Smart Inorganic Polymer
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ECTC is the premier international conference sponsored by the IEEE Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Society. ECTC paper comprise a wide spectrum of topics, including 3D packaging, electronic components, materials, assembly, interconnections, device and system packaging, optoelectronics, reliability, and simulation.
The Premier European event for the disemination of knowledge about Microwave Technology.The event caters for the seasoned industrial engineer as well as the graduate student. Sessionsand workshops are held on the full range of microwave technology from field theory, throughcomponents and subsystems to systems.
The intent of the 2018 Northwest Energy System Symposium is to provide a 2-day program to educate engineers, system operators, system planners, regulators energy consultants and others about emerging technologies that are transforming the utility energy systems. This 2-day conference is put on by area utilities, universities, consultants and manufacturers provides participants information and examples on technologies, issues and best practices affecting energy utilities and their customers.
The latest scientific and technological research results in M/NEMS, micro/nano/molecular fabrication, nano materials, nano photonics and nanoscale imaging, nanoscale robotics, molecular sensors and actuators, micro/nano fluidics, micro/nano mechanics, nano biology, and nano medicine.
Mobile robotics, medical robotics, tele-robotics, robot vision, sensing, sensor networks, multi-robot systems, virtual reality, human-machine interface, human-robot interaction, intelligent systems, Computational Intelligence, Emerging Technologies. Humanoid robots, biologically inspired robotics, biomimicking robots/systems, flying robots, underwater robots and snake robots. Smart structures, materials, and actuators, cellular/molecular motors, MEMS/nano fabrication, micro/nano robotics, micro/nano manipulation, micro/nano sensing.
Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission
Electrical insulation common to the design and construction of components and equipment for use in electric and electronic circuits and distribution systems at all frequencies.
The Field of Interest of the IEEE Sensors Journal is the science and applications of sensing phenomena, including theory, design, and application of devices for sensing and transducing physical, chemical, and biological phenomena. The emphasis is on the electronics, physics, biology, and intelligence aspects of sensors and integrated sensor-actuators. (IEEE Guide for Authors) (The fields of interest of the IEEE ...
2007 2nd IEEE International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems, 2007
The modification of clay by ion exchange reaction with cationic surfactants plays an important role in the greater interlayer spacing of Na-bentonite. Four types of quaternary alkyl ammonium ions, DO AM, DOEM, DCEM and DTDM, were introduced into the clay in order to investigate the effects of intercalation of the cationic surfactants. The organobentonites were characterized by XRD, FTIR and ...
SENSORS, 2004 IEEE, 2004
In this paper, an integrated motion sensor-actuator system is presented. The innovative system consists of a couple of ionic polymer metal composite (IPMC) strips working respectively as a sensor and as an actuator, showing the capability of this material to realize smart devices. Although a number of applications have been proposed to show that IPMCs can work both as actuator ...
Smart Fabrics and Interactive Textile: State of the Art and Future Challenges, 03/05/2009
Smart Fabrics and Interactive Textile (SFIT) based systems are conceived as the integration into textile of sensors, actuators, computing, and a power source, with the whole being part of an interactive communication network. Such systems could only be envisaged through a combination of advances in fields as fiber and polymer research, advanced material processing, microelectronics, signals processing, nanotechnologies, and telecommunication.Textile ...
2009 59th Electronic Components and Technology Conference, 2009
A strain sensing material based on carbon nanotube/polymer conductive composite layers has been fabricated by flexible transfer of density controlled carbon nanotube networks. The carbon nanotube networks are prepared by vacuum filtration and lithographically patterning photoresist on the filter membrane. The density and thickness of the carbon nanotube networks are tuned by simply controlling the volume of dilute suspension filtered ...
2017 IEEE International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics (AIM), 2017
In this paper an Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) is used as an observer for temperature monitoring, like a virtual sensor, of a metal-polymer fibre based heater structure. Metal-coated polymers are relevant for the realisation of smart systems (capable of both sensing and actuating). A real-time implementation of the temperature estimator is important to guarantee a gentle, fault-free operation of the ...
