Corrosion

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Corrosion is the disintegration of an engineered material into its constituent atoms due to chemical reactions with its surroundings. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Corrosion

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2020 IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (I2MTC)

The Conference focuses on all aspects of instrumentation and measurement science andtechnology research development and applications. The list of program topics includes but isnot limited to: Measurement Science & Education, Measurement Systems, Measurement DataAcquisition, Measurements of Physical Quantities, and Measurement Applications.


2020 IEEE International Magnetic Conference (INTERMAG)

INTERMAG is the premier conference on all aspects of applied magnetism and provides a range of oral and poster presentations, invited talks and symposia, a tutorial session, and exhibits reviewing the latest developments in magnetism.


Oceans 2020 MTS/IEEE GULF COAST

To promote awareness, understanding, advancement and application of ocean engineering and marine technology. This includes all aspects of science, engineering, and technology that address research, development, and operations pertaining to all bodies of water. This includes the creation of new capabilities and technologies from concept design through prototypes, testing, and operational systems to sense, explore, understand, develop, use, and responsibly manage natural resources.

  • OCEANS 2018 MTS/IEEE Charleston

    Ocean, coastal, and atmospheric science and technology advances and applications

  • OCEANS 2017 - Anchorage

    Papers on ocean technology, exhibits from ocean equipment and service suppliers, student posters and student poster competition, tutorials on ocean technology, workshops and town meetings on policy and governmental process.

  • OCEANS 2016

    The Marine Technology Scociety and the Oceanic Engineering Society of the IEEE cosponor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, and policy. The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 500 technical papers and 150 -200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2015

    The Marine Technology Scociety and the Oceanic Engineering Society of the IEEE cosponor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, and policy. The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 450 technical papers and 150-200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2014

    The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 450 technical papers and 150-200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2013

    Three days of 8-10 tracks of technical sessions (400-450 papers) and concurent exhibition (150-250 exhibitors)

  • OCEANS 2012

    Ocean related technology. Tutorials and three days of technical sessions and exhibits. 8-12 parallel technical tracks.

  • OCEANS 2011

    The Marine Technology Society and the Oceanic Engineering Scociety of the IEEE cosponsor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science engineering, and policy.

  • OCEANS 2010

    The Marine Technology Society and the Oceanic Engineering Scociety of the IEEE cosponsor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science engineering, and policy.

  • OCEANS 2009

  • OCEANS 2008

    The Marine Technology Society (MTS) and the Oceanic Engineering Society (OES) of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) cosponsor a joint conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, education, and policy. Held annually in the fall, it has become a focal point for the ocean and marine community to meet, learn, and exhibit products and services. The conference includes technical sessions, workshops, student poster sessions, job fairs, tutorials and a large exhibit.

  • OCEANS 2007

  • OCEANS 2006

  • OCEANS 2005

  • OCEANS 2004

  • OCEANS 2003

  • OCEANS 2002

  • OCEANS 2001

  • OCEANS 2000

  • OCEANS '99

  • OCEANS '98

  • OCEANS '97

  • OCEANS '96


2019 20th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems & Eurosensors XXXIII (TRANSDUCERS & EUROSENSORS XXXIII)

The world's premiere conference in MEMS sensors, actuators and integrated micro and nano systems welcomes you to attend this four-day event showcasing major technological, scientific and commercial breakthroughs in mechanical, optical, chemical and biological devices and systems using micro and nanotechnology.The major areas of activity in the development of Transducers solicited and expected at this conference include but are not limited to: Bio, Medical, Chemical, and Micro Total Analysis Systems Fabrication and Packaging Mechanical and Physical Sensors Materials and Characterization Design, Simulation and Theory Actuators Optical MEMS RF MEMS Nanotechnology Energy and Power


2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops andinvitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields ofbiomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality paperswill be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and willbe indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE & IEEE Xplore


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Periodicals related to Corrosion

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Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on

Broadcast technology, including devices, equipment, techniques, and systems related to broadcast technology, including the production, distribution, transmission, and propagation aspects.


