Conferences related to Sensors

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2021 IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC)

Photovoltaic materials, devices, systems and related science and technology


2021 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM)

the IEEE/IEDM has been the world's main forum for reporting breakthroughs in technology, design, manufacturing, physics and the modeling of semiconductors and other electronic devices. Topics range from deep submicron CMOS transistors and memories to novel displays and imagers, from compound semiconductor materials to nanotechnology devices and architectures, from micromachined devices to smart -power technologies, etc.

  • 2006 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM)

  • 2007 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM)

  • 2008 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM)

    Over the last 53 years, the IEEE/IEDM has been the world's main forum for reporting breakthroughs in technology, design, manufacturing, physics and the modeling of semiconductors and other electronic devices. Topics range from deep submicron CMOS transistors and memories to novel displays and imagers, from compound semiconductor materials to nanotechnology devices and architectures, from micromachined devices to smart-power technologies, etc.

  • 2009 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM)

    CMOS Devices Technology, Characterization, REliability and Yield, Displays, sensors and displays, memory technology, modeling and simulation, process technology, solid state and nanoelectronic devices

  • 2010 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM)

  • 2011 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM)

    CMOS Devices Technology, Characterization, Reliability and Yield, Displays, sensors and displays, memory technology, modeling and simulation, process technology, solid state and nanoelectronic devices.

  • 2012 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM)

  • 2013 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM)

    IEDM is the world s pre-eminent forum for reporting technological breakthroughs in the areas of semiconductor and electronic device technology, design, manufacturing, physics, and modeling. IEDM is the flagship conference for nanometer-scale CMOS transistor technology, advanced memory, displays, sensors, MEMS devices, novel quantum and nano-scale devices and phenomenology, optoelectronics, devices for power and energy harvesting, high-speed devices, as well as process technology and device modeling and simulation.

  • 2014 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM)

    IEDM is the world s pre-eminent forum for reporting technological breakthroughs in the areas of semiconductor and electronic device technology, design, manufacturing, physics, and modeling. IEDM is the flagship conference for nanometer-scale CMOS transistor technology, advanced memory, displays, sensors, MEMS devices, novel quantum and nano-scale devices and phenomenology, optoelectronics, devices for power and energy harvesting, high-speed devices, as well as process technology and device modeling and simulation.

  • 2015 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM)

    the IEEE/IEDM has been the world's main forum for reporting breakthroughs in technology, design, manufacturing, physics and the modeling of semiconductors and other electronic devices. Topics range from deep submicron CMOS transistors and memories to novel displays and imagers, from compound semiconductor materials to nanotechnology devices and architectures, from micromachined devices to smart-power technologies, etc.

  • 2017 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM)

    the IEEE/IEDM has been the world's main forum for reporting breakthroughs in technology, design, manufacturing, physics and the modeling of semiconductors and other electronic devices. Topics range from deep submicron CMOS transistors and memories to novel displays and imagers, from compound semiconductor materials to nanotechnology devices and architectures, from micromachined devices to smart -power technologies, etc.

  • 2019 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM)

    the IEEE/IEDM has been the world's main forum for reporting breakthroughs in technology, design, manufacturing, physics and the modeling of semiconductors and other electronic devices. Topics range from deep submicron CMOS transistors and memories to novel displays and imagers, from compound semiconductor materials to nanotechnology devices and architectures, from micromachined devices to smart -power technologies, etc.


ICC 2021 - IEEE International Conference on Communications

IEEE ICC is one of the two flagship IEEE conferences in the field of communications; Montreal is to host this conference in 2021. Each annual IEEE ICC conference typically attracts approximately 1,500-2,000 attendees, and will present over 1,000 research works over its duration. As well as being an opportunity to share pioneering research ideas and developments, the conference is also an excellent networking and publicity event, giving the opportunity for businesses and clients to link together, and presenting the scope for companies to publicize themselves and their products among the leaders of communications industries from all over the world.


2020 IEEE 16th International Workshop on Advanced Motion Control (AMC)

AMC2020 is the 16th in a series of biennial international workshops on Advanced Motion Control which aims to bring together researchers from both academia and industry and to promote omnipresent motion control technologies and applications.


2020 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS)

The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 1996 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '96

  • 1997 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '97

  • 1998 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '98

  • 1999 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '99

  • 2000 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2000

  • 2001 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2001

  • 2002 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2002

  • 2003 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2003

  • 2004 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2004

  • 2005 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2005

  • 2006 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2006

  • 2007 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2007

  • 2008 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2008

  • 2009 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2009

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2010 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2010

    Reports of research and development at the state-of-the-art of the theory and techniques related to the technology and applications of devices, components, circuits, modules and systems in the RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, submillimeter-wave and Terahertz ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum.

  • 2011 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2011

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2012 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2012

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2013 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2013

    The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter -wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics.The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2014 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2014

    IMS2014 will cover developments in microwave technology from nano devices to system applications. Technical paper sessions, interactive forums, plenary and panel sessions, workshops, short courses, industrial exhibits, and a wide array of other technical activities will be offered.

