Nautical Sensor Systems
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2020 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology (ICIT)
ICIT focuses on industrial and manufacturing applications of electronics, controls, communications, instrumentation, and computational intelligence.
OCEANS 2020 - SINGAPORE
An OCEANS conference is a major forum for scientists, engineers, and end-users throughout the world to present and discuss the latest research results, ideas, developments, and applications in all areas of oceanic science and engineering. Each conference has a specific theme chosen by the conference technical program committee. All papers presented at the conference are subsequently archived in the IEEE Xplore online database. The OCEANS conference comprises a scientific program with oral and poster presentations, and a state of the art exhibition in the field of ocean engineering and marine technology. In addition, each conference can have tutorials, workshops, panel discussions, technical tours, awards ceremonies, receptions, and other professional and social activities.
To promote awareness, understanding, advancement and application of ocean engineering and marine technology. This includes all aspects of science, engineering, and technology that address research, development, and operations pertaining to all bodies of water. This includes the creation of new capabilities and technologies from concept design through prototypes, testing, and operational systems to sense, explore, understand, develop, use, and responsibly manage natural resources.
To provide a forum for free discussions of new ideas, research, development and applications in order to stimulate and inspire pioneering work in the field of digital avionics and related areas.To acquire high quality technical papers for publication in a DASC Proceedings and other appropriate publications such as the AIAA Journal of Aircraft and IEEE Systems Magazine.To provide a meeting that will further the progress of AIAA and IEEE entities, including Societies, Technical Committees and local Sections and thereby better serve the interests of all AIAA and IEEE members and the community at large.To provide an atmosphere that strengthens the interpersonal rapport of a large number of engineers and scientists interested in specialized and closely related fields.To provide an exhibition of current hardware and software products, methods and tools.To provide instruction in advances in digital avionics and to encourage and reward student academic participation.
Wireless ad hoc communication and mobile networking/computing have applications in a variety of environments, such as conferences, hospitals, battlefields, and disaster-recovery/rescue operations, and are also being actively investigated as an alternative paradigm for Internet connectivity in both urban and rural areas. Wireless sensor and actuator networks are being deployed for enhancing industrial control processes and supply chains, and for various forms of environmental monitoring. IEEE MASS 2018 is a three-track conference sponsored by the IEEE Computer Society. It aims at addressing research advances in (i) algorithms and theory, (ii) systems, protocols, and applications, and (iii) experimental evaluation and testbeds, in multi-hop wireless ad hoc and sensor networks, covering topics ranging from technology issues to applications and testbed development.
Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission
Computer, the flagship publication of the IEEE Computer Society, publishes peer-reviewed technical content that covers all aspects of computer science, computer engineering, technology, and applications. Computer is a resource that practitioners, researchers, and managers can rely on to provide timely information about current research developments, trends, best practices, and changes in the profession.
The theoretical, experimental and operational aspects of electrical and electronics engineering and information technologies as applied to Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). Intelligent Transportation Systems are defined as those systems utilizing synergistic technologies and systems engineering concepts to develop and improve transportation systems of all kinds. The scope of this interdisciplinary activity includes the promotion, consolidation and coordination of ITS technical ...
All aspects of optical guided-wave science, technology, and engineering in the areas of fiber and cable technologies; active and passive guided-wave componentry (light sources, detectors, repeaters, switches, fiber sensors, etc.); integrated optics and optoelectronics; systems and subsystems; new applications; and unique field trials.
Science and technology related to the basic physics and engineering of magnetism, magnetic materials, applied magnetics, magnetic devices, and magnetic data storage. The Transactions publishes scholarly articles of archival value as well as tutorial expositions and critical reviews of classical subjects and topics of current interest.
OCEANS 2016 MTS/IEEE Monterey, 2016
When a mariner navigates into an unfamiliar area, he/she uses a nautical chart to familiarize him/herself with the environment, determine the locations of hazards, and decide upon a safe course of travel. An autonomous surface vehicle (ASV) would gain a great advantage if, like its human counterpart, it can learn to read and use the information from a nautical chart. ...
Proceedings of OCEANS 2005 MTS/IEEE, 2005
Waterborne threats to commercial and Navy ports have been recognized as a significant issue confronting maritime homeland security. This paper describes the CENTURION Harbor Surveillance Test Bed (CHSTB), sponsored by Littoral and Mine Warfare (L&MW) PMS-485, which has placed both undersea and surface sensors in a combined commercial and Navy port - Port Hueneme, California. The underwater sensor suite being ...
OCEANS 2011 IEEE - Spain, 2011
A conventional nautical radar, operating at grazing incidence and horizontal polarization in transmit and receive, is used as a ocean surface wave sensor. Radar-image sequences, with their high spatial resolution and large coverage, offer an opportunity to derive and study individual waves and wave fields in space and time. However, rainfall effect cannot be avoided in traditional X-band wave monitoring ...
