Supply and demand

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Supply and demand is an economic model of price determination in a market. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Supply and demand

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2014 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics - SMC

SMC2014 targets advances in Systems Science and Engineering, Human-Machine Systems, and Cybernetics involving state-of-art technologies interacting with humans to provide an enriching experience and thereby improving the quality of lives including theories, methodologies, and emerging applications.

  • 2013 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics - SMC

    SMC 2013 targets advances in Systems Science and Engineering Human-machine Systems and Cybernetics involving state-of-the-art technologies interacting with humans to provide an enriching experience and thereby improving the quality of lives including theories, methodologies and emerging applications.

  • 2012 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics - SMC

    Theory, research and technology advances including applications in all aspects of systems science and engineering, human machine systems, and emerging cybernetics.

  • 2011 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics - SMC

    Theory, research, and technology advances including applications in all aspects of systems science and engineering, human machine systems, and emerging cybernetics.

  • 2010 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics - SMC

    The 2010 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC2010) provides an international forum that brings together those actively involved in areas of interest to the IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society, to report on up-to-the-minute innovations and developments, to summarize the state-of-the-art, and to exchange ideas and advances in all aspects of systems science and engineering, human machine systems, and cybernetics.

  • 2009 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics - SMC

    The 2009 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC2009) provides an international forum that brings together those actively involved in areas of interest to the IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society, to report on up-to-the-minute innovations and developments, to summarize the state-of-the-art, and to exchange ideas and advances in all aspects of systems science and engineering, human machine systems, and cybernetics.


2013 9th International Conference on Wireless Communications, Networking and Mobile Computing (WiCOM)

All areas related to wireless communications, network technologies, and mobile computing systems.


2013 IEEE International Conference on Service Operations and Logistics, and Informatics (SOLI)

Service science, service operations, logistics, and informatics are becoming ever more complex and interdependent. They are playing an increasingly important role in today

  • 2012 IEEE International Conference on Service Operations and Logistics and Informatics (SOLI)

    Service science, service operations, logistics, and informatics are becoming ever more complex and interdependent. They are playing an increasingly important role in today s world economy. Information and communications technology provides cyber-infrastructure and platforms to achieve more efficient and productive services operations. New types of service offerings are also emerging to meet the needs of customers and consumers.The IEEE Service Operations and Logistics, and Informatics (SOLI) conference series aims to bring together researchers and practitioners to discuss issues, challenges and future directions, share their R&D findings and experiences in relative areas.

  • 2011 IEEE International Conference on Service Operations and Logistics and Informatics (SOLI)

    Service science, service operations, logistics, and informatics are becoming ever more complex and interdependent. They are playing an increasingly important role in today s world economy. Information and communications technology provides cyber-infrastructure and platforms to achieve more efficient and productive services operations. New types of service offerings are also emerging to meet the needs of customers and consumers.The IEEE Service Operations and Logistics, and Informatics (SOLI) conference seri

  • 2010 IEEE International Conference on Service Operations and Logistics and Informatics (SOLI)

    Service science, service operations, logistics, and informatics are becoming ever more complex and interdependent. They are playing an increasingly important role in today s world economy. Information and communications technology provides cyber-infrastructure and platforms to achieve more efficient and productive services operations. New types of service offerings are also emerging to meet the needs of customers and consumers. The IEEE Service Operations and Logistics, and Informatics (SOLI) conference ser

  • 2009 IEEE/INFORMS International Conference on Service Operations, Logistics and Informatics (SOLI)

    Provide a remarkable opportunity for the academic and industrial communities to address new challenges and share solutions, and discuss future research directions related to service operations, logistics and informatics.


2013 International Conference on Machine Learning and Cybernetics (ICMLC)

Statistical Machine Learning, Intelligent & fuzzy control, Pattern Recognition , Ensemble method, Evolutionary computation, Fuzzy & rough set, Data & web mining , Intelligent Business Computing , Biometrics , Bioinformatics , Information retrieval, Cybersecurity, Web intelligence and technology, Semantics & ontology engineering, Social Networks & Ubiquitous Intelligence, Multicriteria decision making, Soft Computing, Intelligent Systems, Speech, Image & Video Processing, Decision Support System

  • 2012 International Conference on Machine Learning and Cybernetics (ICMLC)

    Adaptive systems, Pattern Recognition, Biometrics, Inductive learning, Evolutionary computation, Bioinformatics, Data mining, Information retrieval, Intelligent agent, Financial engineering, Rough Set, Applications.

