Nanorobotics

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Nanorobotics is the emerging technology field of creating machines or robots whose components are at or close to the microscopic scale of a nanometer. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Nanorobotics

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2020 42nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE


2020 IEEE 29th International Symposium on Industrial Electronics (ISIE)

ISIE focuses on advancements in knowledge, new methods, and technologies relevant to industrial electronics, along with their applications and future developments.


2020 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA)

The International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA) is the IEEE Robotics and Automation Society’s biggest conference and one of the leading international forums for robotics researchers to present their work.


2020 IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics (AIM)

The scope of the 2020 IEEE/ASME AIM includes the following topics: Actuators, Automotive Systems, Bioengineering, Data Storage Systems, Electronic Packaging, Fault Diagnosis, Human-Machine Interfaces, Industry Applications, Information Technology, Intelligent Systems, Machine Vision, Manufacturing, Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems, Micro/Nano Technology, Modeling and Design, System Identification and Adaptive Control, Motion Control, Vibration and Noise Control, Neural and Fuzzy Control, Opto-Electronic Systems, Optomechatronics, Prototyping, Real-Time and Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulation, Robotics, Sensors, System Integration, Transportation Systems, Smart Materials and Structures, Energy Harvesting and other frontier fields.


2020 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS)

One of the flagship conferences for the IEEE Robotics and Automation Society (RAS)


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Periodicals related to Nanorobotics

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Automation Science and Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

The IEEE Transactions on Automation Sciences and Engineering (T-ASE) publishes fundamental papers on Automation, emphasizing scientific results that advance efficiency, quality, productivity, and reliability. T-ASE encourages interdisciplinary approaches from computer science, control systems, electrical engineering, mathematics, mechanical engineering, operations research, and other fields. We welcome results relevant to industries such as agriculture, biotechnology, healthcare, home automation, maintenance, manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, retail, ...


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Computing in Science & Engineering

Physics, medicine, astronomy—these and other hard sciences share a common need for efficient algorithms, system software, and computer architecture to address large computational problems. And yet, useful advances in computational techniques that could benefit many researchers are rarely shared. To meet that need, Computing in Science & Engineering (CiSE) presents scientific and computational contributions in a clear and accessible format. ...


Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, IEEE

Both general and technical articles on current technologies and methods used in biomedical and clinical engineering; societal implications of medical technologies; current news items; book reviews; patent descriptions; and correspondence. Special interest departments, students, law, clinical engineering, ethics, new products, society news, historical features and government.


Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on

Science and technology related to the basic physics and engineering of magnetism, magnetic materials, applied magnetics, magnetic devices, and magnetic data storage. The Transactions publishes scholarly articles of archival value as well as tutorial expositions and critical reviews of classical subjects and topics of current interest.


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Most published Xplore authors for Nanorobotics

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Xplore Articles related to Nanorobotics

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Comment on "Nanorobotics Control Design: A Collective Behavior Approach for Medicine

IEEE Transactions on NanoBioscience, 2005

The limitations on nanorobot design and activity imposed by Brownian motion events, communication problems, and the nature of the intercellular space are discussed. It is shown that severe problems exist for a nanorobot designed to enter tissues for therapeutic purposes when it is smaller than about 1<tex>$muhboxm$</tex>in any one of its dimensions.


Robotic platform for real-time tracking of a single fast swimming bacterium

2010 International Symposium on Optomechatronic Technologies, 2010

In this paper we present a hardware architecture with software implementation able to track free swimming single 2μm in diameter MC-1 bacterium. The computer vision system operates at up to 77 fps at full speed and up to 24 fps when recording full 512×512 pixels frame from coupled-charge device (CCD) array. Closed-loop control with lock-in tracking is achieved using the ...


Toward nanorobotics platforms for high-throughput biomedical applications at the nanometer-scale

Proceedings of the Second Joint 24th Annual Conference and the Annual Fall Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society] [Engineering in Medicine and Biology, 2002

A new nanorobotics platform under development and which could be used for high-throughput biomedical applications at the nanometer-scale is briefly described. Each platform is based on a fleet of approximately 100 miniature autonomous instrumented robots, each capable of nanometer-scale operations. A central computer coordinates the operations of each miniature robot based on instructions received previously.


Modeling of a 16-DOF nanorobotics manipulators for multitask inside SEM

2016 International Conference on Advanced Robotics and Mechatronics (ICARM), 2016

In this paper, a nanorobotics manipulation system with 16-DOF was constructed for 3D nanomanipulation of nanometer-scale objects inside a specimen chamber of the scanning electronic microscopes (SEM). Nanorobotics manipulators were divided into 4 units. Each unit was comprised of a X, Y, Z stage (Sigma, TSDS- 255C), 4 Picomotors and an atomic force microscope (AFM) cantilever (Olympus, OMCL-TR400PB-1). Each manipulator ...


