305 resources related to Biohazards
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The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE
The International Conference on Information Fusion is the premier forum for interchange of the latest research in data and information fusion, and its impacts on our society. The conference brings together researchers and practitioners from academia and industry to report on the latest scientific and technical advances.
The world's premiere conference in MEMS sensors, actuators and integrated micro and nano systems welcomes you to attend this four-day event showcasing major technological, scientific and commercial breakthroughs in mechanical, optical, chemical and biological devices and systems using micro and nanotechnology.The major areas of activity in the development of Transducers solicited and expected at this conference include but are not limited to: Bio, Medical, Chemical, and Micro Total Analysis Systems Fabrication and Packaging Mechanical and Physical Sensors Materials and Characterization Design, Simulation and Theory Actuators Optical MEMS RF MEMS Nanotechnology Energy and Power
Science, technology and applications spanning the millimeter-waves, terahertz and infrared spectral regions
The international IEEE Aerospace Conference is organized to promote interdisciplinaryunderstanding of aerospace systems, their underlying science, and technology
Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters (AWP Letters) will be devoted to the rapid electronic publication of short manuscripts in the technical areas of Antennas and Wireless Propagation.
Computer, the flagship publication of the IEEE Computer Society, publishes peer-reviewed technical content that covers all aspects of computer science, computer engineering, technology, and applications. Computer is a resource that practitioners, researchers, and managers can rely on to provide timely information about current research developments, trends, best practices, and changes in the profession.
IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications (CG&A) bridges the theory and practice of computer graphics. From specific algorithms to full system implementations, CG&A offers a strong combination of peer-reviewed feature articles and refereed departments, including news and product announcements. Special Applications sidebars relate research stories to commercial development. Cover stories focus on creative applications of the technology by an artist or ...
EMC standards; measurement technology; undesired sources; cable/grounding; filters/shielding; equipment EMC; systems EMC; antennas and propagation; spectrum utilization; electromagnetic pulses; lightning; radiation hazards; and Walsh functions
2008 IEEE Aerospace Conference, 2008
NASA will someday need to design and construct a sample receiving facility (SRF) in preparation for handling and testing extraterrestrial materials returned to Earth by spacecraft returning from Mars. Because the core design elements of an SRF will include a high level biocontainment lab, it is possible that many questions about risks will arise during the public review process, regardless ...
IPCC 2005. Proceedings. International Professional Communication Conference, 2005., 2005
Communication about hazards related to genetically modified organisms ( GMO- related hazards) is characterized by skepticism about designing genes and concern about long-term environmental risks. On the other hand, "green" biotechnology seems justified by the need for high-yield crops to overcome malnutrition and hunger for one sixth of the world population. The science discourse community may be separated into two ...
Summaries of Papers Presented at the Lasers and Electro-Optics. CLEO '02. Technical Diges, 2002
Summary form only given. We demonstrate the fabrication of microstructures on silicon that act as individual microscopic interferometers all operating in quadrature. These microstructures can have dimensions less than a micron, making it possible to fabricate over a billion interferometer elements on single disk the size of a compact disk.. To test the feasibility of detecting biohazards and antigens using ...
2009 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, 2009
This paper describes the development of a device designed to collect a concentrate of cells for environmental monitoring and bio-hazard detection using ultrasonic radiation forces. As an alternative to a continuous flow- through design it is proposed to use batch trapping, periodically diverting the trapped cells through a high concentration outlet. Trapping against the flow is possible if acoustic radiation ...
2017 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 2017
During outbreaks of contagious diseases, healthcare workers are at high risk for infection due to routine interaction with patients, handling of contaminated materials, and challenges associated with safely removing protective gear. This poses an opportunity for the use of remote-controlled robots that could perform common nursing duties inside hazardous clinical areas, thereby minimizing the exposure of healthcare workers to contagions ...
