Conferences related to Surge Arresters

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2021 IEEE Pulsed Power Conference (PPC)

The Pulsed Power Conference is held on a biannual basis and serves as the principal forum forthe exchange of information on pulsed power technology and engineering.


2020 22nd European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE'20 ECCE Europe)

Energy conversion and conditioning technologies, power electronics, adjustable speed drives and their applications, power electronics for smarter grid, energy efficiency,technologies for sustainable energy systems, converters and power supplies


2020 IEEE/PES Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition (T&D)

Bi-Annual IEEE PES T&D conference. Largest T&D conference in North America.


2019 IEEE Electrical Insulation Conference (EIC)

Electrical Materials, Equipment, Testing, Nanotechnologies, Power Systems, Motors, Generators, Transformers, Switchgear


2019 IEEE Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting

The Annual Meeting is a gathering of experts who work and conduct research in the industrial applications of electrical systems.


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Periodicals related to Surge Arresters

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Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission


Communications, IEEE Transactions on

Telephone, telegraphy, facsimile, and point-to-point television, by electromagnetic propagation, including radio; wire; aerial, underground, coaxial, and submarine cables; waveguides, communication satellites, and lasers; in marine, aeronautical, space and fixed station services; repeaters, radio relaying, signal storage, and regeneration; telecommunication error detection and correction; multiplexing and carrier techniques; communication switching systems; data communications; and communication theory. In addition to the above, ...


Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, IEEE Transactions on

Electrical insulation common to the design and construction of components and equipment for use in electric and electronic circuits and distribution systems at all frequencies.


Electrical Insulation Magazine, IEEE

The magazine covers theory, analysis, design (computer-aided design), and practical implementation of circuits, and the application of circuit theoretic techniques to systems and to signal processing. Content is written for the spectrum of activities from basic scientific theory to industrial applications.


Electromagnetic Compatibility, IEEE Transactions on

EMC standards; measurement technology; undesired sources; cable/grounding; filters/shielding; equipment EMC; systems EMC; antennas and propagation; spectrum utilization; electromagnetic pulses; lightning; radiation hazards; and Walsh functions


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Most published Xplore authors for Surge Arresters

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Xplore Articles related to Surge Arresters

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IEEE Draft Guide for the Application of Metal-Oxide Surge Arresters for Alternating-Current Systems Amendment: Supplement to consider energy handling capabilities

IEEE PC62.22a/D6, February 2013, 2013

This guide covers the application of metal-oxide surge arresters to safeguard electric power equipment, with a nominal operating voltage 1000 V and above, against the hazards of abnormally high-voltage surges of various origins. This guide provides information on the characteristics of metal-oxide surge arresters and the protection of substation equipment, distribution systems, overhead lines, and large electrical machines.


Special Requirements on Gas-Insulated, Metal-Oxide Surge Arresters

2006 International Conference on Power System Technology, 2006

Equipment in high voltage power systems can be protected effectively by metal oxide surge arresters. Basically two different types of surge arresters are used: surge arresters with air insulation using porcelain or polymeric housings (AIS surge arresters) and surge arresters with SF<sub>6</sub>-insulation using a metallic housing (GIS surge arresters). The probability of a failure of a GIS surge arrester shall ...


Evaluation and diagnosis technique for surge arresters

2010 International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Application, 2010

This paper presents the development of a diagnosis technique, used on-site, applied in the evaluation of station type surge arresters, of SiC and ZnO installed in FURNAS' electrical system. Thermovision, leakage current and radio interference techniques were used in on-site measurements. From the field results, a statistical study was made and the surge arresters were classified in four categories: suspect, ...


Diagnostic of silicon carbide surge arresters using leakage current measurements

IEEE Latin America Transactions, 2011

Nowadays, the zinc oxide surge arresters (ZnO) are widely used in power systems, however, a large number of silicon carbide surge arresters (SiC) are still in service in the utilities. On the other hand, it is not possible to replace all SiC surge arresters in a short time period, being necessary to review the maintenance program taking into account the ...


IEEE Draft Standard for Metal-Oxide Surge Arresters for AC Power Circuits (&gt; 1 kV)

IEEE PC62.11/D11, February 2012, 2012

This standard applies to metal-oxide surge arresters (MOSAs) designed to repeatedly limit the voltage surges on 48 Hz to 62 Hz power circuits (> 1000 V) by passing surge discharge current and automatically limiting the flow of system power current. This standard applies to devices for separate mounting and to devices supplied integrally with other equipment. The tests demonstrate that ...


