Conferences related to Electric Scooter

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2020 22nd European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE'20 ECCE Europe)

Energy conversion and conditioning technologies, power electronics, adjustable speed drives and their applications, power electronics for smarter grid, energy efficiency,technologies for sustainable energy systems, converters and power supplies


2020 American Control Conference (ACC)

The ACC is the annual conference of the American Automatic Control Council (AACC, the U.S. national member organization of the International Federation for Automatic Control (IFAC)). The ACC is internationally recognized as a premier scientific and engineering conference dedicated to the advancement of control theory and practice. The ACC brings together an international community of researchers and practitioners to discuss the latest findings in automatic control. The 2020 ACC technical program will

  • 2019 American Control Conference (ACC)

    Technical topics include biological systems, vehicle dynamics and control, adaptive control, consensus control, cooperative control, control of communication networks, control of networked systems, control of distributed parameter systems, decentralized control, delay systems, discrete-event systems, fault detection, fault-tolerant systems, flexible structures, flight control, formation flying, fuzzy systems, hybrid systems, system identification, iterative learning control, model predictive control, linear parameter-varying systems, linear matrix inequalities, machine learning, manufacturing systems, robotics, multi-agent systems, neural networks, nonlinear control, observers, optimal control, optimization, path planning, navigation, robust control, sensor fusion, sliding mode control, stochastic systems, switched systems, uncertain systems, game theory.

  • 2018 Annual American Control Conference (ACC)

    Technical topics include biological systems, vehicle dynamics and control, adaptive control, consensus control, cooperative control, control of communication networks, control of networked systems, control of distributed parameter systems, decentralized control, delay systems, discrete-event systems, fault detection, fault-tolerant systems, flexible structures, flight control, formation flying, fuzzy systems, hybrid systems, system identification, iterative learning control, model predictive control, linear parameter-varying systems, linear matrix inequalities, machine learning, manufacturing systems, robotics, multi-agent systems, neural networks, nonlinear control, observers, optimal control, optimization, path planning, navigation, robust control, sensor fusion, sliding mode control, stochastic systems, switched systems, uncertain systems, game theory.

  • 2017 American Control Conference (ACC)

    Technical topics include biological systems, vehicle dynamics and control, adaptive control, consensus control, cooperative control, control of communication networks, control of networked systems, control of distributed parameter systems, decentralized control, delay systems, discrete-event systems, fault detection, fault-tolerant systems, flexible structures, flight control, formation flying, fuzzy systems, hybrid systems, system identification, iterative learning control, model predictive control, linear parameter-varying systems, linear matrix inequalities, machine learning, manufacturing systems, robotics, multi-agent systems, neural networks, nonlinear control, observers, optimal control, optimization, path planning, navigation, robust control, sensor fusion, sliding mode control, stochastic systems, switched systems, uncertain systems, game theory.

  • 2016 American Control Conference (ACC)

    Control systems theory and practice. Conference topics include biological systems, vehicle dynamics and control, consensus control, cooperative control, control of communication networks, control of networked systems, control of distributed parameter systems, decentralized control, delay systems, discrete-event systems, fault detection, fault-tolerant systems, flexible structures, flight control, formation flying, fuzzy systems, hybrid systems, system identification, iterative learning control, model predictive control, linear parameter-varying systems, linear matrix inequalities, machine learning, manufacturing systems, robotics, multi-agent systems, neural networks, nonlinear control, observers, optimal control, optimization, path planning, navigation, robust control, sensor fusion, sliding mode control, stochastic systems, switched systems, uncertain systems, game theory.

  • 2015 American Control Conference (ACC)

    control theory, technology, and practice

  • 2014 American Control Conference - ACC 2014

    All areas of the theory and practice of automatic control, including but not limited to network control systems, model predictive control, systems analysis in biology and medicine, hybrid and switched systems, aerospace systems, power and energy systems and control of nano- and micro-systems.