  • 2011 International Conference on Machine Learning and Cybernetics (ICMLC)

    Adaptive systems, Neural net and support vector machine, Business intelligence, Hybrid and nonlinear system, Biometrics, Fuzzy set theory, fuzzy control and system, Bioinformatics, Knowledge management, Data and web mining, Information retrieval, Intelligent agent, Intelligent and knowledge based system, Financial engineering, Rough and fuzzy rough set, Inductive learning, Networking and information security, Geoinformatics, Evolutionary computation, Pattern Recognition, Ensemble method, Logistics.

  • 2010 International Conference on Machine Learning and Cybernetics (ICMLC)

    Adaptive systems, Neural net and support vector machine, Business intelligence, Hybrid and nonlinear system, Biometrics, Fuzzy set theory, fuzzy control and system, Bioinformatics, Knowledge management, Data and web mining, Information retrieval, Intelligent agent, Intelligent and knowledge based system, Financial engineering, Rough and fuzzy rough set, Inductive learning, Networking and information security, Geoinformatics, Evolutionary computation, Pattern Recognition, Ensemble method, Logistics, Informat

  • 2009 International Conference on Machine Learning and Cybernetics (ICMLC)

    Adaptive systems, Neural net and support vector machine, Business intelligence, Hybrid and nonlinear system, Biometrics, Fuzzy set theory, fuzzy control and system, Bioinformatics, Knowledge management, Data and web mining, Information retrieval, Intelligent agent, Intelligent and knowledge based system, Financial engineering, Rough and fuzzy rough set, Inductive learning, Networking and information security, Geoinformatics, Evolutionary computation, Pattern Recognition, Ensemble method, Logistics, Informat

  • 2008 International Conference on Machine Learning and Cybernetics (ICMLC)

    Adaptive systems, Neural net and support vector machine, Business intelligence, Hybrid and nonlinear system, Biometrics, Fuzzy set theory, fuzzy control and system, Bioinformatics, Knowledge management, Data and web mining, Information retrieval, Intelligent agent, Intelligent and knowledge based system, Financial engineering, Rough and fuzzy rough set, Inductive learning, Networking and information security, Geoinformatics, Evolutionary computation, Pattern Recognition, Ensemble method, Logistics, Informat

  • 2007 International Conference on Machine Learning and Cybernetics (ICMLC)

    Multiple themes included: Generalization Error Model for Pattern Classification, Rough Sets and Fuzzy Rough Sets, Multiple Classifier Systems, Computation Life Science and Bioinformatics, Media Computing, Web Intelligent Computing. Topics included: Adaptive systems, Neural nets and support vector machines, Business intelligence, Hybrid and nonlinear systems, Fuzzy theory, control and systems, Data and web mining, Information retrieval, intelligent agent etc.

  • 2006 International Conference on Machine Learning and Cybernetics (ICMLC)


2012 IEEE International Conference on Power System Technology - (POWERCON 2012)

The theme of this conference is Towards Smarter Resilient and Economic Power Systems . This is topical in the context of emerging trends of Smart Grids; resilience of electricity infrastructure to recent earthquakes, floods, nuclear-meltdown in the Asia-Pacifc region; and, trends towards Emission Trading Scheme and increased participation of private capital markets into electricity generation. A flavour of this theme in the context of New Zealand will be highlight to all our international participants.

  • 2010 International Conference on Power System Technology - (POWERCON 2010)

    distributed generation, renewables generation and its integration into power systems, UHV transmission, wide area interconnections, development of smart grid, energy storage, energy saving and emission reduction.

  • 2008 Joint International Conference on Power System Technology (POWERCON) and IEEE Power India Conference

    State-of-the-art lectures and tutorials by experts, and papers by practicing Engineers and Researchers will be presented in the areas of Power System Analysis , Computing and Economics, Modelling and Dynamic Performance, FACTS and HVDC, Restructured Energy Systems, Control and Operation, Communication and Control, Relaying and Protection, Energy Management System and Distribution Automation, Applications of Power Electronics and Power Quality, Distributed Generation & Renewable Energy Sources

  • 2006 International Conference on Power System Technology - (POWERCON 2006)


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Periodicals related to Supply and demand

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Most published Xplore authors for Supply and demand

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Xplore Articles related to Supply and demand

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Application of scheduling models for utility management of process plants and its extension to DG networks

B. Behdani; M. R. Pishvaie 2008 First International Conference on Infrastructure Systems and Services: Building Networks for a Brighter Future (INFRA), 2008

Scheduling models are one of the main parts of computer-aided process design research in recent years. One of the novel applications of scheduling models is their usage for in-site utility management of a process plant. It is very common for huge process plants to provide their utility by themselves; therefore, they shall make decision on utility supply and demand simultaneously. ...