Embedded Piezo-actuation System for Automatic Motion Control of a Fleet of Miniature Robots Operating on a Synchronized Vibrating Platform

2006 6th World Congress on Intelligent Control and Automation, 2006

A piezo-actuation system based on a three-legged pyramidal configuration with the apex pointing upward and designed to be embedded onto miniature instrumented robots conceived for operations at the nanometer-scale is briefly introduced. The piezo-actuation system is designed to provide small increments required to position an embedded scanning probe microscope (SPM) tip within the range of the instrument. The deflection amplitude ...


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Educational Resources on Nanorobotics

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Comment on "Nanorobotics Control Design: A Collective Behavior Approach for Medicine

    The limitations on nanorobot design and activity imposed by Brownian motion events, communication problems, and the nature of the intercellular space are discussed. It is shown that severe problems exist for a nanorobot designed to enter tissues for therapeutic purposes when it is smaller than about 1<tex>$muhboxm$</tex>in any one of its dimensions.

  • Robotic platform for real-time tracking of a single fast swimming bacterium

    In this paper we present a hardware architecture with software implementation able to track free swimming single 2μm in diameter MC-1 bacterium. The computer vision system operates at up to 77 fps at full speed and up to 24 fps when recording full 512×512 pixels frame from coupled-charge device (CCD) array. Closed-loop control with lock-in tracking is achieved using the Otsu Segmentation Method (OSM) with a cubic spline model-based predictive algorithm. Using the system, speed distribution of MC-1 cells has been recorded showing a m ean speed of 200μm/s. Tracking is demonstrated over a range of a few millimeters during 30 sec.

  • Toward nanorobotics platforms for high-throughput biomedical applications at the nanometer-scale

    A new nanorobotics platform under development and which could be used for high-throughput biomedical applications at the nanometer-scale is briefly described. Each platform is based on a fleet of approximately 100 miniature autonomous instrumented robots, each capable of nanometer-scale operations. A central computer coordinates the operations of each miniature robot based on instructions received previously.

  • Modeling of a 16-DOF nanorobotics manipulators for multitask inside SEM

    In this paper, a nanorobotics manipulation system with 16-DOF was constructed for 3D nanomanipulation of nanometer-scale objects inside a specimen chamber of the scanning electronic microscopes (SEM). Nanorobotics manipulators were divided into 4 units. Each unit was comprised of a X, Y, Z stage (Sigma, TSDS- 255C), 4 Picomotors and an atomic force microscope (AFM) cantilever (Olympus, OMCL-TR400PB-1). Each manipulator has 4-DOF with 3 linear motions in X, Y, Z directions and a 360-degree rotational one (X-Y-Z-θ stage, θ is along the direction rotating with X or Y axis). Manipulators were actuated with picomotors with better than 30 nm linear resolution and <;1micro-rad rotary resolution. Four AFM cantilevers serving as the end-effectors were vertically installed (the axis of the cantilever tip is vertical to the axis of electronic beam of SEM) to facilitate the real-time observation of operation. A series of kinematics derivations of these four manipulators based on the Denavit-Hartenberg (D-H) notation were established. The working space of the four units was simulated in Matlab and a common working space of the end effector is calculated for 4.1mm by 4.1mm by 6mm. The experimental result showed that the carbon nanotubes can be successfully picked up with this nanorobotic manipulation system.

  • Embedded Piezo-actuation System for Automatic Motion Control of a Fleet of Miniature Robots Operating on a Synchronized Vibrating Platform

    A piezo-actuation system based on a three-legged pyramidal configuration with the apex pointing upward and designed to be embedded onto miniature instrumented robots conceived for operations at the nanometer-scale is briefly introduced. The piezo-actuation system is designed to provide small increments required to position an embedded scanning probe microscope (SPM) tip within the range of the instrument. The deflection amplitude of the piezo-actuators provides the SPM tip with a dynamic range appropriate to achieve atomic resolution. The locomotion system operates at high resonant frequencies in order to achieve higher displacement speeds through a larger number of steps executed per second. To achieve high-throughput operations throughout the platform, the displacement speed of the robots become a critical issue since no SPM-based operations can be performed during travel. To provide a supplemental force, a software-controlled vibrating platform is used to increase the displacement speed of each robot. Synchronization between the piezo-actuation system of each robot and the vibrating platform is done through software interrupts generated by an embedded inertial micro-switch

