Baseband

View this topic in
In telecommunications and signal processing, baseband is an adjective that describes signals and systems whose range of frequencies is measured from close to 0 hertz to a cut-off frequency, a maximum bandwidth or highest signal frequency; it is sometimes used as a noun for a band of frequencies starting close to zero. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Baseband

Back to Top

2020 57th ACM/ESDA/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

The world's premier EDA and semiconductor design conference and exhibition. DAC features over 60 sessions on design methodologies and EDA tool developments, keynotes, panels, plus the NEW User Track presentations. A diverse worldwide community representing more than 1,000 organizations attends each year, from system designers and architects, logic and circuit designers, validation engineers, CAD managers, senior managers and executives to researchers and academicians from leading universities.

  • 2022 59th ACM/ESDA/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The world's premier EDA and semiconductor design conference and exhibition. DAC features over 60 sessions on design methodologies and EDA tool developments, keynotes, panels, plus the NEW User Track presentations. A diverse worldwide community representing more than 1,000 organizations attends each year, from system designers and architects, logic and circuit designers, validation engineers, CAD managers, senior managers and executives to researchers and academicians from leading universities.

  • 2021 58th ACM/ESDA/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The world's premier EDA and semiconductor design conference and exhibition. DAC features over 60 sessions on design methodologies and EDA tool developments, keynotes, panels, plus the NEW User Track presentations. A diverse worldwide community representing more than 1,000 organizations attends each year, from system designers and architects, logic and circuit designers, validation engineers, CAD managers, senior managers and executives to researchers and academicians from leading universities.

  • 2019 56th ACM/ESDA/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    EDA (Electronics Design Automation) is becoming ever more important with the continuous scaling of semiconductor devices and the growing complexities of their use in circuits and systems. Demands for lower-power, higher-reliability and more agile electronic systems raise new challenges to both design and design automation of such systems. For the past five decades, the primary focus of research track at DAC has been to showcase leading-edge research and practice in tools and methodologies for the design of circuits and systems.

  • 2018 55th ACM/ESDA/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The world's premier EDA and semiconductor design conference and exhibition. DAC features over 60 sessions on design methodologies and EDA tool developments, keynotes, panels, plus the NEW User Track presentations. A diverse worldwide community representing more than 1,000 organizations attends each year, from system designers and architects, logic and circuit designers, validation engineers, CAD managers, senior managers and executives to researchers and academicians from leading universities.

  • 2017 54th ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The world's premier EDA and semiconductor design conference and exhibition. DAC features over 60 sessions on design methodologies and EDA tool developments, keynotes, panels, plus the NEW User Track presentations. A diverse worldwide community representing more than 1,000 organizations attends each year, from system designers and architects, logic and circuit designers, validation engineers, CAD managers, senior managers and executives to researchers and academicians from leading universities.

  • 2016 53nd ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The world's premier EDA and semiconductor design conference and exhibition. DAC features over 60 sessions on design methodologies and EDA tool developments, keynotes, panels, plus the NEW User Track presentations. A diverse worldwide community representing more than 1,000 organizations attends each year, from system designers and architects, logic and circuit designers, validation engineers, CAD managers, senior managers and executives to researchers and academicians from leading universities.

  • 2015 52nd ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The world's premier EDA and semiconductor design conference and exhibition. DAC features over 60 sessions on design methodologies and EDA tool developments, keynotes, panels, plus the NEW User Track presentations. A diverse worldwide community representing more than 1,000 organizations attends each year, from system designers and architects, logic and circuit designers, validation engineers, CAD managers, senior managers and executives to researchers and academicians from leading universities.

