Pollution

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Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into a natural environment that causes instability, disorder, harm or discomfort to the ecosystem i.e. physical systems or living organisms. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Pollution

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2015 IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium (IPDPS)

IPDPS is an international forum for engineers and scientists from around the world to present their latest research findings in all aspects of Parallel Processing.

  • 2013 IEEE International Symposium on Parallel & Distributed Processing (IPDPS)

    Parallel and distributed algorithms, focusing on stability, scalability, and fault-tolerance. Applications of parallel and distributed computing, including web, peer-to-peer, cloud, grid, scientific, and mobile computing. Parallel and distributed architectures including instruction-level and thread-level parallelism; petascale and exascale systems designs. Parallel and distributed software, including parallel and multicore programming languages, compilers, runtime systems, operating systems, and middleware for grids and clouds.

  • 2011 IEEE International Parallel & Distributed Processing Symposium (IPDPS)

    IPDPS is an international forum for engineers and scientists from around the world to present their latest research findings in all aspects of parallel computation. In addition to technical sessions of submitted paper presentations, the meeting offers workshops, tutorials, and commercial presentations & exhibits. IPDPS represents a unique international gathering of computer scientists from around the world.

  • 2010 IEEE International Symposium on Parallel & Distributed Processing (IPDPS)

  • 2009 IEEE International Symposium on Parallel & Distributed Processing (IPDPS)

    IPDPS represents a unique international gathering of computer scientists from around the world. Now, more than ever, we prize this annual meeting as a testament to the strength of international cooperation in seeking to apply computer science technology to the betterment of our global village.

  • 2008 IEEE International Parallel & Distributed Processing Symposium (IPDPS)

    IPDPS is an international forum for engineers and scientists from around the world to present their latest research findings in all aspects of parallel computation. In addition to technical sessions of submitted paper presentations, the meeting offers workshops, tutorials, and commercial presentations and exhibits.


2013 12th International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering (EEEIC)

The scope of the Conference is to promote a Forum, where people involved with electrical power systems may exchange their experiences and present solutions found for actual and future problems. The conference offers prominent academics and industrial practitioners from all over the world the forum for discussion about the future of electrical energy and environmental issues and presents a base for identifying directions for continuation of research.


2012 13th International Conference on Optimization of Electrical and Electronic Equipment (OPTIM)

The conference provides a forum for presentation and discussion of the state-of-art in electrical and electronic equipment and related areas, with inputs form industry and academia. The main topics cover: power electronics, electrical machines, electromagnetics, control systems, image processing; mechatronics, renewable energy, nano-electronics, system integration and electrical engineering education.


2012 2nd International Conference on Remote Sensing, Environment and Transportation Engineering (RSETE)

RSETE 2012 aims to provide a high-level international forum for researchers and engineers to present and discuss recent advances, new techniques and applications in the field of environment such as remote sensing, transportation, as well as environment engineering, etc.


2012 6th International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering (iCBBE)

Bioinformatics, Computational Biology, Biomedical Engineering


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Periodicals related to Pollution

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Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, IEEE Transactions on

Electrical insulation common to the design and construction of components and equipment for use in electric and electronic circuits and distribution systems at all frequencies.


Sensors Journal, IEEE

The Field of Interest of the IEEE Sensors Journal is the science and applications of sensing phenomena, including theory, design, and application of devices for sensing and transducing physical, chemical, and biological phenomena. The emphasis is on the electronics, physics, biology, and intelligence aspects of sensors and integrated sensor-actuators. (IEEE Guide for Authors) (The fields of interest of the IEEE ...




Xplore Articles related to Pollution

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A silicone based hydrophobic coating for high voltage insulators

D. A. Hoch; J. P. Reynders; R. E. Macey AFRICON '92 Proceedings., 3rd AFRICON Conference, 1992

The use of hydrophobic coatings as a treatment of insulators for the prevention of pollution-related flashovers is increasingly widespread. A great deal of research into the performance of these coatings has been performed worldwide and has resulted in a good understanding of the important parameters determining the field performance of these coatings. This authors discuss these parameters and present the ...


Initial Results of Argon Purification in the Liquid State

P. J. Doe; H. -J. Mahler; H. H. Chen IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 1982

Argon, deliberately contaminated with air, has been purified in the liquid state by the use of molecular sieves to a level better than one part per billion (02 equivalent). This argon was maintained for a period exceeding 10 days with no detectable increase in impurity concentration. Twelve hours after transfer to a test detector, an attenuation length of 170 cm ...