  • 2013 American Control Conference (ACC)

    Control systems theory and practice. Conference themes on sustainability, societal challenges for control, smart healthcare systems. Conference topics include biological systems, vehicle dynamics and control, consensus control, cooperative control, control of communication networks, control of networked systems, control of distributed parameter systems, decentralized control, delay systems, discrete-event systems, fault detection, fault-tolerant systems, flexible structures, flight control, formation flying, fuzzy systems, hybrid systems, system identification, iterative learning control, model predictive control, linear parameter-varying systems, linear matrix inequalities, machine learning, manufacturing systems, robotics, multi-agent systems, neural networks, nonlinear control, observers, optimal control, optimization, path planning, navigation, robust control, sensor fusion, sliding mode control, stochastic systems, switched systems, uncertain systems, game theory.

  • 2012 American Control Conference - ACC 2012

    All areas of control engineering and science.

  • 2011 American Control Conference - ACC 2011

    ACC provides a forum for bringing industry and academia together to discuss the latest developments in the area of Automatic Control Systems, from new control theories, to the advances in sensors and actuator technologies, and to new applications areas for automation.

  • 2010 American Control Conference - ACC 2010

    Theory and practice of automatic control

  • 2009 American Control Conference - ACC 2009

    The 2009 ACC technical program will cover new developments related to theory, application, and education in control science and engineering. In addition to regular technical sessions the program will also feature interactive and tutorial sessions and preconference workshops.

  • 2008 American Control Conference - ACC 2008

  • 2007 American Control Conference - ACC 2007

  • 2006 American Control Conference - ACC 2006 (Silver Anniversary)

  • 2005 American Control Conference - ACC 2005

  • 2004 American Control Conference - ACC 2004

  • 2003 American Control Conference - ACC 2003

  • 2002 American Control Conference - ACC 2002

  • 2001 American Control Conference - ACC 2001

  • 2000 American Control Conference - ACC 2000

  • 1999 American Control Conference - ACC '99

  • 1998 American Control Conference - ACC '98

  • 1997 American Control Conference - ACC '97

  • 1996 13th Triennial World Congress of the International Federation of Automatic Control (IFAC)


2020 IEEE 29th International Symposium on Industrial Electronics (ISIE)

ISIE focuses on advancements in knowledge, new methods, and technologies relevant to industrial electronics, along with their applications and future developments.


2020 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

IEEE-ECCE 2020 brings together practicing engineers, researchers, entrepreneurs and other professionals for interactive and multi-disciplinary discussions on the latest advances in energy conversion technologies. The Conference provides a unique platform for promoting your organization.

  • 2019 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    IEEE-ECCE 2019 brings together practicing engineers, researchers, entrepreneurs and other professionals for interactive and multi-disciplinary discussions on the latest advances in energy conversion technologies. The Conference provides a unique platform for promoting your organization.

  • 2018 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    The scope of ECCE 2018 includes all technical aspects of research, design, manufacture, application and marketing of devices, components, circuits and systems related to energyconversion, industrial power and power electronics.

  • 2017 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    ECCE is the premier global conference covering topics in energy conversion from electric machines, power electronics, drives, devices and applications both existing and emergent

  • 2016 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    The Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE) is focused on research and industrial advancements related to our sustainable energy future. ECCE began as a collaborative effort between two societies within the IEEE: The Power Electronics Society (PELS) and the Industrial Power Conversion Systems Department (IPCSD) of the Industry Application Society (IAS) and has grown to the premier conference to discuss next generation technologies.

  • 2015 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition

    The scope of ECCE 2015 includes all technical aspects of research, design, manufacture, application and marketing of devices, components, circuits and systems related to energy conversion, industrial power and power electronics.

  • 2014 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    Those companies who have an interest in selling to: research engineers, application engineers, strategists, policy makers, and innovators, anyone with an interest in energy conversion systems and components.

  • 2013 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    The scope of the congress interests include all technical aspects of the design, manufacture, application and marketing of devices, components, circuits and systems related to energy conversion, industrial power conversion and power electronics.

  • 2012 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    The IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE) will be held in Raleigh, the capital of North Carolina. This will provide a forum for the exchange of information among practicing professionals in the energy conversion business. This conference will bring together users and researchers and will provide technical insight as well.