NASA will someday need to design and construct a sample receiving facility (SRF) in preparation for handling and testing extraterrestrial materials returned to Earth by spacecraft returning from Mars. Because the core design elements of an SRF will include a high level biocontainment lab, it is possible that many questions about risks will arise during the public review process, regardless where it is eventually built. This paper summarizes recent research on relevant experiences during the construction of multiple high- level biocontainment labs, and discusses the types of issues and concerns likely to arise in the context of a future SRF, including planetary protection requirements, uncertainty about extraterrestrial biohazards, and the mandatory public review process. Among the key lessons learned from earlier research are the importance of developing trust, maintaining transparency about information, complying with all procedural requirements for public review of the project, implementing comprehensive pro-active risk communication at the earliest stages of the project, and continuing open communications even after operations begin at the SRF. While science and technology will be central to any future sample return mission, NASA and its international partners must acknowledge the likelihood of intense public interest and concerns about how samples will be contained, handled and tested. Addressing these issues from the start will be an essential part of mission planning, and an important element for building public support for the mission. It also provides an unusual opportunity for education and outreach by sharing information on behind-the-scenes deliberations and real-time observations of the science involved with sample analysis.
Communication about hazards related to genetically modified organisms ( GMO- related hazards) is characterized by skepticism about designing genes and concern about long-term environmental risks. On the other hand, "green" biotechnology seems justified by the need for high-yield crops to overcome malnutrition and hunger for one sixth of the world population. The science discourse community may be separated into two domains: internal and external, experts and public. A pilot study revealed that experts' texts often fail to visualize the complexity of GMO-related hazards, thus challenging those who translate scientific facts and concepts for the general public.
Summary form only given. We demonstrate the fabrication of microstructures on silicon that act as individual microscopic interferometers all operating in quadrature. These microstructures can have dimensions less than a micron, making it possible to fabricate over a billion interferometer elements on single disk the size of a compact disk.. To test the feasibility of detecting biohazards and antigens using this approach, we fabricated a 3-inch silicon wafer with 1024 microstrips of gold, each 20 microns wide and 3 cm long, arranged radially like spokes on a wheel.
This paper describes the development of a device designed to collect a concentrate of cells for environmental monitoring and bio-hazard detection using ultrasonic radiation forces. As an alternative to a continuous flow- through design it is proposed to use batch trapping, periodically diverting the trapped cells through a high concentration outlet. Trapping against the flow is possible if acoustic radiation forces oppose fluid drag forces, but the challenge is to generate these strong lateral forces. This device uses a series of machined pegs which promote lateral variations within the acoustic field, thus generating lateral forces to oppose fluid drag forces. It has been shown that 20 and 1 ¿m diameter polystyrene beads can be trapped against a flow and then eluted in order to collect a 10 times concentrate of the particles. The pegs promote lateral trapping forces generated by a combination of enclosure and structural modes, especially of the pegs themselves. The fabrication method allows a large number of geometries to be explored and therefore there is much scope to optimize peg design and position. In summary, the concept of this device (geometric design and operation) offers the potential for practical advances for sample processing in sensor instruments.
During outbreaks of contagious diseases, healthcare workers are at high risk for infection due to routine interaction with patients, handling of contaminated materials, and challenges associated with safely removing protective gear. This poses an opportunity for the use of remote-controlled robots that could perform common nursing duties inside hazardous clinical areas, thereby minimizing the exposure of healthcare workers to contagions and other biohazards. This paper describes the development of the prototype system Tele-Robotic Intelligent Nursing Assistant (TRINA), which consists of a mobile manipulator robot, a human operator's console, and operator assistance algorithms which automate or partially-automate tedious and error-prone tasks. Using off-the-shelf robotic and sensing components, total hardware costs are kept under $75,000. The system's capabilities for performing standard nursing tasks are evaluated in the simulation laboratory of a nursing school.
MissionLab is a mission specification system that implements a hybrid deliberative and reactive control architecture for autonomous mobile robots. The user creates and executes the robot mission plans through its graphical user interface. As robot deployments become more common in highly stressful situations, such as in dealing with explosives or biohazards, the usability of their mission specification system becomes critical. To address this need, a mission-planning "wizard" has been recently integrated into MissionLab. By retrieving and adapting past successful mission plans stored in its database, this new feature is designed to simplify the user's planning process. The latest formal usability experiments, reported in this paper, testing for usability improvements in terms of speed of the mission planning process, accuracy of the produced mission plans, and ease of use is conducted. This paper introduces the mission-planning wizard, describes the usability experiments (including design), and discusses the results in detail.
