Circuits and Systems and Life Sciences. The main emphasis is on microelectronic issues in a wide range of applications found in life sciences, physical sciences and engineering. The primary goal of the journal is to bridge the unique scientific and technical activities of the Circuits and Systems ...


Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, IEEE/ACM Transactions on

Specific topics of interest include, but are not limited to, sequence analysis, comparison and alignment methods; motif, gene and signal recognition; molecular evolution; phylogenetics and phylogenomics; determination or prediction of the structure of RNA and Protein in two and three dimensions; DNA twisting and folding; gene expression and gene regulatory networks; deduction of metabolic pathways; micro-array design and analysis; proteomics; ...


Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on

Methods, algorithms, and human-machine interfaces for physical and logical design, including: planning, synthesis, partitioning, modeling, simulation, layout, verification, testing, and documentation of integrated-circuit and systems designs of all complexities. Practical applications of aids resulting in producible analog, digital, optical, or microwave integrated circuits are emphasized.


Device and Materials Reliability, IEEE Transactions on

Provides leading edge information that is critical to the creation of reliable electronic devices and materials, and a focus for interdisciplinary communication in the state of the art of reliability of electronic devices, and the materials used in their manufacture. It focuses on the reliability of electronic, optical, and magnetic devices, and microsystems; the materials and processes used in the ...


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Most published Xplore authors for Solvents

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Xplore Articles related to Solvents

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Ignitability of Spray Clouds of Organic Solvents, Solvent/Water Mixtures, and Water-Based Paints by Electric Sparks, Arcs, and Open Flames

IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2008

The ignitability of spray clouds of organic solvents, solvent/water mixtures, and water-based paints by electric discharges and open flames was investigated under worst-case conditions that typically apply to electrostatic paint spraying. More than 200 substances were sprayed with a high-rotation bell spraying device. Rotation speed, substance throughput, and shaping air were optimized in order to achieve an individual ignition optimum ...


Colorimetric Sensor for Fine Differentiation of Organic Solvents Based on Only One Kind of Polydiacetylene Coated on Polymer Optical Fiber

IEEE Sensors Journal, 2012

The hydrogen-bonding complexes of poly (4-vinylpyridine) and diacetylene derivatives 10, 12-tricosadiynoic acid are deposited outside of the side- polished optical fiber as part of the cladding. In the evanescent field of the optical fiber, the blue-to-red colorimetric transition can be monitored by the change of the propagating light in the fiber when the polydiacetylene (PDA) overlay is exposed to organic ...


Colloidal nanoparticles based non-volatile memory device: Role of wettability by nanoparticles solvents

2017 International Conference on Electron Devices and Solid-State Circuits (EDSSC), 2017

Ethylene glycol and ortho-dichlorobenzene solvents are used for Nickel (Ni) and Cobalt (Co) nanoparticles (NPs) synthesis, respectively. The wettability by these colloidal nanoparticles samples over silicon oxide wafer substrate has been studied to get insight about distribution of nanoparticles over oxide wafer. It has been found that the samples having nanoparticles in ortho- dichlorobenzene and ethylene glycol solvents show average ...


“Alcohol chemistry innovation: Rhodia's enabling ethanol technology in the Brazilian solvents industry”

2012 Proceedings of PICMET '12: Technology Management for Emerging Technologies, 2012

The production of special solvents, like acetates, is largely dependent on petrochemical raw materials. Nevertheless, as early as 1940s, a special route was developed in Brazil to produce acetate based solvents using ethanol as raw material. This route competes directly with the petrochemical route and uses sugarcane ethanol. The pioneer developer of this technology in 1942 was Rhodia that still ...


Effect of solvents on electrical properties of PEDOT:PSS/n-Si heterojunction diodes

2016 3rd International Conference on Emerging Electronics (ICEE), 2016

Effect of organic polar solvents on the morphology and electrical properties of Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) films have been investigated. PEDOT:PSS has been deposited on n-type silicon wafer using spin coating process. The best result was obtained with co-solvents. The conductivity increased from 0.16 S/cm for pristine to 30 S/cm for co-solvents. All prepared films are highly transparent and fabricated heterojunction diodes ...


