Specific absorption rate

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Specific absorption rate (SAR) is a measure of the rate at which energy is absorbed by the body when exposed to a radio frequency (RF) electromagnetic field. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Specific absorption rate

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2023 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Conference (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops and invitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields of biomedical engineering.Submitted full papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality papers will be presented in oral and poster sessions,will appear in the Conference Proceedings and will be indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE.


2021 IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC)

Photovoltaic materials, devices, systems and related science and technology


2020 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and North American Radio Science Meeting

The joint meeting is intended to provide an international forum for the exchange of information on state of the art research in the area of antennas and propagation, electromagnetic engineering and radio science


2020 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS)

The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2036 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2036

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2031 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2031

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2029 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2029

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2026 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2026

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2025 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2025

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conferencecovering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies;encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including thelatest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulationand more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions,panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2024 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2024

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2023 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2023

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2022 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2022

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2021 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2021

    The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics.

  • 2019 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2019

    Comprehensive symposium on microwave theory and techniques including active and passive circuit components, theory and microwave systems.

  • 2018 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2018

    Microwave theory and techniques, RF/microwave/millimeter-wave/terahertz circuit design and fabrication technology, radio/wireless communication.

  • 2017 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2017

    The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics.

  • 2016 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2016

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2015 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2015

    The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics. The IMS includes technical sessions, both oral and interactive, worksh

  • 2014 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2014

    IMS2014 will cover developments in microwave technology from nano devices to system applications. Technical paper sessions, interactive forums, plenary and panel sessions, workshops, short courses, industrial exhibits, and a wide array of other technical activities will be offered.

  • 2013 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2013

    The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter -wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics.The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2012 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2012

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2011 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2011

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2010 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2010

    Reports of research and development at the state-of-the-art of the theory and techniques related to the technology and applications of devices, components, circuits, modules and systems in the RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, submillimeter-wave and Terahertz ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum.

  • 2009 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2009

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2008 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2008

  • 2007 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2007

  • 2006 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2006

  • 2005 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2005

  • 2004 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2004

  • 2003 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2003

  • 2002 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2002

  • 2001 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2001

  • 2000 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2000

  • 1999 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '99

  • 1998 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '98

  • 1997 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '97

  • 1996 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '96


2019 20th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems & Eurosensors XXXIII (TRANSDUCERS & EUROSENSORS XXXIII)

The world's premiere conference in MEMS sensors, actuators and integrated micro and nano systems welcomes you to attend this four-day event showcasing major technological, scientific and commercial breakthroughs in mechanical, optical, chemical and biological devices and systems using micro and nanotechnology.The major areas of activity in the development of Transducers solicited and expected at this conference include but are not limited to: Bio, Medical, Chemical, and Micro Total Analysis Systems Fabrication and Packaging Mechanical and Physical Sensors Materials and Characterization Design, Simulation and Theory Actuators Optical MEMS RF MEMS Nanotechnology Energy and Power


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Periodicals related to Specific absorption rate

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on

Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.


Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE

IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters (AWP Letters) will be devoted to the rapid electronic publication of short manuscripts in the technical areas of Antennas and Wireless Propagation.


Biomedical Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on

The Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems addresses areas at the crossroads of Circuits and Systems and Life Sciences. The main emphasis is on microelectronic issues in a wide range of applications found in life sciences, physical sciences and engineering. The primary goal of the journal is to bridge the unique scientific and technical activities of the Circuits and Systems ...


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Electromagnetic Compatibility, IEEE Transactions on

EMC standards; measurement technology; undesired sources; cable/grounding; filters/shielding; equipment EMC; systems EMC; antennas and propagation; spectrum utilization; electromagnetic pulses; lightning; radiation hazards; and Walsh functions


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Xplore Articles related to Specific absorption rate

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Lightweight, High-Bandwidth Conformal Antenna System for Ballistic Helmets

MILCOM 2007 - IEEE Military Communications Conference, 2007

Current military radio antennas for man-portable radios suffer from bandwidth, pattern, overall gain limitation and covertness. A number of helmet antenna designs will be analyzed and demonstrated in the bands of interest of 750-870 MHz, and 1350-2700 MHz. The helmet antenna solutions use conductive ink printing techniques to realize antenna elements that are conformal to the helmet's shape. The solutions ...


