Conferences related to Metal-oxide Surge Arresters

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2021 IEEE Pulsed Power Conference (PPC)

The Pulsed Power Conference is held on a biannual basis and serves as the principal forum forthe exchange of information on pulsed power technology and engineering.


2020 IEEE IAS Petroleum and Chemical Industry Committee (PCIC)

The PCIC provides an international forum for the exchange of electrical applications technology related to the petroleum and chemical industry. The PCIC annual conference is rotated across North American locations of industry strength to attract national and international participation. User, manufacturer, consultant, and contractor participation is encouraged to strengthen the conference technical base. Success of the PCIC is built upon high quality papers, individual recognition, valued standards activities, mentoring, tutorials, networking and conference sites that appeal to all.


2020 IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (I2MTC)

The Conference focuses on all aspects of instrumentation and measurement science andtechnology research development and applications. The list of program topics includes but isnot limited to: Measurement Science & Education, Measurement Systems, Measurement DataAcquisition, Measurements of Physical Quantities, and Measurement Applications.


2020 IEEE/PES Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition (T&D)

Bi-Annual IEEE PES T&D conference. Largest T&D conference in North America.


2019 IEEE Electrical Insulation Conference (EIC)

Electrical Materials, Equipment, Testing, Nanotechnologies, Power Systems, Motors, Generators, Transformers, Switchgear


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Periodicals related to Metal-oxide Surge Arresters

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Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, IEEE Transactions on

Electrical insulation common to the design and construction of components and equipment for use in electric and electronic circuits and distribution systems at all frequencies.


Electrical Insulation Magazine, IEEE

The magazine covers theory, analysis, design (computer-aided design), and practical implementation of circuits, and the application of circuit theoretic techniques to systems and to signal processing. Content is written for the spectrum of activities from basic scientific theory to industrial applications.


Electromagnetic Compatibility, IEEE Transactions on

EMC standards; measurement technology; undesired sources; cable/grounding; filters/shielding; equipment EMC; systems EMC; antennas and propagation; spectrum utilization; electromagnetic pulses; lightning; radiation hazards; and Walsh functions


Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on

The development and application of electric systems, apparatus, devices, and controls to the processes and equipment of industry and commerce; the promotion of safe, reliable, and economic installations; the encouragement of energy conservation; the creation of voluntary engineering standards and recommended practices.


Latin America Transactions, IEEE (Revista IEEE America Latina)

The IEEE Region 9 is releasing the IEEE Latin America Transactions to enable the publication of non-published and technically excellent papers from Latin American engineers, in Spanish or Portuguese languages. Engineers and researchers from Portugal and Spain (and others countries with the same language) are also very welcome to submit their proposals.


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Most published Xplore authors for Metal-oxide Surge Arresters

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Xplore Articles related to Metal-oxide Surge Arresters

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IEEE Draft Guide for the Application of Metal-Oxide Surge Arresters for Alternating-Current Systems Amendment: Supplement to consider energy handling capabilities

IEEE PC62.22a/D6, February 2013, 2013

This guide covers the application of metal-oxide surge arresters to safeguard electric power equipment, with a nominal operating voltage 1000 V and above, against the hazards of abnormally high-voltage surges of various origins. This guide provides information on the characteristics of metal-oxide surge arresters and the protection of substation equipment, distribution systems, overhead lines, and large electrical machines.


IEEE Draft Standard for Metal-Oxide Surge Arresters for AC Power Circuits (> 1 kV)

IEEE PC62.11/D11, February 2012, 2012

This standard applies to metal-oxide surge arresters (MOSAs) designed to repeatedly limit the voltage surges on 48 Hz to 62 Hz power circuits (> 1000 V) by passing surge discharge current and automatically limiting the flow of system power current. This standard applies to devices for separate mounting and to devices supplied integrally with other equipment. The tests demonstrate that ...


IEEE Draft Standard for Metal-Oxide Surge Arresters for AC Power Circuits (> 1 kV)

IEEE PC62.11/D2.0, January 2018, 2019

Metal-oxide surge arresters (MOSAs) designed to repeatedly limit the voltage surges on 48 Hz to 62 Hz power circuits (> 1000 V) by passing surge discharge current and automatically limiting the flow of system power current are addressed in this standard. This standard applies to devices for separate mounting and to devices supplied integrally with other equipment. The tests demonstrate ...


Possibilities to reveal internal moisture in polymeric metal oxide surge arresters by means of PD and EMR measurements

PowerTech Budapest 99. Abstract Records. (Cat. No.99EX376), 1999

This paper describes the results of a test series where six different types of gapless, polymer housed metal oxide surge arresters were subjected to humidity and impulse current stresses for ca. 1.5 years. The results of partial discharge and electromagnetic radiation measurements are given in the paper together with the results of internal leakage current measurements providing an indication of ...


