IEEE Organizations related to Chlorine

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Conferences related to Chlorine

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2020 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS)

The International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS) is the flagship conference of the IEEE Circuits and Systems (CAS) Society and the world’s premier networking and exchange forum for researchers in the highly active fields of theory, design and implementation of circuits and systems. ISCAS2020 focuses on the deployment of CASS knowledge towards Society Grand Challenges and highlights the strong foundation in methodology and the integration of multidisciplinary approaches which are the distinctive features of CAS contributions. The worldwide CAS community is exploiting such CASS knowledge to change the way in which devices and circuits are understood, optimized, and leveraged in a variety of systems and applications.


2020 IEEE International Reliability Physics Symposium (IRPS)

Meeting of academia and research professionals to discuss reliability challenges


2020 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM)

The Annual IEEE PES General Meeting will bring together over 2900 attendees for technical sessions, administrative sessions, super sessions, poster sessions, student programs, awards ceremonies, committee meetings, tutorials and more


2020 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS)

IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS) is an annual conference coordinated by the Plasma Science and Application Committee (PSAC) of the IEEE Nuclear & Plasma Sciences Society.


2020 IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC)

Promote science and engineering of photovoltaic materials, devices, systems and applications



Periodicals related to Chlorine

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Most published Xplore authors for Chlorine

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Xplore Articles related to Chlorine

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Fabrication of combinatorial evaluation substrates for chlorine evolution electrode catalyst

2016 International Symposium on Micro-NanoMechatronics and Human Science (MHS), 2016

In this study, we proposed and demonstrated combinatorial evaluation substrates, which were fabricated by micro electro mechanical systems (MEMS) process, for brine electrolysis. Proposed evaluation substrate has 9 electrode catalyst samples on the glass substrate. Ir-Ru/Ti and Ir-Ru-Ti/Ti electrode catalyst samples were prepared by a combinatorial co-sputtering system. We evaluated the maximum current density of polarization curves and the durability ...


Photovoltage decay in sonochemically synthesized ZnO

2015 International Young Scientists Forum on Applied Physics (YSF), 2015

In this work, the sonochemical synthesis and photovoltage decays of ZnO particles in 2-propanol are presented. Observed reduction in the decay time with increasing the stirring time in ultrasonic fields is explained by using the surface states and HOMO \ LUMO bang gap energy. Transfer of charges in ZnO particle placed in the 2-propanol solvent is discussed.


Significantly improved carrier lifetime and reduced interface recombination velocity for CdTe/MgCdTe double heterostructures

2015 IEEE 42nd Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC), 2015

The carrier lifetime of CdTe/MgCdTe double heterostructures has been enhanced significantly up to 2.1 μs through using 30 nm Mg0.48Cd0.52Te barriers. Temperature-dependent photoluminescence measurements indicate that the radiative recombination contributes significantly to the total recombination at room temperature, and the internal quantum efficiency is estimated to be 40 %. A radiative and a non-radiative lifetimes have thus been calculated to ...


MD simulations of chlorine plasmas interaction with ultrathin silicon films for advanced etch processes

2014 Silicon Nanoelectronics Workshop (SNW), 2014

Molecular dynamics simulations are performed to study the interaction between chlorine plasmas and ultrathin silicon films under pulsed plasma conditions. The ion energy appears to be the key parameter to control the etch process since both the mixed layer thickness and the etch yield are fairly reduced when the ion energy is decreased from 100eV to 10eV. The neutral-to-ion flux ...


Large Area 3D Elemental Mapping of a MgZnO/CdTe Solar Cell with Correlative EBSD Measurements

2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC) (A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC & 34th EU PVSEC), 2018

Chlorine is known to have numerous effects on the electronic performance of cadmium telluride (CdTe) solar cells, such as doping the CdTe absorber material and pacifying crystal defects. However the mechanisms by which the element improves device efficiency following the cadmium chloride treatment are still not fully understood. In this work the distributions of chlorine in a high efficiency CdTe ...