CAD mobile phone model calibration using experimental specific absorption rate data

2015 Radio and Antenna Days of the Indian Ocean (RADIO), 2015

International measurement standards have been elaborated to assess the specific absorption rate (SAR) compliance of mobile phones. The procedure to evaluate SAR pre-compliance of mobile phones using numerical modeling tools based on the finite difference time domain (FDTD) method is currently being developed by the international standardization committee of IEC/IEEE 62704-3. The uncertainty quantification of the SAR calculation using a ...


Shifting the half wave dipole antenna resonance using EBG structure

2015 27th International Conference on Microelectronics (ICM), 2015

In this paper, the main motivation is to introduce a new behavior of the electromagnetic band gap (EBG) structures, it is a significant shifting the resonance frequency down of the dipole antennas, this very interesting and useful technique led to low profile, in addition to performance enhancement of dipole antennas, either on return loss or radiation pattern. Also among this ...


Analysis of Current Density and Specific Absorption Rate in Biological Tissue Surrounding an Air-core Type of Transcutaneous Transformer for an Artificial Heart

2006 International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2006

This paper reports on the specific absorption rate (SAR) and the current density analysis of biological tissue surrounding an air-core type of transcutaneous transformer for an artificial heart. The electromagnetic field in the biological tissue surrounding the transformer was analyzed by the transmission-line modeling method, and the SAR and current density as a function of frequency (200k-1 MHz) for a ...


Power deposited in biological tissues from a hand-held mobile antenna

IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium. 1996 Digest, 1996

Most countries have established the standards, based on the use of SAR (specific absorption rate) that regulate the electromagnetic emission and exposure of electronic systems. By and large, the acceptable limit of SAR for an incident plane wave is 0.08 Wlkg, averaged over the entire body. However, the question of acceptable safe level for an antenna close to the tissues, ...


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Educational Resources on Specific absorption rate

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IEEE.tv Videos

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Lightweight, High-Bandwidth Conformal Antenna System for Ballistic Helmets

    Current military radio antennas for man-portable radios suffer from bandwidth, pattern, overall gain limitation and covertness. A number of helmet antenna designs will be analyzed and demonstrated in the bands of interest of 750-870 MHz, and 1350-2700 MHz. The helmet antenna solutions use conductive ink printing techniques to realize antenna elements that are conformal to the helmet's shape. The solutions are highly integrated into the helmet and other equipment on the soldier head for a helmet antenna system with negligible or no equipment weight gain. The design of the antenna system will take into account of the electromagnetic coupling of the head, torso and other soldier equipment on the performance of the antenna system. A Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) study will ensure safety or the user.

  • CAD mobile phone model calibration using experimental specific absorption rate data

    International measurement standards have been elaborated to assess the specific absorption rate (SAR) compliance of mobile phones. The procedure to evaluate SAR pre-compliance of mobile phones using numerical modeling tools based on the finite difference time domain (FDTD) method is currently being developed by the international standardization committee of IEC/IEEE 62704-3. The uncertainty quantification of the SAR calculation using a computer-aided design (CAD) mobile phone model is a challenging task, yet to be fully addressed. Herein a procedure to quantify the model or structural uncertainty is proposed. It is based on the calibration of the CAD mobile phone model by experimental SAR data obtained using a flat phantom filled with the appropriate tissue equivalent liquid. The procedure is applied to two commercially available mobile phone models.

  • Shifting the half wave dipole antenna resonance using EBG structure

    In this paper, the main motivation is to introduce a new behavior of the electromagnetic band gap (EBG) structures, it is a significant shifting the resonance frequency down of the dipole antennas, this very interesting and useful technique led to low profile, in addition to performance enhancement of dipole antennas, either on return loss or radiation pattern. Also among this EBG structure an investigation on specific absorption rate (SAR) is shown. The used dipole antenna is resonating around 3.5GHz (part of 4G bands), then by using this technique we could shift the working frequency of the same dipole antenna to 2.8GHz worldwide interoperability for microwave access (WiMAX), this new resonance is 80% lower compared with the normal resonance without any structure. The principle of this new technique still valid with other frequency, depending on the frequencies that we would like to shift the working frequency between.