2009 3rd International Conference on Signals, Circuits and Systems (SCS), 2009
This paper describes a multi-sensor acquisition system, capable of acquiring data and decoding digital protocols from many different electronic controlled systems installed on-board a luxury motor yacht, with a single hardware- software unit. The acquisition system is remotely connected to the company yacht database, so that it is automatically configured to handle the production test of a specific model among ...
47th International Symposium ELMAR, 2005., 2005
This article presents technology for the production of electronic navigational charts (ENC) in the Hydrographie Institute of the Republic of Croatia (HIRC); current conditions of producing ENC cells and comparison with international experiences. ENC database together with GPS and onboard sensors make up -electronic chart display and information system (ECDIS) navigational GIS. The purpose of ENC and ECDIS is improvement ...
Multiple Sensor Fault Detection and Isolation in Complex Distributed Dynamical Systems
2011 IEEE Dennis J. Picard Medal for Radar Technologies and Applications - James M. Headrick
IMS 2015: Inkjet-Printed Nanotechnology-Enabled Zero-Power Wireless Sensor Nodes for Smart Skin Applications
Fragility of Interconnected Cyber-Physical Systems - Marios M. Polycarpou - WCCI 2016
GEOSS for BIODIVERSITY -A demonstration of the GEOSS Common Infrastructure capabilities
Localization Services for Online Common Operational Picture and Situation Awareness
A 4x4x4 mm³ Fully Integrated Sensor-to-Sensor Radio - Li-Xuan Chuo - RFIC 2019 Showcase
ICASSP 2010 - Advances in Neural Engineering
ASC-2014 SQUIDs 50th Anniversary: 1 of 6 Arnold Silver
A 28GHz CMOS Direct Conversion Transceiver with Packaged Antenna Arrays for 5G Cellular Systems: RFIC Industry Showcase 2017
Intelligent Systems for Deep Space Exploration: Solutions and Challenges - Roberto Furfaro
Howard Shrobe: Runtime Security Monitor for Real-time Critical System Embedded Applications: WF IoT 2016
NeXOS: Observations Supporting Ocean Sustainability
NeXOS: Observations Supporting Ocean Sustainability (short version)
IEEE Themes - Social dynamics in peer-to-peer sharing networks
IEEE Themes - Efficient networking services underpin social networks
Cooperative Localization in Sensor Networks
ISEC 2013 Special Gordon Donaldson Session: Remembering Gordon Donaldson - 3 of 7 - MEG and ULF-MRI
Industrial Standards and IoT Use Cases - Talk Three: IECON 2018
When a mariner navigates into an unfamiliar area, he/she uses a nautical chart to familiarize him/herself with the environment, determine the locations of hazards, and decide upon a safe course of travel. An autonomous surface vehicle (ASV) would gain a great advantage if, like its human counterpart, it can learn to read and use the information from a nautical chart. Electronic Nautical Charts (ENCs) contain extensive information on an area, providing indications of rocks and other obstructions, navigational aids, water depths, and shore lines. The goal of this research is to increase an ASV's autonomy by using ENCs to provide guidance to the helm when its intended path, which may be dynamically changing, is unsafe due to known hazards to navigation, and context to its sensor measurements that are invariably subject to uncertainty.The approach taken in this paper divides nautical chart awareness into two sections: obstacle avoidance and contextualizing sensor measurements. Unplanned changes to the ASV's path, such as avoidance of other vessels or previously unknown obstacles sensed by the ASV in real-time, may cause the ASV to maneuver into an unsafe environment. Prior mission planning, even with knowledge of nautical charts, cannot account for these dynamic responses. Therefore, to navigate an ASV safely through its environment, obstacle avoidance procedures have been developed to reactively change the ASV's path to avoid known obstacles identified from ENCs. The ENC obstacle avoidance procedures are implemented in a behavior-based architecture where information on the potential threat of the nearby obstacles, as well as the ASV's current state, are used to penalize heading choices that would intersect with the obstacle and, when combined with the waypoint behavior, ensures safe travel around the obstacle while maintaining close proximity to the original path. Identifying objects in a camera, sonar, LIDAR or other sensor's data can be a challenging endeavor in an ocean environment due to the variable sea state, wind, fog, sea spray, sun glint from the sea surface, and bubbles in the water column. Therefore, providing a prior probability distribution for the likely location of those objects in a sensor's field of view has the potential to significantly enhance object detection processing. Contextualizing sensor measurements dynamically identifies objects from the ENC in a sensor's field of view and provides that information to the sensor in real-time. To accomplish these tasks, feature layers within a standard ENC must be translated to a spatial database. In this database, features are encoded with a “threat level” based on the feature type and the estimated depth of the object, which is not always encoded within the ENC. Variations in the local tides as well as the vessel size and speed are also factors when deciding the threat level and the vehicle's appropriate course of action. Providing an ASV the ability to read, understand, and use nautical charts allows the ASV to safely react to known obstacles in its environment and to increase robustness of sensor detection algorithms. No mariner would go into an unfamiliar harbor with restricted visibility without consulting a nautical chart. Autonomous surface vehicles should not be an exception.
