Steel

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Steel is an alloy that consists mostly of iron and has a carbon content between 0.2% and 2.1% by weight, depending on the grade. Carbon is the most common alloying material for iron, but various other alloying elements are used, such as manganese, chromium, vanadium, and tungsten. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Steel

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2013 9th International Conference on Wireless Communications, Networking and Mobile Computing (WiCOM)

All areas related to wireless communications, network technologies, and mobile computing systems.


2013 IEEE 10th International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control (ICNSC)

The main theme of the conference is Technology for efficient green networks . It will provide a remarkable opportunity for the academic and industrial communities to address new challenges and share solutions, and discuss future research directions.

  • 2012 9th IEEE International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control (ICNSC)

    This conference will provide a remarkable opportunity for the academic and industrial community to address new challenges and share solutions, and discuss future research directions in the area of intelligent transportation systems and networks as well other areas of networking, sensing and control. It will feature plenary speeches, industrial panel sessions, funding agency panel sessions, interactive sessions, and invited/special sessions. Contributions are expected from academia, industry, and government agencies.

  • 2011 IEEE International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control (ICNSC)

    The main theme of the conference is Next Generation Infrastructures . Infrastructures are the backbone of the economy and society. Especially the network bound infrastructures operated by public utilities and network industries provide essential services that are enabling for almost every economic and social activity. The crucial role of the infrastructure networks for energy and water supply, transportation of people and goods, and provision of telecommunication and information services.

  • 2010 International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control (ICNSC)

    Provide a remarkable opportunity for the academic and industrial community to address new challenges and share solutions, and discuss future research directions.

  • 2009 International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control (ICNSC)

    The main theme of the conference is advanced technologies for safety and functional maintenance. The real challenge is to obtain advanced control technology for safety and management technology and to construct an information system to share information on safetytechnology and on investigated accidents.


2013 International Conference on Management Science and Engineering (ICMSE)

Management science and engineering, including operations research, organizational systems and behavior, economics and finance, and public administration.


2012 Chinese Control Conference (CCC)

The Chinese Control Conference (CCC) is an annual international conference organized by the Technical Committee on Control Theory (TCCT), Chinese Association of Automation (CAA). It provides a forum for scientists and engineers over the world to present their new theoretical results and techniques in the field of systems and control. The conference consists of pre-conference workshops, plenary talks, panel discussions, invited sessions, oral sessions and poster sessions etc. for academic exchanges.

  • 2011 30th Chinese Control Conference (CCC)

    Systems and Control

  • 2010 29th Chinese Control Conference (CCC)

    S1 System Theory and Control Theory S2 Nonlinear Systems and Control S3 Complexity and Complex System Theory S4 Distributed Parameter Systems S5 Stability and Stabilization S6 Large Scale Systems S7 Stochastic Systems S8 System Modeling and System Identification S9 DEDS and Hybrid Systems S10 Optimal Control S11 Optimization and Scheduling S12 Robust Control S13 Adaptive Control and Learning Control S14 Variable Structure Control S15 Neural

  • 2008 Chinese Control Conference (CCC)

    The Chinese Control Conference (CCC) is an annual international conference organized by Tech. Com. on Control Theory, CAA. It provides a forum for scientists and engineers over the world to present their new theoretical results and techniques in the field of systems and control. The conference consists of plenary talks, panel discussions, oral and poster sessions etc. for academic exchanges. The conference proceedings have been selected for coverage in ISI proceedings/ISTP (Index to Scientific and Technical

  • 2007 Chinese Control Conference (CCC)

    The CCC is an annual international conference organized by Tech. Com. on Control Theory, CAA. It provides a forum for scientists and engineers over the world to present their new theoretical results and techniques in the field of systems and control. The conference consists of pre-conference workshops, plenary talks, oral and poster sessions etc. for academic exchanges. The 26th CCC is organized by the Central South University and will be held in Zhangjiajie.


