Conferences related to Spine

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2020 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS)

IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS) is an annual conference coordinated by the Plasma Science and Application Committee (PSAC) of the IEEE Nuclear & Plasma Sciences Society.

2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops andinvitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields ofbiomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality paperswill be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and willbe indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE & IEEE Xplore

2019 IEEE 46th Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC)

Photovoltaic materials, devices, systems and related science and technology

2019 IEEE 58th Conference on Decision and Control (CDC)

The CDC is recognized as the premier scientific and engineering conference dedicated to the advancement of the theory and practice of systems and control. The CDC annually brings together an international community of researchers and practitioners in the field of automatic control to discuss new research results, perspectives on future developments, and innovative applications relevant to decision making, systems and control, and related areas.The 58th CDC will feature contributed and invited papers, as well as workshops and may include tutorial sessions.The IEEE CDC is hosted by the IEEE Control Systems Society (CSS) in cooperation with the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM), the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS), the Japanese Society for Instrument and Control Engineers (SICE), and the European Union Control Association (EUCA).

2019 IEEE International Systems Conference (SysCon)

addresses the discipline of systems engineering,including theory, technology, methodology, andapplications of complex systems, system-of-systems,and integrated systems of national and globalsignificance.

  • 2018 Annual IEEE International Systems Conference (SysCon)

    The Conference addresses the discipline of systemsengineering, including theory, technology, methodology,and applications of complex systems, system-of-systems,and integrated systems of national and globalsignificance. It focuses on Systems Engineering for Complex Systems; and the conference caters to both practitioners andacademics, providing a forum to exchange ideas andexperiences on technology, methodology, applications,study cases, and practical experiences.

  • 2017 Annual IEEE International Systems Conference (SysCon)

    The IEEE International Systems Conference facilitates interactions among communities of interest on system-level problems andapplications. System-level thinking is essential in the worldtoday, not only for technical systems, but also for societyat large. The Conference addresses the discipline of systemsengineering, including theory, technology, methodology,and applications of complex systems, system-of-systems,and integrated systems of national and globalsignificance.

  • 2016 Annual IEEE Systems Conference (SysCon)

    The theme of the IEEE International SystemsConference is Engineering of Complex Systems, to includeSystems-of-systems, Systems Engineering, Systems Integration,and Systems Thinking

  • 2015 Annual IEEE Systems Conference (SysCon)

    The theme of the IEEE International Systems Conference is Engineering of Complex Systems, to include Systems-of-systems, Systems Engineering, Systems Integration, and Systems Thinking.

  • 2014 8th Annual IEEE Systems Conference (SysCon)

    This conference seeks to create an interactive forum forthe advancement of the practice of systems engineeringacross the multiple disciplines and specialty areasassociated with the engineering of complex systems. Theconference will provide a venue for systems engineeringpractitioners, managers, researchers, and educators toexchange innovative concepts, ideas, applications, andlessons learned addressing: Applications-oriented topics on large-scale systemsand system-of-systems in topics noted below

  • 2013 7th Annual IEEE Systems Conference (SysCon)

    Conference addresses systems, complex systems, systems-of-systems, critical systems, and the systems engineering disciplines needed to implement such large-scale or complex systems in the international arena.

  • 2012 6th Annual IEEE Systems Conference (SysCon)

    The IEEE Systems Conference is Engineering Complex Integrated Systems and Systems-of-Systems Implications for Systems Engineering, Systems Integration, and Systems Thinking.

  • 2011 IEEE International Systems Conference (SysCon)

    IEEE International Systems Conference Scope is Engineering of Complex Systems, to include Systems-of-systems, Large-scale Systems Integration, and Systems Engineering and Systems Thinking.

  • 2010 4th Annual IEEE Systems Conference

    The theme of the IEEE Systems Conference is Engineering Complex Integrated Systems and Systems-of-systems Implications for Systems Engineering, Systems Integration, and Systems Thinking.

  • 2009 3rd Annual IEEE Systems Conference

    Engineering Comles Integtared Systems and Systems-of-Systems - Implications for Systems Engineering, Systems Integration, and Systems Thinking

  • 2008 2nd Annual IEEE Systems Conference

    The theme of the IEEE Systems Conference is Engineering Complex Integrated Systems and Systems-of-systems- Implications for Systems Engineering, Systems Integration, and Systems Thinking.

  • 2007 1st Annual IEEE Systems Conference

    The theme of the IEEE Systems Conference is Engineering Complex Integrated Systems and Systems-of-systems - Implications for Systems Engineering, Systems Integration, and Systems Thinking.