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Educational Resources on Solvents

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  • Ignitability of Spray Clouds of Organic Solvents, Solvent/Water Mixtures, and Water-Based Paints by Electric Sparks, Arcs, and Open Flames

    The ignitability of spray clouds of organic solvents, solvent/water mixtures, and water-based paints by electric discharges and open flames was investigated under worst-case conditions that typically apply to electrostatic paint spraying. More than 200 substances were sprayed with a high-rotation bell spraying device. Rotation speed, substance throughput, and shaping air were optimized in order to achieve an individual ignition optimum for each substance. Organic solvents with flash points between 38 and 150degC showed a minimum ignition energy of about 7 mJ, independent of their flash point. Solvent/water mixtures and water-based paints typically had much higher minimum ignition energies from approximately 75 mJ and upwards. The substances were divided into three groups according to their ignition behavior: (1) not ignitable by an open flame; (2) not ignitable by an electrical discharge of 4 J; and (3) all other substances. Simple formulas were given for water-based paints and solvents, thus allowing an easy classification into these three groups. It is planned to state the necessary safety precautions for each group in future standards on electrostatic paint spraying.

  • Colorimetric Sensor for Fine Differentiation of Organic Solvents Based on Only One Kind of Polydiacetylene Coated on Polymer Optical Fiber

    The hydrogen-bonding complexes of poly (4-vinylpyridine) and diacetylene derivatives 10, 12-tricosadiynoic acid are deposited outside of the side- polished optical fiber as part of the cladding. In the evanescent field of the optical fiber, the blue-to-red colorimetric transition can be monitored by the change of the propagating light in the fiber when the polydiacetylene (PDA) overlay is exposed to organic solvents. As the organic solvents have different diffusivities which cause different colorimetric transition in the evanescent field, when the coated fiber is put in different solvent atmospheres the change trends of optical intensity in the fiber are different accordingly. Using this kind of structure, the colorimetric differentiation of some organic solvents in the vapor state based on just one DA monomer is realized. Together with the remote measurement character of the fiber sensor, it has potential applied value in the future.

  • Colloidal nanoparticles based non-volatile memory device: Role of wettability by nanoparticles solvents

    Ethylene glycol and ortho-dichlorobenzene solvents are used for Nickel (Ni) and Cobalt (Co) nanoparticles (NPs) synthesis, respectively. The wettability by these colloidal nanoparticles samples over silicon oxide wafer substrate has been studied to get insight about distribution of nanoparticles over oxide wafer. It has been found that the samples having nanoparticles in ortho- dichlorobenzene and ethylene glycol solvents show average contact angles of 5.40° and 20.10° over silicon oxide wafer, respectively. Further, metal-oxide- semiconductor (MOS) non volatile memory (NVM) capacitors embedded with spin coated nanoparticles using above two nanoparticles solutions are fabricated. Tunnel oxide of SiO2(~3 nm) was thermally grown over p-type (100) Si-wafer followed by spin coating of nanoparticles layer (~2-4 nm) over it. Finally, atomic layer deposition (ALD) of Al2O3(~10 nm) layer as control dielectric followed by aluminum (Al) contact formations has been done. Our study concludes that NPs solvents severely affect the distribution of nanoparticles over silicon oxide and hence the memory device performance.

  • “Alcohol chemistry innovation: Rhodia's enabling ethanol technology in the Brazilian solvents industry”

    The production of special solvents, like acetates, is largely dependent on petrochemical raw materials. Nevertheless, as early as 1940s, a special route was developed in Brazil to produce acetate based solvents using ethanol as raw material. This route competes directly with the petrochemical route and uses sugarcane ethanol. The pioneer developer of this technology in 1942 was Rhodia that still keeps the market leadership on ethanol based solvent market in Brazil. This presentation discusses some key aspects of Rhodia's technology strategy. The research method used is the case study, since the company's history provides unique insights. The results show that enabling technologies were responsible for the ethanol route technological and economical feasibility and suggests that social and institutional factors can cause relevant impact on this industry dominant technologies.

  • Effect of solvents on electrical properties of PEDOT:PSS/n-Si heterojunction diodes

    Effect of organic polar solvents on the morphology and electrical properties of Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) films have been investigated. PEDOT:PSS has been deposited on n-type silicon wafer using spin coating process. The best result was obtained with co-solvents. The conductivity increased from 0.16 S/cm for pristine to 30 S/cm for co-solvents. All prepared films are highly transparent and fabricated heterojunction diodes show rectifying behavior.