2012 IEEE 58th Holm Conference on Electrical Contacts (Holm 2012)

Practicing designers, engineers, physicists and research scientists - those new to the field and those experienced. The 2011 Conference will include excellent papers authored by some of the outstanding technical people in this field. The international contributors come from universities and industries in USA, Austria, Canada, Japan, China, France, Switzerland, Russia, Germany, United Kingdom and other countries. These papers will provide the attendees with up-to-date information on a wide range of subjects that makes this conference so attractive to the practicing engineer. Additionally, the joint conference will make it possible for any attendee to discuss with other international authors, on work presented by the author at the conference or any subject related to the authors field of expertise.


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Periodicals related to Steel

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Xplore Articles related to Steel

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Surface current measurement of sea using VHF radar on vessel; Effect upon antenna pattern

K. Sachi; R. Arai; N. Nakatani; T. Okuno; T. Hamano OCEANS 2008 - MTS/IEEE Kobe Techno-Ocean, 2008

In order to measure the flow velocity field in coast, VHF(Very High Frequency) radar is often used recently, because it enables to obtained the velocity distribution in extended wide region simultaneously. The array antenna is needed fairly large area to operate the radar and it should be located at particular place such as a spot with sweeping view. Another type ...


Mechanical properties of load-bearing beam with tree root type steel-concrete structure

Wenxue Wang; Hui Tang; Shanshan Hao 2012 7th International Forum on Strategic Technology (IFOST), 2012

In traditional design of anti-seismic steel-concrete structure, the strength of steel-concrete directly affected the shear capacity of load-bearing beam frame joints. The interfacial size and shear interface of the load-bearing beam decreased with the increasing of the steel-concrete strength when the joints were under a certain load. It was unfavorable to anti-seismic ability under a certain stirrup ratio. To solve ...


BEM calculation for magnetic shielding with steel sheets

Xinshan Ma; A. Wexler IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 1985

The Boundary Element Method (BEM) is adapted to the solution of two- dimensional and axisymmetrical nonlinear shielding problems. The high vector- field accuracy attainable permits studies of extremely uniform nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) fields to be made as well as less demanding shielding calculations. A technique is described in which nonlinearities are replaced by virtual sources in an explicit iteration ...


Metaheuristics for the 3D bin packing problem in the steel industry

Joaquim P. L. Viegas; Susana M. Vieira; João M. C. Sousa; Elsa M. P. Henriques 2014 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC), 2014

This work presents heuristic and metaheuristic approaches for addressing the real-world steel cutting problem of a retail steel distributor as a cutting & packing problem. It consists of the cutting of large steel blocks in order to obtain smaller pieces ordered by clients. The problem was formulated as a 3-dimensional residual bin packing problem for minimization of scrap generation, with ...


Development of Measuring Equipment of DC-Biased Magnetic Properties Using of Open Type Single Sheet Tester

T. Yoshida; M. Nakano; D. Miyagi; K. Fujiwara; N. Takahashi 2006 IEEE International Magnetics Conference (INTERMAG), 2006

In this paper, a measuring system of magnet properties of magnetic steel sheet under dc-biased magnetization using an open type SST and a Helmholtz coil is developed. The magnetic properties of 6.5% Si-Fe sheet under dc-biased magnetization are measured using developed measuring system. The effects of dc-bias on the hysteresis loss and the eddy current loss are also examined.


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Educational Resources on Steel

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eLearning

Surface current measurement of sea using VHF radar on vessel; Effect upon antenna pattern

K. Sachi; R. Arai; N. Nakatani; T. Okuno; T. Hamano OCEANS 2008 - MTS/IEEE Kobe Techno-Ocean, 2008

In order to measure the flow velocity field in coast, VHF(Very High Frequency) radar is often used recently, because it enables to obtained the velocity distribution in extended wide region simultaneously. The array antenna is needed fairly large area to operate the radar and it should be located at particular place such as a spot with sweeping view. Another type ...


Mechanical properties of load-bearing beam with tree root type steel-concrete structure

Wenxue Wang; Hui Tang; Shanshan Hao 2012 7th International Forum on Strategic Technology (IFOST), 2012

In traditional design of anti-seismic steel-concrete structure, the strength of steel-concrete directly affected the shear capacity of load-bearing beam frame joints. The interfacial size and shear interface of the load-bearing beam decreased with the increasing of the steel-concrete strength when the joints were under a certain load. It was unfavorable to anti-seismic ability under a certain stirrup ratio. To solve ...


