Refrigeration

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Refrigeration is a process in which work is done to move heat from one location to another. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Refrigeration

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2019 IEEE International Electric Machines & Drives Conference (IEMDC)

The IEEE International Electric Machines and Drives Conference (IEMDC) has been established to be one of the major events in the field of electrical machines and drives. IEMDC is a refernce forum to disseminate and exchange state of art in the filed of the Electrical Machines and Drives. The 2018 edition started in 1997 and the 2019 edition will be 11th one.


2019 IEEE Milan PowerTech

PowerTech is the IEEE PES anchor conference in Europe and has been attended by hundreds of delegates from around the world. It will be an international forum with programme for individuals working in industry and academia, to network, exchange ideas, and discuss the results of their research and development work.

  • 2017 IEEE Manchester PowerTech

    this is IEEE PES anchor conference in Europe covering all areas of electrical power engineering

  • 2015 IEEE Eindhoven PowerTech

    This conference will continue the tradition of the PowerTech conferences held in odd years in Athens, Stockholm, Budapest, Porto, Bologna, St. Petersburg, Lausanne, Bucharest, Trondheim and Grenoble.PowerTech is the anchor conference of the IEEE Power Engineering Society in Europe. It is intended to provide a forum, in the European geographical area, for scientists and engineers interested in electric power engineering to exchange ideas, results of their scientific work, to learn from each other as well as to establish new friendships and rekindle existing ones. Student participation in Power Tech provides an important ingredient toward the event’s success: a special award, the Basil Papadias Award, is presented to the author of the best student paper at each edition. The Power Engineering Society of IEEE organized similar conferences in other parts of the world, such as PowerCon, in the Asia-Pacific region.

  • 2013 IEEE Grenoble PowerTech

    PowerTech is the anchor conference of the IEEE Power & Energy Society in Europe. It is intended to provide a forum for electric power engineering scientists and engineers to share ideas, results of their scientific work, to learn from each other as well as to establish new friendships and maintain existing ones.

  • 2011 IEEE Trondheim PowerTech

    PowerTech is the anchor conference of the IEEE Power & Energy Society in Europe. It is intended to provide a forum for electric power engineering scientists and engineers to share ideas, results of their scientific work and to learn from each other.

  • 2009 IEEE Bucharest Power Tech

    PowerTech is the anchor conference of the IEEE-PES in Europe. It is intended to provide a forum for scientists and engineers interested in electric power engineering to share ideas, results of their scientific work, to learn from each other as well as to establish new friendships and rekindle existing ones.

  • 2007 IEEE Power Tech

  • 2005 IEEE Russia Power Tech

  • 2003 Bologna Power Tech


2018 13th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications (ICIEA)

Industrial Informatics, Computational Intelligence, Control and Systems, Cyber-physicalSystems, Energy and Environment, Mechatronics, Power Electronics, Signal and InformationProcessing, Network and Communication Technologies


2018 17th IEEE Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems (ITherm)

The ITherm Conference series is the leading international venue for scientific and engineering exploration ofthermal, thermomechanical, and emerging technology issues associated with electronic devices, packages, and systems.


2018 20th International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT)

With technically co-sponsored by IEEE ComSoc(Communications Society), IEEE ComSoc CISTC(Communications & Information Security Technical Community), and IEEE ComSoc ONTC(Optical Networking Technical Community), the ICACT(International Conference on Advanced Communications Technology) Conference has been providing an open forum for scholars, researchers, and engineers to the extensive exchange of information on newly emerging technologies, standards, services, and applications in the area of the advanced communications technology. The conference official language is English. All the presented papers have been published in the Conference Proceedings, and posted on the ICACT Website and IEEE Xplore Digital Library since 2004. The honorable ICACT Out-Standing Paper Award list has been posted on the IEEE Xplore Digital Library also, and all the Out-Standing papers are subjected to the invited paper of the "ICACT Transactions on the Advanced Communications Technology" Journal issued by GIRI

  • 2017 19th International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT)

