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Steel is an alloy that consists mostly of iron and has a carbon content between 0.2% and 2.1% by weight, depending on the grade. Carbon is the most common alloying material for iron, but various other alloying elements are used, such as manganese, chromium, vanadium, and tungsten. (

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2019 IEEE 28th Symposium on Fusion Engineering (SOFE)

fusion engineering, physics and materials, plasma heating, vacuum technology, tritium processing, fueling, first walls, blankets and divertors

2018 15th International Workshop on Advanced Motion Control (AMC)

1. Advanced Motion Control2. Haptics, Robotics and Human-Machine Systems3. Micro/Nano Motion Control Systems4. Intelligent Motion Control Systems5. Nonlinear, Adaptive and Robust Control Systems6. Motion Systems for Robot Intelligence and Humanoid Robotics7. CPG based Feedback Control, Morphological Control8. Actuators and Sensors in Motion System9. Motion Control of Aerial/Ground/Underwater Robots10. Advanced Dynamics and Motion Control11. Motion Control for Assistive and Rehabilitative Robots and Systems12. Intelligent and Advanced Traffic Controls13. Computer Vision in Motion Control14. Network and Communication Technologies in Motion Control15. Motion Control of Soft Robots16. Automation Technologies in Primary Industries17. Other Topics and Applications Involving Motion Dynamics and Control

2018 20th European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE'18 ECCE Europe)

Energy conversion and conditioning technologies, power electronics, adjustable speed drives and their applications, power electronics for smarter grid, energy efficiency,technologies for sustainable energy systems, converters and power supplies

2018 43rd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz2018)

Covering terahertz, far infrared and millimeter wave science, technology and applications

2018 9th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC)

Topics cover a complete survey of the field of charged particle accelerator science and technology and infrastructure.

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Periodicals related to Steel

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on

Experimental and theoretical advances in antennas including design and development, and in the propagation of electromagnetic waves including scattering, diffraction and interaction with continuous media; and applications pertinent to antennas and propagation, such as remote sensing, applied optics, and millimeter and submillimeter wave techniques.

Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission

Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.

Components and Packaging Technologies, IEEE Transactions on

Component parts, hybrid microelectronics, materials, packaging techniques, and manufacturing technology.

Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, IEEE/ACM Transactions on

Specific topics of interest include, but are not limited to, sequence analysis, comparison and alignment methods; motif, gene and signal recognition; molecular evolution; phylogenetics and phylogenomics; determination or prediction of the structure of RNA and Protein in two and three dimensions; DNA twisting and folding; gene expression and gene regulatory networks; deduction of metabolic pathways; micro-array design and analysis; proteomics; ...

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Xplore Articles related to Steel

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Engineering foundation: The Alloys of Iron and Silicon

None Electrical Engineering, 1933

In a 457-page book entitled "The Alloys of Iron and Silicon," a comprehensive review and a critical appraisal of the known facts on the alloys of iron and silicon, and on the effects of silicon on steel and special cast iron, are given. This monograph has been prepared by Alloys of Iron Research, which was organized late in 1929 by ...

Tracking using Particle and Kalman Filters in Hand Washing Quality Assessment System

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Electronics Dept. University of Alcalá, Madrid. Spain,', u'full_name': u'I. Parra'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Electronics Dept. University of Alcalá, Madrid. Spain,', u'full_name': u'D. Fernandez'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Electronics Dept. University of Alcalá, Madrid. Spain,', u'full_name': u'M. A. Sotelo'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Electronics Dept. University of Alcalá, Madrid. Spain', u'full_name': u'M. Marron'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'affiliation': u'Electronics Dept. University of Alcalá, Madrid. Spain', u'full_name': u'M. Gavilan'}, {u'author_order': 6, u'affiliation': u'Computer Science Dept. Trinity College Dublin. Ireland,', u'full_name': u'G. Lacey'}] 2007 IEEE International Symposium on Intelligent Signal Processing, None

This paper describes a method for tracking the hands/arms of a person performing hand washing. A hand washing quality assessment system needs to know if the hands are joined or separated, if they are under water, if they are in contact with the towel or the tap, and it has to be robust to different lighting conditions, occlusions, reflections and ...

Standards: Welding standards approved as American standards

None Electrical Engineering, 1933

On September 6, 1933, the American Standards Association gave its formal approval to the standards for "Resistance Welding Apparatus" and "Electric Arc Welding Apparatus." The approved standards are revisions of former A.I.E.E. standards Nos. 38 and 39, these revisions having been developed by a sectional committee working under the rules of procedure of the A.S.A. It is expected to issue ...

