Conferences related to Rivers

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IGARSS 2015 - 2015 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

The Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society (GRSS) seeks to advance science and technology in geoscience, remote sensing and related fields using conferences, education and other resources. Its fields of interest are the theory, concepts and techniques of science and engineering as they apply to the remote sensing of the earth, oceans, atmosphere, and space, as well as the processing, interpretation and dissemination of this information.


2013 13th International Conference on ITS Telecommunications (ITST)

This conference aims to provide leading edge of research and experimental results on ITS services and applications. Specially interest for this year is Internet of Things.

  • 2012 12th International Conference on ITS Telecommunications (ITST)

    ITST 2012 aims to spur research progress by serving as a forum in which both academia and industry can share experiences and report original works regarding all aspects of hardware implement or baseband techniques design.

  • 2011 11th International Conference on ITS Telecommunications (ITST)

    This conference aims to provide leading edge of research and experimental results on ITS services and applications, especially this year is focused on novel approaches for traffic safety provisioning. Authors are invited to submit papers presenting new research results related to the theory or practice of intelligent transportation systems (ITS) for different types of transport - automobile, railways, maritime, aeronautics and space.

  • 2009 9th International Conference on ITS Telecommunications (ITST)

    NTIC for ITS will contribute to the deployment of solutions aiming to optimize the use of existing infrastructures (road, rail, sea, river), to enhance safety and security, to reduce operating and maintenance costs and to offer new services to customers and staff in particular to promote inter modal behavior.


2013 21st International Conference on Geoinformatics

GIS in Regional Economic Development and Environmental Protection under Globalization


2013 IEEE Systems and Information Engineering Design Symposium (SIEDS)

SIEDS is a student focused international forum for applied research, development, and design in Systems and Information Engineering. The symposium is the leading showcase for undergraduate and masters graduate design projects or design oriented graduate theses. Faculty, industry, and government project advisors are welcome coauthors.

  • 2012 IEEE Systems and Information Engineering Design Symposium (SIEDS)

    SIEDS is a student-focused international forum for applied research, development, and design in Systems and Information Engineering. The Symposium is the leading showcase for undergraduate and Master's graduate design projects, such as those from capstone design courses or from baccalaureate, honors, or design-oriented graduate theses.

  • 2011 Systems and Information Engineering Design Symposium (SIEDS)

    SIEDS is a student-focused international forum for applied research, development, and design in Systems and Information Engineering. The symposium is the leading showcase for undergraduate and masters graduate design projects or design-oriented graduate theses. Faculty, industry, and government project advisors are welcome coauthors.

  • 2010 IEEE Systems and Information Engineering Design Symposium (SIEDS)

    SIEDS is a student-focused international forum for applied research, development, and design in Systems and Information Engineering. The symposium is the leading showcase for undergraduate and master's graduate design projects or design-oriented graduate theses. Faculty, industry, and government project advisors are welcome coauthors.

  • 2009 Systems and Information Engineering Design Symposium (SIEDS)

    A student-focused international forum for applied research, development, and design in Systems and Information Engineering.


2012 6th International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering (iCBBE)

Bioinformatics, Computational Biology, Biomedical Engineering


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Method of DEM Data's Processing in Flood Simulation System

Sun Hai; Wang Cheng; Ren Bo 2008 International Conference on Computer Science and Software Engineering, 2008

Flood simulation and forecasting is a hot topic of flood disaster research. DEM as the basic data plays a crucial role in the field. High resolution grid DEM data is able to supply exact terrain model to this work, but it brings on a bothering problem that the data is too big to reduce running efficiency in computer. Facing the ...


A analysis about Guizhou Rural Ecological landscape pattern(RELP)

Fengtai Zhang; Lachun Wang; Weici Su; Weiquan Zhao 2011 International Conference on Computer Science and Service System (CSSS), 2011

This paper adopted Guizhou 2005 TM/ETM satellite image data and analyzed its rural Ecological landscape pattern(RELP) by using GIS software. It was shown that Guizhou rural landscape distribution difference was big, landscape fragmentation was high, agricultural landscape integrity was poor. Besides the fractal dimension of settlement landscape is relatively lower, the others were quite high. Rural landscape plaques distribution was ...