The development of a system dynamics model to evaluate electricity generation expansion in New Zealand

Thahirah Syed Jalal; Pat Bodger 2010 20th Australasian Universities Power Engineering Conference, 2010

Many countries exhibited cycles of shortfall and overbuilding (bust and boom) of their installed generation capacity after they restructured their electricity industries. A similar pattern has also been observed in New Zealand after its electricity industry was restructured in 1987. This study proposes a system dynamics (SD) model to study the phenomenon. Advantages of this model over other approaches are ...


Compensation Based Grid Scheduling

R. Anitha; N. Rajkumar Information Technology, 2006. ICIT '06. 9th International Conference on, 2006

In the grid-computing environment, resources are autonomous, distributed with varying pricing policies. The Grid comprises of the contributors and the users who each play a role for certain compensational benefits. The proposed model is a Tender Contract type that envisages a real market operating on the supply and demand perspectives of a defined commodity. It allows a decentralized selection of ...


Wind power prediction using wavelet transform and chaotic characteristics

Lijie Wang; Lei Dong; Ying Hao; Xiaozhong Liao 2009 World Non-Grid-Connected Wind Power and Energy Conference, 2009

In the electricity system, supply and demand must be equal at all times. Wind power generation is fluctuating due to the variation of wind. As more and more wind power generation is integrated into the power system, it is very important to predict the wind power production to contribute the system reserve reduction and the operational costs of the power ...


ITS for One of the Most Congested Cities in the Developing World—Dhaka Bangladesh: Challenges and Potentials [ITS in Developing Countries]

Sakib Mahmud Khan; Mashrur Chowdhury IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, 2014

Transportation planners from Dhaka city always confront the paradox of adjusting an ever increasing travel demand with the limited available resources. Thus, Dhaka city motorists suffocate while they idle in the intolerable gridlock for hours. ITS applications can play an active role in mitigating this gridlock by dramatically changing the existing problems of limited roadway capacity, vulnerable safety and neglected ...


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Educational Resources on Supply and demand

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eLearning

Application of scheduling models for utility management of process plants and its extension to DG networks

B. Behdani; M. R. Pishvaie 2008 First International Conference on Infrastructure Systems and Services: Building Networks for a Brighter Future (INFRA), 2008

Scheduling models are one of the main parts of computer-aided process design research in recent years. One of the novel applications of scheduling models is their usage for in-site utility management of a process plant. It is very common for huge process plants to provide their utility by themselves; therefore, they shall make decision on utility supply and demand simultaneously. ...


The development of a system dynamics model to evaluate electricity generation expansion in New Zealand

Thahirah Syed Jalal; Pat Bodger 2010 20th Australasian Universities Power Engineering Conference, 2010

Many countries exhibited cycles of shortfall and overbuilding (bust and boom) of their installed generation capacity after they restructured their electricity industries. A similar pattern has also been observed in New Zealand after its electricity industry was restructured in 1987. This study proposes a system dynamics (SD) model to study the phenomenon. Advantages of this model over other approaches are ...


Compensation Based Grid Scheduling

R. Anitha; N. Rajkumar Information Technology, 2006. ICIT '06. 9th International Conference on, 2006

In the grid-computing environment, resources are autonomous, distributed with varying pricing policies. The Grid comprises of the contributors and the users who each play a role for certain compensational benefits. The proposed model is a Tender Contract type that envisages a real market operating on the supply and demand perspectives of a defined commodity. It allows a decentralized selection of ...


Wind power prediction using wavelet transform and chaotic characteristics

Lijie Wang; Lei Dong; Ying Hao; Xiaozhong Liao 2009 World Non-Grid-Connected Wind Power and Energy Conference, 2009

In the electricity system, supply and demand must be equal at all times. Wind power generation is fluctuating due to the variation of wind. As more and more wind power generation is integrated into the power system, it is very important to predict the wind power production to contribute the system reserve reduction and the operational costs of the power ...