  • Analysis of Current Density and Specific Absorption Rate in Biological Tissue Surrounding an Air-core Type of Transcutaneous Transformer for an Artificial Heart

    This paper reports on the specific absorption rate (SAR) and the current density analysis of biological tissue surrounding an air-core type of transcutaneous transformer for an artificial heart. The electromagnetic field in the biological tissue surrounding the transformer was analyzed by the transmission-line modeling method, and the SAR and current density as a function of frequency (200k-1 MHz) for a transcutaneous transmission of 20 W were calculated. The model's biological tissue has three layers including the skin, fat and muscle. As a result, the SAR in the vicinity of the transformer is sufficiently small and the normalized SAR value, which is divided by the ICNIRP's basic restriction, is 7times10<sup>-3</sup> or less. On the contrary, the current density is slightly in excess of the ICNIRP's basic restrictions as the frequency falls and the output voltage rises. Normalized current density is from 0.2 to 1.2. In addition, the layer in which the current's density is maximized depends on the frequency, the muscle in the low frequency (&lt;700kHz) and the skin in the high frequency (&gt;700kHz). The result shows that precision analysis taking into account the biological properties is very important for developing the transcutaneous transformer for TAH

  • Power deposited in biological tissues from a hand-held mobile antenna

    Most countries have established the standards, based on the use of SAR (specific absorption rate) that regulate the electromagnetic emission and exposure of electronic systems. By and large, the acceptable limit of SAR for an incident plane wave is 0.08 Wlkg, averaged over the entire body. However, the question of acceptable safe level for an antenna close to the tissues, e.g., for a hand-held mobile phone, still remains open, since the standards based on the "far field" definition are no longer acceptable. Currently, many standardization groups are actively researching into this question, and they have proposed several levels of "acceptable" doses. For instance, the acceptable maximum is 2 W/kg, averaged over 10 grams and a period of 6 minutes dictated by CENELEC (ENV 50166-2), which is likely to be transformed into an European directive for compliance in the future. It is obvious, however, that extensive studies must be performed to reliably estimate the field and the SAR in the tissues before this standard could be enforced. Towards this end, France Telecom, in collaboration with the EMC laboratory of the University of Illinois, has embarked upon a project to evaluate the power deposited in the human head from a generic transceiver operating at 900 MHz. The paper presents some results based upon this study.

  • The adaptive cross approximation algorithm applied to a volumetric method-of-moments for electromagnetic analysis of inhomogeneous bodies

    In this communication, the V-MoM formulation is briefly described, together with a strategy to reduce the computational cost using the Adaptive Cross Approximation algorithm (ACA) [3] and an iterative solver based on the Conjugate Gradient (CG), CGACA. Finally, a practical application is presented where the field distribution inside a human body model is calculated.

  • SAR reduction on a mobile phone antenna using the EBG structures

    In this paper, specific absorption rate (SAR) reduction at the PIFA type for a mobile phone using various types of EBG structure are tested. Two EBG structures, that is a via or a via-less, are designed. The EBG structures can reduce the surface wave and prevent the undesired radiation from the ground plane. Thus, the EBG structure which is designed for mobile terminal enables to comply with the exposure guideline. From the simulation and measured results demonstrated the reduction of the radiation pattern towards the direction of human head and the SAR value.

  • Design and analysis of an asymmetrically fed insulated coaxial slot antenna with enhanced tip-heating performance

    In this paper, a novel use of an asymmetrically fed insulated coaxial slot antenna (ICSA) type of applicator for interstitial microwave hyperthermia that simultaneously exhibits good impedance matching and enhanced tip-heating performances is presented. Theoretical analysis reveals that by making the distal arm much shorter than the other arm of the antenna, charge densities distributed over the distal arm of the antenna increase significantly. This, in turn, can result in the radial electric-field component becoming the dominant contributor to the specific absorption rate (SAR) over the distal arm side of the heating region and, therefore, the achievement of enhanced tip- heating performance. With the length of the longer arm chosen to be slightly longer than a quarter-wavelength, good impedance matching and enhanced tip- heating performances are achieved when the length of the shorter distal arm is reduced to no more than 25% of that of the longer arm. Good agreements observed between theoretical and measured SAR patterns for two ICSA's designed for operation at 915 and 433 MHz, respectively, confirm the validity of the design method.