Functionally Layered Video Coding for River Surveillance

Masahiro Iwahashi; Sakol Udomsiri 2007 16th International Conference on Computer Communications and Networks, 2007

This paper proposes a new type of layered video coding for an application of river monitoring. A sensor node of the system produces the bit stream functionally separated into three layers. The first layer contains component signals effective for a function of water level detection. The second layer contains signals for thumb-nail video browsing. Each of them is transmitted at ...


Multi-scale observation matrix over heterogeneous land surfaces for verifying remote sensing results

Jinxin Zhuang; Weizhen Wang; Jiemin Wang 2013 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium - IGARSS, 2013

From fitting coefficients a, differences of secelected paired towers were 6~27% and most of determination coefficients were closed to 1. From σ, the differences were less than 10.0W/m2 for sensible heat flux and less than 5μmmol/m2/s for CO2 flux while 29.4~44.1W/m2 for latent heat flux which indicated the big differences of evaporation among the stations. All these data will support ...


Effect of River Discharge on Bay of Bengal Circulation

Srinivas Chamarthi; A. D. Rao OCEANS 2006 - Asia Pacific, 2006

The bay of Bengal circulation is modeled using three-dimensional Princeton ocean model (POM). Along the coastal boundaries a higher resolution is accomplished using the curvilinear orthogonal grid. With a free-surface, terrain following sigma coordinates is used with fine resolution near the surface and bottom. The initial climatological salinity and temperature fields for the model are derived from the Levitus 94: ...


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Educational Resources on Rivers

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eLearning

Method of DEM Data's Processing in Flood Simulation System

Sun Hai; Wang Cheng; Ren Bo 2008 International Conference on Computer Science and Software Engineering, 2008

Flood simulation and forecasting is a hot topic of flood disaster research. DEM as the basic data plays a crucial role in the field. High resolution grid DEM data is able to supply exact terrain model to this work, but it brings on a bothering problem that the data is too big to reduce running efficiency in computer. Facing the ...


A analysis about Guizhou Rural Ecological landscape pattern(RELP)

Fengtai Zhang; Lachun Wang; Weici Su; Weiquan Zhao 2011 International Conference on Computer Science and Service System (CSSS), 2011

This paper adopted Guizhou 2005 TM/ETM satellite image data and analyzed its rural Ecological landscape pattern(RELP) by using GIS software. It was shown that Guizhou rural landscape distribution difference was big, landscape fragmentation was high, agricultural landscape integrity was poor. Besides the fractal dimension of settlement landscape is relatively lower, the others were quite high. Rural landscape plaques distribution was ...


Functionally Layered Video Coding for River Surveillance

Masahiro Iwahashi; Sakol Udomsiri 2007 16th International Conference on Computer Communications and Networks, 2007

This paper proposes a new type of layered video coding for an application of river monitoring. A sensor node of the system produces the bit stream functionally separated into three layers. The first layer contains component signals effective for a function of water level detection. The second layer contains signals for thumb-nail video browsing. Each of them is transmitted at ...


Multi-scale observation matrix over heterogeneous land surfaces for verifying remote sensing results

Jinxin Zhuang; Weizhen Wang; Jiemin Wang 2013 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium - IGARSS, 2013

From fitting coefficients a, differences of secelected paired towers were 6~27% and most of determination coefficients were closed to 1. From σ, the differences were less than 10.0W/m2 for sensible heat flux and less than 5μmmol/m2/s for CO2 flux while 29.4~44.1W/m2 for latent heat flux which indicated the big differences of evaporation among the stations. All these data will support ...


Effect of River Discharge on Bay of Bengal Circulation

Srinivas Chamarthi; A. D. Rao OCEANS 2006 - Asia Pacific, 2006

The bay of Bengal circulation is modeled using three-dimensional Princeton ocean model (POM). Along the coastal boundaries a higher resolution is accomplished using the curvilinear orthogonal grid. With a free-surface, terrain following sigma coordinates is used with fine resolution near the surface and bottom. The initial climatological salinity and temperature fields for the model are derived from the Levitus 94: ...