  • 2014 51st ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    DAC Description for TMRF The world's premier EDA and semiconductor design conference and exhibition. DAC features over 60 sessions on design methodologies and EDA tool developments, keynotes, panels, plus the NEW User Track presentations. A diverse worldwide community representing more than 1,000 organizations attends each year, from system designers and architects, logic and circuit designers, validation engineers, CAD managers, senior managers and executives to researchers and academicians from leading

  • 2013 50th ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The world's premier EDA and semiconductor design conference and exhibition. DAC features over 60 session on design methodologies and EDA tool developments, keynotes, panels, plus User Track presentations. A diverse worldwide community representing more than 1,000 organization attends each year, from system designers and architects, logic and circuit designers, validation engineers, CAD managers, senior managers and executives to researchers and academicians from leading universities.

  • 2012 49th ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The Design Automation Conference (DAC) is the premier event for the design of electronic circuits and systems, and for EDA and silicon solutions. DAC features a wide array of technical presentations plus over 200 of the leading electronics design suppliers

  • 2011 48th ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The Design Automation Conference is the world s leading technical conference and tradeshow on electronic design and design automation. DAC is where the IC Design and EDA ecosystem learns, networks, and does business.

  • 2010 47th ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The Design Automation Conference (DAC) is the premier event for the design of electronic circuits and systems, and for EDA and silicon solutions. DAC features a wide array of technical presentations plus over 200 of the leading electronics design suppliers.

  • 2009 46th ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    DAC is the premier event for the electronic design community. DAC offers the industry s most prestigious technical conference in combination with the biggest exhibition, bringing together design, design automation and manufacturing market influencers.

  • 2008 45th ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The Design Automation Conference (DAC) is the premier event for the design of electronic circuits and systems, and for EDA and silicon solutions. DAC features a wide array of technical presentations plus over 250 of the leading electronics design suppliers.

  • 2007 44th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The Design Automation Conference (DAC) is the premier Electronic Design Automation (EDA) and silicon solution event. DAC features over 50 technical sessions covering the latest in design methodologies and EDA tool developments and an Exhibition and Demo Suite area with over 250 of the leading EDA, silicon and IP Providers.

  • 2006 43rd ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 2005 42nd ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 2004 41st ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 2003 40th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 2002 39th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 2001 38th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 2000 37th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 1999 36th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 1998 35th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 1997 34th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 1996 33rd ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)


2020 IEEE International Solid- State Circuits Conference - (ISSCC)

ISSCC is the foremost global forum for solid-state circuits and systems-on-a-chip. The Conference offers 5 days of technical papers and educational events related to integrated circuits, including analog, digital, data converters, memory, RF, communications, imagers, medical and MEMS ICs.


2020 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS)

The International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS) is the flagship conference of the IEEE Circuits and Systems (CAS) Society and the world’s premier networking and exchange forum for researchers in the highly active fields of theory, design and implementation of circuits and systems. ISCAS2020 focuses on the deployment of CASS knowledge towards Society Grand Challenges and highlights the strong foundation in methodology and the integration of multidisciplinary approaches which are the distinctive features of CAS contributions. The worldwide CAS community is exploiting such CASS knowledge to change the way in which devices and circuits are understood, optimized, and leveraged in a variety of systems and applications.


2020 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM)

The Annual IEEE PES General Meeting will bring together over 2900 attendees for technical sessions, administrative sessions, super sessions, poster sessions, student programs, awards ceremonies, committee meetings, tutorials and more


2020 IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium (RWS)

RWW2020 will be an international conference covering all aspects of radio and wireless. RWW2020's multidisciplinary events will bring together innovations that are happening across the broad wireless spectrum. RWS2020, this conference application, acts as the main conference for the entire RWW of events that includes the following conferences: PAWR2020, SiRF2020, WiSNet2020, and TWiOS2020 (IEEE Topical Conference on RF/microwave Power Amplifiers, IEEE Topical Meeting on Silicon Monolithic Integrated Circuits in RF Systems, IEEE Topical Conference on Wireless Sensors and Sensor Networks, and IEEE Topical Workshop on the Internet of Space IoS, respectively). In addition to traditional podium presentations and poster sessions, tracks for IEEE Distinguished Lectures, Sunday half-day workshops, Monday panels, and a demo session are planned. A RWW2020 plenary talk are a parallel IoT Summit are planned. A student competition is also planned.

