Conferences related to Earth Surface Potentials

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2021 IEEE Pulsed Power Conference (PPC)

The Pulsed Power Conference is held on a biannual basis and serves as the principal forum forthe exchange of information on pulsed power technology and engineering.


2021 IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC)

Photovoltaic materials, devices, systems and related science and technology


Oceans 2020 MTS/IEEE GULF COAST

To promote awareness, understanding, advancement and application of ocean engineering and marine technology. This includes all aspects of science, engineering, and technology that address research, development, and operations pertaining to all bodies of water. This includes the creation of new capabilities and technologies from concept design through prototypes, testing, and operational systems to sense, explore, understand, develop, use, and responsibly manage natural resources.

  • OCEANS '96

  • OCEANS '97

  • OCEANS '98

  • OCEANS '99

  • OCEANS 2000

  • OCEANS 2001

  • OCEANS 2002

  • OCEANS 2003

  • OCEANS 2004

  • OCEANS 2005

  • OCEANS 2006

  • OCEANS 2007

  • OCEANS 2008

    The Marine Technology Society (MTS) and the Oceanic Engineering Society (OES) of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) cosponsor a joint conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, education, and policy. Held annually in the fall, it has become a focal point for the ocean and marine community to meet, learn, and exhibit products and services. The conference includes technical sessions, workshops, student poster sessions, job fairs, tutorials and a large exhibit.

  • OCEANS 2009

  • OCEANS 2010

    The Marine Technology Society and the Oceanic Engineering Scociety of the IEEE cosponsor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science engineering, and policy.

  • OCEANS 2011

    The Marine Technology Society and the Oceanic Engineering Scociety of the IEEE cosponsor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science engineering, and policy.

  • OCEANS 2012

    Ocean related technology. Tutorials and three days of technical sessions and exhibits. 8-12 parallel technical tracks.

  • OCEANS 2013

    Three days of 8-10 tracks of technical sessions (400-450 papers) and concurent exhibition (150-250 exhibitors)

  • OCEANS 2014

    The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 450 technical papers and 150-200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2015

    The Marine Technology Scociety and the Oceanic Engineering Society of the IEEE cosponor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, and policy. The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 450 technical papers and 150-200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2016

    The Marine Technology Scociety and the Oceanic Engineering Society of the IEEE cosponor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, and policy. The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 500 technical papers and 150 -200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2017 - Anchorage

    Papers on ocean technology, exhibits from ocean equipment and service suppliers, student posters and student poster competition, tutorials on ocean technology, workshops and town meetings on policy and governmental process.

  • OCEANS 2018 MTS/IEEE Charleston

    Ocean, coastal, and atmospheric science and technology advances and applications


2020 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

IEEE-ECCE 2020 brings together practicing engineers, researchers, entrepreneurs and other professionals for interactive and multi-disciplinary discussions on the latest advances in energy conversion technologies. The Conference provides a unique platform for promoting your organization.

  • 2009 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    The scope of the conference include all technical aspects of the design, manufacture, application and marketing of devices, circuits, and systems related to electrical energy conversion technology

  • 2010 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    This conference covers all areas of electrical and electromechanical energy conversion. This includes power electrics, power semiconductors, electric machines and drives, components, subsystems, and applications of energy conversion systems.

  • 2011 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    IEEE 3rd Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition follows the inagural event held in San Jose, CA in 2009 and 2nd meeting held in Atlanta, GA in 2010 as the premier conference dedicated to all aspects of energy processing in industrial, commercial, transportation and aerospace applications. ECCE2011 has a strong empahasis on renewable energy sources and power conditioning, grid interactions, power quality, storage and reliability.

  • 2012 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    The IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE) will be held in Raleigh, the capital of North Carolina. This will provide a forum for the exchange of information among practicing professionals in the energy conversion business. This conference will bring together users and researchers and will provide technical insight as well.

  • 2013 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    The scope of the congress interests include all technical aspects of the design, manufacture, application and marketing of devices, components, circuits and systems related to energy conversion, industrial power conversion and power electronics.

  • 2014 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    Those companies who have an interest in selling to: research engineers, application engineers, strategists, policy makers, and innovators, anyone with an interest in energy conversion systems and components.

  • 2015 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition

    The scope of ECCE 2015 includes all technical aspects of research, design, manufacture, application and marketing of devices, components, circuits and systems related to energy conversion, industrial power and power electronics.

  • 2016 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    The Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE) is focused on research and industrial advancements related to our sustainable energy future. ECCE began as a collaborative effort between two societies within the IEEE: The Power Electronics Society (PELS) and the Industrial Power Conversion Systems Department (IPCSD) of the Industry Application Society (IAS) and has grown to the premier conference to discuss next generation technologies.

  • 2017 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    ECCE is the premier global conference covering topics in energy conversion from electric machines, power electronics, drives, devices and applications both existing and emergent

  • 2018 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    The scope of ECCE 2018 includes all technical aspects of research, design, manufacture, application and marketing of devices, components, circuits and systems related to energyconversion, industrial power and power electronics.