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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Fossil-Fuel Power

    Enormous increases in the demand for power throughout the world make it imperative to reduce the environmental hazards and pollution associated with power generation. This book discusses the effects that power generation has had on the land, the water, the air, and the biosphere. It reviews the technological means available for abatement and control of damaging environmental effects and describes power generation techniques that could prove more compatible with the environment.To meet the growing demand for power in the United States, generating capacity must be doubled in the next ten years. Plants scheduled to be retired in that interval must also be replaced. Although there are promising, advanced techniques for generating power more efficiently and more cleanly at some future time, the problem at hand is how to construct the needed capacity for the next twenty years. This book focuses on those newer techniques which in realistic engineering terms show promise of large-scale application in that period of time.The primary means of generating power are nuclear, hydroelectric, and fossil fuel. What effects do these have on the environment? Nuclear generating plants and nuclear fuel processing plants release radionuclides in a variety of gaseous, liquid, and solid chemical forms. Hydroelectric dams drastically alter the landscape and produce direct change in the ecology of life systems. Fuel combustion pollutes air with smoke and oxides of sulfur, nitrogen, and carbon. Mining activities scar land and pollute rivers. Nuclear- and fossil-fueled plants waste more energy than is contained in the usable power that they produce; most of the wasted energy warms lakes and rivers whose waters are diverted for cooling purposes.What can be done to control these widespread environme ntal effects? One proposal in this book is to encourage reduction of radioactive wastes from nuclear power generation by reducing the federal guidelines for radiation exposure of the population. This subject is particularly controversial. In separate chapters, the bases for the federal guidelines are questioned and supported by the respective proponents, and the technology for control is reviewed.Another proposal suggests wider application of improved combustion techniques for coal, the most abundant energy resource. Pollutants that formerly went up the stack can now be removed earlier in the process of combustion. Coal is also a source material for gaseous and liquid fuels, for which natural supplies are dwindling and to which our fuel economy is heavily committed.Man's desire for power must be reconciled with the needs of his environment. This book presents the many and varied relationships between power generation and environmental change and provides a basis for understanding the consequences of increased power generation capacity.

  • Index

    Enormous increases in the demand for power throughout the world make it imperative to reduce the environmental hazards and pollution associated with power generation. This book discusses the effects that power generation has had on the land, the water, the air, and the biosphere. It reviews the technological means available for abatement and control of damaging environmental effects and describes power generation techniques that could prove more compatible with the environment.To meet the growing demand for power in the United States, generating capacity must be doubled in the next ten years. Plants scheduled to be retired in that interval must also be replaced. Although there are promising, advanced techniques for generating power more efficiently and more cleanly at some future time, the problem at hand is how to construct the needed capacity for the next twenty years. This book focuses on those newer techniques which in realistic engineering terms show promise of large-scale application in that period of time.The primary means of generating power are nuclear, hydroelectric, and fossil fuel. What effects do these have on the environment? Nuclear generating plants and nuclear fuel processing plants release radionuclides in a variety of gaseous, liquid, and solid chemical forms. Hydroelectric dams drastically alter the landscape and produce direct change in the ecology of life systems. Fuel combustion pollutes air with smoke and oxides of sulfur, nitrogen, and carbon. Mining activities scar land and pollute rivers. Nuclear- and fossil-fueled plants waste more energy than is contained in the usable power that they produce; most of the wasted energy warms lakes and rivers whose waters are diverted for cooling purposes.What can be done to control these widespread environme ntal effects? One proposal in this book is to encourage reduction of radioactive wastes from nuclear power generation by reducing the federal guidelines for radiation exposure of the population. This subject is particularly controversial. In separate chapters, the bases for the federal guidelines are questioned and supported by the respective proponents, and the technology for control is reviewed.Another proposal suggests wider application of improved combustion techniques for coal, the most abundant energy resource. Pollutants that formerly went up the stack can now be removed earlier in the process of combustion. Coal is also a source material for gaseous and liquid fuels, for which natural supplies are dwindling and to which our fuel economy is heavily committed.Man's desire for power must be reconciled with the needs of his environment. This book presents the many and varied relationships between power generation and environmental change and provides a basis for understanding the consequences of increased power generation capacity.