    With technically co-sponsored by IEEE ComSoc(Communications Society), IEEE ComSoc CISTC(Communications & Information Security Technical Community), and IEEE ComSoc ONTC(Optical Networking Technical Community), the ICACT(International Conference on Advanced Communications Technology) Conference has been providing an open forum for scholars, researchers, and engineers to the extensive exchange of information on newly emerging technologies, standards, services, and applications in the area of the advanced communications technology. The conference official language is English. All the presented papers have been published in the Conference Proceedings, and posted on the ICACT Website and IEEE Xplore Digital Library since 2004. The honorable ICACT Out-Standing Paper Award list has been posted on the IEEE Xplore Digital Library also, and all the Out-Standing papers are subjected to the invited paper of the "ICACT Transactions on the Advanced Communications Technology" Journal issued by

  • 2016 18th International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT)

    With technically co-sponsored by IEEE ComSoc(Communications Society), IEEE ComSoc CISTC(Communications & Information Security Technical Community), and IEEE ComSoc ONTC(Optical Networking Technical Community), the ICACT(International Conference on Advanced Communications Technology) Conference has been providing an open forum for scholars, researchers, and engineers to the extensive exchange of information on newly emerging technologies, standards, services, and applications in the area of the advanced communications technology. The conference official language is English. All the presented papers have been published in the Conference Proceedings, and posted on the ICACT Website and IEEE Xplore Digital Library since 2004. The honorable ICACT Out-Standing Paper Award list has been posted on the IEEE Xplore Digital Library also, and all the Out-Standing papers are subjected to the invited paper of the "ICACT Transactions on the Advanced Communications Technology" Journal issued by GiRI.

  • 2015 17th International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT)

    With technically co-sponsored by IEEE ComSoc(Communications Society), IEEE ComSoc CISTC(Communications & Information Security Technical Community), and IEEE ComSoc ONTC(Optical Networking Technical Community), the ICACT(International Conference on Advanced Communications Technology) Conference has been providing an open forum for scholars, researchers, and engineers to the extensive exchange of information on newly emerging technologies, standards, services, and applications in the area of the advanced communications technology. The conference official language is English. All the presented papers have been published in the Conference Proceedings, and posted on the ICACT Website and IEEE Xplore Digital Library since 2004. The honorable ICACT Out-Standing Paper Award list has been posted on the IEEE Xplore Digital Library also, and all the Out-Standing papers are subjected to the invited paper of the "ICACT Transactions on the Advanced Communications Technology" Journal issued by GiRI.

  • 2014 16th International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT)

    Technology, service, architecture, strategy, and policy in newly emerging system, standard, service, and variety of application on the area of telecommunications. ICACT 2014 provides an open forum for scholar, researcher, engineer, policy maker, network planner, and service provider in the advanced communication technologies.

  • 2013 15th International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT)

    Technology, standard, service, architecture, strategy, and policy in newly emerging systems and a variety of applications in the area of communications. ICACT2013 provides an open forum for scholar, researcher, engineer, policy maker, network planner, and service provider in the advanced communications technologies.

  • 2012 14th International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT)

    Technology, service, architecture, strategy, and policy in newly emerging systems, standards, service, and a variety of applications in the area of telecommunicatons. ICACT 2012 provides an open forum for scholars, researchers, engineers, policy makers, network planners, and service providers in the advanced communication technologies.

  • 2011 13th International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT)

    International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT) provides an open forum for researchers, engineers, policy, network planners, and service providers in the advanced communication technologies. Extensive exchange of information will be provided on newly emerging systems, standards, services, and variety of applications on the area of telecommunications.

  • 2010 12th International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT)

    ICACT is an annual conference providing an open forum for researchers, engineers, network planners, and service providers in telecommunications. Extensive exchange of information will be provided on newly emerging systems, standards, services, and variety of applications in the area of telecommunications.

  • 2009 11th International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT)

    ICACT is an annual conference providing an open forum for researchers, engineers, network planners, and service providers in telecommunications. Extensive exchange of information will be provided on newly emerging systems, standards, services, and variety of applications in the area of telecommunications.

  • 2008 10th International Conference Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT)

  • 2007 9th International Conference Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT)

  • 2006 8th International Conference Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT)

  • 2005 7th International Conference Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT)

  • 2004 6th International Conference Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT)


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Periodicals related to Refrigeration

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Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, IEEE

The IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine publishes articles concerned with the various aspects of systems for space, air, ocean, or ground environments.


Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on

Contains articles on the applications and other relevant technology. Electronic applications include analog and digital circuits employing thin films and active devices such as Josephson junctions. Power applications include magnet design as well asmotors, generators, and power transmission


Communications Magazine, IEEE

IEEE Communications Magazine was the number three most-cited journal in telecommunications and the number eighteen cited journal in electrical and electronics engineering in 2004, according to the annual Journal Citation Report (2004 edition) published by the Institute for Scientific Information. Read more at http://www.ieee.org/products/citations.html. This magazine covers all areas of communications such as lightwave telecommunications, high-speed data communications, personal communications ...


Components and Packaging Technologies, IEEE Transactions on

Component parts, hybrid microelectronics, materials, packaging techniques, and manufacturing technology.


Computer

Computer, the flagship publication of the IEEE Computer Society, publishes peer-reviewed technical content that covers all aspects of computer science, computer engineering, technology, and applications. Computer is a resource that practitioners, researchers, and managers can rely on to provide timely information about current research developments, trends, best practices, and changes in the profession.


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Most published Xplore authors for Refrigeration

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Xplore Articles related to Refrigeration

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Small SMES technology and cost reduction estimates

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'W.J. Schafter Associates, Inc., Livermore, CA, USA', u'full_name': u'S. M. Schoenung'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'W.J. Schafter Associates, Inc., Livermore, CA, USA', u'full_name': u'W. R. Meier'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'W.J. Schafter Associates, Inc., Livermore, CA, USA', u'full_name': u'R. L. Bieri'}] IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 1994

Superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) has been under development for electric system applications for some time. Large units (&ges;10 MWh) have been designed for electric load management. Small systems (<10 MW) have been designed for power quality enhancements. Small systems, in particular, can provide momentary carryover on a distribution network, thus avoiding outages in customers' electric supply. The price of ...


Design of permanent magnet flux source for a rotary magnetic refrigerating system

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Ames Lab., Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA, USA', u'full_name': u'S. J. Lee'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Ames Lab., Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA, USA', u'full_name': u'J. Kenkel'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Ames Lab., Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA, USA', u'full_name': u'D. C. Jiles'}] 2002 IEEE International Magnetics Conference (INTERMAG), None

Summary form only given. A magnetic refrigerator (MR) operating at room temperature is being developed as a technology which can replace the conventional liquid/vapor refrigeration systems. The essential parts of an MR system are the magnetic field source, which uses permanent magnets, and the magnetic refrigerant materials, which must have a large magnetocaloric effect (MCE). For efficient operation of the ...


Superconducting HERA magnets

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'DESY, Hamburg, West Germany', u'full_name': u'S. Wolff'}] IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 1988

The characteristics of superconducting magnets designed for the proton-ring arcs of the Hadron Electron Ring Accelerator (HERA) in construction at DESY are summarized. Dipoles, quadrupoles, and beam-pipe correction coils under construction by various international firms are discussed. The superconducting dipoles (4.68-T central field, 8.824-m magnetic length) as well as the superconducting quadrupoles (91.2-T/m central gradient, 1.861-m magnetic length) are of ...


Lessons learned from testing, photovoltaic vaccine refrigerators

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Florida Solar Energy Center, Cape Canaveral, FL, USA', u'full_name': u'D. Kilfoyle'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Florida Solar Energy Center, Cape Canaveral, FL, USA', u'full_name': u'B. Marion'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'full_name': u'G. G. Ventre'}] IEEE Conference on Photovoltaic Specialists, None

Side-by-side testing of vaccine refrigeration systems began in March 1987 at the Florida Solar Energy Center. By December 1987, three photovoltaic (PV) powered vapor compression vaccine refrigerators were installed and operating. A kerosene-powered absorption refrigerator began operation in June 1988. The authors present observations, conclusions, and recommendations derived from testing the four vaccine refrigeration systems. Refrigerators, photovoltaic arrays, battery subsystems, ...


