Symbiosis

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Symbiosis is close and often long-term interaction between different biological species. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Symbiosis

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2020 IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (I2MTC)

The Conference focuses on all aspects of instrumentation and measurement science andtechnology research development and applications. The list of program topics includes but isnot limited to: Measurement Science & Education, Measurement Systems, Measurement DataAcquisition, Measurements of Physical Quantities, and Measurement Applications.


2020 IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics (AIM)

The scope of the 2020 IEEE/ASME AIM includes the following topics: Actuators, Automotive Systems, Bioengineering, Data Storage Systems, Electronic Packaging, Fault Diagnosis, Human-Machine Interfaces, Industry Applications, Information Technology, Intelligent Systems, Machine Vision, Manufacturing, Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems, Micro/Nano Technology, Modeling and Design, System Identification and Adaptive Control, Motion Control, Vibration and Noise Control, Neural and Fuzzy Control, Opto-Electronic Systems, Optomechatronics, Prototyping, Real-Time and Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulation, Robotics, Sensors, System Integration, Transportation Systems, Smart Materials and Structures, Energy Harvesting and other frontier fields.


Oceans 2020 MTS/IEEE GULF COAST

To promote awareness, understanding, advancement and application of ocean engineering and marine technology. This includes all aspects of science, engineering, and technology that address research, development, and operations pertaining to all bodies of water. This includes the creation of new capabilities and technologies from concept design through prototypes, testing, and operational systems to sense, explore, understand, develop, use, and responsibly manage natural resources.

  • OCEANS 2018 MTS/IEEE Charleston

    Ocean, coastal, and atmospheric science and technology advances and applications

  • OCEANS 2017 - Anchorage

    Papers on ocean technology, exhibits from ocean equipment and service suppliers, student posters and student poster competition, tutorials on ocean technology, workshops and town meetings on policy and governmental process.

  • OCEANS 2016

    The Marine Technology Scociety and the Oceanic Engineering Society of the IEEE cosponor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, and policy. The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 500 technical papers and 150 -200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2015

    The Marine Technology Scociety and the Oceanic Engineering Society of the IEEE cosponor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, and policy. The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 450 technical papers and 150-200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2014

    The OCEANS conference covers four days. One day for tutorials and three for approx. 450 technical papers and 150-200 exhibits.

  • OCEANS 2013

    Three days of 8-10 tracks of technical sessions (400-450 papers) and concurent exhibition (150-250 exhibitors)

  • OCEANS 2012

    Ocean related technology. Tutorials and three days of technical sessions and exhibits. 8-12 parallel technical tracks.

  • OCEANS 2011

    The Marine Technology Society and the Oceanic Engineering Scociety of the IEEE cosponsor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science engineering, and policy.

  • OCEANS 2010

    The Marine Technology Society and the Oceanic Engineering Scociety of the IEEE cosponsor a joint annual conference and exposition on ocean science engineering, and policy.

  • OCEANS 2009

  • OCEANS 2008

    The Marine Technology Society (MTS) and the Oceanic Engineering Society (OES) of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) cosponsor a joint conference and exposition on ocean science, engineering, education, and policy. Held annually in the fall, it has become a focal point for the ocean and marine community to meet, learn, and exhibit products and services. The conference includes technical sessions, workshops, student poster sessions, job fairs, tutorials and a large exhibit.

  • OCEANS 2007

  • OCEANS 2006

  • OCEANS 2005

  • OCEANS 2004

  • OCEANS 2003

  • OCEANS 2002

  • OCEANS 2001

  • OCEANS 2000

  • OCEANS '99

  • OCEANS '98

  • OCEANS '97

  • OCEANS '96


2019 56th ACM/ESDA/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

EDA (Electronics Design Automation) is becoming ever more important with the continuous scaling of semiconductor devices and the growing complexities of their use in circuits and systems. Demands for lower-power, higher-reliability and more agile electronic systems raise new challenges to both design and design automation of such systems. For the past five decades, the primary focus of research track at DAC has been to showcase leading-edge research and practice in tools and methodologies for the design of circuits and systems.

