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Clean and energy-efficient hydrogen production and storage from coal

2017 IEEE International Conference on Smart Grid and Smart Cities (ICSGSC), 2017

Clean conversion technologies of coal to hydrogen and its storage are proposed, compared and evaluated in this study. Chemical looping is selected as the main conversion technology to convert the fuel to both carbon dioxide and hydrogen. In addition, integrated system for hydrogen production from coal employing two different chemical looping methods were modeled and compared. The first system integrates ...


Effect on particle size of poultry litter in a down draft gasifier

2016 International Conference on Energy Efficient Technologies for Sustainability (ICEETS), 2016

Gasification of biomass produces thermal energy. It can replace fossil fuels and electricity in cooking and room heating applications to a greater extent. Rather than importing Fossil fuels from other countries, by proper reinventing over old gasification technology to use the existing biomass to the maximum possible extent. Mostly Gasification is preferable for a decentralized approach in Power generation. Since ...


An innovative off-grid permanent magnet flux switching generator for micro gas turbine in rural areas

2017 IEEE International Magnetics Conference (INTERMAG), 2017

This digest reviews extensively on preliminary analysis to obtain a 30 kW electric power generator and to apply Bio-methane to use it directly to micro gas turbine for electricity generation.


Development and Testing of Plasma-Thermal Electric Furnace for Organic Waste Processing

2018 19th International Conference of Young Specialists on Micro/Nanotechnologies and Electron Devices (EDM), 2018

A complex plasma-thermal electric furnace for processing various carbon- containing wastes (communal, biological, agricultural, and other organic wastes) with processing power of 20 kg/h has been developed and created. Test operation of the electric furnace showed that synthesis gas, suitable for the needs of heat and power engineering, produced at plasma gasification of carbon-containing materials.


Possibility of industrial scale BioH2production from product gas in existing dual fluidized bed biomass gasification plant

2016 4th International Symposium on Environmental Friendly Energies and Applications (EFEA), 2016

Conceptual solution of production of pure renewable hydrogen from wood gas or product derived from the commercial biomass steam gasification plant Güssing, Austria was carried out. The proposed process of product gas upgrading consisted of tree basic operations: (I) catalyzed water-gas shift (WGS) reaction, (II) gas drying and cleaning in a wet scrubber and (III) hydrogen purification by pressure swing ...


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  • Clean and energy-efficient hydrogen production and storage from coal

    Clean conversion technologies of coal to hydrogen and its storage are proposed, compared and evaluated in this study. Chemical looping is selected as the main conversion technology to convert the fuel to both carbon dioxide and hydrogen. In addition, integrated system for hydrogen production from coal employing two different chemical looping methods were modeled and compared. The first system integrates coal drying, gasification, syngas chemical looping, hydrogenation, and power generation. On the other hand, the second system combines coal drying, direct chemical looping, hydrogenation, and power generation. Each proposed system was developed based on the principles of enhanced process integration technology, which is combining exergy recovery and process integration. The total energy efficiency of each integrated system is compared. From the study, it is shown that adoption of direct chemical looping, instead of gasification and syngas chemical looping, in the integrated system can improve the total energy efficiency significantly. In addition, it also represents high economic and technical feasibilities due to fewer numbers of required equipment.

  • Effect on particle size of poultry litter in a down draft gasifier

    Gasification of biomass produces thermal energy. It can replace fossil fuels and electricity in cooking and room heating applications to a greater extent. Rather than importing Fossil fuels from other countries, by proper reinventing over old gasification technology to use the existing biomass to the maximum possible extent. Mostly Gasification is preferable for a decentralized approach in Power generation. Since biomass is scattered in nature, this technology is viable for converting waste to useful form of energy. In this paper, we have demonstrated Auto gasification of Poultry wastes and syngas analysis has been carried out.

  • An innovative off-grid permanent magnet flux switching generator for micro gas turbine in rural areas

    This digest reviews extensively on preliminary analysis to obtain a 30 kW electric power generator and to apply Bio-methane to use it directly to micro gas turbine for electricity generation.

  • Development and Testing of Plasma-Thermal Electric Furnace for Organic Waste Processing

    A complex plasma-thermal electric furnace for processing various carbon- containing wastes (communal, biological, agricultural, and other organic wastes) with processing power of 20 kg/h has been developed and created. Test operation of the electric furnace showed that synthesis gas, suitable for the needs of heat and power engineering, produced at plasma gasification of carbon-containing materials.