  • 2019 IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium (RWS)

    This is a conference with a focus on wireless components, applications, and systems that impact both our current and future life style. The conference's main niche is to bring together technologists, circuit designers, system designers, and entrepreneurs at a single event. It was and is the place where these worlds meet, where new processes and systems can be benchmarked against the needs of circuit designers at the bleeding edge of RF systems, where today's design compromises can trigger tomorrow's advanced technologies. Where dreams can become a reality. RWS is the cornerstone conference for Radio Wireless Week.

  • 2018 IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium (RWS)

    This is a set of five conferences with a focus on wireless components, applications, and systems that effect both now and our future life style. These conferences main niche is to bring together technologists, circuit designers, system designers, and entrepreneurs at a single event. It was and is the place where these worlds meet, where new processes and systems can be benchmarked against the needs of circuit designers at the bleeding edge of RF systems, where today’s design compromises can trigger tomorrow’s advanced technologies. Where dreams can become a reality.

  • 2017 IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium (RWS)

    This is a set of five conferences with a focus on wireless components, applications, and systems that effect both now and our future life style. These conferences main niche is to bring together technologists, circuit designers, system designers, and entrepreneurs at a single event. It was and is the place where these worlds meet, where new processes and systems can be benchmarked against the needs of circuit designers at the bleeding edge of RF systems, where today’s design compromises can trigger tomorrow’s advanced technologies. Where dreams can become a reality.

  • 2016 IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium (RWS)

    This is a set of five conferences with a focus on wireless components, applications, and systems that effect both now and our future life style. These conferences main niche is to bring together technologists, circuit designers, system designers, and entrepreneurs at a single event. It was and is the place where these worlds meet, where new processes and systems can be bench-marked against the needs of circuit designers at the bleeding edge of RF systems, where today

  • 2015 IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium (RWS)

    This is a set of five conferences with a focus on wireless components, applications, and systems that effect both now and our future life style. These conferences main niche is to bring together technologists, circuit designers, system designers, and entrepreneurs at a single event. It was and is the place where these worlds meet, where new processes and systems can be benchmarked against the needs of circuit designers at the bleeding edge of RF systems, where today

  • 2014 IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium (RWS)

    RWS focuses on the intersection between radio systems and wireless technology, which creates a unique forum for engineers to discuss hardware design and system performance of the state -of-the-art wireless systems. Includes an expanded program on the latest information on wireless communications and networking, and associated enabling technologies as new services and applications emerge.

  • 2013 IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium (RWS)

    RWS focuses on the intersection between radio systems and wireless technology, which creates a unique forum for engineers to discuss hardware design and system performance of the state-of-the-art wireless systems. Includes an expanded program on the latest information on wireless communications and networking, and associated enabling technologies as new services and applications emerge.

  • 2012 IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium (RWS)

    RWS focuses on the intersection between radio systems and wireless technology, which creates a unique forum for engineers to discuss hardware design and system performance of the state-of-the-art wireless systems. Includes an expanded program on the latest information on wireless communications and networking, and associated enabling technologies as new services and applications emerge.

  • 2011 IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium (RWS)

    All aspects of components and systems related to radio and wireless networks.

  • 2010 IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium (RWS)

    RWS focuses on the intersection between radio systems and wireless technology, which creates a unique forum for engineers to discuss various aspects of wireless communication systems and the state-of-the-art in both fields by exploring the connections between hardware design and system performance.