  • 2011 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    IEEE 3rd Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition follows the inagural event held in San Jose, CA in 2009 and 2nd meeting held in Atlanta, GA in 2010 as the premier conference dedicated to all aspects of energy processing in industrial, commercial, transportation and aerospace applications. ECCE2011 has a strong empahasis on renewable energy sources and power conditioning, grid interactions, power quality, storage and reliability.

  • 2010 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    This conference covers all areas of electrical and electromechanical energy conversion. This includes power electrics, power semiconductors, electric machines and drives, components, subsystems, and applications of energy conversion systems.

  • 2009 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)

    The scope of the conference include all technical aspects of the design, manufacture, application and marketing of devices, circuits, and systems related to electrical energy conversion technology


2020 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology (ICIT)

ICIT focuses on industrial and manufacturing applications of electronics, controls, communications, instrumentation, and computational intelligence.


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Periodicals related to Electric Scooter

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Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, IEEE

The IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine publishes articles concerned with the various aspects of systems for space, air, ocean, or ground environments.


Control Systems Technology, IEEE Transactions on

Serves as a compendium for papers on the technological advances in control engineering and as an archival publication which will bridge the gap between theory and practice. Papers will highlight the latest knowledge, exploratory developments, and practical applications in all aspects of the technology needed to implement control systems from analysis and design through simulation and hardware.


Energy Conversion, IEEE Transaction on

Research, development, design, application, construction, installation, and operation of electric power generating facilities (along with their conventional, nuclear, or renewable sources) for the safe, reliable, and economic generation of electrical energy for general industrial, commercial, public, and domestic consumption, and electromechanical energy conversion for the use of electrical energy


Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on

Theory and applications of industrial electronics and control instrumentation science and engineering, including microprocessor control systems, high-power controls, process control, programmable controllers, numerical and program control systems, flow meters, and identification systems.


Industrial Informatics, IEEE Transactions on

IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics focuses on knowledge-based factory automation as a means to enhance industrial fabrication and manufacturing processes. This embraces a collection of techniques that use information analysis, manipulation, and distribution to achieve higher efficiency, effectiveness, reliability, and/or security within the industrial environment. The scope of the Transaction includes reporting, defining, providing a forum for discourse, and informing ...


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Xplore Articles related to Electric Scooter

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Optimization of 12S-14P permanent magnet flux switching motor (PMFSM) for electric scooter application

4th IET Clean Energy and Technology Conference (CEAT 2016), 2016

Eclimo electric scooter is a two in-wheel battery powered electric vehicle used for transportation. Size of its electric motor is 11inches (or 279.4mm) in diameter. It has torque of 110Nm and power output of 6kW. However, taking the size of surface mounted permanent magnet synchronous motor (SPMSM), this torque and power are less suitable to sustain long distance travel for ...


Strategy and construction of electric refueling system for electric scooter in Taiwan

2013 World Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition (EVS27), 2013

There are about 33,000 electric scooters (ES) have been sold into the market, including 26,000 ESs in the domestic and 7,000 ESs in the overseas, up to May 2013 in Taiwan. Although, the selling amount of ES did not meet the target of government expectation, plentiful measures and promotion activities have made Taiwan a most vital electric scooter country in ...


Application of synergic electric power supply in hybrid electric scooter

Proceedings of the 32nd Chinese Control Conference, 2013

To improve efficiency and distance of electric scooter, synergic electric power supply was studied. Full-digital DC-DC converter based on ADSP2188+FPGA was used to transfer energy between Synergic electric power supply and motor. Experimental results indicate that synergic electric power supply with full- digital DC-DC converter can be used in hybrid electric scooter power storage system, Which can improve energy using ...


Control of a permanent magnet synchronous motor for electric scooter application

International Symposium on Power Electronics Power Electronics, Electrical Drives, Automation and Motion, 2012

This research work deals with an electric scooter which propulsion is employed with a permanent magnet synchronous machine (in-wheel topology). A special machine type was design, analyzed and constructed and its control is presented here. The control is based on field oriented control technique, while the highest possible (unity) power factor is search, within the control technique. The operation of ...