Search for double beta-decay products of <sup>136</sup>Xe in liquid xenon

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Nat. Lab. for High Energy Phys., Ibaraki, Japan', u'full_name': u'M. Miyajima'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Nat. Lab. for High Energy Phys., Ibaraki, Japan', u'full_name': u'S. Sasaki'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Nat. Lab. for High Energy Phys., Ibaraki, Japan', u'full_name': u'H. Tawara'}] IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 1994

In order to probe the 2ν-mode of the double beta-decay of 136Xe, decay daughters (136Ba) were accumulated under an electric field on the surface of a spherical electrode in a positive ion collector filled with liquid xenon, and were then observed with a time-of-flight mass spectrometer. The positive ion collector was operated for 847 hours using natural liquid xenon of ...

Low cost X-ray lithographic mask based on microsputtered lead film on Transparencies

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Nanoelectronics and MEMS Laboratory, National Electronics and Computer Technology Center (NECTEC), Klong1, Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand', u'full_name': u'A. Wisitsora-at'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Nanoelectronics and MEMS Laboratory, National Electronics and Computer Technology Center (NECTEC), Klong1, Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand', u'full_name': u'S. Mongpraneet'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'National Synchrotron Research Institution, Nakorn Ratchasrima 30000 Thailand', u'full_name': u'R. Phatthanakun'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'National Synchrotron Research Institution, Nakorn Ratchasrima 30000 Thailand', u'full_name': u'N. Chomnawang'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'affiliation': u'Nanoelectronics and MEMS Laboratory, National Electronics and Computer Technology Center (NECTEC), Klong1, Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand', u'full_name': u'V. Patthanasettakul'}, {u'author_order': 6, u'affiliation': u'Nanoelectronics and MEMS Laboratory, National Electronics and Computer Technology Center (NECTEC), Klong1, Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand', u'full_name': u'A. Tuantranont'}] ECTI-CON2010: The 2010 ECTI International Confernce on Electrical Engineering/Electronics, Computer, Telecommunications and Information Technology, None

In this work, a low-cost X-ray micromask is developed by sputtering lead (Pb) film on Transparencies (Mylar) sheet substrate and the X-ray mask is experimented for patterning SU-8 negative photoresist on stainless steel substrate. Pb layer is sputtered on the substrate through Ni-electroplated microshadow masks with varying thicknesses from 8 to 19 μm. Sputtering is a suitable process for Pb ...

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Educational Resources on Steel

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No eLearning Articles are currently tagged "Steel"


  • Higher Orders of Punctuation

    With respect to the punctuation of qualifiers, a comma (or a pair of commas) is used to set off certain types of qualifiers, namely, nonrestrictive qualifiers. Some situations¿¿-¿¿such as when one nonrestrictive qualifier is nested within another nonrestrictive qualifier¿¿-¿¿a higher order of punctuation may be necessary to avoid confusion. There, a dash was used for this purpose. This chapter explores other higher orders of punctuation. There is no need to formulate a rule with respect to the correspondence between type of punctuation and order of punctuation. However, good technical writing maintains a consistency of use within a given document. The chapter presents some examples that illustrate the use of a higher order of punctuation to set off an interior nonrestrictive qualifier that contains a list. For completeness, it presents examples where dashes and/or parentheses may be used as the first order of punctuation, rather than commas.

  • Technology Specifications

    Development and deployment of automated transit has been the goal of a number of individuals and institutions for more than 40 years. To reduce congestion, many transit advocates simply believe that people should get out of their single occupancy vehicles (SOV) and use public transit. The characteristics of various automated transit or automated guideway transit (AGT) modes have to be evaluated and differentiated. This chapter presents a thorough description of the main components of automated transit. Given the current landscape of automated transit development, the specification focuses on technologies that are in operation stages, such as AGT. There are commonalities among various AGT, such as DLM, APM, and PRT technologies, even though certain unique features exist and separate one submode from another. There are basically six large categories of AGT components: vehicle, guide¿¿¿way, propulsion and system power, communication and control, station and platform, and maintenance and storage facilities.

  • Raceway Design

    Cables are contained in some type of raceway, typically conduit, duct, or cable tray. The raceway protects the circuits from mechanical damage and influences the reactance and ampacity of the cables it contains. Conduit shall be sized properly so cables can be pulled without damaging the cable jacket or insulation and so adequate cooling exists when the cables are energized. When designing conduit and duct systems, sizing of the conduits and pull boxes are governed by the NEC. NEMA and CTI also provide publications useful for the design and construction of raceway systems. Pulling tension and sidewall pressure must be calculated to assure that the cables will not be damaged during installation. Pulling tension is often the controlling factor for control and instrumentation cable, while sidewall pressure typically controls for power cables. Cable tray provides more versatility than conduit or duct systems, but installation challenges can still be faced.