Educational Resources on Chlorine

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IEEE.tv Videos

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Fabrication of combinatorial evaluation substrates for chlorine evolution electrode catalyst

    In this study, we proposed and demonstrated combinatorial evaluation substrates, which were fabricated by micro electro mechanical systems (MEMS) process, for brine electrolysis. Proposed evaluation substrate has 9 electrode catalyst samples on the glass substrate. Ir-Ru/Ti and Ir-Ru-Ti/Ti electrode catalyst samples were prepared by a combinatorial co-sputtering system. We evaluated the maximum current density of polarization curves and the durability during brine electrolysis. In the case of binary Ir-Ru/Ti evaluation substrate (composition of Ru ranged from 35.1 to 58.8 at.%.), the maximum current density increased with increasing Ru-content. From these results, we confirmed the usability of proposed combinatorial evaluation substrate for the brine electrolysis. Finally, we evaluated the electrochemical characteristics of 9 Ir-Ru-Ti/Ti samples. Their electrochemical characteristics depend on alloy composition.

  • Photovoltage decay in sonochemically synthesized ZnO

    In this work, the sonochemical synthesis and photovoltage decays of ZnO particles in 2-propanol are presented. Observed reduction in the decay time with increasing the stirring time in ultrasonic fields is explained by using the surface states and HOMO \ LUMO bang gap energy. Transfer of charges in ZnO particle placed in the 2-propanol solvent is discussed.

  • Significantly improved carrier lifetime and reduced interface recombination velocity for CdTe/MgCdTe double heterostructures

    The carrier lifetime of CdTe/MgCdTe double heterostructures has been enhanced significantly up to 2.1 μs through using 30 nm Mg0.48Cd0.52Te barriers. Temperature-dependent photoluminescence measurements indicate that the radiative recombination contributes significantly to the total recombination at room temperature, and the internal quantum efficiency is estimated to be 40 %. A radiative and a non-radiative lifetimes have thus been calculated to be 5.25 μs and 3.5 μs, respectively. The interface recombination velocity of CdTe/Mg0.48Cd0.52Te is determined to be smaller than 2.7 cm/s, which is better or very close to the best values reported for GaAs/AlGaAs and GaAs/Ga0.5In0.5P double heterostructures.

  • MD simulations of chlorine plasmas interaction with ultrathin silicon films for advanced etch processes

    Molecular dynamics simulations are performed to study the interaction between chlorine plasmas and ultrathin silicon films under pulsed plasma conditions. The ion energy appears to be the key parameter to control the etch process since both the mixed layer thickness and the etch yield are fairly reduced when the ion energy is decreased from 100eV to 10eV. The neutral-to-ion flux ratio and the neutral dissociation rate also have an impact but to a lesser extent.

  • Large Area 3D Elemental Mapping of a MgZnO/CdTe Solar Cell with Correlative EBSD Measurements

    Chlorine is known to have numerous effects on the electronic performance of cadmium telluride (CdTe) solar cells, such as doping the CdTe absorber material and pacifying crystal defects. However the mechanisms by which the element improves device efficiency following the cadmium chloride treatment are still not fully understood. In this work the distributions of chlorine in a high efficiency CdTe device are tracked over large areas and in three dimensions by high resolution dynamic SIMS measurements. The results give new insights into the role of chlorine and defects on the performance of CdTe solar cells, particularly when combined with correlative backscatter diffraction measurements.

  • An adaptive mechanism for reducing criticality level in mixed-criticality systems

    How to raise criticality level to avoid miss the deadlines of high critical tasks has been discussed a lot, then how to reduce criticality level to assure multiple functional tasks efficiently using resource on a platform is less researched. In this paper, we present an adaptive mechanism, which is based on evaluating high-critical tasks execution time and feedback to admission controller with dynamic priority scheduling. Comparing the evaluated utilization with the low critical characteristic of high critical task, it determine the exact time point to reduce criticality level safely and effectively, meeting the deadlines of high critical tasks as well as correctly running low critical tasks.