  • Possibility of industrial scale BioH2production from product gas in existing dual fluidized bed biomass gasification plant

    Conceptual solution of production of pure renewable hydrogen from wood gas or product derived from the commercial biomass steam gasification plant Güssing, Austria was carried out. The proposed process of product gas upgrading consisted of tree basic operations: (I) catalyzed water-gas shift (WGS) reaction, (II) gas drying and cleaning in a wet scrubber and (III) hydrogen purification by pressure swing adsorption. The tail gas or adsorbate can be used like fuel for gas engine for electrical energy production or like a boiler fuel for hot water-heat production.

  • Study on the operating range for syngas production by oxidation dry reforming of biogas

    This study investigated syngas (H2+CO) production by oxidation dry reforming of biogas, and its operating range was discovered. In order to describe the characteristics of MDR (Methane Dry Reforming) and ODR (Oxidation Dry Reforming), the chemical equilibrium calculation and analysis were performed using the minimum of Gibbs free energy. The main parameters settings are CO2/CH4 ratio between 0.1-1.5, and O2/CH4 ratio between 0.1-0.6. The equilibrium calculations were conducted with various parameters to reveal the produced components, and carbon formation. Therefore, the results could reveal and avoid carbon formation in experiments. Due to the DR (Dry reforming) reactions are endothermic, thus, an additional oxygen supply in reforming reactions could cause heat release in oxidation reaction. The heat release in oxidation reaction was utilized as the energy source for DR. Whereas, O2/CH4 ratio should be well selected because over high settings would cause oxidation of fuel and thus decrease in syngas production.

  • Plasma Gas Cleaning Process for the Conversion of Biomass Tar Model Compounds Into Syngas*

    Biomass has been highlighted as a key renewable feedstock to respond to the vital societal need for a step change in the sustainability of energy production which is required to combat climate change. Gasification of biomass wastes represents a major sustainable route to produce syngas (H2and CO) from a source which is renewable and CO2-neutral. However, one of the major challenges in the gasification process is the contamination of the product syngas with tar which causes major process and syngas end-use problems1. Non- thermal plasma technology provides an attractive and promising alternative to the conventional approaches for the conversion of tars into clean fuels at a relatively low temperature.

  • The CFD Simulation of Cyclone Separator with the Counter-cone in the Updraft Gasification Process

    The performance of cyclone separator as the hot-gases clean up utilization in the updraft gasification system was studied through the Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD). The hot-gases clean up utilization system is important part due to the effect on the gasification process, in particular on the quality of Syngas (Synthesis Gas). Therefore, the aim of this study is to find the best performance of the cyclone separator in the gasification apparatus that can clean the syngas from the particulates. The CFD simulation was performed to determine the effect of adding the counter-cone in the cyclone separator to the trend of the performance of tangential velocity, pressure profile, and pressure drop in the gasification process. The Reynold Stress Model (RSM) was employed for the for swirl flows modeling accuracy. The performance of ash separation was predicted by using the path-lines in the cyclone separator and the pressure drop in the vortex finder. The results of this simulation show that by adding the counter-cone in the cyclone separator increasing the performance of particulates trap and the path-lines of particle diameter.

  • Plasma-catalytic conversion of ethanol-water mixture into synthesis gas

    This paper presents the data obtained during our study of the plasma-catalytic conversion of ethanol into synthesis gas. The conversion was initiated by activating part of the injected oxidant (air) in the rotating gliding discharge and mixing it with the combined flow of ethanol and non-activated air. We present the composition of the plasma of rotating gliding discharge and the temperature of its components. We show the composition of the gaseous reforming products and its dependence on the ratio between water and ethanol introduced into the system. We used obtained data to calculate the reforming efficiency and the ratio between the chemical energy of the reforming products and the electrical energy spent on the plasma generation. The study determined that the reforming efficiency of the plasma-catalytic conversion of ethanol had a maximum at H2O/C2H5OH = 0.75.

  • The verification of thermodynamic model for UCG process

    In this paper is described thermodynamic model for UCG process and his verification. The main task of thermodynamic process is finding the composition of gasification products by known thermodynamic temperature and by known pressure, according minimization of Gibson energy of system. This task was mathematical formulated and solved with optimization method of the Lagrange multipliers with restrictions. The verification of this model was made on the data obtained from laboratory and real experiments.



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