Components and Packaging Technologies, IEEE Transactions on

Component parts, hybrid microelectronics, materials, packaging techniques, and manufacturing technology.


Device and Materials Reliability, IEEE Transactions on

Provides leading edge information that is critical to the creation of reliable electronic devices and materials, and a focus for interdisciplinary communication in the state of the art of reliability of electronic devices, and the materials used in their manufacture. It focuses on the reliability of electronic, optical, and magnetic devices, and microsystems; the materials and processes used in the ...


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Most published Xplore authors for Corrosion

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Xplore Articles related to Corrosion

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IEE Colloquium on 'Corrosion Aspects of Electrical Equipment' (Digest No.1993/187)

IEE Colloquium on Corrosion Aspects of Electrical Equipment, 1993

None


Microwave characterization of materials during corrosion: Application to wireless sensors

2015 European Microwave Conference (EuMC), 2015

A new method for corrosion monitoring of metals and alloys is presented. It is based on the change of the radiofrequency (RF) wave propagation in a microstrip line during its corrosion. The microstrip line is produced in the same metal as the mechanical structure under monitoring. The studied frequencies correspond to the ISM bands. During the corrosion process, measured transmission ...


Study on Erosion-Corrosion Mechanism of B10 Cu-Ni Alloy in Seawater

2018 Prognostics and System Health Management Conference (PHM-Chongqing), 2018

In this investigation, the full immersion erosion-corrosion test of B10 Cu-Ni alloy was carried out in the laboratory. The law of performance degradation and erosion mechanism of B10 copper alloy were studied by using weight loss measurement, corrosion morphology observation and electrochemical techniques. The result shows that the corrosion rate decreases with the immersion process and eventually fluctuates near the ...


Development of environmental sensors for monitoring of corrosion in marine offshore and wind energy industries

2014 IEEE Sensor Systems for a Changing Ocean (SSCO)., 2014

Wireless and fully energetically passive corrosion sensors are presented for the monitoring of degradation of infrastructures located in coastal zones and marine environments. Their application concerns thus marine offshore, wind energy industry as well as harbor maintenance procedures. Several sensitive parts and architectures will be presented at the conferences. In this paper, an example of such sensor is provided.


Complex Corrosion Monitoring System for Crude Distillation Unit in Form of Neutral Network

2018 Global Smart Industry Conference (GloSIC), 2018

Complex and successful corrosion monitoring of refinery processes can significantly reduce material losses and failure risk. The developed corrosion monitoring system is based on online ultrasonic sensors, ER (electrical resistance) probes, gravimetric method and multipoint analytical analysis of chemical composition of the fluids. Additional online LPR (linear polarization resistance) sensors controlling corrosiveness of sour water are the part of monitoring ...


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Educational Resources on Corrosion

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IEEE.tv Videos

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • IEE Colloquium on 'Corrosion Aspects of Electrical Equipment' (Digest No.1993/187)

    None

  • Microwave characterization of materials during corrosion: Application to wireless sensors

    A new method for corrosion monitoring of metals and alloys is presented. It is based on the change of the radiofrequency (RF) wave propagation in a microstrip line during its corrosion. The microstrip line is produced in the same metal as the mechanical structure under monitoring. The studied frequencies correspond to the ISM bands. During the corrosion process, measured transmission decreases from 0 to 40 dB. This lost is clearly explained by simulations. Consequently, experimental data and simulations results provide fundamental basis on the sensing mechanisms of the method and evidence, in particular, the possibility to distinguish between localized and uniform corrosion. Due to the nature of the method, the sensitive microstrip can be very easily integrated through different architectures into RF wireless sensors. As the consequence, the proposed method should be considered as promising and reliable tool for corrosion monitoring of several materials exposed to various environments.

  • Study on Erosion-Corrosion Mechanism of B10 Cu-Ni Alloy in Seawater

    In this investigation, the full immersion erosion-corrosion test of B10 Cu-Ni alloy was carried out in the laboratory. The law of performance degradation and erosion mechanism of B10 copper alloy were studied by using weight loss measurement, corrosion morphology observation and electrochemical techniques. The result shows that the corrosion rate decreases with the immersion process and eventually fluctuates near the smaller corrosion rate. With the increase of seawater flow velocity, the damage degree of corrosion product film is also enhanced. The film can protect the surface of the material in clean seawater, but it cannot continue to protect the material in the seawater containing sand. Due to scouring effect of seawater, the film will be dissolved and reformed.

