Conferences related to Substations

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2021 IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC)

Photovoltaic materials, devices, systems and related science and technology


2020 IEEE IAS Petroleum and Chemical Industry Committee (PCIC)

The PCIC provides an international forum for the exchange of electrical applications technology related to the petroleum and chemical industry. The PCIC annual conference is rotated across North American locations of industry strength to attract national and international participation. User, manufacturer, consultant, and contractor participation is encouraged to strengthen the conference technical base. Success of the PCIC is built upon high quality papers, individual recognition, valued standards activities, mentoring, tutorials, networking and conference sites that appeal to all.


2020 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC)

The 2020 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC 2020) will be held in Metro Toronto Convention Centre (MTCC), Toronto, Ontario, Canada. SMC 2020 is the flagship conference of the IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society. It provides an international forum for researchers and practitioners to report most recent innovations and developments, summarize state-of-the-art, and exchange ideas and advances in all aspects of systems science and engineering, human machine systems, and cybernetics. Advances in these fields have increasing importance in the creation of intelligent environments involving technologies interacting with humans to provide an enriching experience and thereby improve quality of life. Papers related to the conference theme are solicited, including theories, methodologies, and emerging applications. Contributions to theory and practice, including but not limited to the following technical areas, are invited.


2020 22nd European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE'20 ECCE Europe)

Energy conversion and conditioning technologies, power electronics, adjustable speed drives and their applications, power electronics for smarter grid, energy efficiency,technologies for sustainable energy systems, converters and power supplies


2020 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM)

The Annual IEEE PES General Meeting will bring together over 2900 attendees for technical sessions, administrative sessions, super sessions, poster sessions, student programs, awards ceremonies, committee meetings, tutorials and more



Periodicals related to Substations

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Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, IEEE Transactions on

Electrical insulation common to the design and construction of components and equipment for use in electric and electronic circuits and distribution systems at all frequencies.


Electrical Insulation Magazine, IEEE

The magazine covers theory, analysis, design (computer-aided design), and practical implementation of circuits, and the application of circuit theoretic techniques to systems and to signal processing. Content is written for the spectrum of activities from basic scientific theory to industrial applications.


Electromagnetic Compatibility, IEEE Transactions on

EMC standards; measurement technology; undesired sources; cable/grounding; filters/shielding; equipment EMC; systems EMC; antennas and propagation; spectrum utilization; electromagnetic pulses; lightning; radiation hazards; and Walsh functions


Energy Conversion, IEEE Transaction on

Research, development, design, application, construction, installation, and operation of electric power generating facilities (along with their conventional, nuclear, or renewable sources) for the safe, reliable, and economic generation of electrical energy for general industrial, commercial, public, and domestic consumption, and electromechanical energy conversion for the use of electrical energy


Industrial Informatics, IEEE Transactions on

IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics focuses on knowledge-based factory automation as a means to enhance industrial fabrication and manufacturing processes. This embraces a collection of techniques that use information analysis, manipulation, and distribution to achieve higher efficiency, effectiveness, reliability, and/or security within the industrial environment. The scope of the Transaction includes reporting, defining, providing a forum for discourse, and informing ...




Xplore Articles related to Substations

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IEE Colloquium on 'Partial Discharges in Gas Insulated Substations' (Digest No.1994/093)

IEE Colloquium on Partial Discharges in Gas Insulated Substations, 1994

None


IEEE Draft Guide for Direct Lightning Stroke Shielding of Substations

IEEE P998/D14.1, October 2012, 2012

Design This guide provides designinformation for the methods historically and typically applied by substation designers to minimize reduce direct lightning strokes to equipment and buswork within substations is provided. Two approaches, the classical empirical method and the electrogeometric model, are presented in detail. A third approach involving the use of active lightning terminals is also briefly reviewed.


IEEE Guide for Direct Lightning Stroke Shielding of Substations

IEEE P998/D10.1, July 2011, 2013

Design information for the methods historically and typically applied by substation designers to minimize direct lightning strokes to equipment and buswork within substations is provided. Two approaches, the classical empirical method and the electrogeometric model, are presented in detail. A third approach involving the use of active lightning terminals is also briefly reviewed.