ITS for One of the Most Congested Cities in the Developing World—Dhaka Bangladesh: Challenges and Potentials [ITS in Developing Countries]

Sakib Mahmud Khan; Mashrur Chowdhury IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, 2014

Transportation planners from Dhaka city always confront the paradox of adjusting an ever increasing travel demand with the limited available resources. Thus, Dhaka city motorists suffocate while they idle in the intolerable gridlock for hours. ITS applications can play an active role in mitigating this gridlock by dramatically changing the existing problems of limited roadway capacity, vulnerable safety and neglected ...


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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Energy Scenarios: Projections on Europes future generation and load

    Supply and demand of electricity have to be continually in perfect balance. This chapter focuses on the context of supply and demand evolutions, along with the role of the high-voltage direct current (HVDC) grid. In essence, the first task of the grid is to transport electricity from where it is generated to where it is consumed. In addition, connecting different areas also improves security of supply and system reliability. The chapter then describes the general system setting, with supply, demand, the grid, and relevant policies in this regard. It also focuses on scenario analysis, a tool making projections on certain evolutions of the electric power system. Next, the chapter describes existing scenarios from a European perspective, as well as on the role of the grid. Finally, some concluding reflections on a wider international (global) context are formulated.

  • Power Supply and Demand

    This chapter contains sections titled: Describing the Demand for Power Screening Curves and Long-Run Equilibrium Frequency, Voltage, and Clearing the Market

  • Consumption

    This chapter contains sections titled: Chapter Objectives Electrical Energy Consumption Power System Efficiency Power Factor Supply and Demand Demand-Side Management Metering Performance-Based Rates Service-Entrance Equipment

  • Philosophy and Sociology and the Aims of the Engineering Curriculum

    The purpose of this Chapter is to illustrate the function of philosophy, and to a lesser degree sociology and social psychology, in screening aims and objectives (outcomes). A distinction is made between philosophy per se, and operational or working philosophy. By the latter is meant the value system that drives a particular curriculum, syllabus, course or training session. Many articles about new courses describe the philosophy that drives the program or course. Illustrations are given of such philosophies. The need to define a philosophy or rationale is an important drive in the development of new courses. At a more fundamental level, engineering educators have sought to develop an understanding of the process of engineering from a philosophical base. Koen's (1987) design method has a profound epistemological base. However, there has been no agreement about the need for a philosophy of engineering, (in the same way that there has been about a philosophy of science, that can be applied to teaching in spite of attempts by several engineers to try to write such a philosophy. Is there a case for developing a history and philosophy of engineering that can be used in the teaching of engineering and technological literacy? Matthews (2000) recent study of the history and philosophy of the pendulum as a contribution to science literacy is cited as an analogue. It remains to be seen if Koen's development of his philosophy will firmly establish the case for a philosophy of engineering education (Koen, 2003). At the heart of philosophy as it is applied in education is epistemology. The epistemology we have, even though we may be unaware that we have an epistemology, together with the values we hold are primary drives in the approaches we adopt to teaching and learning. This point is illustrated in some detail by contrasting constuctivism with realism. In the United States, and elsewhere, constructivism is dominating thinking about education in science in high schools. The origins ofconstructivism are discussed and an alternative position described. Engineering education is also concerned with ethics. Much work undertaken by engineers has an ethical dimension. Discussion about ethics has centered on codes of conduct, on the one hand, and on questions about the nature of truth on the other. Consequently there is a brief repeat of the constructivist/realist debate as it applies in this context. Many papers have heen written on whether or not ethics should be taught and, if it is to be taught, of what it should comprise. This discussion is reviewed. The dimensions of sociology and social psychology considered are, supply and demand, minorities and women, the experience of college, organizational structure, and the humanities. Organizational structure embraces the organization of courses. The Chapter ends with a consideration of some of the implications for teaching that arise from this discussion, and it argues that engineers require a philosophical habit of mind if they are to develop a philosophy of engineering that can be applied to teaching. The Chapter is presented in two parts. The first part deals with philosophical aspects and the second with some sociological dimensions. The end of the first part contains a summary of the recently published White Paper of the Liberal Education Division of the American Society for Engineering Education (Steneck, Olds, and Neeley, 2002).