IEEE Standard for Metal-Oxide Surge Arresters for AC Power Circuits (>1 kV) - Redline

IEEE Std C62.11-2012 (Revision of IEEE Std C62.11-2005) - Redline, 2012

Metal-oxide surge arresters (MOSAs) designed to repeatedly limit the voltage surges on 48 Hz to 62 Hz power circuits (􀀡 1000 V) by passing surge discharge current and automatically limiting the flow of system power current are addressed in this standard. This standard applies to devices for separate mounting and to devices supplied integrally with other equipment. The tests demonstrate ...


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Educational Resources on Metal-oxide Surge Arresters

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • IEEE Draft Guide for the Application of Metal-Oxide Surge Arresters for Alternating-Current Systems Amendment: Supplement to consider energy handling capabilities

    This guide covers the application of metal-oxide surge arresters to safeguard electric power equipment, with a nominal operating voltage 1000 V and above, against the hazards of abnormally high-voltage surges of various origins. This guide provides information on the characteristics of metal-oxide surge arresters and the protection of substation equipment, distribution systems, overhead lines, and large electrical machines.

  • IEEE Draft Standard for Metal-Oxide Surge Arresters for AC Power Circuits (> 1 kV)

    This standard applies to metal-oxide surge arresters (MOSAs) designed to repeatedly limit the voltage surges on 48 Hz to 62 Hz power circuits (> 1000 V) by passing surge discharge current and automatically limiting the flow of system power current. This standard applies to devices for separate mounting and to devices supplied integrally with other equipment. The tests demonstrate that an arrester is able to survive the rigors of reasonable environmental conditions and system phenomena while protecting equipment and/or the system from damaging overvoltages caused by lightning, switching, and other undesirable surges.

  • IEEE Draft Standard for Metal-Oxide Surge Arresters for AC Power Circuits (> 1 kV)

    Metal-oxide surge arresters (MOSAs) designed to repeatedly limit the voltage surges on 48 Hz to 62 Hz power circuits (> 1000 V) by passing surge discharge current and automatically limiting the flow of system power current are addressed in this standard. This standard applies to devices for separate mounting and to devices supplied integrally with other equipment. The tests demonstrate that an arrester is able to survive the rigors of reasonable environmental conditions and system phenomena while protecting equipment and/or the system from damaging overvoltages caused by lightning, switching, and other undesirable surges.

  • Possibilities to reveal internal moisture in polymeric metal oxide surge arresters by means of PD and EMR measurements

    This paper describes the results of a test series where six different types of gapless, polymer housed metal oxide surge arresters were subjected to humidity and impulse current stresses for ca. 1.5 years. The results of partial discharge and electromagnetic radiation measurements are given in the paper together with the results of internal leakage current measurements providing an indication of the moisture content inside the arresters tested. PD activity was measured in most of the specimens of arrester types with tight interfaces between the polymeric housing and inner parts of an arrester. Arresters with considerable internal gas spaces showed no PD activity during the test despite internal moisture content. Characteristics of the PD type measured in arresters are presented. In all the cases with PD activity the moisture problem was noticed earlier from the internal leakage current measurements.

  • IEEE Standard for Metal-Oxide Surge Arresters for AC Power Circuits (>1 kV) - Redline

    Metal-oxide surge arresters (MOSAs) designed to repeatedly limit the voltage surges on 48 Hz to 62 Hz power circuits (􀀡 1000 V) by passing surge discharge current and automatically limiting the flow of system power current are addressed in this standard. This standard applies to devices for separate mounting and to devices supplied integrally with other equipment. The tests demonstrate that an arrester is able to survive the rigors of reasonable environmental conditions and system phenomena while protecting equipment and/or the system from damaging overvoltages caused by lightning, switching, and other undesirable surges.

  • Influence of High Current impulses and 50 Hz AC Bursts on the Temperature of Low-Voltage Metal-Oxide Surge Arresters

    Metal-oxide surge arresters (MOSA) used as protective devices in electrical networks undergo during in-service operation aging processes that change their technical parameters. The main in-service stresses are: operating voltage, overvoltages, partial discharges and environmental factors. Exposures that result in the dissipation of electrical energy in the varistor structure cause an increase in its temperature and changes of the structure. The paper presents studies on the impact of pulsed electrical stresses, i.e. high- current surges 8/20 and 50 Hz AC bursts on the temperature of low-voltage arresters with metal-oxide varistors. During the tests, temperature contact measurements were made on a metal base of MOSA and registration of thermograms of their surface using a thermal imaging camera. Thermal processes occurring in the tested surge arresters are characterized by long time constants. For this reason, when researching these processes, AC bursts can be a suitable alternative to the use of high currents impulses.

  • Potential distribution analysis of suspended-type metal-oxide surge arresters

    Nonuniformity of potential distribution of metal-oxide (ZnO) surge arresters reduces service lifetime of the arresters. The metal-oxide surge arresters of polymer housings developed can be suspended in different places. A combined method of electrical field and electric circuit is proposed to analyze the potential distribution of the suspended arresters. The equivalent electric circuit is obtained from a charge simulation method (CSM) and matrix transformation, and the potential distribution is solved from the electric circuit analysis by the first law of Kirchhoff. The complicated electromagnetic field problem is then converted to a simple electrical circuit problem. The calculation results show a good agreement with experimental results. Potential distributions of surge arresters suspended on a conductor by a wall, on a framework, and on a transmission-line tower are presented.