  • 2009 IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium (RWS)

    This symposium highlights the state of the art of hardware and systems of radio and wireless

  • 2008 IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium (RWS)

  • 2007 IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium (RWS)

  • 2006 IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium (RWS)

  • 2004 IEEE Radio and Wireless Conference - (RAWCON 2004)

  • 2003 IEEE Radio and Wireless Conference - (RAWCON 2003)

  • 2002 IEEE Radio and Wireless Conference - (RAWCON 2002)

  • 2001 IEEE Radio and Wireless Conference - (RAWCON 2001)

  • 2000 IEEE Radio and Wireless Conference - (RAWCON 2000)

  • 1999 IEEE Radio and Wireless Conference - (RAWCON '99)

  • 1998 IEEE Radio and Wireless Conference - (RAWCON '98)


More Conferences

Periodicals related to Baseband

Back to Top

Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, IEEE

The IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine publishes articles concerned with the various aspects of systems for space, air, ocean, or ground environments.


Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on

Broadcast technology, including devices, equipment, techniques, and systems related to broadcast technology, including the production, distribution, transmission, and propagation aspects.


Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs, IEEE Transactions on

Part I will now contain regular papers focusing on all matters related to fundamental theory, applications, analog and digital signal processing. Part II will report on the latest significant results across all of these topic areas.


Communications Letters, IEEE

Covers topics in the scope of IEEE Transactions on Communications but in the form of very brief publication (maximum of 6column lengths, including all diagrams and tables.)


Communications Magazine, IEEE

IEEE Communications Magazine was the number three most-cited journal in telecommunications and the number eighteen cited journal in electrical and electronics engineering in 2004, according to the annual Journal Citation Report (2004 edition) published by the Institute for Scientific Information. Read more at http://www.ieee.org/products/citations.html. This magazine covers all areas of communications such as lightwave telecommunications, high-speed data communications, personal communications ...


More Periodicals


Xplore Articles related to Baseband

Back to Top

Reduction of baseband electrical memory effects using broadband active baseband load-pull

2013 IEEE International Wireless Symposium (IWS), 2013

This paper presents an enhanced active baseband load-pull capability that allows constant, frequency independent baseband load environments to be presented across wide modulation bandwidths. This capability is critical in allowing the effects of baseband impedance variation has on the performance of nonlinear microwave devices, when are driven by broadband multi-tone stimuli, to be fully investigated. The experimental investigations were carried ...


Simulation and Performance Research on Baseband System

2013 International Conference on Computational and Information Sciences, 2013

Baseband transmission system have an irreplaceable role in the digital transmission system, its scope of application to penetrate into the network communication satellite communications, monitoring control, mobile communications, digital television, digital telephone life, science and technology in all aspects with the development of technology, thus increasingly becoming a key technology in the digital communications transmission system. Moreover, many of the ...


Characterization of baseband electrical memory in microwave devices using multi-tone measurement system

2016 16th Mediterranean Microwave Symposium (MMS), 2016

This paper presents the robust characterization of nonlinear microwave devices driven by broadband modulated multi-sine stimuli by using a refined multi-tone waveform measurement system. The substantial contribution comes from the capability of the measurement system to measure and average the time domain waveforms of adjacently modulated signals on a similar time scale for different modulation frequencies. The enhanced system demonstrates ...


Baseband FPGA for beamspace MIMO RF antenna at LTE-A communication

2016 International Conference on Information and Communication Technology Convergence (ICTC), 2016

As the MIMO processing gets popular in LTE wireless mobile communication, the number of RF chains of base station for MIMO processing gets increased, which results in the increase of cost and the volume of eNodeB base-station. In order to solve this problem, the beamspace MIMO RF Antenna has been proposed. The advantage of Beam-space MIMO RF Antenna is to ...


Design of a FPGA-based baseband for MIMO TD-LTE BTS

2013 IEEE International Wireless Symposium (IWS), 2013

A compact 2×2 MIMO analog baseband processing unit for the TD-LTE BTS transceiver system is presented in this paper. The designed system supports two independent transmitter and receiver. Data can be transmitted between the baseband and the digital baseband subsystem flexibly and conveniently by either the optical fibers or the LAN cable. The on-board FPGA can support the Common Public ...


