South Pole

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This article is about the Geographic South Pole. For other uses see South Pole (disambiguation). ]] The South Pole, also known as the Geographic South Pole or Terrestrial South Pole, is one of the two points where the Earth's axis of rotation intersects its surface. It is the southernmost point on the surface of the Earth and lies on the opposite side of the Earth from the North Pole. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to South Pole

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2020 IEEE 70th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC)

ECTC is the premier international conference sponsored by the IEEE Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Society. ECTC paper comprise a wide spectrum of topics, including 3D packaging, electronic components, materials, assembly, interconnections, device and system packaging, optoelectronics, reliability, and simulation.


2020 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS)

IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS) is an annual conference coordinated by the Plasma Science and Application Committee (PSAC) of the IEEE Nuclear & Plasma Sciences Society.


2020 IEEE International Magnetic Conference (INTERMAG)

INTERMAG is the premier conference on all aspects of applied magnetism and provides a range of oral and poster presentations, invited talks and symposia, a tutorial session, and exhibits reviewing the latest developments in magnetism.


2020 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS)

The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2036 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2036

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2031 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2031

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2029 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2029

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2026 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2026

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2025 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2025

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conferencecovering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies;encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including thelatest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulationand more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions,panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2024 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2024

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2023 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2023

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2022 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2022

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2021 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2021

    The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics.

  • 2019 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2019

    Comprehensive symposium on microwave theory and techniques including active and passive circuit components, theory and microwave systems.

  • 2018 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2018

    Microwave theory and techniques, RF/microwave/millimeter-wave/terahertz circuit design and fabrication technology, radio/wireless communication.

  • 2017 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2017

    The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics.

  • 2016 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - IMS 2016

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2015 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2015

    The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics. The IMS includes technical sessions, both oral and interactive, worksh

  • 2014 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2014

    IMS2014 will cover developments in microwave technology from nano devices to system applications. Technical paper sessions, interactive forums, plenary and panel sessions, workshops, short courses, industrial exhibits, and a wide array of other technical activities will be offered.

  • 2013 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2013

    The IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the premier conference covering basic technologies, to passives and actives components to system over a wide range of frequencies including VHF, UHF, RF, microwave, millimeter -wave, terahertz, and optical. The conference will encompass the latest in RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation, wireless systems, RFID and related topics.The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2012 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2012

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2011 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2011

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2010 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2010

    Reports of research and development at the state-of-the-art of the theory and techniques related to the technology and applications of devices, components, circuits, modules and systems in the RF, microwave, millimeter-wave, submillimeter-wave and Terahertz ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum.

  • 2009 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2009

    The IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS) is the world s foremost conference covering the UHF, RF, wireless, microwave, millimeter-wave, terahertz, and optical frequencies; encompassing everything from basic technologies to components to systems including the latest RFIC, MIC, MEMS and filter technologies, advances in CAD, modeling, EM simulation and more. The IMS includes technical and interactive sessions, exhibits, student competitions, panels, workshops, tutorials, and networking events.

  • 2008 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2008

  • 2007 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2007

  • 2006 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2006

  • 2005 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2005

  • 2004 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2004

  • 2003 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2003

  • 2002 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2002

  • 2001 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2001

  • 2000 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT 2000

  • 1999 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '99

  • 1998 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '98

  • 1997 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '97

  • 1996 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium - MTT '96


2020 IEEE/PES Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition (T&D)

Bi-Annual IEEE PES T&D conference. Largest T&D conference in North America.


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Periodicals related to South Pole

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Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission


Automatic Control, IEEE Transactions on

The theory, design and application of Control Systems. It shall encompass components, and the integration of these components, as are necessary for the construction of such systems. The word `systems' as used herein shall be interpreted to include physical, biological, organizational and other entities and combinations thereof, which can be represented through a mathematical symbolism. The Field of Interest: shall ...


Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on

Broadcast technology, including devices, equipment, techniques, and systems related to broadcast technology, including the production, distribution, transmission, and propagation aspects.


Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, IEEE Transactions on

Part I will now contain regular papers focusing on all matters related to fundamental theory, applications, analog and digital signal processing. Part II will report on the latest significant results across all of these topic areas.


Communications Letters, IEEE

Covers topics in the scope of IEEE Transactions on Communications but in the form of very brief publication (maximum of 6column lengths, including all diagrams and tables.)