  • Special Requirements on Gas-Insulated, Metal-Oxide Surge Arresters

    Equipment in high voltage power systems can be protected effectively by metal oxide surge arresters. Basically two different types of surge arresters are used: surge arresters with air insulation using porcelain or polymeric housings (AIS surge arresters) and surge arresters with SF<sub>6</sub>-insulation using a metallic housing (GIS surge arresters). The probability of a failure of a GIS surge arrester shall be considerably less than for an air insulated surge arrester. Failures of GIS equipment always will result in major outages and costly corrective maintenance. Potential sources of surge arrester failures are the metal oxide (MO) resistor, insulating parts as fiber reinforced (FRP) rods and partitions and the metal enclosure. MO resistors are not allowed to show any aging and must have a high energy discharge capability. The FRP-rods must be free of partial discharges and must withstand high electrical strength. The metal enclosure must be made of high quality material as well as the manufacturing process shall be of high standard including sufficient testing and final certification. Required routine testing on the completely assembled surge arrester does not suffice rather all parts used must be routine tested in a proper way to avoid failing within the life time of more than 30 years. In case of a failure caused by overloading the destruction must be limited to the surge arrester.

  • IEEE Guide for the Application of Metal-Oxide Surge Arresters for Alternating-Current Systems Amendment 1: Supplement to Consider Energy Handling Capabilities

    New tests added to IEEE Std C62.11™-2012: a switching surge energy capability test (thermal energy rating), a repetitive single-impulse withstand capability test, and the inductive voltage drop effects of the internal arrester metal current carrying components determined during the front-of-wave (FOW) discharge voltage test are included in this amendment to IEEE Std C62.22™-2009.

  • Influence of pollution on the performance of metal oxide surge arresters

    Surge arresters are used as key equipment to protect costly substation and transmission line equipment against atmospheric as well as switching over voltages. Reliability of surge arresters has been the subject matter of many studies. Elimination of series gaps in metal oxide surge arresters (MOSA) avoids variation in protective levels caused by erratic gap spark over. MOSA has extremely stable protective characteristics and is very fast acting device, offers lower protective levels at high rates of discharge current. But, in the presence of contamination and moisture, there is the possibility of flow of leakage currents internally and externally both of which may distort the uniformity of voltage distribution across the MOSA. Nonuniform voltage distribution may cause voltage stress and lead to stress degradation. Internal leakage current may also raise temperature around metal oxide discs and lead to thermal run-away. Stress degradation and initiation of thermal run-away process may affect the stability and energy absorption capability of the MOSA. In this paper, an effort has been made to suggest an algorithm with the help of which voltage and current distribution, inside and outside the polluted MOSA could be studied and flashover conditions be achieved. Dynamic surface resistance change during formation and quenching of dry bands due to leakage current has been considered.



Standards related to Metal-oxide Surge Arresters

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Guide for the Application of Metal-Oxide Surge Arresters for Alternating-Current Systems

This guide covers the application of metal-oxide surge arresters (see IEEE Std C62.11-2005) to safeguard electric power equipment against the hazards of abnormally high voltage surges of various origins. This application guide does not cover the application of low-voltage surge protective devices below 1000 V ac, except when applied to the secondary of a transformer.


IEEE Guide for the Application of Component Surge-Protective Devices for Use in Low-Voltage [Equal to or Less than 1000 V (ac) Or 1200 V (dc)] Circuits

This guide covers the application of component air gaps, gas tubes, MOVs, and avalanche junction semiconductor surge-protective devices for use within surge protectors, equipment, or systems involving lowvoltage power, data, communication, and/or signaling circuits. This guide is intended to be used with, or to complement, the related documents referred to in 2.1.


IEEE Guide for the Application of Metal-Oxide Surge Arresters for Alternating-Current Systems

This guide covers the application of metal-oxide surge arresters (see IEEE Std C62.11TM-2005) to safeguard electric power equipment against the hazards of abnormally high voltage surges of various origins. This application guide does not cover the application of low-voltage surge protective devices below 1000 V alternating current (ac), except when applied to the secondary of a transformer.


IEEE Guide for the Application of Surge Protective Devices for Low Voltage (1000 Volts or Less) AC Power Circuits

The transient overvoltages or surge events that are described and discussed in this guide are those that originate outside of a building or facility and impinge on a power distribution system (PDS) through the service entrance conductors. Transient overvoltages or surge events that originate from equipment within a specific facility are not within the scope of this document. This guide ...


IEEE Standard for Metal-Oxide Surge Arresters for AC Power Circuits (> 1 kV)

This standard applies to metal-oxide surge arresters (MOSAs) designed to repeatedly limit the voltage surges on 48 Hz to 62 Hz power circuits (>1000 V) by passing surge discharge current and automatically limiting the flow of system power current. This standard applies to devices for separate mounting and to devices supplied integrally with other equipment. NOTE—These tests demonstrate that an ...


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