  • 2022 59th ACM/ESDA/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The world's premier EDA and semiconductor design conference and exhibition. DAC features over 60 sessions on design methodologies and EDA tool developments, keynotes, panels, plus the NEW User Track presentations. A diverse worldwide community representing more than 1,000 organizations attends each year, from system designers and architects, logic and circuit designers, validation engineers, CAD managers, senior managers and executives to researchers and academicians from leading universities.

  • 2021 58th ACM/ESDA/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The world's premier EDA and semiconductor design conference and exhibition. DAC features over 60 sessions on design methodologies and EDA tool developments, keynotes, panels, plus the NEW User Track presentations. A diverse worldwide community representing more than 1,000 organizations attends each year, from system designers and architects, logic and circuit designers, validation engineers, CAD managers, senior managers and executives to researchers and academicians from leading universities.

  • 2020 57th ACM/ESDA/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The world's premier EDA and semiconductor design conference and exhibition. DAC features over 60 sessions on design methodologies and EDA tool developments, keynotes, panels, plus the NEW User Track presentations. A diverse worldwide community representing more than 1,000 organizations attends each year, from system designers and architects, logic and circuit designers, validation engineers, CAD managers, senior managers and executives to researchers and academicians from leading universities.

  • 2018 55th ACM/ESDA/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The world's premier EDA and semiconductor design conference and exhibition. DAC features over 60 sessions on design methodologies and EDA tool developments, keynotes, panels, plus the NEW User Track presentations. A diverse worldwide community representing more than 1,000 organizations attends each year, from system designers and architects, logic and circuit designers, validation engineers, CAD managers, senior managers and executives to researchers and academicians from leading universities.

  • 2017 54th ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The world's premier EDA and semiconductor design conference and exhibition. DAC features over 60 sessions on design methodologies and EDA tool developments, keynotes, panels, plus the NEW User Track presentations. A diverse worldwide community representing more than 1,000 organizations attends each year, from system designers and architects, logic and circuit designers, validation engineers, CAD managers, senior managers and executives to researchers and academicians from leading universities.

  • 2016 53nd ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The world's premier EDA and semiconductor design conference and exhibition. DAC features over 60 sessions on design methodologies and EDA tool developments, keynotes, panels, plus the NEW User Track presentations. A diverse worldwide community representing more than 1,000 organizations attends each year, from system designers and architects, logic and circuit designers, validation engineers, CAD managers, senior managers and executives to researchers and academicians from leading universities.

  • 2015 52nd ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The world's premier EDA and semiconductor design conference and exhibition. DAC features over 60 sessions on design methodologies and EDA tool developments, keynotes, panels, plus the NEW User Track presentations. A diverse worldwide community representing more than 1,000 organizations attends each year, from system designers and architects, logic and circuit designers, validation engineers, CAD managers, senior managers and executives to researchers and academicians from leading universities.

  • 2014 51st ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    DAC Description for TMRF The world's premier EDA and semiconductor design conference and exhibition. DAC features over 60 sessions on design methodologies and EDA tool developments, keynotes, panels, plus the NEW User Track presentations. A diverse worldwide community representing more than 1,000 organizations attends each year, from system designers and architects, logic and circuit designers, validation engineers, CAD managers, senior managers and executives to researchers and academicians from leading

  • 2013 50th ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The world's premier EDA and semiconductor design conference and exhibition. DAC features over 60 session on design methodologies and EDA tool developments, keynotes, panels, plus User Track presentations. A diverse worldwide community representing more than 1,000 organization attends each year, from system designers and architects, logic and circuit designers, validation engineers, CAD managers, senior managers and executives to researchers and academicians from leading universities.