Due to the growing threat of biological weapon use and other bio-events, there is a critical need for bio-defense and bio-response systems. In order to prepare for a bio-event, it is necessary to understand the resources needed for containment and treatment of the biohazard. Further, it needs to be decided where the necessary resources should be positioned in order to best prepare for a bio-event, and how the resources should be moved in order to get them to the affected city or cities as quickly as possible. The bio-event resource management system (BRMS) is meant to be a supplemental component to Mitretek System's already existing bio-event system dynamics model. The current model simulates the effects of a spreading infectious disease on an affected city, but lacks a method for allocating resources. An additional component is necessary to improve the representation of the utilization of resources to aid in the control and treatment of a disease after a bio-event. The proposed component will be used to determine the best way of getting resources to an affected city. In particular, two alternatives are analyzed: an organic supply alternative in which cities are pre-supplied with resources, and a regional depot alternative in which resources are transferred to the affected city from a regional resource warehouse. Due to the many uncertainties concerning the type of bio-event that may occur, a range of disease parameters have been simulated in order to conduct a sensitivity analysis and produce a robust design. This will aid in determining the best overall method of pre-positioning resources. The results of a literature review are also presented. The combined inter-related systems have been simulated and evaluated to provide inputs to the decision process required for bio-event preparation. This paper presents the results of a model to evaluate alternative bio-event resource management system designs
International planetary protection polices will apply to upcoming Mars sample return missions, translating into unavoidable challenges and requirements. It will be important that engineers, designers, and planners acknowledge the importance of these policies, understand how they will impact different mission phases, and be aware of findings and recommendations from previous workshops and research that address many of the issues ahead. This paper provides an overview of planetary protection policies for a Mars sample return mission and discusses the implications for both robotic and human missions and associated hardware and operations. It also provides detailed information about requirements related to sample collection, handling, containment, and testing both on Mars as well as on Earth. This information is also relevant for the eventual development of a sample receiving facility (SRF) where returned samples will be handled during preliminary science screening and biohazard analyses upon return to Earth.
This letter investigates the link efficiencies and ensuing biohazards when capacitive versus inductive coupling is used to power biomedical implants electromagnetically. Electromagnetic simulations illustrate that the power link efficiency of capacitive coupling decays slower as a function of the distance between plates compared to inductive coupling. Specifically, the case designs show that, using a transmitted power of 1 W at 5 MHz, capacitive coupling produces a 10-g averaged SAR value of 1.63 W/kg compared to 2.39 W/kg for an inductive coupling of the same dimension.
New types of devices from electromagnetic (EM) technology and scientific area have emerged from its core in our society for a variety of purposes. EM radiation from these devices has caused growing concern about possible bio- effects and interference produced in the other devices. Our aim is to show the danger so that public can decide the risk they want to take. Quite similar to many phenomenon, it had its own obstacles and antagonisms (the entities and bodies that avoid, absorb, block, and/or reduce EM radiation) while it was intended to utilize its existence and specifications for the benefit of mankind. There are studies, researches and applications on the field heretofore. Focusing to a significant point, this talk also aims to establish an informational, intellectual ground to predict and measure the effects and interaction of electromagnetic radiation in the environment on living beings present as shoal. It is now the question that asks how much the human can tolerate the bio-effects, by produces the EM radiation in the environment. Even though there are numbered factors affecting electromagnetic pollution. In this talk, we will discuss the EM pollution in the environment and how much significance it is, thence to make a conclusive judgment about the issue. This talk, in addition, will focus on the sources of EM radiation, bio hazards cause by EM pollution, protection measures and standards relating the topic.
This standard is a companion volume for IEEE Std 1512-2006, referred to here as the “Base Standard.” This standard specifies messages, data frames, and data elements for communicating general and cargo information to other responders in support of real-time interagency transportation-related incident management. It addresses the unique disciplines associated with communications dealing with the control and confinement of hazardous materials ...