  • 2019 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    IEEE-ECCE 2019 brings together practicing engineers, researchers, entrepreneurs and other professionals for interactive and multi-disciplinary discussions on the latest advances in energy conversion technologies. The Conference provides a unique platform for promoting your organization.


2020 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM)

The Annual IEEE PES General Meeting will bring together over 2900 attendees for technical sessions, administrative sessions, super sessions, poster sessions, student programs, awards ceremonies, committee meetings, tutorials and more



Periodicals related to Earth Surface Potentials

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on

Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Device and Materials Reliability, IEEE Transactions on

Provides leading edge information that is critical to the creation of reliable electronic devices and materials, and a focus for interdisciplinary communication in the state of the art of reliability of electronic devices, and the materials used in their manufacture. It focuses on the reliability of electronic, optical, and magnetic devices, and microsystems; the materials and processes used in the ...


Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, IEEE Transactions on

Electrical insulation common to the design and construction of components and equipment for use in electric and electronic circuits and distribution systems at all frequencies.


Education, IEEE Transactions on

Educational methods, technology, and programs; history of technology; impact of evolving research on education.



Most published Xplore authors for Earth Surface Potentials

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No authors for "Earth Surface Potentials"


Xplore Articles related to Earth Surface Potentials

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IEEE Draft Guide for Measuring Earth Resistivity, Ground Impedance, and Earth Surface Potentials of a Grounding System

IEEE P81/D10, March, 2012, 2012

Practical test methods and techniques are presented for measuring the electrical characteristics of grounding systems. Topics addressed include safety considerations; measuring earth resistivity; measuring the power system frequency resistance or impedance of the ground system to remote earth; measuring the transient or surge impedance of the ground system to remote earth; measuring step and touch voltages; verifying the integrity of ...


IEEE Guide for Measuring Earth Resistivity, Ground Impedance, and Earth Surface Potentials of a Grounding System

IEEE P81/D11, August 2012, 2012

Practical test methods and techniques are presented for measuring the electrical characteristics of grounding systems. Topics addressed include safety considerations, measuring earth resistivity, measuring the power system frequency resistance or impedance of the ground system to remote earth, measuring the transient or surge impedance of the ground system to remote earth, measuring step and touch voltages, verifying the integrity of ...


IEEE Guide for Measuring Earth Resistivity, Ground Impedance, and Earth Surface Potentials of a Grounding System - Redline

IEEE Std 81-2012 (Revision of IEEE Std 81-1983) - Redline, 2012

Practical test methods and techniques are presented for measuring the electrical characteristics of grounding systems. Topics addressed include safety considerations, measuring earth resistivity, measuring the power system frequency resistance or impedance of the ground system to remote earth, measuring the transient or surge impedance of the ground system to remote earth, measuring step and touch voltages, verifying the integrity of ...


IEEE Guide for Measuring Earth Resistivity, Ground Impedance, and Earth Surface Potentials of a Grounding System

IEEE Std 81-2012 (Revision of IEEE Std 81-1983), 2012

Practical test methods and techniques are presented for measuring the electrical characteristics of grounding systems. Topics addressed include safety considerations, measuring earth resistivity, measuring the power system frequency resistance or impedance of the ground system to remote earth, measuring the transient or surge impedance of the ground system to remote earth, measuring step and touch voltages, verifying the integrity of ...


Earth surface potentials measuring device for large grounding systems testing

Proceedings of the 21st IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (IEEE Cat. No.04CH37510), 2004

Substation grounding system characteristics need to be examined periodically in order to check that protective functions have not been degraded over a longer period of time. The most important safety parameters are the values of touch and step voltages. However, the surface potential distribution contains additional information concerning grounding grid status and possible characteristics degradation trends. Inspection procedure needs to ...



Educational Resources on Earth Surface Potentials

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • IEEE Draft Guide for Measuring Earth Resistivity, Ground Impedance, and Earth Surface Potentials of a Grounding System

    Practical test methods and techniques are presented for measuring the electrical characteristics of grounding systems. Topics addressed include safety considerations; measuring earth resistivity; measuring the power system frequency resistance or impedance of the ground system to remote earth; measuring the transient or surge impedance of the ground system to remote earth; measuring step and touch voltages; verifying the integrity of the grounding system; reviewing common methods for performing ground testing; reviewing instrumentation characteristics and limitations; and reviewing various factors that can distort test measurements.

  • IEEE Guide for Measuring Earth Resistivity, Ground Impedance, and Earth Surface Potentials of a Grounding System

    Practical test methods and techniques are presented for measuring the electrical characteristics of grounding systems. Topics addressed include safety considerations, measuring earth resistivity, measuring the power system frequency resistance or impedance of the ground system to remote earth, measuring the transient or surge impedance of the ground system to remote earth, measuring step and touch voltages, verifying the integrity of the grounding system, reviewing common methods for performing ground testing, reviewing instrumentation characteristics and limitations, and reviewing various factors that can distort test measurements.