  • 2012 49th ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The Design Automation Conference (DAC) is the premier event for the design of electronic circuits and systems, and for EDA and silicon solutions. DAC features a wide array of technical presentations plus over 200 of the leading electronics design suppliers

  • 2011 48th ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The Design Automation Conference is the world s leading technical conference and tradeshow on electronic design and design automation. DAC is where the IC Design and EDA ecosystem learns, networks, and does business.

  • 2010 47th ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The Design Automation Conference (DAC) is the premier event for the design of electronic circuits and systems, and for EDA and silicon solutions. DAC features a wide array of technical presentations plus over 200 of the leading electronics design suppliers.

  • 2009 46th ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    DAC is the premier event for the electronic design community. DAC offers the industry s most prestigious technical conference in combination with the biggest exhibition, bringing together design, design automation and manufacturing market influencers.

  • 2008 45th ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The Design Automation Conference (DAC) is the premier event for the design of electronic circuits and systems, and for EDA and silicon solutions. DAC features a wide array of technical presentations plus over 250 of the leading electronics design suppliers.

  • 2007 44th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

    The Design Automation Conference (DAC) is the premier Electronic Design Automation (EDA) and silicon solution event. DAC features over 50 technical sessions covering the latest in design methodologies and EDA tool developments and an Exhibition and Demo Suite area with over 250 of the leading EDA, silicon and IP Providers.

  • 2006 43rd ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 2005 42nd ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 2004 41st ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 2003 40th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 2002 39th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 2001 38th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 2000 37th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 1999 36th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 1998 35th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 1997 34th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)

  • 1996 33rd ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC)


2019 9th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

Neural Engineering

  • 2017 8th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    Neural Engineering is an emerging core discipline,which coalesces neuroscience with engineering.Members of both the Neuroscience and Engineering Communities areencouraged to attend this highly multidisciplinarymeeting. The conference will highlight the emergingengineering innovations in the restoration andenhancement of impaired sensory, motor, andcognitive functions, novel engineering for deepeningknowledge of brain function, and advanced designand use of neurotechnologies

  • 2015 7th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    Neural engineering deals with many aspects of basic and clinical problemsassociated with neural dysfunction including the representation of sensory and motor information, theelectrical stimulation of the neuromuscular system to control the muscle activation and movement, theanalysis and visualization of complex neural systems at multi -scale from the single -cell and to the systemlevels to understand the underlying mechanisms, the development of novel neural prostheses, implantsand wearable devices to restore and enhance the impaired sensory and motor systems and functions.

  • 2013 6th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    Neural engineering deals with many aspects of basic and clinical problems associated with neural dysfunction including the representation of sensory and motor information, the electrical stimulation of the neuromuscular system to control the muscle activation and movement, the analysis and visualization of complex neural systems at multi-scale from the single-cell and to the system levels to understand the underlying mechanisms, the development of novel neural prostheses, implants and wearable devices to restore and enhance the impaired sensory and motor systems and functions.

  • 2011 5th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    highlight the emerging field, Neural Engineering that unites engineering, physics, chemistry, mathematics, computer science with molecular, cellular, cognitive and behavioral neuroscience and encompasses such areas as replacing or restoring lost sensory and motor abilities, defining the organizing principles and underlying mechanisms of neural systems, neurorobotics, neuroelectronics, brain imaging and mapping, cognitive science and neuroscience.

  • 2009 4th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    highlight the emerging field, Neural Engineering that unites engineering, physics, chemistry, mathematics, computer science with molecular, cellular, cognitive and behavioral neuroscience and encompasses such areas as replacing or restoring lost sensory and motor abilities, defining the organizing principles and underlying mechanisms of neural systems, neurorobotics, neuroelectronics, brain imaging and mapping, cognitive science and neuroscience.