BEM calculation for magnetic shielding with steel sheets

Xinshan Ma; A. Wexler IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 1985

The Boundary Element Method (BEM) is adapted to the solution of two- dimensional and axisymmetrical nonlinear shielding problems. The high vector- field accuracy attainable permits studies of extremely uniform nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) fields to be made as well as less demanding shielding calculations. A technique is described in which nonlinearities are replaced by virtual sources in an explicit iteration ...


Metaheuristics for the 3D bin packing problem in the steel industry

Joaquim P. L. Viegas; Susana M. Vieira; João M. C. Sousa; Elsa M. P. Henriques 2014 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC), 2014

This work presents heuristic and metaheuristic approaches for addressing the real-world steel cutting problem of a retail steel distributor as a cutting & packing problem. It consists of the cutting of large steel blocks in order to obtain smaller pieces ordered by clients. The problem was formulated as a 3-dimensional residual bin packing problem for minimization of scrap generation, with ...


Development of Measuring Equipment of DC-Biased Magnetic Properties Using of Open Type Single Sheet Tester

T. Yoshida; M. Nakano; D. Miyagi; K. Fujiwara; N. Takahashi 2006 IEEE International Magnetics Conference (INTERMAG), 2006

In this paper, a measuring system of magnet properties of magnetic steel sheet under dc-biased magnetization using an open type SST and a Helmholtz coil is developed. The magnetic properties of 6.5% Si-Fe sheet under dc-biased magnetization are measured using developed measuring system. The effects of dc-bias on the hysteresis loss and the eddy current loss are also examined.


More eLearning Resources

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Preindustrial Societies

    This chapter contains sections titled: Hunters and Gatherers, Shifting Cultivation, Traditional Agricultures, Cattle, Horses, Wood, Charcoal, and Straw, Waterwheels, Windmills, Copper, Iron, and Steel, Gunpowder, Sailships

  • Selected Magnetic Steel Data

    No abstract.

  • Industrial Disposing Problem Solved in CHIP

    The possibility of working in finite domains, which characterizes CLP systems like CHIP, gave us the oppormnity to solve a finite decision problem occurring at the ARBED sa. Luxembourg steel industry, and therefore, to evaluate these facilities facing industrial applications. The industrial decision problem we chose concerns finished girders, waiting to be shipped, that have to be disposed in parks divided into zones. The aim is to control the geographical spreading of the disposed girders in order to optimize the moves of the freight material at the time of expedition. As the girders belonging to the same order or customer are usually loaded together for a common destination, they should be gathered in zones near each other. Our solution consists of expressing the geographical spreading with the help of a specific distance function, thus in consequence, minimizing the sum of the distances between girders belonging to the same order or customer. The corresponding CHIP solution is decomposed into four parts: First, a location variable is associated with each girder, its domain being the zones' consecutive id- numbers. As a girder cannot be disposed in a zone that does not hold enough capacity or is not long enough, capacity and access restrictions impose constraints on the corresponding decision domains. This reduces the search space by removing the inappropriate zones' id-numbers from each location variables' domain. In CHIP, these restrictions are formulated by using the symbolic constraint element which establishes a dynamic link between zones' locations variables, lengths and capacities. Next, the sum of the distances between girders with the same characteristic is calculated. A specific evaluation function is used to determinc the distance between two girders according to their location variable. Finally, the optimum solution is found by calling the higher-order optimization predicate min max, which will search the location variable values that minimize the preding sum with the help of a labelling predicate. Experimentation with industrial data (150 girders in 40 zones) showed that different heuristics for generating values, in the case of finite domain variables, allow acceptable search times for an optimal solution to be achieved in a weak constrained case: whereas, in heavy constrained cases, problem relaxing strategies such as problem size-reducing, e-optimality or search time limits proved valuable.