TechNews: Smart Cities Special Report
Smart Grid Vehicular Technology Vision: Possibility and Feasibility of Smart Community from Case Studies - Hiroaki Nishi
IEEE SMART GRID
Global Distribution Systems for the Smart Grid: Gordon Day
IEEE Smart Grid World Forum - Klaus Kleinekorte
Jean-Francois Balcon, Cisco Smart+Connected Communities
Cyber-Physical ICT for Smart Cities: Emerging Requirements in Control and Communications - Ryogo Kubo
IEEE Smart Grid: Vision, Mission, Community
Smart Grid Success Story - Wanda Reder - Ignite: Sections Congress 2017
Global Impact of IEEE Standards on Smart Grid: Bill Ash
Industrial Standards and IoT Use Cases - Talk Four-B: IECON 2018
Engineering the Untamed: Design for Sociotechnical Systems - IEEE Smart Tech Workshop Opening Keynote
Challenges in the Developing Smart Grid: Chuck Adams
ICCE 2014: The IEEE Smart Grid
IEEE Smart Village - Empowering Off-Grid Communities
Part 1: Transforming the Electric Utility Industry with a Smart Grid: IEEE TAB Speakers Bureau
Smart Cities and IEEE's Future Directions
Educating Smart Grid Consumers: Dave Karpenske
Smart Cities Debate & Seminar Questions
The modification of clay by ion exchange reaction with cationic surfactants plays an important role in the greater interlayer spacing of Na-bentonite. Four types of quaternary alkyl ammonium ions, DO AM, DOEM, DCEM and DTDM, were introduced into the clay in order to investigate the effects of intercalation of the cationic surfactants. The organobentonites were characterized by XRD, FTIR and TGA. From WAXD patterns, DOEM-B exhibited the largest interlayer spacing, promissing the most suitable choice for producing PP/clay nanocomposites. The nanoclay composites incorporating pH indicator were melt compounding through a twin screw extruder using Surlynreg as a reactive compatibilizer. Subsequently, the nanoclay composites were fabricated into the sample sheet for pH-sensitive test.
In this paper, an integrated motion sensor-actuator system is presented. The innovative system consists of a couple of ionic polymer metal composite (IPMC) strips working respectively as a sensor and as an actuator, showing the capability of this material to realize smart devices. Although a number of applications have been proposed to show that IPMCs can work both as actuator or as sensor, none has been produced that exploits both properties in one application. The developed system is composed of a sensor that monitors the vibrations of a membrane under the effects of external disturbances. The sensor output is manipulated and sent to the actuator to reduce vibrations of the membrane itself. Experimental results show that the vibrations of the system are reduced when the control loop is closed.
Smart Fabrics and Interactive Textile: State of the Art and Future Challenges
Smart Fabrics and Interactive Textile (SFIT) based systems are conceived as the integration into textile of sensors, actuators, computing, and a power source, with the whole being part of an interactive communication network. Such systems could only be envisaged through a combination of advances in fields as fiber and polymer research, advanced material processing, microelectronics, signals processing, nanotechnologies, and telecommunication.Textile is the common platform where smart materials in the form of fibers are integrated, where the properties of the material are augmented through combination of chemical surfaces processes, and where the structure of the fabric allows the use of redundant sensor configurations Promising recent developments in material processing, device design and system configuration enable the scientific and industrial community to concentrate efforts on the realization of smart textiles This course will discuss the use of textile materials for sensing functions. Textile technology for sensors fabrication will be presented. Methods for characterizations will also be discussed and examples of specific applications will be presented. The course will also provide an overview of future developments.
A strain sensing material based on carbon nanotube/polymer conductive composite layers has been fabricated by flexible transfer of density controlled carbon nanotube networks. The carbon nanotube networks are prepared by vacuum filtration and lithographically patterning photoresist on the filter membrane. The density and thickness of the carbon nanotube networks are tuned by simply controlling the volume of dilute suspension filtered through the membrane. These composites are resilient under large strain and there is a wide linear range of resistance-strain dependence. We demonstrate that the thin films with thicker CNTs networks exhibit more significant resistance- strain sensitivity under the same stain and the strain sensing material shows resistance-strain sensitivity depending only on the initial CNTs suspension volume. It may be possible to fabricate strain sensing materials in large volume for future smart device applications.
In this paper an Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) is used as an observer for temperature monitoring, like a virtual sensor, of a metal-polymer fibre based heater structure. Metal-coated polymers are relevant for the realisation of smart systems (capable of both sensing and actuating). A real-time implementation of the temperature estimator is important to guarantee a gentle, fault-free operation of the heater and to reject disturbances. It can be used to control the resulting temperature without a direct measurement or to guarantee the users' safety by reacting to overheating. An estimation strategy is necessary because for normal operation in the real world, measurements of the temperature are usually not available, but it is important to know it in order to implement health monitoring algorithms or to do a safe shutdown if necessary. Simulations justify the observation strategy while measurements validate the utilized model.