Waterborne threats to commercial and Navy ports have been recognized as a significant issue confronting maritime homeland security. This paper describes the CENTURION Harbor Surveillance Test Bed (CHSTB), sponsored by Littoral and Mine Warfare (L&MW) PMS-485, which has placed both undersea and surface sensors in a combined commercial and Navy port - Port Hueneme, California. The underwater sensor suite being evaluated includes multiple aperture fiber optic bottom arrays, and high frequency active and passive arrays deployed in the water column. The surface sensors include radar, an Automatic Identification System (AIS), and both visible and Electro-Optic Infrared (EOIR) cameras. Sensor contact fusion and correlation is presently accomplished by a customized Electronic Chart Data Information System (ECDIS), which takes acoustic and radar contacts together with received AIS signals, correlates, and plots the correlated and uncorrelated contacts onto the local Port Hueneme nautical chart. Visible cameras are used for unexpected daytime surface craft about the Port exclusion zone. The IR camera has proven invaluable for nighttime surveillance of suspicious surface contacts. The radar and cameras are integrated such that the camera will pan, tilt, and follow the radar contact The scenarios currently being evaluated by the CHSTB for timely threat alert and action include: 1) an unidentified, unplanned surface contact: which enters the exclusion zone; and 2) an acoustic contact (e.g., swimmer, swimmer- delivery, mini-sub) which will not correlate with a surface contact. Valuable operational experience is currently being realized for this test bed, as the Port Hueneme Port Security, Force Protection staff currently use the CHSTB system as an aid to their daily watches. The CHSTB was rapidly fielded and operational within 4 months of contract award. This was realized by a maximum use of available hardware and software, combined with an effective Integrated Product Team (LPT). The major subsystems consist of GFE fiber optic acoustic array systems, and Northrop Grumman/Sperry Marine shipboard sensors customized for land-based and multiple sensor integration use. Present and continuing work this year is focused on evaluating complementary acoustic sensors and processing for the diver threat, and evaluating operational effectiveness for a notional sensor suite and integration concept
A conventional nautical radar, operating at grazing incidence and horizontal polarization in transmit and receive, is used as a ocean surface wave sensor. Radar-image sequences, with their high spatial resolution and large coverage, offer an opportunity to derive and study individual waves and wave fields in space and time. However, rainfall effect cannot be avoided in traditional X-band wave monitoring system. Instead of X-band radar, present study utilizes S-band radar as the surface wave sensor. During intensive operation period (IOP) experiment, it is clearly to see that S-band radar can be used in rainfall conditions, and from radar signal to noise ratio (SNR) and modulation transfer function (MTF) comparisons, S-Band radar indeed has good performance on surface wave measurement.
This paper describes a multi-sensor acquisition system, capable of acquiring data and decoding digital protocols from many different electronic controlled systems installed on-board a luxury motor yacht, with a single hardware- software unit. The acquisition system is remotely connected to the company yacht database, so that it is automatically configured to handle the production test of a specific model among hundreds of possible different yachts, each one with its specific sensor and subsystem configuration. It consists of a hardware section (a PC provided with several converters that make the data available on a USB bus) and a software package that collects the data, decodes the digital protocols (NMEA 0183, CAN J1939, TCP/IP, etc.) and provides a common interface for visualization, data storage and test management. A wireless 2-axis inclinometer, not available on board, has also been designed, realized and integrated as a further sensor to be acquired. The acquisition system has extensively been utilized in the characterization of many different models and has proved a significant improvement in the yacht production tests, making this phase rigorous, documented, shorter and thus much cheaper and efficient than before.