  • Development of environmental sensors for monitoring of corrosion in marine offshore and wind energy industries

    Wireless and fully energetically passive corrosion sensors are presented for the monitoring of degradation of infrastructures located in coastal zones and marine environments. Their application concerns thus marine offshore, wind energy industry as well as harbor maintenance procedures. Several sensitive parts and architectures will be presented at the conferences. In this paper, an example of such sensor is provided.

  • Complex Corrosion Monitoring System for Crude Distillation Unit in Form of Neutral Network

    Complex and successful corrosion monitoring of refinery processes can significantly reduce material losses and failure risk. The developed corrosion monitoring system is based on online ultrasonic sensors, ER (electrical resistance) probes, gravimetric method and multipoint analytical analysis of chemical composition of the fluids. Additional online LPR (linear polarization resistance) sensors controlling corrosiveness of sour water are the part of monitoring system. LPR sensors on the sour water can be utilized for continuous control of chlorides content. The obtained data were used for selection of critical points in the atmospheric distillation unit and creating neutral network with defined factors which primarily influence the corrosion rate of each component. The database of standard and tolerable concentrations of main chemical species were defined as well as acceptable corrosion rates in each point. Main corrosion threats and proper technique of monitoring were discussed. The presented monitoring system can be utilized for proper blending of crude oils from different sources and diverse chemical composition. Such an approach can be useful for precise predicting safe service life of the component as well as the search for more corrosion resistive materials.

  • Corrosion Resistance of Surface Finishes for High Reliability Devices

    As air pollution increasing due to the development of industry, corrosion becomes a serious issue to the electronic products. Sulfur is one of the hazardous element in the polluted gas. Creep corrosion occurs on the electronic components caused by high sulfur content environment and high moisture. The corrosion affects the reliability of Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs) in consumer products, automobile electronic devices and air pollutant control sensor. Silver is commonly used in high-frequency devices as surface finish. It is especially keen to be corroded in high sulfur content ambient. In addition, electroless nickel immersion gold (ENIG) and immersion tin (ImSn) are widely adopted as the surface finishes for the consumer products. These coatings are also vulnerable to the hazardous gas that contains sulfur. For high reliability devices or automotive electronics, it is critical to develop new surface finish that can effectively inhibit corrosion gas. This paper proposes new coating layers that include cobalt and tin to enhance the corrosion resistance. This study compared different surface finishes, ENIG, ImSn, and electroless cobalt (EC) on the automotive PCBs. Since electroplated copper is beneath the surface finishes, bare copper without any surface finish was used as the base line for comparison. Corrosion tests were conducted in the corrosion chamber with a humidity of 100 %. All samples were exposed to sulfur dioxide (SO2) gas at 80 °C for different duration of times. Creep corrosion would cause the formation of corrosion products that migrated on the sample surface. Surface morphologies were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The composition of corrosion products was analyzed by energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS). Copper signals could be detected when the surface finishes failed to resist the corrosion. The corrosion products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), and their chemical bonds were investigated by electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA). More corrosion products were grown on bare copper, ENIG and EC than on ImSn. Hence, ImSn demonstrated high propensity to resist corrosion. However, both EDS and ESCA results showed that copper signals were detected only in the corrosion products on ImSn, ENIG, and bare copper but not on EC. In addition, the crystal structure of EC remained amorphous after corrosion test. It indicated that EC could be an effective diffusion barrier for copper diffusion. The results showed that the combination of ImSn and EC are potential candidates as new surface finish to inhibit both the growth of corrosion products and the interaction between Cu and SO2. The design could be a promising surface finish for high reliability devices.