  • IEEE Guide for Measuring Earth Resistivity, Ground Impedance, and Earth Surface Potentials of a Grounding System - Redline

    Practical test methods and techniques are presented for measuring the electrical characteristics of grounding systems. Topics addressed include safety considerations, measuring earth resistivity, measuring the power system frequency resistance or impedance of the ground system to remote earth, measuring the transient or surge impedance of the ground system to remote earth, measuring step and touch voltages, verifying the integrity of the grounding system, reviewing common methods for performing ground testing, reviewing instrumentation characteristics and limitations, and reviewing various factors that can distort test measurements.

  • IEEE Guide for Measuring Earth Resistivity, Ground Impedance, and Earth Surface Potentials of a Grounding System

    Practical test methods and techniques are presented for measuring the electrical characteristics of grounding systems. Topics addressed include safety considerations, measuring earth resistivity, measuring the power system frequency resistance or impedance of the ground system to remote earth, measuring the transient or surge impedance of the ground system to remote earth, measuring step and touch voltages, verifying the integrity of the grounding system, reviewing common methods for performing ground testing, reviewing instrumentation characteristics and limitations, and reviewing various factors that can distort test measurements.

  • Earth surface potentials measuring device for large grounding systems testing

    Substation grounding system characteristics need to be examined periodically in order to check that protective functions have not been degraded over a longer period of time. The most important safety parameters are the values of touch and step voltages. However, the surface potential distribution contains additional information concerning grounding grid status and possible characteristics degradation trends. Inspection procedure needs to be well prepared prior to actual measurement during which the great deal of measuring information has to be acquired. General-purpose multimeters are inconvenient for the efficient conduction of measuring procedure and data management tasks. A novel application-specific measuring system for earth surface potentials measurement needed to be developed and realized. It consists of the smart measuring device accompanied with the integrated program environment on a personal computer for inspection planning and analysis.

  • IEEE Guide for Measuring Earth Resistivity, Ground Impedance, and Earth Surface Potentials of a Ground System Part 1: Normal Measurements

    The present state of the technique of measuring ground resistance and impedance, earth resistivity, and potential gradients from currents in the earth, and the prediction of the magnitude of ground resistance and potential gradients from scale-model tests are described and discussed. Factors influencing the choice of instruments and the techniques for various types of measurements are covered. These include the purpose of the measurement, the accuracy required, the type of instruments available, possible sources of error, and the nature of the ground or grounding system under test. The intent is to assist the engineer or technician in obtaining and interpreting accurate, reliable data. The test procedures described promote the safety of personnel and property and prevent interference with the operation of neighboring facilities.

  • Geomagnetic effects modelling for the PJM interconnection system. I. Earth surface potentials computation

    The authors describe an ionospheric source current model and the development of an Earth resistivity model used to calculate geomagnetic induced currents (GIC) on the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland interconnection (PJM). The ionospheric current was modeled as a Gaussian distributed current sheet above the Earth. Geological details are included by dividing the PJM service area into 11 different Earth resistivity regions. The resulting Earth surface potential (ESP) at each power system substation was then calculated.<<ETX>>

  • Study of Fault Diagnosis for Grounding Grid Using Fuzzy Theory

    In order to settle the problem of the exact fault placement on grounding grid, a new fault diagnosis method is brought forward based on the fuzzy theory. The two important principles of fuzzy theory, similar degree and furthest selection, are improved ground on the material problem of the fault diagnosis of grounding grid. Making use of the complex image method and Prony method, adopting the matlab program, the distribution of earth potential of the 10 × 10 intact and fault grounding grid are calculating. These are the sample data- base. Adopting VC++ program, calculating the relation between the intact grounding grid sample and the fault grounding grid sample based on the improved fuzzy similar degree, the fault sample data-base are diagnosed. Subsequently, calculating the difference between the fault samples, the fault placement of grounding grid is diagnosed based on the principle of furthest selection. The result indicates the exact radio is very high.

  • Behaviour of grounding systems in multilayer soils: a parametric analysis

    An extensive parametric study of grounding grid performance in multilayer soil structures has been carried out for the first time. Various practical cases have been examined and the corresponding grounding grid resistances, current distributions, earth surface potentials and touch voltages have been presented and compared for different soil structures. The results presented in this paper provide a benchmark for future work in this domain. They also illustrate practical situations, such as frozen or partially frozen soil conditions, which has remained an open question to date, in which the multilayer structure of the soil must be considered if a safe grounding system design is to be achieved.<<ETX>>

  • Performance of HVDC ground electrode in various soil structures

    This paper discusses and compares HVDC ground electrode design methods in various soil structures. A number of cases are selected based on existing HVDC ground electrodes in order to compare the conventional simplified design method (Method A) with a more advanced grounding design method using a specialized engineering software (Method B). Various soil structures considered include horizontally layered soils, vertically layered soils and finite volume soils. In all cases studied, grounding grid resistances, current distributions, earth surface potentials and touch/step voltages are computed and compared. The results of Method B are also compared with measurements.. For the cases studied in this paper, it is found that the step voltages computed by Method A are usually lower than those obtained using Method B. This is especially true for a horizontal linear electrode for which the step voltages near the end of electrode could be underestimated by as much as 48%. The results presented in this paper provide useful insight and information for accurately designing DC ground electrodes in various soil structures.