  • Basic Information

    The first gas insulated switchgear (GIS) assemblies were designed for high voltage levels in the 1920s using oil as the insulating medium. This chapter provides a brief and simplified explanation of GIS and gaseous insulation physics. The failure distributions of the single components of GIS have been investigated for circuit breakers (CB), disconnect and earthing/grounding switches (DS/GS), and instrument transformers (IT). It describes each of the basic design elements such as sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) gas, conductors, enclosures, solid support insulators, conductor contacts, and enclosure joints. Next each functional component will be described. The arrangement of the components to match typical electrical one-lines will then be explained. Personnel safety holds a very high priority status when operating a GIS.

  • Current Collecting Systems, Protection Systems, and Auxiliary Services onboard Vehicles

    This chapter introduces the main devices installed onboard to ensure traction and complementary services. The devices include braking systems, electrochemical batteries, onboard protection systems, electrical power systems, compressed air production systems, and current collecting systems. Onboard protection systems are assigned to a main circuit breaker that is positioned immediately downstream of the current collecting system. Current collecting systems can be divided into two main families: systems based on overhead lines and pantographs, and systems based on third side rails and slippers. The auxiliary services onboard, depending on their power, can be supplied at different voltage levels. Electrochemical rechargeable batteries are of great importance in many electrical systems because they can store chemical energy that can be converted and sent whenever and wherever needed, in electrical form. Especially in railway systems, this kind of battery covers an important role, both for safety and for operations.

  • Flexible OLEDs

    One of the significant advantages of OLEDs is that they can be fabricated on flexible substrates. The use of flexible substrates instead of conventional glass substrates can significantly reduce the thickness and weight of displays and lighting. In addition, flexible OLEDs bring about additional attractive features from the product design point of view, because flexible OLEDs can provide such unique designs as curved, bent, folded, rolled, and ultimately flexible. Moreover, use of flexible substrates has great potential of production innovation such as utilization of roll¿¿¿to¿¿¿roll (R2R) process with low mass¿¿¿production cost. As the candidates for flexible substrates, ultra¿¿¿thin glasses, stainless steel foils and plastic films are well known. This chapter describes current status and future potential of three types of flexible substrates and their applications to flexible OLED displays and lightings.

  • Technology

    The gas insulated substations (GIS) technology is a continuous development process involving new materials, technical functionality, manufacturing processes, quality, and reliability improvements. The design of a GIS follows the rules of pressure vessel design with the exception of the repetitive pressure test after installation. The use of SF6 within the power energy supply is mainly driven by the gas insulated switchgear. To manufacture GIS special requirements related to high voltage conditions need to be fulfilled. GIS are assembled using standard equipment modules to construct a substation that matches the desired electrical one-line diagram of the substation. These standard modules include circuit breakers, current transformers, voltage transformers, disconnect switches, grounding switches, interconnecting bus, surge arresters, and connections to the surrounding power system, such as SF6 gas-to-air bushings, cable sealing ends, and transformer interface modules.

  • Magnetic Actuators Operated by DC

    Magnetic actuators use magnetic fields to transform electrical energy into mechanical energy. Thus they are a type of transducer. This chapter discusses in detail the most common types of magnetic actuators operated by direct current (DC). The magnetic actuators discussed in the chapter are: solenoid actuators, voice coil actuators, other linear actuators using coils and permanent magnets, proportional actuators, rotary actuators, magnetic bearings and couplings, and magnetic separators.

  • Magnetic Force

    The magnetic vector potential and the magnetic flux density computed by the finite-element method can be used to find magnetic forces of magnetic actuators and sensors. This chapter discusses magnetic flux plots, magnetic energy, magnetic pressure, permanent magnets, and magnetic torque, which are all related to magnetic force; these all are also examples of postprocessing of finite-element solutions. For both 2D and 3D finite-element models, it is vital that flux line plots and/or flux density plots be obtained and examined. The chapter demonstrates a method, other than the method of virtual work, for the computation of Lorentz force. It also demonstrates the calculation of magnetic volume forces on permeable particles.

  • Reluctance Method

    The reluctance method is a way of using Ampere's law to solve for magnetic fluxes and magnetic fields. For very simple problems, its results are often reasonably accurate, and thus it often serves as a first step in the process of designing magnetic actuators and sensors. This chapter highlights the steps involved in reluctance method, and provides examples for the method for a ?>C?> steel path with airgap and for a sensor with variable airgap. The chapter provides a brief discussion on the concepts of fringing flux and complex reluctance, and is concluded by highlighting the limitations of reluctance method.

Standards related to Steel

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IEEE Guide to the Assembly and Erection of Concrete Pole Structures

IEEE Standard Method for Measuring the Effectiveness of Electromagnetic Shielding Enclosures

This standard provides uniform measurement procedures for determining the effectiveness of electromagnetic (EM) shielding enclosures at frequencies from 9 kHz to 18 GHz (extendable down to 50 Hz and up to 100 GHz). The owner of the shielding enclosure shall provide the frequencies at which the shield will be tested, and the shielding effectiveness (SE) limits for pass/fail. This standard ...

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