# Neuropsychology

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# 160 resources related to Neuropsychology

### Conferences related to Neuropsychology

2020 42nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE

2020 IEEE 17th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 2020)

The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging. ISBI 2020 will be the 17th meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2020 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering cross-fertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.

2020 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS)

One of the flagship conferences for the IEEE Robotics and Automation Society (RAS)

2019 IEEE 18th International Conference on Cognitive Informatics & Cognitive Computing (ICCI*CC)

The IEEE ICCI*CC series is a flagship conference of its field. It not only synergizes theories of modern information science, computer science, communication theories, AI, cybernetics, computational intelligence, cognitive science, intelligence science, neuropsychology, brain science, systems science, software science, knowledge science, cognitive robots, cognitive linguistics, and life science, but also promotes novel applications in cognitive computers, cognitive communications, computational intelligence, cognitive robots, cognitive systems, and the AI, IT, and software industries.

2019 International Conference on Virtual Rehabilitation (ICVR)

The goal of the conference series is to provide an overview of applied and clinical research on technologies in the field of virtual rehabilitation.

### Periodicals related to Neuropsychology

The IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine publishes articles concerned with the various aspects of systems for space, air, ocean, or ground environments.

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.

IEEE Intelligent Systems, a bimonthly publication of the IEEE Computer Society, provides peer-reviewed, cutting-edge articles on the theory and applications of systems that perceive, reason, learn, and act intelligently. The editorial staff collaborates with authors to produce technically accurate, timely, useful, and readable articles as part of a consistent and consistently valuable editorial product. The magazine serves software engineers, systems ...

Rehabilitation aspects of biomedical engineering, including functional electrical stimulation, acoustic dynamics, human performance measurement and analysis, nerve stimulation, electromyography, motor control and stimulation, and hardware and software applications for rehabilitation engineering and assistive devices.

The Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing (J-STSP) solicits special issues on topics that cover the entire scope of the IEEE Signal Processing Society, as outlined in the SPS Constitution, Article II. J-STSP only publishes papers that are submitted in response to a specific Call-for-Papers. These calls are listed on the J-STSP website, and instructions for submitting papers to ...

### Xplore Articles related to Neuropsychology

2008 7th IEEE International Conference on Cognitive Informatics, 2008

The cognitive models of internal language processing in the brain are fundamental areas in cognitive informatics. Neuropsychology is a useful method which effectively reveals the mechanisms of the knowledge representation of natural intelligence. Because reading is a basic intelligence processing, a model based on neuropsychological research may explain the fundamental mechanism of the reading process from clinical aspect. This article ...

Presence, 2012

The purpose of this study was to establish ecological validity and initial construct validity of the virtual reality version of the Multiple Errands Test based on NeuroVR software as an assessment tool for executive functions. In particular, the Multiple Errands Test is an assessment of executive functions in daily life which consists of tasks that abide by certain rules and ...

Presence, 2001

A study is reported into the role of virtual environments in the assessment of patients with executive dysfunction. Five patients and five matched controls entered the study. The patients did not differ significantly from normative values on the standard executive dysfunction measure, the Behavioural Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome battery (Wilson, Alderman, Burgess, Emslie, &amp; Evans, 1996); however, care staff ...

2006 9th International Conference on Control, Automation, Robotics and Vision, 2006

Uncertainty exists in various complex problems. Yet, human is able to effectively handle these uncertainties and makes appropriate decision. Thus, modeling of human uncertainty process should improve the performance of learning system in uncertain environment. A mechanism for human uncertainty monitoring is the broad and narrow generalization in category learning. This can be modeled using upper and lower membership functions, ...

The 5th International Conference on New Trends in Information Science and Service Science, 2011

We tried to verify a low-cost eye tracking device(Model KSL-240) designed in our Lab, using a commercialized eye tracker device(Tobii 1750). Participants were asked either to move eyes or to move mouse cursors to the location of a red circle presented in the target display, and they were assigned to three experimental conditions(KSL-240/Tobii 1750/Mouse Tracking). As results, 1) accuracy of ...

### Educational Resources on Neuropsychology

#### IEEE.tv Videos

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• The cognitive models of internal language processing in the brain are fundamental areas in cognitive informatics. Neuropsychology is a useful method which effectively reveals the mechanisms of the knowledge representation of natural intelligence. Because reading is a basic intelligence processing, a model based on neuropsychological research may explain the fundamental mechanism of the reading process from clinical aspect. This article presents a novel cognitive model to explain the process of reading Chinese characters. A study of a Chinese patient with surface dyslexia indicates that there are two distinctive pathways in reading Chinese characters. And the whole process of reading Chinese characters is a nested process. The model that explains the mechanisms of reading process in the brain is described, and the physical and physiological meanings of this model are explained. In summary, this new novel model can be employed to contribute for reading model development of artificial intelligence.