  • FDTD computation of temperature rise in the human head for portable telephones

    Temperature rises in the human head for portable telephones were computed with an anatomically based head model at 900 MHz and 1.5 GHz. The specific absorption rate (SAR) in the human head was determined using the finite- difference time-domain (FDTD) method, while a bioheat equation was numerically solved also using the FDTD method. The portable telephone was modeled by a quarter-wavelength monopole antenna on a dielectric covered metal box. The source geometries considered were the telephone barely touching the ear and the telephone pressing the ear, both having a vertical alignment at the side of the head. The antenna output power was set to be consistent with the portable telephones of today: 0.6 W at 900 MHz and 0.27 W at 1.5 GHz. Computed results show that a phone time of 6-7 min yields a temperature rise of approximately 90% of the steady-state value. Application of the ANSZ/IEEE safety guidelines restricting the 1-g-averaged spatial peak SAR to 1.6 W/kg results in the maximum temperature rise in the brain of 0.06/spl deg/C, and application of the ICNIRP/Japan safety guidelines restricting the 10-g-averaged spatial peak SAR to 2 W/kg results in the maximum temperature rise in the brain of 0.11/spl deg/C, both at 900 MHz and 1.5 GHz.

  • Comparative Study of Magnetic Properties of Nanoparticles by High-Frequency Heat Dissipation and Conventional Magnetometry

    The rate of heating of 15 nm uniformly-sized magnetic aqueous nanoparticles suspension by high-amplitude and high-frequency ac magnetic field induced by the resonating LC circuit was measured. The results are analyzed in terms of specific energy absorption rate (SAR). Fitting field amplitude and frequency dependences of SAR to the linear response theory, magnetic moment per particles was extracted. The value of magnetic moment was independently evaluated from dc magnetization measurements of a frozen colloid by fitting field-dependent magnetization to a Langevin function. The two methods produced similar results, which are compared to the theoretical expectation for this particle size. Additionally, analysis of SAR curves yielded effective relaxation time.



Standards related to Specific absorption rate

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IEEE Recommended Practice for Determining the Peak Spatial-Average Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) in the Human Head from Wireless Communications Devices: Measurement Techniques

To specify protocols for the measurement of the peak spatial-average specific absorption rate (SAR) in a simplified model of the head of users of hand-held radio transceivers used for personal wireless communications services and intended to be operated while held next to the ear. It applies to contemporary and future devices with the same or similar operational characteristics as contemporary ...


IEEE Recommended Practice for Determining the Peak Spatial-Average Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) in the Human Head from Wireless Communications Devices: Measurement Techniques - Amendment 1: CAD File for Human Head Model (SAM Phantom)

The scope of IEEE Std 1528 is to specify protocols for the measurement of the peak spatial-average SAR in a simplified model of the head of users of handheld radio transceivers used for personal wireless communications services and intended to be operated while held next to the ear. This amendment addresses ambiguity in the language of certain sections and provides ...


IEEE Recommended Practice for Measurements and Computations of Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Fields With Respect to Human Exposure to Such Fields, 100 kHz-300 GHz

Revise and develop specifications for preferred methods for measuring and computing external radiofrequency electromagnetic fields to which persons may be exposed. In addition, the document will specify preferred methods for the measurement and computation of the resulting fields and currents that are induced in bodies of humans exposed to these fields over the frequency range of 100 kHz to 300 ...


IEEE Standard for Safety Levels With Respect to Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, 0-3 kHz

Develop safety levels for human exposure to electromagnetic fields from 0 to 3kHz. This standard will be based on the results of an evaluation of the relevant scientific literature and proven effects which are well established and for which thresholds of reaction are understood. Field limits will be derived from threshold current densities or internal electric fields.


IEEE Standard for Safety Levels with Respect to Human Exposure to Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Fields, 3 kHz to 300 GHz

Recommendations are made to protect against established adverse health effects in human beings associated with exposure to electric, magnetic and electromagnetic fields in the frequency range of 3 kHz to 300 GHz. The recommendations are expressed in terms of basic restrictions (BRs) and maximum permissible exposure (MPE) values. The BRs are limits on internal fields, specific absorption rate (SAR), and ...


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