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Periodicals related to Spine

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Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, IEEE

The IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine publishes articles concerned with the various aspects of systems for space, air, ocean, or ground environments.

Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.

Communications Letters, IEEE

Covers topics in the scope of IEEE Transactions on Communications but in the form of very brief publication (maximum of 6column lengths, including all diagrams and tables.)

Communications Magazine, IEEE

IEEE Communications Magazine was the number three most-cited journal in telecommunications and the number eighteen cited journal in electrical and electronics engineering in 2004, according to the annual Journal Citation Report (2004 edition) published by the Institute for Scientific Information. Read more at This magazine covers all areas of communications such as lightwave telecommunications, high-speed data communications, personal communications ...

Communications, IEEE Transactions on

Telephone, telegraphy, facsimile, and point-to-point television, by electromagnetic propagation, including radio; wire; aerial, underground, coaxial, and submarine cables; waveguides, communication satellites, and lasers; in marine, aeronautical, space and fixed station services; repeaters, radio relaying, signal storage, and regeneration; telecommunication error detection and correction; multiplexing and carrier techniques; communication switching systems; data communications; and communication theory. In addition to the above, ...

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Xplore Articles related to Spine

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An Absolute QoS Framework for Loss Guarantees in Optical Burst-Switched Networks

[] IEEE Transactions on Communications, 2007

<para> In order to meet the requirements of real-time applications, optical burst switched backbone networks need to provide quantitative edge-to-edge loss guarantees to traffic flows. For this purpose, there have been several proposals based on the relative differentiation quality of service (QoS) model. However, this model has an inherent difficulty in communicating information about internal network states to the edge ...

The point of the spear (command and control communication system)

[{u'author_order': 1, u'authorUrl': u'', u'full_name': u'P.F. Frakes', u'id': 38223430100}] IEEE Communications Magazine, 1992

The command and control communication system that supported the 24th Infantry Division (Mechanized) during their charge into Iraq in Operation Desert Storm is discussed. The three primary types of communications used were the tactical telephone network, single channel radios, and hard copy or message traffic. Background on the communication systems is presented, and planning for the operation and deployment of ...

High-speed 32-bit buses for forward-looking computers

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Nat. Semicond. Corp., Santa Clara, CA, USA', u'authorUrl': u'', u'full_name': u'P.L. Borrill', u'id': 37992859700}] IEEE Spectrum, 1989

The features offered by current high-performance 32-bit system buses are examined. They allow multiprocessing, scalability, block transfers to RAM, cache coherence, and autoconfiguration (the ability to poll boards connected to them, identify the boards, and adjust the software interface accordingly). The factors that need to be taken into account when designing these buses are considered, and their performance and limitations ...

Nonlinear Spectroscopy In Substituted Polysilanes

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Stanford University', u'full_name': u'F.M. Schellenberg'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'full_name': u'R.L. Byer'}] Digest on Nonlinear Optics: Materials, Phenomena and Devices, 1990


A bootstrapping model for directional wireless networks

[{u'author_order': 1, u'authorUrl': u'', u'full_name': u'Stuart Milner', u'id': 37313710000}, {u'author_order': 2, u'authorUrl': u'', u'full_name': u'Jaime Llorca', u'id': 37319664300}, {u'author_order': 3, u'authorUrl': u'', u'full_name': u'Archana Anibha', u'id': 37831014500}, {u'author_order': 4, u'authorUrl': u'', u'full_name': u'Uzi Vishkin', u'id': 37266667500}] IEEE Communications Letters, 2006

Initially configuring or bootstrapping a connected topology in directional wireless networks is a challenging problem, especially when nodes only have local connectivity information and a limited number of transceivers. This paper presents a scalable bootstrapping model which integrates: 1) a distributed bottom-up algorithm that constructs a spanning tree with degree at most one larger than the optimal 2) a resource ...