We introduce an ultra-fine inkjet system as a powerful tool for nanotechnology research which allows arrangements of dots with a minimum size of less than one micron. Diverse materials such as conductive polymers, fine ceramics, metal particles etc. can be used as ink materials. Using the ultra-fine silver paste, we achieved the direct print of ultra-fine metallic wire of only a few micrometers in width without any pre-patterning treatment on substrate. Furthermore, using the transitionmetal nano-particles as catalyst-ink, patterned array of carbon nano-tubes were successfully obtained. A field emission from the patterned carbon nano-tubes is also confirmed.
Objective: Continuous measurement of key physiological parameters, such as heart rate (HR), pulse oxygen saturation (SpO2), and sweat pH value, has very broad applications in healthcare, disease surveillance, and fitness and sports training. In this study, a stretchable optical sensing patch system was developed for real-time continuous noninvasive monitoring of the HR, SpO2, and sweat pH, and the sensing data were transmitted to a smartphone through Bluetooth. Methods: The sensor patch system adopted serpentine stretchable interconnects between the optical sensor and microcontroller chip with wireless function on a flexible substrate. The pH sensing function was implemented by coating a pH sensitive organically modified silicate film on the surface of a commercial blood oxygen sensor, achieving simultaneous measurement of HR, SpO2, and sweat pH with a single sensor. Results: Real-time on-body assessment was carried out to evaluate the sensor patch system, showing its excellent repeatability and applicability. The sensor patch system could withstand up to 35% extension and exhibited a pH sensitivity of 4.42 mV/pH from 4.0 to 8.0, while the accuracy of HR from 25 to 250 b/min and SpO2 from 70% to 100% sensing were ±1 b/min and ±2%, respectively. Conclusion: The triple sensing functions was achieved through a single optical sensor on a flexible substrate while holding excellent contact with the body. Significance: The sensor patch system can be used for fitness guidance, skin disease detection, and wound monitoring and management by replacing related sensitive films.
The various energy constraints dictated by a series of global economic and environmental social factors require the international scientific community to find viable alternatives to conventional energy sources. Renewable energies such as the photovoltaic one is among the most coveted and developed energy sources worldwide. Technology of inorganic semiconductor-based silicon and other considerably developed and responds more to the desired energy goals Technology of inorganic semiconductor. Which is very expensive and requires considerable resources, making it limited to the most powerful country in the world. The technology of organic semiconductor is much easier and more accessible which promises a very bright. It can be considered as a real alternative for countries with limited resources for the widespread use of solar energy . This research is in the field of preparation and characterization of organic solar cells based on semiconducting polymers. After having carried out a scientific statement on the technology of organic semiconductors, have been able to be achieved in collaboration with the Department of Industrial Chemistry a multilayer organic cell where the polymer is polyaniline. The disadvantage of this solar cells type is its low efficiency. The cell we have developed is to present a comparison of the literature performance. This technology must was improved to increase its performance, which may not be on inorganic cells but enough to meet domestic needs.
Epoxy resin used as insulating material in electrical and electronic devices is often subjected to a great risk of deterioration induced by partial discharge (PD). The resistance to PD becomes a key factor that influences the lifetime of the epoxy resin. Nano-sized inorganic filler doping has been reported to have a positive effect on improving the PD resistance by forming epoxy based nanocomposites with proper type and content of nano-fillers. In this work, attempts have been made to further improve the PD resistance of epoxy nanocomposites through high energy irradiation method. The epoxy/Al2O3 nanocomposites have been prepared with the filler content of 4 wt%. The neat epoxy and the nanocomposites were both irradiated by a 7.5 MeV electron beam with the total dose of 500 kGy. PD erosion of the material was introduced by means of needle-to-plate electrode system, and the PD resistance was estimated through the measurement of maximum erosion depth occurring on the sample surface. Frequency dependent relative permittivity, scanning electron microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, and fourier transform infrared spectrum have been employed to assist in the analysis of radiation induced variation in sample's resistance to PD. Obtained results indicated that after irradiated by the electron beam with 500 kGy, the samples exhibited remarkable enhancement in PD resistance compared with the un-irradiated samples. It suggests that the PD resistance of the nanocomposites is dependent upon the molecular structure of the base polymer, which could be modified by the irradiation induced crosslinking reaction.
Ion-exchange polymer metal composite(IPMC) is one kind of electroactive polymer(EAP) material, which is also called artificial muscle. Like most smart materials, such as piezoelectric, shape memory alloys (SMA), hysteresis also exits in IPMC. Based on the property of classic Preisach model, a discrete Preisach model, which was simulated using MATLAB, verified two properties, wiping-out property and congruency property, of the classic Preisach model. We discuss different identification signals, and give a novel signal which is effective for IPMC. The results of identification using the novel signal are fitable to solve the values of density function of Preisach, and we finally obtain all positive values of density function.
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