  • Integrated Piezoelectric energy harvesting and structural health monitoring for transportation infrastructure

    This paper, based on lead author's doctoral research at IIT Delhi, presents the feasibility of integrated structural health monitoring (SHM) and energy harvesting using a same thin Piezoelectric patch. The structure is assumed to be operating in two states, idle state and SHM state. During the idle state (when SHM is not being performed), the PZT patches will harvest the energy and store it in an appropriate storage device, such as a battery or a capacitor. In the SHM state, the same stored energy will be utilized for the SHM of the host structure by the same PZT patch, either in the global mode (standard vibration techniques) or the local mode (EMI technique) or both. It is assumed that the total duration of the SHM state will be very small as compared to the idle state.

  • Nonlinear model of acoustical attenuation and speed of sound in a bubbly medium

    The presence of microbubbles (MBs) in a medium changes the medium's acoustic properties and increases the attenuation of the bubbly medium. Current models of ultrasound attenuation in a bubbly medium are based on linear approximations; that is MB undergoes very small amplitude oscillations. Thus linear models of attenuation are not valid in many regimes used in diagnostic and therapeutic ultrasound applications. In this study, a model is developed that incorporates the nonlinear attenuation and sound speed by deriving the complex wave number from the Calfish model for the propagation of acoustic waves in a bubbly medium. Using the methods of nonlinear dynamics, we have classified the behavior of MBs for a wide range of frequencies and applied pressures. The results of the bubble oscillations are visualized using the bifurcation diagrams of the radial oscillations of the MBs as a function of the incident pressure. It is shown that depending on the frequency of the ultrasound wave, the nonlinear oscillations of the MBs can be classified into 5 main categories in which the MBs oscillations exhibit: 1. Linear resonance (fr), 2. Pressure-dependent resonance (fs), 3. Sub Harmonic (SH) resonance (fSH), 4. Pressure-dependent SH resonance (fpSH) and 5. Higher order SH resonance oscillations (fn). Results show that when MBs are sonicated by their fr, the effective attenuation of the medium can potentially decrease as the pressure increases, which is in good agreement with experimental observations. When sonicated with their fs, the effective attenuation of the medium is smaller than in the case of fr. This happens only below a pressure threshold that corresponds to the saddle node bifurcation in the corresponding bifurcation diagram. Above this pressure, the effective attenuation and sound speed increase abruptly by ~5 and ~2 folds, respectively. In the other classified sonication regimes (fSH, fsSH and fn) (3-5), the attenuation and sound speed changes are negligible below the pressure threshold corresponding to the SH oscillations. As soon as the pressure increases above the threshold for SH oscillations (e.g. period doubling in the bifurcation diagram), the effective attenuation increases abruptly (~ up to 3 fold), however the maximum exhibited attenuation is ~10 to 50 folds smaller than the maximum attenuation in case of sonication with fr and fs.

  • A binary based HMAX model for object recognition

    In this paper, we propose a fast binary based HMAX model (B-HMAX). In our method, we detect corner based interest points after the second layer C1 to extract fewer numbers of features with better distinctiveness, and use binary string to describe the image patches extracted around detected corners, then use hamming distance for matching between two patches in the third layer S2, which is much faster than Euclidean method. Experimental results demonstrate that our proposed B-HMAX model can significantly reduce the total process time, while keeping the accuracy performance as the same with or better than standard HMAX.

  • Dielectric relaxation in some chlorine substituted anilines

    It has been shown recently that the very short group relaxation time observed for pure aniline and its solutions may be attributed to the inversion of the nonplanar configuration of the nitrogen bonds.1,2, 3 Tiganik,4 by measuring the static dielectric constants of ortho-, meta-, and para-chloroanilines, has come to the conclusion that the angle between the NHg group and the phenyl ring varies with the location of the substituted chlorine atom. One may expect that the relaxation time and the potential barrier to the inversion is dependent on the magnitude of the angle to be inverted. Further, the self association of anilines through weak hydrogen bonding is dependent on the substitution. In order to gain information on these phenomena the present study was undertaken.



Standards related to Chlorine

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