  • When Supply and Demand Don't Meet

    This chapter contains sections titled: What We Know about the News Gap, How We Conducted Our Research, What We Found and Why It Matters

  • Our Hunger for Energy

    This chapter contains sections titled: Energy Supply - Yesterday and Today Energy Needs - Who Needs What, Where and How Much? Anyway Energy Energy Supplies - Wealth Forever The End of Fission Oil Prices Today - Politics, Supply and Demand

  • Day¿¿?Ahead Scheduling: Reserve Determination and Valuation

    In power system operations, reserves are traditionally used to restore the balance between power supply and demand after a power system equipment failure or emergency. Reserves are procured by the system operator as mandated by the regulator. It is important to note that reserves are normally provided by non¿¿?stochastic units that produce energy. Reserve and energy are different commodities provided by the same production facilities: the generators. This chapter provides an overview on how to optimally procure reserves using both stochastic programming and robust optimization procedures. As the stochastic production units take up a growing share in the electricity production mix, it becomes more important for the Regional Transmission Organizations (RTOs) to better model the stochasticity and accordingly procures reserves. As a result, stochastic programming and robust optimization procedures are particularly well motivated in reserve determination. The chapter analyzes the way in which reserve needs and reserve cost increase with renewable integration and renewable variability.

  • Unsolved Problems

    This chapter contains sections titled: High Marginal Costs and Low Price Caps Pricing Supply and Demand Separately Price-Elastic Demand for Operating Reserves The Psychology of System-Operators

  • Curriculum Change and Changing the Curriculum

    This Chapter is primarily concerned with the factors that enhance and impede curriculum change. Curricula are the product of the culture and values of the society in which they are embedded. For this reason there are differences in approaches to engineering education across the world. In spite of the generality of engineering it is found that the transplantation of curriculum ideas from one country to another is difficult. Nevertheless, there are principles that provide a generalized understanding of the factors that impede and enhance change. This Chapter begins with a brief discussion of the distinguishing features of the formal, informal and hidden curricula. The discussion of change is constructed around three paradigms. They are termed received, reflexive, and restructuring after Eggleston (1977). The received paradigm describes a curriculum organization designed to meet the belief that there is a received body of understanding which is given, even ascribed. It is predominantly non-negotiable. Most engineering curricula are primarily of this kind, although some negotiation may be allowed, and to this extent they are reflexive. More often than not large change of a structural nature is generated by outside agencies, as for example, ABET or the British Engineering Institutions. Such impositions may not always have the desired effect. Nevertheless it is clear that the received curriculum is subject to continuing minor modification. The aggregate of these modifications sometimes shows that major change has taken place. This point is illustrated by the examples of mechanics in the United States and mathematics in the United Kingdom as they applied to engineering education. Major factors that undoubtedly induce change are changes in the market on both the supply and demand sides of the equation. The problem about the debate about the relationship between the curriculum and industry is that the curriculum is neither, considered in terms of lifelong learning, or derived from an adequate theory of curriculum that embraces lifelong learning. In this sense a spiral approach may be a partial answer, as might be frameworks of the kind suggested by Whitehead (1932). The spiral approach is described. It is followed by a discussion of the generalist versus specialist debate. Generalists take cognizance of the view that it is not possible to keep adding to the curriculum and, therefore, what is required is a sound education in engineering fundamentals. To meet the goals of lifelong learning the curriculum may have to be tempered with some reflexive components. A reflexive curriculum derives from a constructivist position that holds that all knowledge is relative, therefore, it may be negotiated. A typical example of limited reflexivity is where students are allowed to choose their own topic for a project. A restructured curriculum, as defined here, results from an interaction between received and reflexive elements. An example of the startup of a new degree is described. It is left to the reader to decide if the curriculum developers would have been helped had they approached the problem from the perspective presented in this chapter. The remainder of the chapter is concerned with how change might be brought about and the kind of leadership that is required. The principles of change are derived from reports in the engineering literature that also relate to the literature on innovation. It is concluded that change is dependent on individuals who are dependent for its continuance on effective management, and trust. Of such is curriculum leadership.

  • Sharing, Releasing, and Reusing Data

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction, Supply and Demand for Research Data, Scholarly Motivations, Knowledge Infrastructures, Disciplinary Knowledge Infrastructures, Conclusion



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