  • Nuclear Power and Radionuclides in the Environment

    Enormous increases in the demand for power throughout the world make it imperative to reduce the environmental hazards and pollution associated with power generation. This book discusses the effects that power generation has had on the land, the water, the air, and the biosphere. It reviews the technological means available for abatement and control of damaging environmental effects and describes power generation techniques that could prove more compatible with the environment.To meet the growing demand for power in the United States, generating capacity must be doubled in the next ten years. Plants scheduled to be retired in that interval must also be replaced. Although there are promising, advanced techniques for generating power more efficiently and more cleanly at some future time, the problem at hand is how to construct the needed capacity for the next twenty years. This book focuses on those newer techniques which in realistic engineering terms show promise of large-scale application in that period of time.The primary means of generating power are nuclear, hydroelectric, and fossil fuel. What effects do these have on the environment? Nuclear generating plants and nuclear fuel processing plants release radionuclides in a variety of gaseous, liquid, and solid chemical forms. Hydroelectric dams drastically alter the landscape and produce direct change in the ecology of life systems. Fuel combustion pollutes air with smoke and oxides of sulfur, nitrogen, and carbon. Mining activities scar land and pollute rivers. Nuclear- and fossil-fueled plants waste more energy than is contained in the usable power that they produce; most of the wasted energy warms lakes and rivers whose waters are diverted for cooling purposes.What can be done to control these widespread environme ntal effects? One proposal in this book is to encourage reduction of radioactive wastes from nuclear power generation by reducing the federal guidelines for radiation exposure of the population. This subject is particularly controversial. In separate chapters, the bases for the federal guidelines are questioned and supported by the respective proponents, and the technology for control is reviewed.Another proposal suggests wider application of improved combustion techniques for coal, the most abundant energy resource. Pollutants that formerly went up the stack can now be removed earlier in the process of combustion. Coal is also a source material for gaseous and liquid fuels, for which natural supplies are dwindling and to which our fuel economy is heavily committed.Man's desire for power must be reconciled with the needs of his environment. This book presents the many and varied relationships between power generation and environmental change and provides a basis for understanding the consequences of increased power generation capacity.

  • Waste Heat

    Enormous increases in the demand for power throughout the world make it imperative to reduce the environmental hazards and pollution associated with power generation. This book discusses the effects that power generation has had on the land, the water, the air, and the biosphere. It reviews the technological means available for abatement and control of damaging environmental effects and describes power generation techniques that could prove more compatible with the environment.To meet the growing demand for power in the United States, generating capacity must be doubled in the next ten years. Plants scheduled to be retired in that interval must also be replaced. Although there are promising, advanced techniques for generating power more efficiently and more cleanly at some future time, the problem at hand is how to construct the needed capacity for the next twenty years. This book focuses on those newer techniques which in realistic engineering terms show promise of large-scale application in that period of time.The primary means of generating power are nuclear, hydroelectric, and fossil fuel. What effects do these have on the environment? Nuclear generating plants and nuclear fuel processing plants release radionuclides in a variety of gaseous, liquid, and solid chemical forms. Hydroelectric dams drastically alter the landscape and produce direct change in the ecology of life systems. Fuel combustion pollutes air with smoke and oxides of sulfur, nitrogen, and carbon. Mining activities scar land and pollute rivers. Nuclear- and fossil-fueled plants waste more energy than is contained in the usable power that they produce; most of the wasted energy warms lakes and rivers whose waters are diverted for cooling purposes.What can be done to control these widespread environme ntal effects? One proposal in this book is to encourage reduction of radioactive wastes from nuclear power generation by reducing the federal guidelines for radiation exposure of the population. This subject is particularly controversial. In separate chapters, the bases for the federal guidelines are questioned and supported by the respective proponents, and the technology for control is reviewed.Another proposal suggests wider application of improved combustion techniques for coal, the most abundant energy resource. Pollutants that formerly went up the stack can now be removed earlier in the process of combustion. Coal is also a source material for gaseous and liquid fuels, for which natural supplies are dwindling and to which our fuel economy is heavily committed.Man's desire for power must be reconciled with the needs of his environment. This book presents the many and varied relationships between power generation and environmental change and provides a basis for understanding the consequences of increased power generation capacity.

  • Energy from Rivers and Oceans

    This chapter contains sections titled: Hydropower, Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion, Tidal Power, Wave Power, Notes