  • 2007 3rd International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering

  • 2005 2nd International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering

  • 2003 1st International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering


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Periodicals related to Symbiosis

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Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, IEEE Transactions on

Video A/D and D/A, display technology, image analysis and processing, video signal characterization and representation, video compression techniques and signal processing, multidimensional filters and transforms, analog video signal processing, neural networks for video applications, nonlinear video signal processing, video storage and retrieval, computer vision, packet video, high-speed real-time circuits, VLSI architecture and implementation for video technology, multiprocessor systems--hardware and software-- ...


Communications Magazine, IEEE

IEEE Communications Magazine was the number three most-cited journal in telecommunications and the number eighteen cited journal in electrical and electronics engineering in 2004, according to the annual Journal Citation Report (2004 edition) published by the Institute for Scientific Information. Read more at http://www.ieee.org/products/citations.html. This magazine covers all areas of communications such as lightwave telecommunications, high-speed data communications, personal communications ...


Communications Surveys & Tutorials, IEEE

Each tutorial reviews currents communications topics in network management and computer and wireless communications. Available tutorials, which are 2.5 to 5 hours in length contains the original visuals and voice-over by the presenter. IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials features two distinct types of articles: original articles and reprints. The original articles are exclusively written for IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials ...


Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, IEEE/ACM Transactions on

Specific topics of interest include, but are not limited to, sequence analysis, comparison and alignment methods; motif, gene and signal recognition; molecular evolution; phylogenetics and phylogenomics; determination or prediction of the structure of RNA and Protein in two and three dimensions; DNA twisting and folding; gene expression and gene regulatory networks; deduction of metabolic pathways; micro-array design and analysis; proteomics; ...


Computational Intelligence Magazine, IEEE

The IEEE Computational Intelligence Magazine (CIM) publishes peer-reviewed articles that present emerging novel discoveries, important insights, or tutorial surveys in all areas of computational intelligence design and applications.


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Most published Xplore authors for Symbiosis

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Xplore Articles related to Symbiosis

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Study on village pattern evolution in the middle region of Huang-Huai-Hai plain

2007 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2007

Based on the data obtained from face-to-face interview and the measurements using global positioning system (GPS) and geographical information system (GIS) technology, the village pattern evolution of the WL village in the middle of the Huang-Huai-Hai plain was studied. The main results are shown as follows. Firstly, the WL village goes through a series of evolution pattern including the absolute ...


CoBots: Collaborative robots servicing multi-floor buildings

2012 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, 2012

In this video we briefly illustrate the progress and contributions made with our mobile, indoor, service robots CoBots (Collaborative Robots), since their creation in 2009. Many researchers, present authors included, aim for autonomous mobile robots that robustly perform service tasks for humans in our indoor environments. The efforts towards this goal have been numerous and successful, and we build upon ...


A pseudorandom test environment

Proceedings International Verilog HDL Conference and VHDL International Users Forum, 1998

A pseudorandom test environment that utilizes existing self-checking directed tests is presented. A dynamic weighting scheme selects tests to run where the tests are independently configured and the configurations are subject to user constraints. To ensure reproducibility, test selection and configuration derive from a single random seed. The presented framework is capable of running several test instances concurrently. An amalgamation ...


Behavioral expression by an expressive mobile robot-expressing vividness, mental distance, and attention

Proceedings of the 1997 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robot and Systems. Innovative Robotics for Real-World Applications. IROS '97, 1997

This paper proposes an idea that it is possible for a mobile robot to display behavioral expressions by its motion. Behavioral expressions are expressions of vividness, sense of distance and attention. To confirm the idea concretely, an expressive mobile robot has been designed and implemented to display the behavioral expressions. Utilizing the robot, psychological experiments have been conducted to evaluate ...


A programmable analog coprocessor

SIcon/01. Sensors for Industry Conference. Proceedings of the First ISA/IEEE. Sensors for Industry Conference (Cat. No.01EX459), 2001

This paper describes the general purpose hardware/software structure of a programmable analog coprocessor (PANCoP) and the functions it performs as a symbiotic interface with a modest but fast 16 bit microprocessor. This paper describes the features of this complementary computer combination that serves as a versatile processor suitable for real-time, analog oriented applications. It describes how PANCoP is programmed to ...