Bolder TMF technology applied to hybrid electric vehicle power-assist operation

R. F. Nelson Proceedings of 11th Annual Battery Conference on Applications and Advances, 1996

Bolder technologies corporation has developed a thin metal film (TMF) technology that results in valve-regulated lead-acid cells and batteries that have outstanding power characteristics both on charge and discharge. These properties make TMF cells suitable as the power-assist component in a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) system. The basic construction and operating principles of the Bolder 2 V/1.2 Ah cell are ...


A Study on Operation of Photovoltaic Grid System Using Weather Forecast

Kenichi Fujii; Motoi Yamagiwa; Minoru Uehara 2011 Third International Conference on Intelligent Networking and Collaborative Systems, 2011

In keeping with green IT, we propose reusing obsolete older-model PCs as a grid to create a high performance environment consisting of ordinary PCs. However, such a grid has continuous energy requirements, which is undesirable in terms of environmental concerns, due to the increased CO2 emissions from generating the required electricity. Therefore, this study aims to realize a grid powered ...


The Traffic Accident Prediction Based on Neural Network

Huilin Fu; Yucai Zhou 2011 Second International Conference on Digital Manufacturing & Automation, 2011

The traffic accident prediction play an important role in the integrated planning and management of traffic, the reason which with much randomness about the traffic accident include some nonLinear elements, such as people, car, road, cLimate and so on. The traditional way of Linear analyses can not reveal the really situation since the noise pollution and amount of data are ...


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Educational Resources on Pollution

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eLearning

A silicone based hydrophobic coating for high voltage insulators

D. A. Hoch; J. P. Reynders; R. E. Macey AFRICON '92 Proceedings., 3rd AFRICON Conference, 1992

The use of hydrophobic coatings as a treatment of insulators for the prevention of pollution-related flashovers is increasingly widespread. A great deal of research into the performance of these coatings has been performed worldwide and has resulted in a good understanding of the important parameters determining the field performance of these coatings. This authors discuss these parameters and present the ...


Initial Results of Argon Purification in the Liquid State

P. J. Doe; H. -J. Mahler; H. H. Chen IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 1982

Argon, deliberately contaminated with air, has been purified in the liquid state by the use of molecular sieves to a level better than one part per billion (02 equivalent). This argon was maintained for a period exceeding 10 days with no detectable increase in impurity concentration. Twelve hours after transfer to a test detector, an attenuation length of 170 cm ...


Bolder TMF technology applied to hybrid electric vehicle power-assist operation

R. F. Nelson Proceedings of 11th Annual Battery Conference on Applications and Advances, 1996

Bolder technologies corporation has developed a thin metal film (TMF) technology that results in valve-regulated lead-acid cells and batteries that have outstanding power characteristics both on charge and discharge. These properties make TMF cells suitable as the power-assist component in a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) system. The basic construction and operating principles of the Bolder 2 V/1.2 Ah cell are ...


A Study on Operation of Photovoltaic Grid System Using Weather Forecast

Kenichi Fujii; Motoi Yamagiwa; Minoru Uehara 2011 Third International Conference on Intelligent Networking and Collaborative Systems, 2011

In keeping with green IT, we propose reusing obsolete older-model PCs as a grid to create a high performance environment consisting of ordinary PCs. However, such a grid has continuous energy requirements, which is undesirable in terms of environmental concerns, due to the increased CO2 emissions from generating the required electricity. Therefore, this study aims to realize a grid powered ...


The Traffic Accident Prediction Based on Neural Network

Huilin Fu; Yucai Zhou 2011 Second International Conference on Digital Manufacturing & Automation, 2011

The traffic accident prediction play an important role in the integrated planning and management of traffic, the reason which with much randomness about the traffic accident include some nonLinear elements, such as people, car, road, cLimate and so on. The traditional way of Linear analyses can not reveal the really situation since the noise pollution and amount of data are ...


More eLearning Resources

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Hydrogen's Discovery: Phlogiston and Inflammable Air

    Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe. An invisible, tasteless, colorless gas, it can be converted to nonpolluting, zero-emission, renewable energy. When burned in an internal combustion engine, hydrogen produces mostly harmless water vapor. It performs even better in fuel cells, which can be 2.5 times as efficient as internal-combustion engines. Zero- emission hydrogen does not contribute to CO2-caused global warming. Abundant and renewable, it is unlikely to be subject to geopolitical pressures or scarcity concerns. In this new edition of his pioneering book Tomorrow's Energy, Peter Hoffmann makes the case for hydrogen as the cornerstone of a new energy economy. Hoffmann covers the major aspects of hydrogen production, storage, transportation, fuel use, and safety. He explains that hydrogen is not an energy source but a carrier, like electricity, and introduces the concept of "hydricity," the essential interchangeability of electricity and hydrogen. He brings the hydrogen story up to date, reporting on the latest developments, including new hydrogen and fuel-cell cars from GM, Daimler, BMW, Honda, and Toyota. He describes recent political controversies, including Obama administration Energy Secretary (and Nobel laureate in Physics) Steven Chu's inexplicable dismissal of hydrogen--which puts him at odds with major automakers, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, and others. Our current energy system is a complex infrastructure, and phasing in hydrogen will take effort and money. But if we consider the real costs of fossil fuels--pollution and its effects, international tensions over gas and oil supplies, and climate change--we would be wise to promote its development.