  • Index

    The subject of turbulence, the most forbidding in fluid dynamics, has usually proved treacherous to the beginner, caught in the whirls and eddies of its nonlinearities and statistical imponderables. This is the first book specifically designed to offer the student a smooth transitionary course between elementary fluid dynamics (which gives only last-minute attention to turbulence) and the professional literature on turbulent flow, where an advanced viewpoint is assumed.Moreover, the text has been developed for students, engineers, and scientists with different technical backgrounds and interests. Almost all flows, natural and man-made, are turbulent. Thus the subject is the concern of geophysical and environmental scientists (in dealing with atmospheric jet streams, ocean currents, and the flow of rivers, for example), of astrophysicists (in studying the photospheres of the sun and stars or mapping gaseous nebulae), and of engineers (in calculating pipe flows, jets, or wakes). Many such examples are discussed in the book.The approach taken avoids the difficulties of advanced mathematical development on the one side and the morass of experimental detail and empirical data on the other. As a result of following its midstream course, the text gives the student a physical understanding of the subject and deepens his intuitive insight into those problems that cannot now be rigorously solved.In particular, dimensional analysis is used extensively in dealing with those problems whose exact solution is mathematically elusive. Dimensional reasoning, scale arguments, and similarity rules are introduced at the beginning and are applied throughout.A discussion of Reynolds stress and the kinetic theory of gases provides the contrast needed to put mixing-length theory into proper per spective: the authors present a thorough comparison between the mixing-length models and dimensional analysis of shear flows. This is followed by an extensive treatment of vorticity dynamics, including vortex stretching and vorticity budgets.Two chapters are devoted to boundary-free shear flows and well-bounded turbulent shear flows. The examples presented include wakes, jets, shear layers, thermal plumes, atmospheric boundary layers, pipe and channel flow, and boundary layers in pressure gradients.The spatial structure of turbulent flow has been the subject of analysis in the book up to this point, at which a compact but thorough introduction to statistical methods is given. This prepares the reader to understand the stochastic and spectral structure of turbulence. The remainder of the book consists of applications of the statistical approach to the study of turbulent transport (including diffusion and mixing) and turbulent spectra.

  • Hydroelectric Power

    Enormous increases in the demand for power throughout the world make it imperative to reduce the environmental hazards and pollution associated with power generation. This book discusses the effects that power generation has had on the land, the water, the air, and the biosphere. It reviews the technological means available for abatement and control of damaging environmental effects and describes power generation techniques that could prove more compatible with the environment.To meet the growing demand for power in the United States, generating capacity must be doubled in the next ten years. Plants scheduled to be retired in that interval must also be replaced. Although there are promising, advanced techniques for generating power more efficiently and more cleanly at some future time, the problem at hand is how to construct the needed capacity for the next twenty years. This book focuses on those newer techniques which in realistic engineering terms show promise of large-scale application in that period of time.The primary means of generating power are nuclear, hydroelectric, and fossil fuel. What effects do these have on the environment? Nuclear generating plants and nuclear fuel processing plants release radionuclides in a variety of gaseous, liquid, and solid chemical forms. Hydroelectric dams drastically alter the landscape and produce direct change in the ecology of life systems. Fuel combustion pollutes air with smoke and oxides of sulfur, nitrogen, and carbon. Mining activities scar land and pollute rivers. Nuclear- and fossil-fueled plants waste more energy than is contained in the usable power that they produce; most of the wasted energy warms lakes and rivers whose waters are diverted for cooling purposes.What can be done to control these widespread environme ntal effects? One proposal in this book is to encourage reduction of radioactive wastes from nuclear power generation by reducing the federal guidelines for radiation exposure of the population. This subject is particularly controversial. In separate chapters, the bases for the federal guidelines are questioned and supported by the respective proponents, and the technology for control is reviewed.Another proposal suggests wider application of improved combustion techniques for coal, the most abundant energy resource. Pollutants that formerly went up the stack can now be removed earlier in the process of combustion. Coal is also a source material for gaseous and liquid fuels, for which natural supplies are dwindling and to which our fuel economy is heavily committed.Man's desire for power must be reconciled with the needs of his environment. This book presents the many and varied relationships between power generation and environmental change and provides a basis for understanding the consequences of increased power generation capacity.

  • Environmental Risk Management

    This chapter presents the motivation and challenges in applying state-of-the- art knowledge discovery technologies in the domain of environmental risk management. Environmental risk management research is an established part of the Earth sciences domain, already known for using powerful computational resources to model physical phenomena in the atmosphere, oceans, and rivers. It explores how the data-intensive processes mentioned above can be applied to benefit the experts who produce daily weather predictions, as well as rarely needed, but crucial and often time-critical risk assessments for emerging environmentally significant events. The chapter illustrates the possibilities on a simple scenario from the hydrometeorological domain, and then describes how this scenario extends to provide meteorologists and hydrologists with new data and insights currently not routinely available. These examples illustrate the complexity of working with real data from multiple sources and lead to a series of lessons learned at the end of the chapter.