More Xplore Articles

Educational Resources on Symbiosis

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Study on village pattern evolution in the middle region of Huang-Huai-Hai plain

    Based on the data obtained from face-to-face interview and the measurements using global positioning system (GPS) and geographical information system (GIS) technology, the village pattern evolution of the WL village in the middle of the Huang-Huai-Hai plain was studied. The main results are shown as follows. Firstly, the WL village goes through a series of evolution pattern including the absolute tardiness development before the establishment of People's Republic of China in 1949, the relative tardiness development before the implementation of the economic reform in 1978, the rapid expansion in the 1980s, the steady scale in the 1990s and the recessionary development in the early 21st century. In the meantime, the roads and ponds in the village have also been changed correspondingly. The village scale changed little before the implementation of reform and opening- up in 1978, the dilation of it was prominent from 1978 to the 1990s, and the empty and abandoned houses have increased largely since about 2000. Secondly, main factors influencing the village pattern evolution include the economic improvement, the change of society structure, urbanization and the effect of national policy, while population variation is still the decisive factor. Thirdly, the previous village expansion attributed to four aspects as follows: No family planning after the national liberation in 1949 resulted in population increasing enormously; the economic development enabled people to improve their habitations; the status of nuclear families (namely a family consisting of few people which only include husband, wife and their children in general.) was enhanced step by step; farmers were not conscious of the importance of protecting plantations. Finally, the urbanization and market economy develop further, the profit of planting grains is too small and the fast increase of population has been successfully controlled by the policy of family planning since the 1980s. All these drive the abandoned houses increasing and the village hollowing at present.

  • CoBots: Collaborative robots servicing multi-floor buildings

    In this video we briefly illustrate the progress and contributions made with our mobile, indoor, service robots CoBots (Collaborative Robots), since their creation in 2009. Many researchers, present authors included, aim for autonomous mobile robots that robustly perform service tasks for humans in our indoor environments. The efforts towards this goal have been numerous and successful, and we build upon them. However, there are clearly many research challenges remaining until we can experience intelligent mobile robots that are fully functional and capable in our human environments.

  • A pseudorandom test environment

    A pseudorandom test environment that utilizes existing self-checking directed tests is presented. A dynamic weighting scheme selects tests to run where the tests are independently configured and the configurations are subject to user constraints. To ensure reproducibility, test selection and configuration derive from a single random seed. The presented framework is capable of running several test instances concurrently. An amalgamation of tests running within the framework effectively synthesizes much more complex test scenarios, which need not be preconceived or generated in any other way. This approach provides the capability of more completely exercising a design with a pre- existing test suite. Additional features and capabilities are also discussed.

  • Behavioral expression by an expressive mobile robot-expressing vividness, mental distance, and attention

    This paper proposes an idea that it is possible for a mobile robot to display behavioral expressions by its motion. Behavioral expressions are expressions of vividness, sense of distance and attention. To confirm the idea concretely, an expressive mobile robot has been designed and implemented to display the behavioral expressions. Utilizing the robot, psychological experiments have been conducted to evaluate impressions on three items: 1) velocity changing pattern, 2) distance between human and the robot, and 3) various poses. The experimental results indicate: firstly, there is a proper speed pattern for expression of vividness, the pattern being triangular along the time axis; secondly, there is a proper distance range between human and robot for expression of mental distance between them, its average value being about 2.5 m; thirdly, when the robot faces the human, the impression of attention is increased where the robot puts its head on one side or raises its hands. The implemented expressive mobile robot is puppy-sized and has 2 DOFs for motion, 2 DOFs for two swingable arms and 3 DOFs for pan, tilt and yaw of its head. The experimental results prove feasibility of the proposed idea of the behavioral expression by the robot.