Design of servo motor controller applied in coaxial two-wheeled electric scooter

2008 IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, 2008

Servo system has been applied in the executive mechanism of coaxial two- wheeled electric scooter pose control. The pose control requires high accuracy and strong robustness of the servo system. However, the characteristics of servo system based on linear PID regulator are not very excellent. To improve the performances, a novel servo system of permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM), based ...


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Educational Resources on Electric Scooter

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Optimization of 12S-14P permanent magnet flux switching motor (PMFSM) for electric scooter application

    Eclimo electric scooter is a two in-wheel battery powered electric vehicle used for transportation. Size of its electric motor is 11inches (or 279.4mm) in diameter. It has torque of 110Nm and power output of 6kW. However, taking the size of surface mounted permanent magnet synchronous motor (SPMSM), this torque and power are less suitable to sustain long distance travel for it risks quick demagnetization and high copper loss due to overlapping winding. To solve this challenge and increase motor's performance, 12S-14P flux switching permanent motor with concentrated winding employing segmental rotor (PMFSM) in outer rotor configuration has been presented. This motor has all active parts located on the stationary stator leaving rotor robust for speed application. The initial design of proposed motor did not achieve the target torque of 439Nm and power of 45kW due to low flux linkage. This paper presents the optimized design of the proposed motor using deterministic approach. Finally, motor's performance in terms of torque achieves four times higher and output power of seven times higher than performance of SPMSM installed in eclimo electric scooter under maximum armature current density.

  • Strategy and construction of electric refueling system for electric scooter in Taiwan

    There are about 33,000 electric scooters (ES) have been sold into the market, including 26,000 ESs in the domestic and 7,000 ESs in the overseas, up to May 2013 in Taiwan. Although, the selling amount of ES did not meet the target of government expectation, plentiful measures and promotion activities have made Taiwan a most vital electric scooter country in the world. In addition, Taiwan Government had proposed a common charging interface and lithium ion battery swapping business models in 2012. It encouraged the ES makers to set up one standard common specification of charging interface as well as the lithium ion battery. Hopefully, the lithium ion battery swapping business models could improve the charging infrastructure and increase the value of cost/performance ratio of lithium ion battery. Moreover, for the common charging interface, a specification of smart charger has been proposed by three major ES makers. On the other hand, there have two kinds of lithium ion battery swapping business model been established. One swapping business model is operating manually by an alliance consisting of the ES maker, convenience store, and car rental company in Penghu County, Taiwan. The other is a 10Ah capacity of lithium ion battery swapping business, which is operating by vending machine. Additionally, a 20Ah capacity specification of swapping battery module is also under discussing for further improving the performance of electric scooter.

  • Application of synergic electric power supply in hybrid electric scooter

    To improve efficiency and distance of electric scooter, synergic electric power supply was studied. Full-digital DC-DC converter based on ADSP2188+FPGA was used to transfer energy between Synergic electric power supply and motor. Experimental results indicate that synergic electric power supply with full- digital DC-DC converter can be used in hybrid electric scooter power storage system, Which can improve energy using efficiency of HES greatly.

  • Control of a permanent magnet synchronous motor for electric scooter application

    This research work deals with an electric scooter which propulsion is employed with a permanent magnet synchronous machine (in-wheel topology). A special machine type was design, analyzed and constructed and its control is presented here. The control is based on field oriented control technique, while the highest possible (unity) power factor is search, within the control technique. The operation of the motorization of the electric scooter is verified in experiments.

  • Design of servo motor controller applied in coaxial two-wheeled electric scooter

    Servo system has been applied in the executive mechanism of coaxial two- wheeled electric scooter pose control. The pose control requires high accuracy and strong robustness of the servo system. However, the characteristics of servo system based on linear PID regulator are not very excellent. To improve the performances, a novel servo system of permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM), based on active-disturbance rejection controller (ADRC) theory, is presented in this paper. The proposed position servo system is suitable to coaxial two-wheeled electric scooter pose control, because of high accuracy, speedy response, no overshoot and strong robustness proved by simulation results.