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Educational Resources on Surge Arresters

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • IEEE Draft Guide for the Application of Metal-Oxide Surge Arresters for Alternating-Current Systems Amendment: Supplement to consider energy handling capabilities

    This guide covers the application of metal-oxide surge arresters to safeguard electric power equipment, with a nominal operating voltage 1000 V and above, against the hazards of abnormally high-voltage surges of various origins. This guide provides information on the characteristics of metal-oxide surge arresters and the protection of substation equipment, distribution systems, overhead lines, and large electrical machines.

  • Special Requirements on Gas-Insulated, Metal-Oxide Surge Arresters

    Equipment in high voltage power systems can be protected effectively by metal oxide surge arresters. Basically two different types of surge arresters are used: surge arresters with air insulation using porcelain or polymeric housings (AIS surge arresters) and surge arresters with SF<sub>6</sub>-insulation using a metallic housing (GIS surge arresters). The probability of a failure of a GIS surge arrester shall be considerably less than for an air insulated surge arrester. Failures of GIS equipment always will result in major outages and costly corrective maintenance. Potential sources of surge arrester failures are the metal oxide (MO) resistor, insulating parts as fiber reinforced (FRP) rods and partitions and the metal enclosure. MO resistors are not allowed to show any aging and must have a high energy discharge capability. The FRP-rods must be free of partial discharges and must withstand high electrical strength. The metal enclosure must be made of high quality material as well as the manufacturing process shall be of high standard including sufficient testing and final certification. Required routine testing on the completely assembled surge arrester does not suffice rather all parts used must be routine tested in a proper way to avoid failing within the life time of more than 30 years. In case of a failure caused by overloading the destruction must be limited to the surge arrester.

  • Evaluation and diagnosis technique for surge arresters

    This paper presents the development of a diagnosis technique, used on-site, applied in the evaluation of station type surge arresters, of SiC and ZnO installed in FURNAS' electrical system. Thermovision, leakage current and radio interference techniques were used in on-site measurements. From the field results, a statistical study was made and the surge arresters were classified in four categories: suspect, defective, normal and better conditions. After the classification, to evaluate the minimum characteristics of protection, some surge arresters were selected for laboratory tests (flashover voltage, leakage current and residual voltage). After the evaluation of the results, the equipment were opened. The surge arresters' field diagnosis and their abnormalities were confirmed by the results of laboratory tests and internal visual inspections. It was noticed that for every surge arresters there were abnormalities.

  • Diagnostic of silicon carbide surge arresters using leakage current measurements

    Nowadays, the zinc oxide surge arresters (ZnO) are widely used in power systems, however, a large number of silicon carbide surge arresters (SiC) are still in service in the utilities. On the other hand, it is not possible to replace all SiC surge arresters in a short time period, being necessary to review the maintenance program taking into account the surge arresters that are more degraded. In this context, a research project was established between the University of São Paulo and the electrical utility CTEEP, aiming the investigation of its SiC surge arresters. This work shows that the leakage current measurement, a common diagnostic method for the ZnO surge arresters, can provide useful information related to the condition of the SiC surge arresters. Analysis of amplitude and distortion of the leakage current, also considering thermovision measurements, result in better evaluation of the SiC surge arresters.

  • IEEE Draft Standard for Metal-Oxide Surge Arresters for AC Power Circuits (&gt; 1 kV)

    This standard applies to metal-oxide surge arresters (MOSAs) designed to repeatedly limit the voltage surges on 48 Hz to 62 Hz power circuits (> 1000 V) by passing surge discharge current and automatically limiting the flow of system power current. This standard applies to devices for separate mounting and to devices supplied integrally with other equipment. The tests demonstrate that an arrester is able to survive the rigors of reasonable environmental conditions and system phenomena while protecting equipment and/or the system from damaging overvoltages caused by lightning, switching, and other undesirable surges.

  • Improved zinc oxide surge arresters using high voltage gradient 300 V/mm, 400 V/mm ZnO elements

    Zinc oxide surge arresters using zinc oxide (ZnO) elements have been widely used for insulation coordination in the world's power systems. These ZnO elements have basically reference voltage of about 200 V/mm. Recently, new ZnO elements having about 1.5, 2 times high voltage gradient zinc oxide element have been developed. This paper describes applications of high voltage gradient 300 V/mm ZnO elements to high performance porcelain type surge arresters and oil immersed surge arresters, and 300 V/mm or 400 V/mm ZnO elements to gas insulated tank type surge arresters for power systems. Adequate selection of voltage gradient of ZnO elements makes more compact design of the surge arresters.