  • No title

    Sharing of location data enables numerous exciting applications, such as location-based queries, location-based social recommendations, monitoring of traffic and air pollution levels, etc. Disclosing exact user locations raises serious privacy concerns, as locations may give away sensitive information about individuals' health status, alternative lifestyles, political and religious affiliations, etc. Preserving location privacy is an essential requirement towards the successful deployment of location-based applications. These lecture notes provide an overview of the state-of-the-art in location privacy protection. A diverse body of solutions is reviewed, including methods that use location generalization, cryptographic techniques or differential privacy. The most prominent results are discussed, and promising directions for future work are identified.

  • Mitigation Options for Improved Performance in Pollution Conditions

    This chapter contains sections titled: Monitoring for Maintenance Cleaning of Insulators Coating of Insulators Adding Accessories Adding More Insulators Changing to Improved Designs Changing to Semiconducting Glaze Changing to Polymer Insulators Précis References

  • Fossil-Fuel Power

    Enormous increases in the demand for power throughout the world make it imperative to reduce the environmental hazards and pollution associated with power generation. This book discusses the effects that power generation has had on the land, the water, the air, and the biosphere. It reviews the technological means available for abatement and control of damaging environmental effects and describes power generation techniques that could prove more compatible with the environment.To meet the growing demand for power in the United States, generating capacity must be doubled in the next ten years. Plants scheduled to be retired in that interval must also be replaced. Although there are promising, advanced techniques for generating power more efficiently and more cleanly at some future time, the problem at hand is how to construct the needed capacity for the next twenty years. This book focuses on those newer techniques which in realistic engineering terms show promise of large-scale application in that period of time.The primary means of generating power are nuclear, hydroelectric, and fossil fuel. What effects do these have on the environment? Nuclear generating plants and nuclear fuel processing plants release radionuclides in a variety of gaseous, liquid, and solid chemical forms. Hydroelectric dams drastically alter the landscape and produce direct change in the ecology of life systems. Fuel combustion pollutes air with smoke and oxides of sulfur, nitrogen, and carbon. Mining activities scar land and pollute rivers. Nuclear- and fossil-fueled plants waste more energy than is contained in the usable power that they produce; most of the wasted energy warms lakes and rivers whose waters are diverted for cooling purposes.What can be done to control these widespread environme ntal effects? One proposal in this book is to encourage reduction of radioactive wastes from nuclear power generation by reducing the federal guidelines for radiation exposure of the population. This subject is particularly controversial. In separate chapters, the bases for the federal guidelines are questioned and supported by the respective proponents, and the technology for control is reviewed.Another proposal suggests wider application of improved combustion techniques for coal, the most abundant energy resource. Pollutants that formerly went up the stack can now be removed earlier in the process of combustion. Coal is also a source material for gaseous and liquid fuels, for which natural supplies are dwindling and to which our fuel economy is heavily committed.Man's desire for power must be reconciled with the needs of his environment. This book presents the many and varied relationships between power generation and environmental change and provides a basis for understanding the consequences of increased power generation capacity.

  • The Bright Side

    Aluminum shaped the twentieth century. It enabled high-speed travel and gravity-defying flight. It was the material of a streamlined aesthetic that came to represent modernity. And it became an essential ingredient in industrial and domestic products that ranged from airplanes and cars to designer chairs and artificial Christmas trees. It entered modern homes as packaging, foil, pots and pans and even infiltrated our bodies through food, medicine, and cosmetics. In Aluminum Dreams, Mimi Sheller describes how the materiality and meaning of aluminum transformed modern life and continues to shape the world today. Aluminum, Sheller tells us, changed mobility and mobilized modern life. It enabled air power, the space age and moon landings. Yet, as Sheller makes clear, aluminum was important not only in twentieth- century technology, innovation, architecture, and design but also in underpinning global military power, uneven development, and crucial environmental and health concerns. Sheller describes aluminum's shiny utopia but also its dark side. The unintended consequences of aluminum's widespread use include struggles for sovereignty and resource control in Africa, India, and the Caribbean; the unleashing of multinational corporations; and the pollution of the earth through mining and smelting (and the battle to save it). Using a single material as an entry point to understanding a global history of modernization and its implications for the future, Aluminum Dreams forces us to ask: How do we assemble the material culture of modernity and what are its environmental consequences? Aluminum Dreams includes a generous selection of striking images of iconic aluminum designs, many in color, drawn from advertisements by Alcoa, Bohn, Kaiser, and other major corporations, p amphlets, films, and exhibitions.