  • Model Based Fault Detection and Isolation for Electric Scooter

    The focus of this paper is to apply the fault detection and isolation (FDI) method based on the bond graph (BG) to the electric scooter system. The FDI approach utilizes the concept of analytical redundancy relations (ARRs), which are derived from a BG model with a specific causal relationship. This method is suitable for a variety of types of faults. Simulation in MATLAB/Simulink is conducted to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method for multiple types of faults that may occur in the electric scooter.

  • Design topology and electromagnetic field analysis of Permanent Magnet Brushless DC motor for electric scooter application

    This paper presents a Finite Element Method (FEM) based design and analysis of radial flux Permanent Magnet Brushless DC (PMBLDC) motor. The objective of this paper is to develop high power density and high efficiency PMBLDC motor for electric scooter application. The motor considered for FEM design is a 3-phase, 8 pole rectangular wave, which replaces the conventional Internal Combustion Engines (ICEs). The distinct features of this motor design are: (1) The magnetic yoke reduction, which will decrease the weight and size, (2) Coil span equal to one slot pitch which will result in saving of copper and (3) elimination of cogging torque because of fractional number of slots per pole. The outer rotor configuration of PMBLDC motor has been considered in this design. The spokes of the wheel is directly fitted into the outer rotor of the motor. The simulation has been carried out by Pre-flux software. The electromagnetic field analysis is used for the design and optimization of the motor which is based on FEM.

  • Fuzzy sliding mode control of traction control system for electric scooter

    A traction control system (TCS) using fuzzy sliding mode control (FSMC) is proposed for the electric scooter with direct driven wheel motor in this paper. First, road friction coefficient is estimated using normal force observer and traction force observer. A road condition observer is then employed to estimate the gradient of road friction coefficient with respect to the tire slip ratio. An innovative rule is proposed to determine the reference slip ratio based on the estimated gradient. According to the error and error change of the slip ratio, the FSMC adjusts the driver's torque demand to obtain the reference torque command for the wheel motor. Preliminary simulation results show that the proposed TCS can detect the road friction change and control the motor torque to maintain the slip ratio in the stable region, thus enhance the traction performance for low friction surface.

  • A clean power system combining fuel cell and ultracapacitor and its application in electric scooter

    This paper presents a clean power system combining fuel cell and ultracapacitor. The fuel cell, which acts as the primary power source, is used for the continuous load requirement. The ultracapacitor, which acts as the secondary power source, is used for the peak load requirement. A controller also is designed to determine and assign the power between the fuel cell, ultracapacitor and motor..and this clean power system is applied to an electric scooter. The result of experimentation shows that the system is very effective and steady.

  • Rapid-prototyping designs for the three-power-source hybrid electric scooter with a fuzzy-control energy management

    This study mainly develops a hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) platform for a hybrid electric scooter (HES). The fuzzy control strategy is utilized for the energy management among three power sources. A low-order scooter dynamics is constructed including subsystems such as the spark-ignition engine, high-power traction motor, integrated starter-generator (ISG), high-power battery module, transmission, longitudinal vehicle dynamics, etc. For energy management of three power sources, the 73-rule fuzzy control is designed and compared to the traditional rule-based control. Three inputs are the battery state-of-charge (SOC), required torque and engine speed. Three outputs are torque commands for the engine, the motor, and the ISG. The system model and the energy management system are integrated for off-line simulation then. The verified models of control strategy and the vehicle dynamics are downloaded to two real-time simulators for the close-loop control with A/D D/A interface. Simulation results show that the vehicle model details the dynamics of key components, while the energy consumptions of these two control modes are nearly 170kJ under ECE40 driving cycle. This HIL platform can be used for rapid prototyping for vehicle control unit (VCU) designs of HES. The general vehicle model can be extended to various power-level hybrid vehicles with three power sources.



Standards related to Electric Scooter

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