Improved Algorithm and Simulation of the Provision Refrigerating Unit

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, China', u'full_name': u'HE Zhi-bin'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, China', u'full_name': u'ZHANG Jun-dong'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, China', u'full_name': u'SUN Yu-qing'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, China', u'full_name': u'ZENG Hong'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'affiliation': u'Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, China', u'full_name': u'GAN Hui-bing'}] 2007 IFIP International Conference on Network and Parallel Computing Workshops (NPC 2007), None

The dynamic model of reciprocating provision cooling plant is presented, and the algorithm of the model is amended, through the method of quoting an unknown variable, which is enthalpy of the refrigerant at the compressor outlet. Dynamic simulation of the refrigerating system is given. The experiment validates that the model is precise and the amended algorithm improve the speed and ...


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Educational Resources on Refrigeration

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Introduction to Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Systems:Theory and Applications

    <p>This text provides background information, description, and analysis of four major cooling system technologies--vapor compression cooling, evaporative cooling, absorption cooling, and gas cooling. Vapor compression systems are currently the primary technology used in most standard domestic, commercial, and industrial cooling applications, as they have both performance and economic advantages over the other competing cooling systems. However, there are many other applications in which evaporative cooling, absorption cooling, or gas cooling technologies are a preferred choice.</p> <p>The main focus of the text is on the application of the thermal sciences to refrigeration and air conditioning systems. The goals are to familiarize the reader with cooling technology nomenclature, and provide insight into how refrigeration and air conditioning systems can be modeled and analyzed.Cooling systems are inherently complex, as the second law of thermodynamics do s not allow thermal energy to be transferred directly from a lower temperature to a higher temperature, so the heat transfer is done indirectly through a thermodynamic cycle.</p> <p>Emphasis is placed on constructing idealized thermodynamic cycles to represent actual physical situations in cooling systems. The text also contains numerous practical examples to show how one can calculate the performance of cooling system components. By becoming familiar with the analyses presented in the examples, one can gain a feel for the the representative values of the various thermal and mechanical parameters that characterize cooling systems.</p>

  • Refrigeration System

  • PLC for Home and Industry Automation

    This chapter presents an overview of power line communication (PLC)‐based home and industry automation systems with interesting application examples. It also presents an overview of the most important protocols for home automation. First, the X10 narrowband PLC protocol for communication between electronic devices is introduced. Then, the KNX/EIB standard for in home and building automation bus systems is discussed. The chapter focuses on a sample application of PLC for industry automation, namely refrigeration container ships, based on the international standard ISO 10368:2006(E). The physical requirements of the system which include the transmission rate, modulation methods, and impedance specifications as well as the system components are discussed. The chapter provides a summary of the communication protocol AMIS CX1 profile of the company Siemens AG for PLC between electricity meters, breakers and other grid elements and the data concentrator points at central stations in the low‐voltage distribution grid.

  • Devices for the transfer of heat and work

    This chapter contains sections titled: Flow of fluids in ducts, Isentropic expansion of fluids in nozzles, Effect of back pressure on flow in nozzles, Nozzle efficiency, Heat and work effects in the compression and expansion of fiuids, Classification of compressors and expanders, Reciprocating piston compressors, Rotary compressors, Reciprocating expansion engines, Dynamic compressors and expanders, Turbines, Turbo-compressors, Efficiency of turbo- machinery, Refrigeration and gas liquefaction, Minimum work of refrigeration, Refrigeration cycles, Modification to the vapour-compression cycle, Low temperature gas liquefaction, Liquefaction processes, Production of power, Problems, Answers, Notes

  • Cooling and Thermal Insulation Systems

  • Thermal Protection Methods for Electronics in Hot Wells

    This article reviews the criteria and constraints used to successfully design thermal protection for down-hole tools and electronic instruments that make high-quality measurements in hot geothermal wells. Imposed thermal, mechanical, and chemical environments and design methods for obtaining highly reliable electronic operation are described. The two main approaches for thermally protecting electronics and ensuring operation at high temperatures are (1) to use ?>temperature-hardened?> electronics below its specified temperature limit, or (2) to use conventional electronics with thermal protection, either a _passive_ thermal protection system using insulation and heat sinking or an _active_ refrigeration system. The technology related to both approaches for thermal protection and the choices among thermal protection methods are reviewed.

  • Superconductivity and Magnetism