  • A programmable analog coprocessor

    This paper describes the general purpose hardware/software structure of a programmable analog coprocessor (PANCoP) and the functions it performs as a symbiotic interface with a modest but fast 16 bit microprocessor. This paper describes the features of this complementary computer combination that serves as a versatile processor suitable for real-time, analog oriented applications. It describes how PANCoP is programmed to operate either as an interactive processor/interface that shares the computational workload with the microprocessor, or as an independent processor that directly assumes the full workload. The paper describes how the two computers complement each other in the efficient execution of application programs. Specifically, the performance characteristics (instruction execution times and accuracies) of a prototype PANCoP unit, using discrete ICs, are described and compared with those of more conventional designs using AD/DA converters that are noncontributors in terms of computing power. This paper describes: (1) the list of IC component types comprising the PANCoP prototype design; (2) the transfer functions that are executed by PANCoP's core unit, the hybrid arithmetic unit (HAU); (3) PANCoP subroutines that execute higher level arithmetic functions; (4) assembler/compiler programming aids; and (5) the design challenges that remain to be addressed in order to make PANCoP competitive with conventional designs.

  • Visual memory augmentation: using eye gaze as an attention filter

    We present two early prototype systems that leverage computer memory to augment human memory in everyday situations. Both experiments investigate the role of eye tracking as a way to detect a person's attention and use this knowledge to affect short and long term memory processes. This work is part of a larger effort underway at the MIT Media Laboratory to develop systems that work symbiotically with humans, leading to increased performance along numerous cognitive and physical dimensions [D. Roy].

  • Co-Evolution of Human and Machine: Neuroprosthetics in the 21st Century

    Throughout the history of mankind, tools have served the role as passive extensions of the body. Recently, the development of neuroprosthesis has changed the scope of how humans interact with tools. Neuroprosthetics enable direct interfacing with the brain and have the great potential for restoring communication and control in disabled individuals. The transformative aspect of direct neural interfaces is that they can be designed as 'intelligent tools' that not only carry out intent but also have the capability to assist, evolve, and grow with the user. Unlike other tools, neuroprosthetics exist in a shared space that seamlessly spans the user's internal representation of the world and the physical environment enabling a much deeper human tool symbiosis. Recent advancements in the engineering of neuroprosthetics are providing a blueprint for how new co-adaptive designs change the nature of a user's ability to accomplish tasks that were not possible using conventional methodologies. This paper analyzes how key advances in science and technology supporting the development of intelligent neuroprosthesis and contrasts them with "lessons learned" from the past 50 years in the IEEE.

  • A Class of Algorithms for Ln x, Exp x, Sin x, Cos x, Tan<sup>-1</sup> x, and Cot<sup>-1</sup> x

    None

  • Mathematical Morphology for Automated Analysis of Remotely Sensed Objects in Radar Images

    None

  • A high speed geocoding method for location-based service with coloring map images

    This paper proposes a high-speed reverse geocoding method for location-based service. In geocoding, the longitude and latitude become mutually convertible with the ldquoarea name.rdquo The ldquoarea namerdquo is an address and landmark name such as ldquoKoganei Cityrdquo and ldquoTokyo Towerrdquo that are easy for the user to understand. In traditional reverse geocoding methods, long conversion time and low conversion accuracy are problems. Our method reduces these problems by using image-based conversion methods. First, we create ldquocolored map imagesrdquo and a ldquocolor mapping tablerdquo for a region from the vector data used in the GIS. Second, we convert the longitude and latitude into a color code such as ldquoFF00EErdquo using the colored map images. Finally, we obtain the area name from the ldquocolor-mapping table.rdquo By this method, we can get the area name from the longitude and latitude without a long calculation time that depends on the number of reiterated areas. We evaluated the proposed method using the data of a segmented ward, city, town and village of Saitama Prefecture in Japan. As a result, we increased the conversion speed by about 70 times. In addition, we reduced the conversion error rate in comparison with the traditional point- based conversion.



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