  • Environmental Constraints in Thermal Power GenerationAcid Rain

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction to Acid Rain and Carbon Emissions World Concern over Environmental Pollution and Agreements to Control it U.S. Clean Air Act and Amendments Complying with Constraints on the SO2 Emission Rate Surcharges on Emissions Complying with Constraints on Denitrifying Continuous-Emission Monitoring Systems (CEMS) The European Systems: Helsinki Protocol on SO2 and Sofia Protocol on NOx The Japanese Example - City-Wise and Comprehensive A Plant Running out of Emission Allowances NOx Permits are Projected as Important Players in Price Fixing of Power in a Free Market Air Pollution by Carbon Dioxide - CO2 Appendix 6-1 Ambient Air Quality Standards for Residential Areas Appendix 6-2 Ambient Air Quality Standards for Industrial Areas Appendix 6-3 Details on Desulphurization Plants in the United States References

  • Notes

    Information is power. It drives commerce, protects nations, and forms the backbone of systems that range from health care to high finance. Yet despite the avalanche of data available in today's information age, neither institutions nor individuals get the information they truly need to make well- informed decisions. Faulty information and sub-optimal decision-making create an imbalance of power that is exaggerated as governments and corporations amass enormous databases on each of us. Who has more power: the government, in possession of uncounted terabytes of data (some of it obtained by cybersnooping), or the ordinary citizen, trying to get in touch with a government agency? In?? _Missed Information,_??David Sarokin and Jay Schulkin explore information -- not information technology, but information itself -- as a central part of our lives and institutions. They show that providing better information and better access to it improves the quality of our decisions and makes for a more vibrant participatory society. Sarokin and Schulkin argue that freely flowing information helps systems run more efficiently and that incomplete information does just the opposite. It's easier to comparison shop for microwave ovens than for doctors or hospitals because of information gaps that hinder the entire health-care system. Better information about such social ills as child labor and pollution can help consumers support more sustainable products.** **The authors examine the opacity of corporate annual reports, the impenetrability of government secrets, and emerging techniques of "information foraging." The information imbalance of power can be reconfigured, they argue, with greater and more meaningful transparency from government and corporations.

  • Utilization of GSM Measurements for UMTS Site Overlay

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introductory Considerations Using GSM Measurements to Characterize Path Losses in UMTS Neighbor-Cell Overlap and Soft Handover Overhead Measurement Interference and Pilot Pollution Detection References

  • Generation

    Power plants produce electrical energy on a real???time basis. Power generation plants produce the electrical energy that is ultimately delivered to consumers through transmission lines, substations, and distribution lines. Generation plants or power plants consist of three???phase generator(s), the prime mover, and the energy source to serve as the generator's prime mover, control room, and substation. This chapter discusses the more common types of energy resources used to generate electricity that includes steam turbines, hydro turbines, combustion turbines and renewable energy. Fossil fuel power plants use steam turbines that burn coal, oil, natural gas, or just about any combustible material as the fuel resource. Wind generation has increased in popularity and technology has improved tremendously over the last decade. Solar energy comes in two general categories; solar reflective (mirrors) and solar photovoltaic (panels). Both forms of solar energy production are environmentally friendly as they produce no pollution and considered renewable energy resources.

  • Basic Engine Performance Equations

    This revised edition of Taylor's classic work on the internal-combustion engine incorporates changes and additions in engine design and control that have been brought on by the world petroleum crisis, the subsequent emphasis on fuel economy, and the legal restraints on air pollution.The fundamentals and the topical organization, however, remain the same. The analytic rather than merely descriptive treatment of actual engine cycles, the exhaustive studies of air capacity, heat flow, friction, and the effects of cylinder size, and the emphasis on application have been preserved. These are the basic qualities that have made Taylor's work indispensable to more than one generation of engineers and designers of internal-combustion engines, as well as to teachers and graduate students in the fields of power, internal-combustion engineering, and general machine design.Charles Fayette Taylor is Professor of Automotive Engineering Emeritus at MIT. He directed the Sloan Automotive Laborator es at MIT from 1926 to 1960



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