More Xplore Articles

Educational Resources on Baseband

Back to Top

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Reduction of baseband electrical memory effects using broadband active baseband load-pull

    This paper presents an enhanced active baseband load-pull capability that allows constant, frequency independent baseband load environments to be presented across wide modulation bandwidths. This capability is critical in allowing the effects of baseband impedance variation has on the performance of nonlinear microwave devices, when are driven by broadband multi-tone stimuli, to be fully investigated. The experimental investigations were carried out using a 10W GaN HEMT device, under 9-carrier complex multi-tone excitation.

  • Simulation and Performance Research on Baseband System

    Baseband transmission system have an irreplaceable role in the digital transmission system, its scope of application to penetrate into the network communication satellite communications, monitoring control, mobile communications, digital television, digital telephone life, science and technology in all aspects with the development of technology, thus increasingly becoming a key technology in the digital communications transmission system. Moreover, many of the problems of the base band system must be considered in a band transmission system. On the basis of this, paper discussed on the key technologies of communication system - digital baseband transmission (including baseband system structure, the transmission of the way their system to optimize the bit error rate analysis), focuses on the digital baseband transmission based on Matlab characteristics, use Matlab to design and simulation baseband system, use Simulink blocks to build its BER analysis model, thus deepening the baseband transmission characteristics analysis.

  • Characterization of baseband electrical memory in microwave devices using multi-tone measurement system

    This paper presents the robust characterization of nonlinear microwave devices driven by broadband modulated multi-sine stimuli by using a refined multi-tone waveform measurement system. The substantial contribution comes from the capability of the measurement system to measure and average the time domain waveforms of adjacently modulated signals on a similar time scale for different modulation frequencies. The enhanced system demonstrates the ability of presenting the constant baseband (IF) loads across wide modulation bandwidth which is extremely imperative for the precise evaluation of inherent nonlinearity of microwave devices. The measurement system is later applied for the experimental investigations of baseband impedance variation effects on 10W GaN HEMT through the optimization scheme based on the simultaneously engineering of significant baseband components(IF1 and IF2) and higher baseband components(IF3 and IF4).

  • Baseband FPGA for beamspace MIMO RF antenna at LTE-A communication

    As the MIMO processing gets popular in LTE wireless mobile communication, the number of RF chains of base station for MIMO processing gets increased, which results in the increase of cost and the volume of eNodeB base-station. In order to solve this problem, the beamspace MIMO RF Antenna has been proposed. The advantage of Beam-space MIMO RF Antenna is to reduce the RF chain which results in the cost reduction of LTE RF module. For implementing Beam-space MIMO, six-port modulator RF has been proposed with the concept of impedance loading. In order to support impedance loading based on six-port modulator, the LTE IQ baseband signal from LTE modem should be transformed to control the six-port modulator RF chip. This transformation is performed by table mapping at FPGA in this design. The requirement of baseband processing is 300Mbps in 33MHz band which supports 4 streams. The integration system has been designed with LTE modem that supports 4×4 MIMO. The testing of full integration system consists of baseband FPGA, LTE modem and Beam-space MIMO RF Antenna module. LTE signal generator, commercial LTE test platform have been used to validate the design of beamspace MIMO RF baseband system during the test procedure.

  • Design of a FPGA-based baseband for MIMO TD-LTE BTS

    A compact 2×2 MIMO analog baseband processing unit for the TD-LTE BTS transceiver system is presented in this paper. The designed system supports two independent transmitter and receiver. Data can be transmitted between the baseband and the digital baseband subsystem flexibly and conveniently by either the optical fibers or the LAN cable. The on-board FPGA can support the Common Public Radio Interface (CPRI) and the Gigabit Ethernet (GE) interface. It can also be used for some data processing such as the calibration, digital predistortion (DPD), etc. Measurement results of EVM with a 19.2MHz 16QAM signal and a 20MHz TD-LTE signal are 0.45%rms and 1.29%rms respectively, which verifies excellent performance of the baseband board. With RF board as well as power and controller board integrated together, the designed 2×2 compact MIMO analog baseband processing unit is implemented in the TD-LTE trial network successfully.