  • 2015 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2015

    The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics. The IMS includes technical sessions, both oral and interactive, worksh

  • 2016 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2016

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2017 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2017

    The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics.

  • 2018 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2018

    Microwave theory and techniques, RF/microwave/millimeter-wave/terahertz circuit design and fabrication technology, radio/wireless communication.

  • 2019 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2019

    Comprehensive symposium on microwave theory and techniques including active and passive circuit components, theory and microwave systems.

  • 2021 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2021

    The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics.

  • 2022 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2022

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2023 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2023

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2024 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2024

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2025 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2025

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conferencecovering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies;encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including thelatest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulationand more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions,panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2026 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2026

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2029 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2029

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2031 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2031

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2036 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2036

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.



Periodicals related to Sensors

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Advanced Packaging, IEEE Transactions on

The IEEE Transactions on Advanced Packaging has its focus on the modeling, design, and analysis of advanced electronic, photonic, sensors, and MEMS packaging.


Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, IEEE

The IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine publishes articles concerned with the various aspects of systems for space, air, ocean, or ground environments.


Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on

Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.


Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE

IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters (AWP Letters) will be devoted to the rapid electronic publication of short manuscripts in the technical areas of Antennas and Wireless Propagation.


Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission



Most published Xplore authors for Sensors

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Xplore Articles related to Sensors

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Graphene Sensors

IEEE Sensors Journal, 2011

This paper reviews the potential of graphene as a material for fabricating various types of sensors. Graphene is a monolayer of carbon atoms which exhibits some remarkable electronic and mechanical properties and many of these properties lend themselves to sensor applications. The review attempts to be comprehensive in sensor types covering chemical and electrochemical sensors, magnetic and electric field sensors, ...


Condition monitoring of industrial infrastructures using distributed fibre optic acoustic sensors

2017 25th Optical Fiber Sensors Conference (OFS), 2017

Distributed fibre optic acoustic sensing (DAS) can serve as an excellent tool for real-time condition monitoring of a variety of industrial and civil infrastructures. In this paper, we portray a subset of our current research activities investigating the usability of DAS based on coherent optical time- domain reflectometry (C-OTDR) for innovative and demanding condition monitoring applications. Specifically, our application-oriented research ...


The present and future of fiber optic sensors for the oilfield service industry: where is there a role?

2002 15th Optical Fiber Sensors Conference Technical Digest. OFS 2002(Cat. No.02EX533), 2002

The international oilfield service industry has used a large variety of sensing devices for the exploration of oil and gas in the last 70 years. These include sensors that range in the measurement of pressure, temperature, nuclear information, resistivity, acoustic, seismic, electric and magnetic fields, including most recently optical sensors. Applications of optical sensors that have been successfully used and ...


Live demonstration: Chip-scale, nano-engineered, environmental gas sensors

2016 IEEE SENSORS, 2016

N5 Sensors will demonstrate its state-of-the-art chip-scale nanoengineered gas sensors. The sensors can detect environmental gasses including Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), Carbon Dioxide, Methane, Hydrogen, etc. with high selectivity in a low power interface suitable for wearable applications.


Robust thermal microstructure for designing flow sensors and pressure sensors

2017 IEEE SENSORS, 2017

This paper presents a multifunctional hot-wire based microstructure enabling the design of pressure sensors and wall shear stress sensors for aerodynamic applications. The hotwire is suspended over the substrate using periodic silicon oxide micro-bridges, allowing thermal insulation and mechanical toughness. The microstructure design was exploited to realize both wall shear stress sensors experimented in wind tunnel, and pressure sensors demonstrating ...



Educational Resources on Sensors

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Graphene Sensors

    This paper reviews the potential of graphene as a material for fabricating various types of sensors. Graphene is a monolayer of carbon atoms which exhibits some remarkable electronic and mechanical properties and many of these properties lend themselves to sensor applications. The review attempts to be comprehensive in sensor types covering chemical and electrochemical sensors, magnetic and electric field sensors, optical sensors together with mass and strain sensors. The fact that graphene offers some advantages over this entire range of sensing modalities is an indication of its versatility and importance.

  • Condition monitoring of industrial infrastructures using distributed fibre optic acoustic sensors

    Distributed fibre optic acoustic sensing (DAS) can serve as an excellent tool for real-time condition monitoring of a variety of industrial and civil infrastructures. In this paper, we portray a subset of our current research activities investigating the usability of DAS based on coherent optical time- domain reflectometry (C-OTDR) for innovative and demanding condition monitoring applications. Specifically, our application-oriented research presented here aims at acoustic and vibrational condition monitoring of pipelines and piping systems, of rollers in industrial heavy-duty conveyor belt systems and of extensive submarine power cable installations, respectively.

  • The present and future of fiber optic sensors for the oilfield service industry: where is there a role?

    The international oilfield service industry has used a large variety of sensing devices for the exploration of oil and gas in the last 70 years. These include sensors that range in the measurement of pressure, temperature, nuclear information, resistivity, acoustic, seismic, electric and magnetic fields, including most recently optical sensors. Applications of optical sensors that have been successfully used and the potential future of fiber optic sensors for this industry are reviewed.