• The purpose of this study was to establish ecological validity and initial construct validity of the virtual reality version of the Multiple Errands Test based on NeuroVR software as an assessment tool for executive functions. In particular, the Multiple Errands Test is an assessment of executive functions in daily life which consists of tasks that abide by certain rules and is performed in a shopping mall-like setting where there are items to be bought and information to be obtained. The study population included three groups: post-stroke participants (<italic>n</italic> = 9), healthy young participants (<italic>n</italic> = 10), and healthy older participants (<italic>n</italic> = 10). The general purpose of the study was investigated through the following specific objectives: (1) to examine the relationships between the performance of three groups of participants in the Virtual Multiple Errands Test (VMET) and in the traditional neuropsychological tests employed to assess executive functions; and (2) to compare the performance of post-stroke participants to those of healthy young and older controls in the Virtual Multiple Errands Test and in the traditional neuropsychological tests employed to assess executive functions. Correlations between Virtual Multiple Errands Test variables and some traditional executive functions measures provide preliminary support for the ecological and construct validity of the VMET; further performance obtained at the Virtual Multiple Errands Test provided a distinction between the clinical and healthy population, and between the two age control groups. These results suggest a possible future application of such an ecological approach for cognitive assessment and rehabilitation of stroke patients and elderly population with age-related cognitive decline.

• A study is reported into the role of virtual environments in the assessment of patients with executive dysfunction. Five patients and five matched controls entered the study. The patients did not differ significantly from normative values on the standard executive dysfunction measure, the Behavioural Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome battery (Wilson, Alderman, Burgess, Emslie, &amp; Evans, 1996); however, care staff reported the patients had problems planning. Patients and controls undertook both real and virtual environment multiple-errand planning tasks. The patients completed significantly fewer errands, and produced significantly worse plans than did controls in both the real and virtual environments. There was a significant correlation between performance in the real and virtual environments. The results suggest that virtual environments may provide a valid means of assessing planning impairments and that there may be patients with executive dysfunction (specifically planning deficits) that may not be detected by the currently available standardized tests.

• Uncertainty exists in various complex problems. Yet, human is able to effectively handle these uncertainties and makes appropriate decision. Thus, modeling of human uncertainty process should improve the performance of learning system in uncertain environment. A mechanism for human uncertainty monitoring is the broad and narrow generalization in category learning. This can be modeled using upper and lower membership functions, which corresponds to the broad and narrow generalizations respectively. These upper and lower membership functions can be implemented using the fuzzy rough set (FR) theory. A complementary learning fuzzy neural network (CLFNN) is a functional model of human pattern recognition. It is integrated with the human uncertainty monitoring model and the resultant FRCLFNN offers good classification performance and better representation power as it captures input, linguistic, and rough uncertainties. Experimental result supports that FRCLFNN is a competent decision support system

• We tried to verify a low-cost eye tracking device(Model KSL-240) designed in our Lab, using a commercialized eye tracker device(Tobii 1750). Participants were asked either to move eyes or to move mouse cursors to the location of a red circle presented in the target display, and they were assigned to three experimental conditions(KSL-240/Tobii 1750/Mouse Tracking). As results, 1) accuracy of the Mouse Tracking condition was 100%, 2) accuracy of the KSL-240(92%) eye tracking condition showed better performance over the Tobii 1750(79%) condition, 3) mean response time of the eye movements in the KSL-240(598ms) condition was somewhat slower than that of the Tobii 1750(466ms) condition, and the Mouse Tracking (808ms) condition was the slowest. In conclusion, it was suggested that the model KSL-240 eye-tracker could be used as a device which might be able to substitute more expensive, commercialized devices.

• The present challenge is to assess the best tools to measure psychological and psychopathological processes underlying clinical external observations. An interesting approach about is to make reference to a multilevel systemic modeling, where clinical rating scale, self completed questionnaires, neuropsychology and event related electroencephalography may be matched. 13 subjects with an history of child abuse and 14 controls with no history of psychopathology were studied. Clinical data and self descriptions of maltreated people showed a higher psychological discomfort, a lower social functioning and a lower quality of life of such subjects. Neuropsychological data highlights a lower response control and a valence attribution bias of these subjects but not a dysfunction in selective attention. Neurophysiological data evidenced different $\text{P}_{\mathbf {3\, }}$activation patterns in brain cortex between the two groups: a higher frontal versus lower temporal activation in selective attention task and a higher left hemisphere activation versus a lower right hemisphere activation in affective attribution tasks. All the measurement methods appeared highly discriminating by their own, but neuropsychology. However the best methods resulted in adopting an integrative approach where neurophysiological data were integrated with neuropsychology and external clinical observations. Using this new approach the initial two groups were better discriminated in three groups where a new group of masked maltreated subjects was identified. This better discrimination is possible using a two dimension discriminating function in which the inner distortion in $\text{P}_{\mathbf {3}}$ activation pattern is compensated by another $\text{P}_{\mathbf {3}}$ activation pattern, sensitive to social relationship top down behavioral modulating effect. Using this method, self completed questionnaires resulted useless to add more information, while neurophysiology plus neuropsychology resulted in a sufficient reliable first line screening method.