  • Microstructure and corrosion behaviors of XC48 treated by rf magnetron sputtering TiAlN alloying

    Transition metal nitride based hard coatings such as TiN, TiAlN are chemically inert, thermally stable and, therefore, provide good corrosion protection. Deposition of hard coatingson material surface by reactive r.f magnetron sputtering methods features one of the most intensely developed directions of improvement of the working properties of materials. The PVD techniques are widely used now adays for improvement the corrosion resistance. One of the general reasons for depositing by PVD techniques is developing the protective coating presenting corrosion resistance higher than the substrate.

  • The Corrosion of Electronic Resistors

    Precision thick chip resistors are used in a variety of different industries, from telecommunications to automotive electronics, and as such can be exposed to mild and aggressive corrosive environments. This paper investigates the corrosion performance of two generic precision thick chip resistors in a controlled corrosive atmosphere consisting of 60degC, 4 ppm H<sub>2</sub>S and water vapor in purified air. The resistors were exposed in an environmental chamber for periods of 5, 10, 15, 30, and 60 days. Following exposure, the samples were cross sectioned and subjected to surface analysis using microscopy and microanalysis. After the initial stages of exposure, corrosion was observed on only one of the two types of resistors. The corrosion developed because H<sub>2</sub>S gas and water vapor diffuses through the thin protective organic layer on the resistor, and subsequently reacts with the silver conductor layer. Corrosion was facilitated by poor overlapping of the solder and nickel layer and, in particular the glass binder over the glass overcoat, which allowed silver and sulphur to diffuse along the interface. In addition, this poor overlapping allowed contact between the nickel layer and the silver layer resulting in the development of an electrochemical corrosion cell. The main corrosion products that developed were silver sulfide (Ag<sub>2</sub>S) and nickel sulphur residue.

  • Study on alternating current corrosion of carbon steel grounding electrode

    Grounding electrode corrosion occurs in soil, corrosion products deposit on the electrode surface prone to form the sedimentary layer. As the electric current flow out the grounding electrode will accelerate the corrosion rate, and greatly affect the corrosion products depositing process. The formation of the sedimentary layer of the corrosion products changed the surface structure of the grounding electrode and the physical and chemical properties between the grounding electrode interface and soil, which seriously affect the current spillage characteristics of the grounding electrode. In order to study the mechanism of the influence of grounding electric current spilling on the depositing process of corrosion products, a dynamic model of corrosion products depositing process is established. By analyzing the model, with the progress of the corrosion process, the corrosion products deposit on the electrode surface, the corrosion rate first increased and then decreased; After a period of time, the local corrosion rate increased, the local corrosion pits and bumps appear on the grounding electrode surface, the deposition of the corrosion products change the structure of the contact surface between grounding electrode and soil. The injection of DC into the grounding electrode will obviously accelerate the corrosion process, and corrosion deformation is unevenly distributed during the injection of AC.

  • Improvement of copper sulfur corrosion resistant based on cold-rolled deformation

    Much work has been done to prevent copper corrosion in insulating oil with corrosive sulfur. Most of the research has focused on the addition of metal inhibitor and absorbent. Besides, changing the grain size and micro-structure of copper winding was an effective method to enhance the copper corrosion resistant. In this study, pure copper annealed at elevated temperature (400°C/20min) after cold rolled with varied deformation and corrosion experiments were investigated according to the IEC 62535 standard. Compared and analyzed the different shape variable after annealing copper strip corrosion condition and its influence on mineral oil insulation characteristics. And the evolution of grain sizes and special grain boundaries after the processing and annealing have been particularly determined by means of electron back scatter diffraction (EBSD) techniques. The results show that deformation controlling could increase the number of special grain boundary, and improve the grain size at the same time. Then, the corrosion resistance performance of copper enhanced dramatically.



Standards related to Corrosion

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IEEE Guide for Detection, Mitigation, and Control of Concentric Neutral Corrosion in Medium-Voltage Underground Cables

The primary focus of this guide is unjacketed, underground distribution cable installed direct buried or in conduit. The causes of corrosion in cable concentric neutral wires and straps and the methods available to detect this corrosion are described. The purpose of the concentric neutral and consequences of significant loss of the concentric neutral are discussed. Recommendations are made for the ...