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Educational Resources on Spine

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  • United Kingdom's Spine

    This chapter contains sections titled: * Introduction * Overview * Architecture * Discussion * Conclusion * Bibliography ]]>

  • Thoracolumbar spine fractures in frontal impact crashes

    There is currently no injury assessment for thoracic or lumbar spine fractures in the motor vehicle crash standards throughout the world. Compression-related thoracolumbar fractures are occurring in frontal impacts and yet the mechanism of injury is poorly understood. The objective of this investigation was to characterize these injuries using real world crash data from the US-DOT-NHTSA NASS-CDS and CIREN databases. Thoracic and lumbar AIS vertebral body fracture codes were searched for in the two databases. The NASS database was used to characterize population trends as a function of crash year and vehicle model year. The CIREN database was used to examine a case series in more detail. From the NASS database there were 2000-4000 occupants in frontal impacts with thoracic and lumbar vertebral body fractures per crash year. There was an increasing trend in incidence rate of thoracolumbar fractures in frontal impact crashes as a function of vehicle model year from 1986 to 2008; this was not the case for other crash types. From the CIREN database, the thoracolumbar spine was most commonly fractured at either the T12 or L1 level. Major, burst type fractures occurred predominantly at T12, L1 or L5; wedge fractures were most common at L1. Most CIREN occupants were belted; there were slightly more females involved; they were almost all in bucket seats; impact location occurred approximately half the time on the road and half off the road. The type of object struck also seemed to have some influence on fractured spine level, suggesting that the crash deceleration pulse may be influential in the type of compression vector that migrates up the spinal column. Future biomechanical studies are required to define mechanistically how these fractures are influenced by these many factors.

  • Development of human lumbar spine FE models for adult and the elderly

    For occupant protection in vehicle crash, several kinds of ATDs (Anthropomorphic Test Devices) and associated injury criteria have been used to evaluate the performance of a vehicle body, restraint systems and other safety devices. Because of the lack of sufficiently validated injury criteria for the lumbar spine, it has been a concern that the effectiveness of some safety features for injury reduction based on the dummy and associated injury criteria may not be reasonably assessed. Therefore, in this study, a human FE model capable of evaluating lumbar spine skeletal injuries was developed. Considering an increasing percentage of the traffic accidents relating to elderly people due to extending span of human life and decreasing birthrate, not only an adult model but also a model that represents lowered tolerance of the elderly was developed. From traffic accident statistics, 35 and 75 years old (y.o.) were defined as the representative ages of adult and elderly populations. An existing human FE model for an adult male was adopted for the baseline. The material properties of the trabecular bone of the lumbar vertebra for 35 and 75 y.o. were determined using the compression characteristics from the literature. Because of the lack of published data, those of the cortical bone were estimated so that the maximum (fracture) forces of the whole vertebrae under static compression predicted by the models agree to those of the tests from the literature. The isolated vertebra FE models were validated against dynamic compression and endplate impact tests for respective generations from the literature, and the result showed good agreement in maximum (fracture) forces. Then the whole lumbar spine model was validated against dynamic flexion, extension and lateral bending tests from the literature for the overall kinematics.

  • Thoracic and lumbar spine injuries and the lap shoulder belt

    From the authors’ files, case examples of thoracolumbar injuries sustained by lap-shoulder belted front seat occupants, in frontal crashes, are presented. Additional cases were found in a review of the clinical literature. The biomechanicalliterature was reviewed, identifying laboratory studies on thoracolumbar spinal injuries. Suggested mechanisms in the production of these injuries in frontal type car crashes are postulated.

  • Relationship Between Localized Spine Deformation and Cervical Vertebral Motions for Low Speed Rear Impacts Using Human Volunteers, International IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact, Stiges, Spain, p. 149-64, 1999.


  • SPINE‐Based Body Sensor Network Applications

    This chapter emphasizes how the signal processing in‐node environment (SPINE) framework is able to support the development of heterogeneous health‐care applications based on reusable subsystems. It introduces some interesting research body sensor networks (BSN) systems that have been developed atop SPINE. The chapter presents a wearable system programmed atop SPINE that uses time domain heart rate variability (HRV) analysis to detect mental stress. It also introduces a SPINE‐based mobile system that recognizes in real time basic emotional responses and in particular the cardiac defense response (CDR), which is triggered before the fear emotion itself. The chapter demonstrates the flexibility of SPINE by describing five different case studies (physical activity detection, step counting, emotional stress detection, handshake detection, and physical rehabilitation), which all exploit the same sensor node hardware and software. It describes an innovative step‐counter algorithm that has been integrated into SPINE‐based activity recognition application as an optionally activated functionality.

  • SPINE at Work

    This chapter provides a quick yet effective reference for body sensor network (BSN) programmers interested in developing their applications using the Signal Processing In‐Node Environment (SPINE) framework. It gives the necessary information for setting up the SPINE environment so to start programming as well as insights on how the framework itself can be customized and extended. The SPINE framework has two main components: sensor node side and server side. The core framework is now organized into three main parts, namely the communication, the sensing, and the processing parts. The SPINE framework provides, on the server side, simple Java APIs to develop applications on the coordinator. Therefore, the main strength of the SPINE framework allows users to be ready to develop applications in sensor networks without bothering with node‐side programming. The chapter further concentrates on the TinyOS port of SPINE2.