• While a body of literature relating cognition and oculomotor performance exists, a better understanding of these processes would help facilitate the development of effective treatments for patients suffering various neurological disorders, such as Multiple Sclerosis (MS), Huntington's Disease, or a traumatic brain injury. To examine the relationship between the two, we sought to measure cognition and oculomotor functioning simultaneously, through a modification of a commonly used neuropsychological test, the Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT). Measurement includes monitoring of eye movements in two dimensions with the aid of infrared tracking. This paper presents preliminary data and an overview of analytical methods to be performed in the future on patients with neurological disorders. Correlations between eye movements and the mSDMT were verified using signal characterization. Furthermore, saccadic velocity was shown to remain relatively constant in healthy controls.

• This paper discusses a formalism that provides additional organization to experimental neuropsychology and neurophysiology literatures, and through this additional organization derives new knowledge processing technology for advanced information systems.

• In the field of clinical neuropsychology, topographical disorientation represents one of the main consequences of brain injury. Different methodological approaches and different tools have been used in the assessment of brain-injured patient's navigational abilities. These procedures include auto-evaluation questionnaires, evaluation of general cognitive level, mental rotation tasks or specifically suited visual-spatial tasks. All these methodologies have shown a moderate correlation between the results of these kinds of evaluation and the navigational ability impairment observed in everyday contexts. Meanwhile, the evaluation of patient's spatial orientation out of laboratory setting appears to be an unprofitable opportunity for clinicians. Thus the problem in designing an effective assessment tool is still open. A promising approach could be to integrate classical evaluation tools with computer-based interactive ones, such as virtual reality. According to this framework, we propose a combination of classical and virtual reality- based assessment, in which perceptive, memory and attentional functions (that combined each other are considered the hub for spatial orientation ability) will be evaluated with standardized neuropsychological tests and a more situated computer-based tools will allow the assessment of spatial orientation during the interaction with complex environments. Strictly linked with "paper and pencil" spatial disorientation neuropsychological evaluation, we propose two 3D virtual reality tools based on Wisc-R Maze subtest and road map test, customized to match interactive evaluation requirements. The first will provide the possibility to evaluate human ability of finding the best route to achieve a target goal while immersed in an empty environment. The second can be used to evaluate the ability in creating relationships between various points of the environment and in inferring, through the reasoning process, high-level spatial organization knowledge. By providing the possibility to track user's spatial behaviours, a virtual reality-based evaluation allows an effective and objective record of all the experimental variables. It also avoids the intervention of the experimenter, which may interfere with the actions of the agent-explorer. The main hypothesis of our research is that the integration of virtual reality-based tools with traditional evaluation methods will improve the evaluation of topographical disorientation in brain-injured patients

• Cognitive neuropsychology's domain of inquiry concerns the structure of normal perceptual, motor, and cognitive processes. As such, it constitutes a branch of cognitive science. Cognitive neuropsychology differs from other branches of cognitive science only by the type of observation that it uses in developing and evaluating theories of normal cognition. The data used in cognitive neuropsychology are thepatterns of performance produced by brain-damged subjects. Because the basic data used in cognitive neuropsychology are the result of a biological manipulation—a brain lesion—these data will be relevant to claims about the functional organization of the brain. Hence, cognitive neuropsychology may also be considered to be a branch of cognitive neuroscience. However, in this paper I will be concerned with an assessment of research programs whose principal or only aim is to constrain theories of normal cognitive functioning through the analysis of acquired disorders of cognition. Following a brief discussion of the basic assumptions that motivate cognitive neuropsychological research, I consider Kosslyn and Van Kleeks (1990) claim that the study of brain-damaged subjects for the purpose of constraining theories of normal cognitive processing cannot lead to meaningful conclusions unless the theories are directly cast in terms of anatomical and physiological facts. I argue that these authors conflated criticisms that may apply to any empirical science with criticisms that may apply specifically to cognitive neuropsychology. Separate consideration of the criticisms specific to cognitive neuropsychology reveals that these are unfounded. The main point of this discussion is to emphasize the pragmatic character of the motivation for using impaired performance to constrain theories of normal cognition. The usefulness of cognitive neuropsychological research is illustrated through specific examples.