  • Modular Shielded Enclosures

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Zinc/Galvanized Steel Modular Shielded Enclosures Double-Isolated Shield System Double-Isolated Screen Enclosure Single-Shield Modular Enclosure Advantages/Disadvantages of Modular Enclosures Critical Considerations Performance Specifications References

  • The Safety Bicycle

    This chapter contains sections titled: Early Attempts to Produce a Safer Bicycle, Diamond-Frame Rear-Drive Safeties, Cross-Frame Rear-Drive Safeties, Dwarf Front-Drivers, The Triumph of the Diamond Frame, Steel as a Frame Material, Other Frame Materials, Cycling Spawns the Airplane

  • Sequence Impedance of Transmission Lines

    This chapter contains sections titled: Positive and Negative Sequence Impedances of Lines Mutual Coupling Self and Mutual Inductances of Parallel Cylindrical Wires Carson's Line Three-Phase Line Impedances Transpositions and Twists of Line Conductors Completely Transposed Lines Circuit Unbalance Due to Incomplete Transposition Sequence Impedance of Lines with Bundled Conductors Sequence Impedance of Lines with One Ground Wire Sequence Impedance of Lines with Two Ground Wire Sequence Impedance of Lines with n Ground Wires Zero Sequence Impedance of Transposed Lines with Ground Wires Computations Involving Steel Conductor Parallel Transposed and Untransposed Multicircuit Lines Optimizing a Parallel Circuit for Minimum Unbalance This chapter contains sections titled: Problems

  • Social Adjustment in Britain, 1867–1914

    This chapter contains sections titled: Intimations of Mortality, The Civic Universities, The Need for Central Stimulus, The Rise of New Industrial States: Japan, The Training of Engineers, The Growing Concern of the Government, The Spirit of Emulation Fostered, The Bell Tolls Again, 1887, The Iron and Steel Institute, 1869, The Mining Associations, 1887-1889, Association for the Promotion of Technical Education, 1887, The Fabians, Collateral Developments, An Early Operationalist, The Service Groups of Municipal Socialism, The New Professionals, The British Standards Institution, The Critics Within, Government Patronage of Engineering, 1900-1914, An Engineering Pressure Group

  • Magnetic Actuators Operated by AC

    Since alternating current (AC) voltage is commonly available, many magnetic actuators are designed for AC operation. In most cases, the direct current (DC) actuators must be substantially modified for AC operation. This chapter discusses the issues that are needed to be considered for AC-operated magnetic actuators. Separate sections are devoted to the concepts of skin depth, power losses in laminated steel, equivalent circuit and solid steel, force pulsations, and cuts in steel.

  • Index

    People have had trouble adapting to new technology ever since (perhaps) the inventor of the wheel had to explain that a wheelbarrow could carry more than a person. This little book by a celebrated MIT professor -- the fiftieth anniversary edition of a classic -- describes how we learn to live and work with innovation. Elting Morison considers, among other things, the three stages of users' resistance to change: ignoring it; rational rebuttal; and name-calling. He recounts the illustrative anecdote of the World War II artillerymen who stood still to hold the horses despite the fact that the guns were now hitched to trucks -- reassuring those of us who have trouble with a new interface or a software upgrade that we are not the first to encounter such problems. Morison offers an entertaining series of historical accounts to highlight his major theme: the nature of technological change and society's reaction to that change. He begins with resistance to innovation in the U.S. N vy following an officer's discovery of a more accurate way to fire a gun at sea; continues with thoughts about bureaucracy, paperwork, and card files; touches on rumble seats, the ghost in _Hamlet_, and computers; tells the strange history of a new model steamship in the 1860s; and describes the development of the Bessemer steel process. Each instance teaches a lesson about the more profound and current problem of how to organize and manage systems of ideas, energies, and machinery so that it will conform to the human dimension.

  • Rotor and Stator Laminated Cores

    This chapter discusses rotor and stator cores and, in particular, steel lamination and insulation on these laminations, as well as how the laminations are fabricated into cores. It restricts the materials, processes, and insulation of laminated stator and rotor cores, that is, electromagnet application. Magnetic fields are characterized by the magnetic flux, the magnetic flux density or B, and the magnetic field intensity or H. The latter is called the magnetomotive force or mmf when the field is generated by an electromagnet. Laser cutting is also used for limited new production and prototypes, for modifications of laminations from existing dies or punched stock, and to replace damaged laminations during core repairs. The annealing is carried out in an inert atmosphere to prevent oxidation of the metal surface. Burr removal is often done by a grinding or sanding operation that also leaves some bare metal where the burrwas removed.



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