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Xplore Articles related to South Pole

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Day-night variation of Alouette II secondary resonances

Proceedings of the IEEE, 1969

A further analysis of the secondary resonances observed on Alouette II ionograms is reported. This analysis indicates a day-night effect in the relative frequency of occurrence.


The Day-to-Day Coordination of IGY Observations

Proceedings of the IRE, 1959

The IGY World Days and Communications program has four facets: 1) an IGY Calendar of selected days for experiments which cannot be carried on continuously; 2) a scheme for specifying periods when phenomena of unusual interest are anticipated a few hours in advance; 3) the prompt and wide distribution of summary observations of outstanding solar and geophysical events; and 4) ...


Possible Landing site for Chandrayaan-2 Rover

2016 International Conference on Recent Advances and Innovations in Engineering (ICRAIE), 2016

Next Indian Lunar mission Chandrayaan-2 is expected to be launched in 2017/18 with a Lunar Orbiter Lander and Rover. Basically, the requirement of the Lander includes communication, Landing area shape, topography and sunlit area. For analyzing the landing site of chandryaan-2 we are using the data of LOLA which is one of the payloads onboard Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO). The ...


Initial GPS scintillation results from CASES receiver at South Pole, Antarctica

Radio Science, 2012

Connected Autonomous Space Environment Sensor (CASES) Global Positioning System (GPS) software-defined receivers developed for ionospheric scintillation studies have been deployed on Autonomous Adaptive Low-Power Instrument Platforms (AAL-PIP) at South Pole, Antarctica. In this paper, we describe the AAL-PIP experimental setup focusing on CASES. We explain in detail the method developed for analyzing CASES data, and report initial AAL- PIP CASES ...


The capabilities of the calculated approach for the astroclimatic assessment in radioastronomy

2010 INTERNATIONAL KHARKOV SYMPOSIUM ON PHYSICS AND ENGINEERING OF MICROWAVES, MILLIMETER AND SUBMILLIMETER WAVES, 2010

Earth atmosphere causes considerable impediments for radioastronomical observations at millimeter and sub-millimeter waves bands due to atmosphere attenuation and instability its transfer function. Consequently, even a slight improvement of the transfer function and its stability can lead to a tangible radioastronomical observations efficiency increase, especially in the submillimeter wave range. In view of this and taking uniqueness and high cost ...


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Educational Resources on South Pole

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IEEE.tv Videos

IEEE in the North and South Poles (INSP) - Tony Milne - Ignite: Sections Congress 2017
ASC-2014 SQUIDs 50th Anniversary: 6 of 6 - Kent Irwin - SQUIDs as detectors for cosmology
Life Sciences: Visual Prosthetics Bioengineering, Nigel Lovell
Explorations in BIG Data and sMall Data with a Fuzzy Perspective
Analog Devices SP4T RF MEMS Switch with Integrated Driver Circuitry for RF Instrumentation: MicroApps 2015 - Analog Devices
The BEST Way and the BEST Place to Publish Your BEST Work: A Step by Step Process for Publishing a Journal Paper with IEEE
Impedance Matching: RF Boot Camp
An interview with Scott Atkinson and a more than 40 year membership.
Cyber Security Awareness (CSA) in Africa: Basie von Solms - ETAP Forum Namibia, Africa 2017
26th Annual MTT-AP Symposium and Mini Show - Ken Kenjale
Receiver Design and Analysis: RF Boot Camp
A 10-40GHz Frequency Quadrupler Source with Switchable Bandpass Filters and >30dBc Harmonic Rejection: RFIC Interactive Forum 2017
State of Internet Inclusion - Internet Inclusion: Global Connect Stakeholders Advancing Solutions, Washington DC, 2016
Testing My New Robot Body
Cybersecurity and Multi-Stakeholder Internet Governance - The AU Convention on Cybersecurity: Towela Nyirenda-Jere - ETAP Forum Namibia, Africa 2017
Empowering local food markets via smartphones - GHTC 2012 Session - Justin Henriques
Keynote: Greg Austin - ETAP Beijing 2016
PA Design: RF Boot Camp
Connectivity and Communication - 2012 GHTC Session - Ermanno Pietrosemoli
GHTC 2012 Connectivity and Communication Panel Discussion

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Day-night variation of Alouette II secondary resonances

    A further analysis of the secondary resonances observed on Alouette II ionograms is reported. This analysis indicates a day-night effect in the relative frequency of occurrence.