  • The SEM/FIB Workbench: Automated nanorobotics system inside of scanning electron or focussed ion beam microscopes

    In light microscopy it is natural for everybody to use manual or automatic toolsets like tweezers, knives, hooks, probes and several different measurement tools. Without such handling, manipulation and manufacturing tools many present-day products and methods would not exist. No wristwatch, no in vitro fertilization, no mini-gearbox, just to mention a few. The operators of SEM, FIB or Dual Beam systems generally work without toolsets and call it natural, although the wavelength limit of light is no physical boundary for using such tools. It can be imagined how technology would be pushed when a SEM/FIB Workbench reaches the same degree of practicability and utilization as toolsets for light microscopes.

  • Comment on "Nanorobotics control design: a collective behavior approach for medicine"

    Following the paper by Calcavani and Freitas (see ibid., vol.4, no.2, p.133-40, 2005), the limitations on nanorobot design and activity imposed by Brownian motion events, communication problems, and the nature of the intercellular space are discussed. It is shown that severe problems exist for a nanorobot designed to enter tissues for therapeutic purposes when it is smaller than about 1 /spl mu/m in any one of its dimensions.

  • The smallest and the fastest shape memory alloy actuator for micro- and nanorobotics

    Samples of thermally controlled shape memory alloy (SMA) composite nanotweezers based on bilayered structures Ti2NiCu/Pt with dimensions (0.8-30)×(0.1-10)×(0.07-2)μm have been developed. Each of these composites could be used to create the smallest miniature devices to date for micro- and nanomechanics, fluidics, electronics, medicine and S&A technologies. It was found that the reversible deformation of the composite created by FIB milling is greater than 1 % when the thickness of SMA layer varies from 1μm to 100 nm. The new system of nanotweezers actuation by application of electric current is proposed and theoretical modeling of the new system was done. Experimental tests of the new control system of nanotweezers have been performed. The actuation of nanotweezers in a full cycle (open - close - open) was demonstrated with frequency as high as 1 kHz. Further increase of frequency causes the decrease of bending deformation of nanotweezers. Nevertheless, even at 100 kHz self-oscillation have been detected directly under constant voltage apply. We have demonstrated 3D manipulation of 30 nm single carbon nanotube, stack of graphene layers, viskers of different materials and even mosquito's hair.

  • DNA nanorobotics and sequence design

    We briefly describe our hairpin-based DNA machines and the problem of designing DNA sequences of the machines. For designing such a machine, it is vital to predict conformational transition paths in the machine and reflect the prediction in the design of its DNA sequences. In particular, it is necessary to compute the energy barrier on transition paths between start and target conformations. For predicting conformational transition paths, the energy landscape consisting of conformations of a machine should be generated and analyzed. We have developed an efficient algorithm and its implementation for generating the energy landscape of a machine and computing the energy barrier between conformations. The algorithm not only computes the path that has the minimum energy barrier, but also the area around the path. This area is called the minimum basin because it consists of conformations whose energy is equal to or below the energy of any conformation on the path. The minimum basin is considered to contain various kinds of information for analyzing conformational transition.

  • Signal and image processing in medical nanorobotics: The art of tracking and imaging therapeutics navigated in the vascular network towards the region to be treated

    In clinical applications such as cancer therapies, navigation control of drug- loaded microcarriers through the human vascular network offers many advantages compared to actual methods such as chemotherapy. Indeed, by directly targeting tumors using the most direct route, systemic circulation can be avoided and as such, therapeutic efficacy can potentially be enhanced substantially while eliminating or at least minimizing secondary toxicity for the patients. But to be able to navigate in smaller diameter vessels, these therapeutic microcarriers have an overall size well below the spatial resolution of any medical imaging modalities, while real-time performance due to too long acquisition time to guarantee robust navigation control becomes a real technical challenge. Imaging the therapeutic microcarriers deep in the targeted tissues is also critical to assess not only targeting efficacy, but also to estimate the therapeutic outcomes as well as the level of potential negative effects due to secondary toxicity. In this paper, potential solutions to these issues and opportunities in signal and image processing to enhance the potential of such a new type of medical interventions are briefly presented.



Standards related to Nanorobotics

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Standard for Nanomaterials Characterization and Use in Large Scale Electronics Manufacturing

To fully benefit from the cost, performance, and flexibility of new electronics products manufactured on a large-scale, an industry accustomed to the purchase, use, and engineering of continuum materials must grow to embrace appropriate new practices at the nano-scale.



Jobs related to Nanorobotics

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