  • A few aspects concerning a new varistor material for low and medium voltage surge arresters

    ZnO varistors are essentially ceramic poly-crystalline n - semiconductors. They are applied in making all type of surge-arresters due to some important advantages such as: a high level of non-linearity for the current-voltage characteristic, a high energy absorption capacity and an excellent response time (less then 100 ns), which make them useful for protecting other sensible electronic devices. This paper presents a new manufacturing technology for ZnO based varistors and a new mixture of oxides used in order to obtain a new material with non-linear electric properties. The oxides involved are Cr<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> and MnO<sub>2</sub> as additives. This varistor material has a smaller electrical capacity, suitable even for telecommunication applications. The new technology is simply to apply by any manufacturer. Started from chemical measurements, and finished by electrical tests, the experimental part of this paper is an Interdisciplinary research. A new and simple method of testing the electric capacity of a certain varistor is presented, based on the oscilloscope measurements at various frequencies.

  • Rating and design of metal-oxide surge arresters for high voltage AC systems

    Electric high voltage power systems can effectively be protected by means of metal oxide surge arresters. The rating of a surge arrester must consider the highest voltage in the power system for thermal stability of the arrester itself as well as the standard lightning impulse withstand voltage of the equipment to be protected. There are different housing designs possible with different properties concerning mechanical strength, short circuit behaviour and costs. Arresters with porcelain housings offer average mechanical strength at moderate costs, but secondary thermal break might occur after short circuit. Tube design polymer housings do have very high mechanical strength and extremely safe pressure relief behaviour but they are comparatively costly yet. Rod design directly moulded polymer arresters have only limited mechanical strength and good short circuit performance at relatively low price. However, there is a certain risk of unnoticed damage of the internal structure due to improper handling.

  • Evaluation at field of aged 345kV class ZnO surge arresters

    This research aimed at developing a technique for field evaluation of aged 345 kV ZnO surge arresters, for identifying suspect equipment with in service failure risk. In this way, material damages, emergency downtime periods and personal hazards could be avoided. After some in service failures in 345 kV class ZnO arresters, the analysis of the failed equipment showed burning signs at the ZnO blocks surface inside the failed arrester, probably caused by internal superficial electrical discharge. The surface coating of the ZnO blocks, under high electrical gradient, seemed to have suffered some kind of burning process, in this way creating conductive paths, causing short-circuit and leading to failure. The technique developed in this research was applied successfully in the field, in substation environment, where the identification of surge arresters presenting internal partial discharges activity was possible. All the tests were performed with surge arresters under normal operation with all installation energized.

  • Modelling of metal oxide surge arresters as elements of overvoltage protection systems

    Metal oxide surge arresters are used for protection of high and low voltage electric devices against overvoltages. Mathematical models of surge arresters should properly represent current-voltage dependencies of varistors during influence overvoltages. From among numerous models created so far two versions of a selected model were used for computer simulations of current-voltage dependences of surge arresters. Parameters of elements of the selected model can be calculated by use of data published in the catalogues. Current-voltage dependencies of the surge arrester designed for electric power systems of 110 kV for different current stroke were modelled. The results of computer simulations were compared with the experimental data.



Standards related to Surge Arresters

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errata


Guide to Specifications for Gas-Insulated, Electric Power Substation Equipment

This guide covers the technical requirements for the design, fabrication, testing, installation, and in-service performance of gas-insulated substations(GIS). In line with the user functional one-line diagram, the supplier should furnish all components of the GIS such as circuit breakers(CB), disconnect switches(DS), maintenance ground switches (MGS), fast-acting ground switches(FGS), voltage transformers(VT), current transformers(CT), SF6-to-air bushings, SF6-to-cable terminations, surge arresters, all the ...


IEEE Guide for Gas-Insulated Substations

This guide provides information of special relevance to the planning, design, testing, installation, operation and maintenance of gas-insulated substations(GIS) and equipment. This guide is intended to supplement IEEE Std C37-122- 1993(R2002). In general, this guide is applicable to all GIS above 52 kV. However the importance of the topics covered varies with application category. For example, issues related to advanced ...


IEEE Guide for the Application of Component Surge-Protective Devices for Use in Low-Voltage [Equal to or Less than 1000 V (ac) Or 1200 V (dc)] Circuits

This guide covers the application of component air gaps, gas tubes, MOVs, and avalanche junction semiconductor surge-protective devices for use within surge protectors, equipment, or systems involving lowvoltage power, data, communication, and/or signaling circuits. This guide is intended to be used with, or to complement, the related documents referred to in 2.1.


IEEE Guide for the Connection of Surge Arresters to Protect Insulated, Shielded Electric Power Cable Systems


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Jobs related to Surge Arresters

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