  • The Day-to-Day Coordination of IGY Observations

    The IGY World Days and Communications program has four facets: 1) an IGY Calendar of selected days for experiments which cannot be carried on continuously; 2) a scheme for specifying periods when phenomena of unusual interest are anticipated a few hours in advance; 3) the prompt and wide distribution of summary observations of outstanding solar and geophysical events; and 4) the use of the world-wide scientific communications network for processing information of temporal interest. This is a cooperative effort including all the countries participating in the IGY. The paper describes the plan and its execution, including the arrangements for rapid communications.

  • Possible Landing site for Chandrayaan-2 Rover

    Next Indian Lunar mission Chandrayaan-2 is expected to be launched in 2017/18 with a Lunar Orbiter Lander and Rover. Basically, the requirement of the Lander includes communication, Landing area shape, topography and sunlit area. For analyzing the landing site of chandryaan-2 we are using the data of LOLA which is one of the payloads onboard Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO). The Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter (LOLA) is an instrument designed to assist in the selection of landing sites on the Moon for future robotic and human exploration. ICRS has analyzed total ten craters; three of them are located in the North Pole while remaining seven craters are located in the South Pole of the Moon. Permanently Shadowed Region (PSR) on the south pole of the lunar surface is of special interest to researchers due the presence of trapped water ice into these PSRs.

  • Initial GPS scintillation results from CASES receiver at South Pole, Antarctica

    Connected Autonomous Space Environment Sensor (CASES) Global Positioning System (GPS) software-defined receivers developed for ionospheric scintillation studies have been deployed on Autonomous Adaptive Low-Power Instrument Platforms (AAL-PIP) at South Pole, Antarctica. In this paper, we describe the AAL-PIP experimental setup focusing on CASES. We explain in detail the method developed for analyzing CASES data, and report initial AAL- PIP CASES results. Furthermore, we compare the CASES measurements with those from a modified Novatel GSV4004 GPS Ionospheric Scintillations and TEC Monitor (GISTM) receiver at the South Pole. CASES receivers have been successfully deployed and reliably operated in equatorial and midlatitude regions. Four of these GPS receivers, for the first time, are deployed in high-latitude regions as a part of the National Science Foundation (NSF) funded project of deploying space science instrument platforms, AAL-PIPs, in Antarctica since December 2010–2011. We present initial scintillation results recorded by a CASES receiver at South Pole during the storm on 24 January 2012 along with AAL-PIP magnetometer observations. We have deduced that the CASES receiver scintillation observations agree with those from the Novatel GPS scintillation receiver. Since this is the first time a CASES receiver has been deployed to operate in a high latitude, low temperature, and low humidity environment, we consider this comparison a demonstration of its reliable operation as a science-grade scintillation receiver in such conditions. We plan to study high latitude ionospheric irregularities by using observations from CASES and other ancillary instruments from Antarctica coupled with physical parameters derived from models.

  • The capabilities of the calculated approach for the astroclimatic assessment in radioastronomy

    Earth atmosphere causes considerable impediments for radioastronomical observations at millimeter and sub-millimeter waves bands due to atmosphere attenuation and instability its transfer function. Consequently, even a slight improvement of the transfer function and its stability can lead to a tangible radioastronomical observations efficiency increase, especially in the submillimeter wave range. In view of this and taking uniqueness and high cost of the radiotelescopes that are installed in various regions of the world, location astroclimatic suitability assessment is required. These assessment are usually experimental and consist of gathering the statistical information concerning the extent of atmospheric attenuation, it's seasonal and daily unsteadiness to reveal the most favorable time and place for the observation to be performed.

  • Statistical characterization of the meteor trail distribution at the South Pole as seen by a VHF interferometric meteor radar

    A VHF meteor radar system was installed at the geographical South Pole in 2001. The purpose of this system is to measure the horizontal wind field in the mesosphere–lower thermosphere (MLT) region and to understand the large- scale dynamics of the Antarctic polar region. The radar operated for a few months in 2001 and with minor interruptions since that time. In this paper we will describe the meteor radar system, the data detection and collection process, and the postprocessing software that was developed to extract information from the meteor echoes collected with the interferometer that is part of the radar system. Finally, the main features of the meteor distribution will be presented and discussed. Our results show that the meteor activity peaks during the Antarctic summer. Furthermore, it occurs mostly in a small region around the ecliptic plane roughly ∼20° wide in terms of elevation angle spread.