  • Analysis and Risk Communication of 20 Years of Exposure Monitoring of Photolithography Solvents from all Intel Fabs

    Twenty years of air sampling of 16 volatile solvents in photolithography from Intel fabs were analyzed. The 95% upper confidence limit of the 95th percentile of the samples were one-half or less than the full-shift occupational exposure limits. Each air sample was converted to a single, 15-minute exposure for comparison to the short-term exposure limits (STEL). The calculation indicated it was unlikely that the STEL values were exceeded. Inhalation exposures to the solvents have been acceptably low and well controlled for full-shift and for short-term exposure durations over many generations of processes, process equipment, and job duties.

  • Optimization of miniemulsion process using different solvents

    Miniemulsions are heterophase systems consisting of small, stable and narrowly distributed droplets in a continuous phase [1]. Recently this system shows a high potential for different biocatalytic reactions, as environmentally friendly reaction media consisting 80% of water [2]. The other important factor is enormous interfacial area, readily available for interfacial catalysis. The systems are obtained using high shear force, in particular, ultrasound. For a typical oil-in-water miniemulsion, an oil phase (e.g. substrates), a hydrophobic agent (e.g. hexadecane), an emulsifier (usually nonionic surfactant), and water are homogenised to obtain monodisperse droplets in the size range up to 500 nm[1,2]. The objective of present work was to obtain a stable miniemulsion system through optimization of conditions of ultrasonication using different solvents (oil phase). The effect of six solvents (hexane, cyclohexane, isooctane, decane, hexadecane and acetonitrile) on miniemulsion stability was explored. In order to establish a reproducible dispersion procedure, power and amplitude of ultrasonication was varied and it's relation with the droplet size was observed. The influence of the ultrasonication time was also evaluated on miniemulsion stability. Droplet size and distribution factor were characterized by dynamic light scattering. The results show that the particle size varied between 320 and 630 nm, except for the systems with the cyclohexane in which a higher size was obtained. The best result was achieved with 50% of amplitude and 30W of power using hexane as a solvent. The phase separation was observed for the cyclohexane and acetonitrile miniemulsion systems. It could be due to the droplet size (cyclohexane) or acetonitrile hydrophilic character.

  • The influence of the pulse width on the nonlinear refractive index of organic solvents

    There are materials which their nonlinear refractive index (n2) have contributions from fast isotropic and slow reorientational effects. Due to the presence of the slow noninstantaneous effect, the magnitude of the effective nonlinear refractive index (n2, eff) depends of the pulse width (τ). Here, we propose to measured the n2effof several organic solvents as a function of pulse width and from these data extract information about the fast and the slow nonlinearities, including magnitudes and response times (τ0). We have used an accurate and single beam nonlinear ellipse rotation (NER) measurement to measure the third-order nonlinear susceptibility, B=6χ1221[1, 2], which is proportional to n2. The NER signal is a nonlinear refractive effect, which is observed when an intense elliptical polarized beam propagates through a medium.

  • Study of Green Solvents 1-Butyl-3-Methy-Limidazolium Ionic Liquids' Structure and Properties

    Ionic Liquids(ILs) as one kind of green solvents was studied and applied more and more with the development of green chemistry, because of their unique physical and chemical properties. The intermediate 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide was synthesized from the materials of N-methylimidazolium and 1-butylbromide; 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium terafluoroborate and hexafluorophosphate were synthesized with anion exchange reaction. the intermediate's synthesis mechanism is nucleophilic substitution reaction. Structures of the three ionic liquids were indicated by FT-IR, 1HNMR and Computer Simulation. At last, the thermal properties, conductivity and dissolved performance of the Ionic Liquids were investigated. The results of this work could provide meaningful insights in the understanding of the use of imidazoled ILs.

  • The dispersion of the dielectric constant of some dilute solutions of polar compounds in non-polar solvents

    A method of measuring at microwave frequencies both the real (ε') and imaginary (ε") part of the complex dielectric constant of liquids with a loss tangent less than 0,05 is described. The method uses a vertical section of rectangular waveguide for both propagation and for the liquid cell, which is sealed from the rest of the waveguide by a thin mica window. The waveguide cell is terminated by a micrometer driven open circuit plunger. A klystron, square wave modulated at 1000 cps, is used to generate the signal, while a slotted section of waveguide, directly below the cell, with a probe coupled to a silicon crystal is the detection device. The probe is micrometer driven. The signal power level at the probe is indicated by the output of an audio amplifier fed by the crystal and tuned to the modulation frequency.




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