  • Live demonstration: Chip-scale, nano-engineered, environmental gas sensors

    N5 Sensors will demonstrate its state-of-the-art chip-scale nanoengineered gas sensors. The sensors can detect environmental gasses including Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), Carbon Dioxide, Methane, Hydrogen, etc. with high selectivity in a low power interface suitable for wearable applications.

  • Robust thermal microstructure for designing flow sensors and pressure sensors

    This paper presents a multifunctional hot-wire based microstructure enabling the design of pressure sensors and wall shear stress sensors for aerodynamic applications. The hotwire is suspended over the substrate using periodic silicon oxide micro-bridges, allowing thermal insulation and mechanical toughness. The microstructure design was exploited to realize both wall shear stress sensors experimented in wind tunnel, and pressure sensors demonstrating a high sensitivity in a wide range around atmospheric pressure.

  • Carbon dioxide sensor for mobile devices: A novel approach for low-power consuming, highly sensitive NDIR sensors

    In this work, a miniature sensor for carbon dioxide is presented. Until now, limiting factors for the implementation of gas sensors in smartphones include their production costs, large size and the comparatively poor sensitivity. A small-scale sensor for carbon dioxide suitable for integration in a smartphone is introduced that overcomes these constraints. The sensor components are low- cost, low-power consuming only. As light source a mid-infrared LED is employed and to gauge the light intensity a photoacoustic detector consisting of a commercially available microphone inside a hermetically sealed carbon dioxide cell is used. To save space and minimize intensity losses, a novel waveguide is used to direct the LED radiation to the detector. The waveguide simultaneously forms the measuring chamber. At the same time, because of the high sensitivity of our detector, the overall size can be reduced to a level where it is compatible with standard IC sockets. Gas measurements were performed that emphasize the suitability of the sensor. While providing high sensitivity, the influence of cross-sensitivities to humidity are insignificant and influences due to temperature shifts may be compensated for.

  • Technology and characteristics of microhumidity sensors

    Operation principle of the microhumidity sensors is based on a relationship between a capacity of doped silica film and an amount of humidity that sorbed by it. Characteristics of the films that were produced by a hydrolytic polycondensation from tetraethylorthosilicate based solutions were studied. Influence of technological factors on formation and sensitivity of the films was determined. High sensitivity enables to use the sensors to measure humidity content for especially pure gases, used in microelectronic technology, active gases at humidity content up to 193 K by dew point and organic solvents.

  • Physical Sensors for Biomedical Applications

    The use of sensors is increasing day-by-day in the real world to improve the quality of life by providing information on medical diagnostics for healthcare. Among numerous emerging sensing technologies, physical sensors “electronic devices” have been successfully demonstrated in the field of biomedical applications because of their excellent operation capability. Physical sensing is a unique sensing platform, where sensing devices are responsive towards physical properties (e.g., radiation, light, flow, heat, pressure, magnetic field, and parameters related to mass or energy) and convert them into signals for quantification. This review paper describes the different physical sensors and their biomedical applications, current main challenges, and future developments.

  • Hardware-Software Design for Autonomous Sensors

    A new hardware-software interface for autonomous sensors has been designed with the objective of providing a low power consumption and high performance interface for the measuring of transduction elements commonly used in industrial applications: temperature, resistive bridges, accelerometers, capacitive and pressure sensors. It integrates a Generic Transducer Interface, which is an analog front-end for low frequency measurement applications and offers a duty-cycle output, and two other specialized interfaces for acceleration and pressure sensors. The pressure sensor interface is specifically designed for its use with Ikerlan-Cidetec patented flexible pressure sensors based on conductive polymers. The hardware-software platform is based on the new MICAz OEM module (MPR2600 from Crossbow) and the TinyOs operating system.

  • IEE Colloquium on 'Integrated Imaging Sensors and Processing' (Digest No.1994/238)

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Standards related to Sensors

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IEEE Recommended Practice for Inertial Sensor Test Equipment, Instrumentation, Data Acquisition, and Analysis

Recommended practices for gyroscope and accelerometer testing are discussed, ranging from the equipment and instrumentation employed to the way that tests are carried out and data are acquired and analyzed.


IEEE Recommended Practice for Precision Centrifuge Testing of Linear Accelerometers

Generate errata and/or revisions to the existing Std. 836-1991.


IEEE Specification Format for Single-Degree-of-Freedom Spring-Restrained Rate Gyros


IEEE Specification Format Guide and Test Procedure for Two-Degree-of-Freedom Dynamically Tuned Gyros


IEEE Standard for a Precision Clock Synchronization Protocol for Networked Measurement and Control Systems

A protocol is provided in this standard that enables precise synchronization of clocks in measurement and control systems implemented with technologies such as network communication, local computing, and distributed objects. The protocol is applicable to systems communicating via packet networks. Heterogeneous systems are enabled that include clocks of various inherent precision, resolution, and stability to synchronize. System-wide synchronization accuracy and ...