  • Prototype of Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM) baseband modem for a digital baseband signal processor

    This paper presents simulation of baseband modem for Digital Baseband Signal Processor (DBSP) with Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM). The research focuses on QAM with different M-ary schemes which are 16-QAM, 32-QAM, 64-QAM, 128-QAM and 256-QAM. The baseband modem is tested in Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN) and the performance of QAM schemes are then compared in term of Bit Error Rate (BER) with theoretical values. Results from the simulation show that the proposed baseband modem has same performance with theoretical results. The uploading process for the baseband modem model into TMS320C6713 DSP Starter Kit (DSK) also success and further improvement need to be made in next research in order to validate the implementation results.

  • Low-power CMOS baseband filter for dual-mode direct conversion receiver

    This paper presents a design of an analog programmable, low-noise, low- voltage, low-power, continuous-time baseband filter. This baseband filter will be used as a part of the baseband section in the direct conversion receiver and is designed to meet the baseband signal specifications required for both the digital enhanced cordless telecommunications (DECT) and the cellular (GSM, PCS 1900, DCS1800) standards. This baseband filter is designed in a standard 0.8 /spl mu/m CMOS technology with threshold voltages V/sub TN/ = 0.7V for NMOS and V/sub TP/ = -0.9 V for PMOS transistors. It consumes only 4.3mW from a 3.0V supply voltage. The designed baseband filter presents a high dynamic range of about 84dB.

  • Baseband ASIP design for SDR

    Baseband ASIP designs for handsets are discussed based on the author's R&D backgrounds. Algorithms for 4G, 3G, and WLAN are analyzed and selected for implementation based on the trade off of cost and performance with power consumption in mind. A SDR ASIP baseband system architecture is proposed for 4G and 3G mobile handsets. Function partitions for heterogeneous symbol processors are introduced to get higher performance over cost. Three structures for DFE, FFE, and Matrix symbol ASIP are proposed. The concept of bit parallel processor is introduced. Challenges of baseband processors for UDN of 5G were briefly introduced. Conclusions on ASIP architecture and system design are given for different baseband processors on different products.

  • A Reconfigurable Analog Baseband for Ka Band Transmitter

    In this paper, a Ka band analog baseband for satellite communication is presented. The baseband is made up of two cascade third-order low pass filter with a variable bandwidth and a programmaule gain amplifier (PGA). The DC offset cancellation circuit is added at the output of PGA. To achieve high linearity with less power consumption, a novel integrated frequency compensation technology is employed. The simulation results show that circuit has a variable -3dB bandwidth range from 5MHx to 60MHz. The gain range of baseband is from -12dB to 37dB. And the output 1dB compression up to 10. 2dBm at 0dB gain setting. The circuit was implemented in TSMC 65-nm CMOS technology with 27. 8mW power consumption from a 1. 2V supply.

  • A 2.24 mW 74 dBΩ-Gain, dc to 600 MHz-BW differential baseband amplifier for 60 GHz wireless applications

    A low power, wideband and high linearity current-mode based differential baseband amplifier with a bandwidth from dc to 600 MHz applied for 60 GHz zero-IF RF receiver is presented. The wideband differential baseband amplifier is realized in a 90 nm CMOS process. A series-series feedback technique and a Q-enhanced active inductor are adopted in the current-mode baseband amplifier for achieving wideband and high linearity under a small current consumption. The measured maximum BW of 600 MHz, gain of 74 dBΩ and OIP3 of +12.5 dBV are realized with power consumption of only 2.24 mW under a supply voltage of 1.4 V. The measured performance shows the baseband amplifier fulfills the requirements for 60 GHz zero-IF RF transceivers.