  • Response of the cadaveric lumbar spine to flexion with and without anterior shear displacement

    A custom-designed multi-axis spine machine was used to test cadaveric three- vertebra two-disc motion segments until failure, 13 in combined flexion- anterior shear and six in flexion only loading. The average shear force was 1.99±0.64 kN with a shear displacement of 15.61±5.03 mm; flexion moment of 174.27±58.21 N-m and flexion angle of 14.10±2.3 degrees at failure for the 13 specimens loaded in combined anterior shear-flexion. For the six specimens loaded in flexion, failure moment was 140.43±18.4 N-m at a flexion angle of 12.7±2.29 degrees. This difference was not statistically significant. Also, there were no significant differences in the failure flexion moment and compressive force between those in combined and standalone condition. The average compressive forces at failure were lower than the values needed to fracture a vertebra as reported in the literature review.

  • The effect of age on fat and bone properties along the vertebral spine

    The human body changes as it becomes older. The automotive safety community has been interested in understanding the effect of aging on restraint performance. Recent research has been focused on assessing the structural and material changes associated with age. In this study, structural tissue distribution was determined using the computed tomography (CT) scan data of more than 19,000 patients, aged 16 and up. The data consisted of subcutaneous fat cross-sectional area, visceral fat cross-sectional area, and trabecular bone density taken at each vertebral level. The data was quantified as a function of five age groups with the youngest group defined as 16-29 years old and the oldest group as 75 and up. An additional analysis stratified on gender was carried out.Overall, visceral fat increased with age. Compared to the 16-29 group, the visceral fat measured at the L1 level was1.97 in the 30-44 group, 2.55 in the 45-59 group, 3.33 in the 60-74 group and 3.21-times greater in the 75+ group. Subcutaneous fat also increased with age up to the 60-74 year-old group. The subcutaneous fat measured at L1 level was 1.34 in the 30-44 group, 1.39 in the 45-59 group, 1.38 in the 60-74 group and 1.09-times greater in the 75+ group than in the 16-29 group. A significant association between trabecular bone density and age was found. Trabecular bone density in Hounsfield units (HU) decreased as a function of age, by 2.57*age + 0.0056*age 2 for females and 2.57*age + 0.0082*age2 for males.Gender differences were also observed. Females had 1.43-times more subcutaneous fat and 1.10-times higher trabecular bone density than males at L1, while males had 1.88-times more visceral fat than females. Females gained more subcutaneous fat at L1 as they increased in age up to the 45-59 group and then progressively lost subcutaneous fat. Males and females gained more visceral fat at L1 as they aged up to the 60-74 group. Both consistently lost bone density at L1 as they grew older.The data was also analyzed for a male subgroup approximating the height and weight of a 50thpercentile male dummy. Visceral fat increased with age while trabecular bone density decreased. There was an overall-trend for an increase in subcutaneous fat with age. The results obtained in this study provide insight on the quantified effect of bone and fat distribution as a function of age, gender, and vertebral level. Fat and bone distribution needs to be considered in human mathematical models used to develop safety countermeasures for the older population.

  • Human spine behaviour under thoracic and pelvic lateral impacts – comparison with WorldSID dummy behaviour

    Human spine behaviour under lateral impacts was studied through Post Mortem Human Subject (PMHS) experiments carried out within the European project SIBER (SIB, 2000) and previous tests conducted in a French PREDIT Program (BOUQUET, 1994). The aim of these experiments is to characterise the coupling between the upper and lower torso created by the lumbar spine. For this purpose, PMHSs were struck to the thorax and then to the pelvis at different velocities: 5 thoracic impacts were conducted at 4 m/s, 5 pelvic tests at 6.6 m/s. In addition, previous tests carried out in similar conditions were re-analysed (5 thoracic impacts at 3.3 m/s, 5 others at 5.5 m/s and 10 pelvic impacts at 6.6 m/s). Impactor force, subject accelerations at Tl, T4, T8, T12 and sacrum were recorded, while 2D motion of the subject's spine was filmed. Two WorldSID dummies (prototype and pre-production version) were submitted to the same type of impacts to assess their lumbar spine behaviour.The dummy responses were evaluated against corridors defmed from PMHS responses. The WorldSID dummy showed an improvement with respect to the current European regulatory dummy. Its lumbar spine allowed a more biofidelic coupling between its upper and lower torso which created a more human-like kinematics.

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