Reducing Outages Through Improved Protection, Monitoring, Diagnostics, and Autorestoration in Transmission Substations—(69 kV and Above)

IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, 2016

This paper primarily addresses the subject of reducing outages or reducing the outage duration, auto-restoration applications for transmission substations, (where “transmission” is defined as 69 kV and higher), and the subject of proactively preventing outages. This paper is a summary of the report of K3-WG for transmission systems. The contribution of this paper includes the presentation of the state-of-the-art, practical ...


A review of partial discharge monitoring in gas insulated substations

IEE Colloquium on Partial Discharges in Gas Insulated Substations, 1994

The ideal user requirements for a GIS partial discharge system are listed, and the measurement of UHF resonances with capacitive couplers is advocated as effectively satisfying all criteria.<<ETX>>



Educational Resources on Substations

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • IEE Colloquium on 'Partial Discharges in Gas Insulated Substations' (Digest No.1994/093)

    None

  • IEEE Draft Guide for Direct Lightning Stroke Shielding of Substations

    Design This guide provides designinformation for the methods historically and typically applied by substation designers to minimize reduce direct lightning strokes to equipment and buswork within substations is provided. Two approaches, the classical empirical method and the electrogeometric model, are presented in detail. A third approach involving the use of active lightning terminals is also briefly reviewed.

  • IEEE Guide for Direct Lightning Stroke Shielding of Substations

    Design information for the methods historically and typically applied by substation designers to minimize direct lightning strokes to equipment and buswork within substations is provided. Two approaches, the classical empirical method and the electrogeometric model, are presented in detail. A third approach involving the use of active lightning terminals is also briefly reviewed.

  • Reducing Outages Through Improved Protection, Monitoring, Diagnostics, and Autorestoration in Transmission Substations—(69 kV and Above)

    This paper primarily addresses the subject of reducing outages or reducing the outage duration, auto-restoration applications for transmission substations, (where “transmission” is defined as 69 kV and higher), and the subject of proactively preventing outages. This paper is a summary of the report of K3-WG for transmission systems. The contribution of this paper includes the presentation of the state-of-the-art, practical techniques and measures for preventing and reducing outages in transmission substations which, if properly adopted, can significantly improve transmission system reliability.

  • A review of partial discharge monitoring in gas insulated substations

    The ideal user requirements for a GIS partial discharge system are listed, and the measurement of UHF resonances with capacitive couplers is advocated as effectively satisfying all criteria.<<ETX>>

  • National Grid experience with partial discharges in gas insulated substations

    The method of PD detection used by NGC is the UHF technique. Capacitive couplers are the most effective sensors. PD sources are located by time-of- flight measurement where signals from couplers on either side are displayed simultaneously on a 2 channel fast Digital Storage Oscilloscope (DSO). Better instrumentation and the collation of a database of transit times through different plant have improved accuracies. With this experience PD sources have been located to within plus or minus 0.5 m and confirmed by inspection. An ultrasonic PD detection system is being used to confirm locations and it is hoped that more precise location will be possible.<<ETX>>

  • Research into the acoustic detection and location of partial discharges in gas insulated substations

    Summary form only given. Test cells constructed to reproduce certain of the major types of partial discharges in GIS, i.e. free moving conducting particles, protrusions, and electrically 'floating' objects, were used as partial discharge sources. These were mounted in a full-scale 400 kV GIS busbar chamber for experimental work which involved the use of different types of partial discharge test cell, gases, gas pressures, and voltages. Results from these tests, indicate some of the information that can be obtained. It is concluded that acoustic techniques can be used effectively to pinpoint the location of partial discharges produced by loose conducting particles. For other sources of partial discharge, sharp protrusions, etc., the technique is less effective. Even so, with further improvement in techniques and equipment, there are good prospects for accurate location of such sources. In particular, emphasis on research into better data processing could yield significant advances.<<ETX>>