This article presents technology for the production of electronic navigational charts (ENC) in the Hydrographie Institute of the Republic of Croatia (HIRC); current conditions of producing ENC cells and comparison with international experiences. ENC database together with GPS and onboard sensors make up -electronic chart display and information system (ECDIS) navigational GIS. The purpose of ENC and ECDIS is improvement of navigational safety and protection of marine environment. HIRC is participant of the international pilot project "North Adriatic virtual regional electronic nautical chart" (VRENC), deals with standardization in production and distribution of ENCs covering the area of the North Adriatic Sea. In international relations HIRC has a rather satisfying ENC production
The Navigation Sensor System Interface (NAVSSI) project is a new system being designed with two primary objectives: processing/distribution of navigation data and the display/operation of digital nautical charts. The goal is for the digital nautical chart to replace the paper chart as a legal means of ownship navigation plotting. NAVSSI will be the US Navy Electronic Chart Display & Information System (ECDIS). The author introduces the project and explores the use of digital nautical charts for ownship navigation with NAVSSI.<>
The proposed project shows the results obtained in the implementation and testing in lacustrine and marine environment of an innovative laterals hydro floating tilting systems control for USV or remote/autonomous surface nautical vehicles. This vehicle is based on a pending patent belonging to Palermo University (Patent Pending RM2012A000209 and RM2012A000209). The system allows, during operation as a vehicle USV, set changes sailing trim and make turns with very narrow angle with little shunting movements. In fact the main benefits obtained were able to change or adjust the navigation structure by changing the tilt of one or two hydro floating during navigation without intervening directly on the flaps of the vehicle. Another benefit obtained by reversing the position of the two hydro floating is to be able to make the tight turn in very little room to maneuver and with little propulsion. The system allows, during operation as a vehicle USV, set changes sailing trim and make turns with very narrow angle with little shunting movements. The tilting system control allows a benefit of fuel or energy for electric vehicles and on the reduced space for maneuvering. The experimental tests were carried out on an telecontrolled electric power vehicle coupled with a jet propulsion, (USV) where the sensor telemetry on-line has allowed us to verify the effectiveness of the complete system, just during the performance of trim and maneuver of the vehicle. Then, the proposed system can be used for applications in all the fields of the nautical vehicle. The procedures applied in the present article, as well as the main equations used, are the result of previous applications made in different technical fields that show a good replicability (1-4, 14, 18-20).
The portable tracking system (PTS) will design, activate and validate a portable underwater/in-air instrumented range capability which can be deployed in most water depths and any ocean locations, This capability will be provided through two suites of inwater hardware. The deep PTS system is a transponder based system that provides up to 500 square nautical miles (915 square kilometers) for a test area with depths ranging from 1000 to 20000 feet (approximately 305 to 6096 meters). The shallow PTS system is an inline multiplexed system on a fiber optic cable supporting up to 100 square nautical miles (approximately 183 square kilometers) with depths ranging from 200 to 2000 feet (approximately 61 to 610 meters). The shallow water in-line multiplexed sensor system (SWIMSS) is a prototype PTS shallow water system. It consists of ten in-line hydrophone sensor nodes. Each sensor node is connected via one nautical mile (approximately 1.83 kilometers) of electrical mechanical optical cable(EMOC). The SWIMSS is deployed from the stem of a ship with the use of a linear cable engine. The hydrophone sensors are broadband and are used to telemeter inwater acoustic ping signals back to a signal processor and automatic data processing equipment suite where pings are detected and inwater vehicles are tracked and displayed.<<ETX>>
The United States Navy has an Electronic Chart Display & Information System (ECDIS) currently in full scale development. This system is called the navigation sensor system interface, or NAVSSI (AN/SSN-6). The NAVSSI will utilize the digital nautical chart (DNC) database for navigation. The DNC database is a global marine charting database being developed by the United States Defense Mapping Agency (DMA). Use of DNCs with NAVSSI will replace the use of paper charts for safe ownship navigation. The goal is for Navy ships to be relying on NAVSSI with DNCs and not paper navigation charts by the year 2000. The paper presents a background on the NAVSSI project and a description of the system hardware and software. NAVSSI compliance with ECDIS performance standards is discussed as well as some unique Navy missions satisfied by the NAVSSI. The NAVSSI accepts inputs from the Global Positioning System (GPS), OMEGA, TRANSIT (SATNAV) and inertial navigation systems (ex. AN/WSN-5) and these inputs are filtered to provide the best available position, attitude and time data. This data is distributed to combat and weapon systems via networks or point-to-point interfaces. The design of the Digital Nautical Chart (DNC) database and the software that has been developed to display and operate the DNC is covered in depth. The database design required new digital standards which were developed by the Navy and DMA.<<ETX>>
With the Wave Monitoring System (WaMoS) based on a nautical radar as sensor the significant wave height is determined. For the calibration of the radar image spectra an algorithm with empirically deduced parameters is used. The algorithm is based on the determination of the signal to noise ratio, where the signal belongs to the long wave modulation and the noise is induced by speckle. This method has been developed for synthetic aperture radar at moderate incidence angles and has been extended for use at grazing incidence. The dominant backscatter mechanism depends on the incidence angle which is linked to the grazing angle. It has to be proved if the different backscatter mechanisms have an influence on the calibration of systems working under grazing incidence.
No standards are currently tagged "Nautical Sensor Systems"