  • Power, Man, and Environment

    Enormous increases in the demand for power throughout the world make it imperative to reduce the environmental hazards and pollution associated with power generation. This book discusses the effects that power generation has had on the land, the water, the air, and the biosphere. It reviews the technological means available for abatement and control of damaging environmental effects and describes power generation techniques that could prove more compatible with the environment.To meet the growing demand for power in the United States, generating capacity must be doubled in the next ten years. Plants scheduled to be retired in that interval must also be replaced. Although there are promising, advanced techniques for generating power more efficiently and more cleanly at some future time, the problem at hand is how to construct the needed capacity for the next twenty years. This book focuses on those newer techniques which in realistic engineering terms show promise of large-scale application in that period of time.The primary means of generating power are nuclear, hydroelectric, and fossil fuel. What effects do these have on the environment? Nuclear generating plants and nuclear fuel processing plants release radionuclides in a variety of gaseous, liquid, and solid chemical forms. Hydroelectric dams drastically alter the landscape and produce direct change in the ecology of life systems. Fuel combustion pollutes air with smoke and oxides of sulfur, nitrogen, and carbon. Mining activities scar land and pollute rivers. Nuclear- and fossil-fueled plants waste more energy than is contained in the usable power that they produce; most of the wasted energy warms lakes and rivers whose waters are diverted for cooling purposes.What can be done to control these widespread environme ntal effects? One proposal in this book is to encourage reduction of radioactive wastes from nuclear power generation by reducing the federal guidelines for radiation exposure of the population. This subject is particularly controversial. In separate chapters, the bases for the federal guidelines are questioned and supported by the respective proponents, and the technology for control is reviewed.Another proposal suggests wider application of improved combustion techniques for coal, the most abundant energy resource. Pollutants that formerly went up the stack can now be removed earlier in the process of combustion. Coal is also a source material for gaseous and liquid fuels, for which natural supplies are dwindling and to which our fuel economy is heavily committed.Man's desire for power must be reconciled with the needs of his environment. This book presents the many and varied relationships between power generation and environmental change and provides a basis for understanding the consequences of increased power generation capacity.

  • Bibliography and References

    The subject of turbulence, the most forbidding in fluid dynamics, has usually proved treacherous to the beginner, caught in the whirls and eddies of its nonlinearities and statistical imponderables. This is the first book specifically designed to offer the student a smooth transitionary course between elementary fluid dynamics (which gives only last-minute attention to turbulence) and the professional literature on turbulent flow, where an advanced viewpoint is assumed.Moreover, the text has been developed for students, engineers, and scientists with different technical backgrounds and interests. Almost all flows, natural and man-made, are turbulent. Thus the subject is the concern of geophysical and environmental scientists (in dealing with atmospheric jet streams, ocean currents, and the flow of rivers, for example), of astrophysicists (in studying the photospheres of the sun and stars or mapping gaseous nebulae), and of engineers (in calculating pipe flows, jets, or wakes). Many such examples are discussed in the book.The approach taken avoids the difficulties of advanced mathematical development on the one side and the morass of experimental detail and empirical data on the other. As a result of following its midstream course, the text gives the student a physical understanding of the subject and deepens his intuitive insight into those problems that cannot now be rigorously solved.In particular, dimensional analysis is used extensively in dealing with those problems whose exact solution is mathematically elusive. Dimensional reasoning, scale arguments, and similarity rules are introduced at the beginning and are applied throughout.A discussion of Reynolds stress and the kinetic theory of gases provides the contrast needed to put mixing-length theory into proper per spective: the authors present a thorough comparison between the mixing-length models and dimensional analysis of shear flows. This is followed by an extensive treatment of vorticity dynamics, including vortex stretching and vorticity budgets.Two chapters are devoted to boundary-free shear flows and well-bounded turbulent shear flows. The examples presented include wakes, jets, shear layers, thermal plumes, atmospheric boundary layers, pipe and channel flow, and boundary layers in pressure gradients.The spatial structure of turbulent flow has been the subject of analysis in the book up to this point, at which a compact but thorough introduction to statistical methods is given. This prepares the reader to understand the stochastic and spectral structure of turbulence. The remainder of the book consists of applications of the statistical approach to the study of turbulent transport (including diffusion and mixing) and turbulent spectra.



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