  • Emission levels of ELF magnetic fields from 132 kV distribution substations

    One of the leading sources of emission of ELF magnetic fields in occupational settings and residential communities is overhead power lines and electrical substations. This study aimed to investigate the emissions of ELF magnetic fields in 132 kV distribution substations within Mangaung metropolitan region, Free State, South Africa. Four 132 kV substations were randomly selected in three prominent areas of Mangaung metropolitan region. For each substation, 50 (1 m2) blocks were divided from the floor plans and a total of 200 measurements were collected using Triefield meter model XE 100. The data was analyzed using analysis ToolPak from excel programme (Microsoft 2010). ANOVA was performed to compare the mean values between four substations. The results obtained from statistical tests indicated a non-significant difference when ELF magnetic field emissions from four distribution substations were compared to one another (p<; 0.39). It was also found that area one (1.26 μT) had a higher emission mean value than area two (1.15 μT) and three (1.14 μT) respectively. This study concludes that exposure levels measured in the three prominent areas of Mangaung are below the recommended ICNIRP guidelines for both workers and general public.

  • Development and qualification of a temporary supporting device for HV electrical substations

    The transmission network development along with the connection of new customers and compensating systems call for extension works in existing substations. In order to address that growing need while minimising down time, Rte has acquired new Temporary Supporting Devices for High Voltage Electrical Substations. Such devices make it possible, per example, to carry out works on busbars keeping uninterrupted service on Rte network. SERECT was asked to design the new device, which was developed in about two years. It meets applicable French, European and LW regulations. These devices offer several benefits: they are versatile, and can be used in 225 kV and 400 kV substations alike. They are designed to enable the execution of works lasting up to 12 weeks (wind resistance up to 180 km/h). They are flexible in use, as they do not require preliminary civil engineering work. They are dimensioned to resist the electrodynamic forces generated by short circuit currents up to 40 kA. Their height is adjustable from 4 m to 8.2 m, allowing them to be adapted to the configuration of the substation. In particular, the device allows the realisation of extension works in HV substations, the connection of new cells, the replacement of equipments and all works on busbars. The development is fully consistent with Rte Live Working policy and its aim to continuously improve the feasibility of work without de-energising the infrastructures of the transmission network. It meets the company's objective of continually improving service quality and customer satisfaction.

  • Bibliography for reliability and availability engineering for substations

    A bibliography of selected references pertaining to the reliability and availability of substations is presented. Emphasis was placed on technical references relating to substations that step down from a primary voltage to a secondary distribution system voltage of 46 kV or below.<<ETX>>



Standards related to Substations

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American National Standard for Switchgear - Unit Substations - Requirements


Guide for Bus Design in Air Insulated Substations

The information in this guide is applicable to rigid and strain bus structures for outdoor and indoor, air-insulated, and alternating-current substations. Ampacity, radio influence, vibration, and forces due to gravity, wind, fault current, and thermal expansion are considered. Design criteria for bus arrangements and for conductor and insulator strength calculations are included.


Guide for Cable Connections for Gas Insulated Substations

This guide establishes typical dimensions for connections of a gas insulated substation (GIS) to extruded, self contained fluid filled and high pressure fluid filled (pipe type) cables in single and three phase arrangements for voltages 72.5 kV and above. The guide applies to both fluid filled and dry type cable terminations with insulating barrier separating SF6 gas in GIS housing ...


Guide for Containment and Control of Oil Spills in Substations

This guide discusses the significance of oil spillage regulations and their applicability to electric supply substations; identifies the sources of oil spills; discusses typical designs and methods for dealing with oil containment and control of oil spills and provides guidelines for preparation of a typical Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasure (SPCC) plan. This guide applies only to insulating oil containing ...


Guide for Direct Lightning Stroke Shielding of Substations

This guide identifies and discusses design procedures to provide direct stroke shielding of outdoor distribution, transmission, and generating plant substations. Known methods of shielding from direct strokes were investigated during the preparation of this guide, and information is provided on two methods found to be widely used: a) The classical empirical method b) The electrogeometric model A third approach, which ...