  • A low energy muon trigger for Icecube

    A “Track Engine” (TE) concept has been developed for use with IceCube to maximize track-finding efficiency in the presence of noise. IceCube is a km- scale neutrino detector under construction at South Pole, now consisting of 40 strings of 60 Digital Optical modules (DOM) sensitive to Cherenkov light. Each DOM includes a large PMT that generates noise pulses at ∼500 Hz. The detection by a DOM of a pulse, noise or signal, generates a “Hit”. The full-scale IceCube will consist of 86 strings, and is expected to generate an average of approximately 13 random Hits during any 5μs window, the characteristic traversal time within the array of a relativistic muon. Data is currently acquired with a simple multiplicity trigger (SMT) requiring at least 16 DOM Hits, with the additional requirement that these Hits form local coincidence pairs (8 Hit pairs). However, this trigger is inefficient, especially for low energy muons that generate a minimum of light, but are of special interest for many experimental studies such as detecting signals from WIMP annihilation in the earth or sun. To increase efficiency for dim tracks, the TE examines all Hits, paired or not, and exploits topological features characteristic of straight line trajectories within the array to identify muons even in the presence of substantial noise. A single PC and FPGA combination is expected to handle the full IceCube Hit rate of 2.5 MHz with more than a factor two margin. The received Hits are time sorted in a PC and fed to a Xilinx ML507 FPGA board implementing the track engine algorithm. The FPGA solution was chosen, since it could be shown that the present algorithm cannot be implemented in software on one PC alone. The design reaches its high performance by an extensive pipelining of the calculations and operations, well designed and optimized network nodules in software and an extensive use of the fast, single-cycle delay Block RAM available in the FPGA.

  • Characterization of terminal impedance and radiation properties of a horizontal VLF antenna over Antarctic ice

    Measurements of the input impedance of two very low frequency (VLF) transmitters in Antarctica are used to validate existing dielectric models for the ice substrate at these frequencies. Using a finite difference time domain approach, Maxwell's equations are solved in the presence of dispersive media, representing the layers of ice which form the Antarctic ice sheet as a single- pole Debye material. This model provides simulated input impedance values in good agreement with measured data for both the South Pole beacon and the former Siple Station VLF transmitters. Using the validated simulation tool, the radiation characteristics of the South Pole beacon VLF transmitter are characterized. Results for the radiation resistance, efficiency, and far-field pattern are provided for the current South Pole transmitter. The power pattern for a two-element array is also determined.

  • Designing photovoltaic plants for extreme ambient conditions

    The paper describes the design process of a photovoltaic (PV) plant to be installed in extreme ambient conditions. In particular, a PV plant has been conceived for the very challenging conditions of the French-Italian Antarctic Base, located in the South Pole. Concordia Base has been built with the collaboration of Italian consortium PRNA, French Polar Institute IPEV and European Space Agency ESA. It is one of the three bases not located on the coast and is open all the year. The electrical load of the base, presently supplied by three diesel generators, has been previously characterized measuring the relevant quantities during a period of one year. During the same year an experimental campaign has been conducted to collect the necessary solar radiation data of the site. A model of the PV panels has been set up and validated to be used for the simulation of the plant behaviour. Finally, the possible contribution of the solar energy to the Concordia Antarctic Base supply has been calculated.

  • Antarctic Miniature Lidar

    Summary form only given. Reports on a compact, low-power lidar that has been assembled, tested, and deployed at the Atmospheric Research Observatory (ARO) at the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station since February 1996. The Antarctic Miniature Lidar uses commercially available, single-element semiconductor lasers (SDL-5430), a 20-cm Meade Schmidt-Cassegrain telescope, and single- photon counting (EG&G SPCM AQ-122). The authors present lidar measurements made during two polar nights, April 1996 through September 1996 and April 1997 through September 1997. The Antarctic Miniature Lidar has been designed to operate continuously during the polar night to detect the occurrence of polar stratospheric clouds which occur at altitudes of 12-27 km.



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