Pollution

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Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into a natural environment that causes instability, disorder, harm or discomfort to the ecosystem i.e. physical systems or living organisms. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Pollution

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2015 IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium (IPDPS)

IPDPS is an international forum for engineers and scientists from around the world to present their latest research findings in all aspects of Parallel Processing.

  • 2013 IEEE International Symposium on Parallel & Distributed Processing (IPDPS)

    Parallel and distributed algorithms, focusing on stability, scalability, and fault-tolerance. Applications of parallel and distributed computing, including web, peer-to-peer, cloud, grid, scientific, and mobile computing. Parallel and distributed architectures including instruction-level and thread-level parallelism; petascale and exascale systems designs. Parallel and distributed software, including parallel and multicore programming languages, compilers, runtime systems, operating systems, and middleware for grids and clouds.

  • 2011 IEEE International Parallel & Distributed Processing Symposium (IPDPS)

    IPDPS is an international forum for engineers and scientists from around the world to present their latest research findings in all aspects of parallel computation. In addition to technical sessions of submitted paper presentations, the meeting offers workshops, tutorials, and commercial presentations & exhibits. IPDPS represents a unique international gathering of computer scientists from around the world.

  • 2010 IEEE International Symposium on Parallel & Distributed Processing (IPDPS)

  • 2009 IEEE International Symposium on Parallel & Distributed Processing (IPDPS)

    IPDPS represents a unique international gathering of computer scientists from around the world. Now, more than ever, we prize this annual meeting as a testament to the strength of international cooperation in seeking to apply computer science technology to the betterment of our global village.

  • 2008 IEEE International Parallel & Distributed Processing Symposium (IPDPS)

    IPDPS is an international forum for engineers and scientists from around the world to present their latest research findings in all aspects of parallel computation. In addition to technical sessions of submitted paper presentations, the meeting offers workshops, tutorials, and commercial presentations and exhibits.


2013 12th International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering (EEEIC)

The scope of the Conference is to promote a Forum, where people involved with electrical power systems may exchange their experiences and present solutions found for actual and future problems. The conference offers prominent academics and industrial practitioners from all over the world the forum for discussion about the future of electrical energy and environmental issues and presents a base for identifying directions for continuation of research.


2012 13th International Conference on Optimization of Electrical and Electronic Equipment (OPTIM)

The conference provides a forum for presentation and discussion of the state-of-art in electrical and electronic equipment and related areas, with inputs form industry and academia. The main topics cover: power electronics, electrical machines, electromagnetics, control systems, image processing; mechatronics, renewable energy, nano-electronics, system integration and electrical engineering education.


2012 2nd International Conference on Remote Sensing, Environment and Transportation Engineering (RSETE)

RSETE 2012 aims to provide a high-level international forum for researchers and engineers to present and discuss recent advances, new techniques and applications in the field of environment such as remote sensing, transportation, as well as environment engineering, etc.


2012 6th International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering (iCBBE)

Bioinformatics, Computational Biology, Biomedical Engineering


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Periodicals related to Pollution

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Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, IEEE Transactions on

Electrical insulation common to the design and construction of components and equipment for use in electric and electronic circuits and distribution systems at all frequencies.


Sensors Journal, IEEE

The Field of Interest of the IEEE Sensors Journal is the science and applications of sensing phenomena, including theory, design, and application of devices for sensing and transducing physical, chemical, and biological phenomena. The emphasis is on the electronics, physics, biology, and intelligence aspects of sensors and integrated sensor-actuators. (IEEE Guide for Authors) (The fields of interest of the IEEE ...



Most published Xplore authors for Pollution

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Xplore Articles related to Pollution

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Development of calibration tools for model based engine control strategies

F. De Cristofaro; A. Funel; S. Scala Proceedings of 2003 IEEE Conference on Control Applications, 2003. CCA 2003., 2003

In order to meet the legislation requirements on pollutant emissions, spark- ignition engines equipped by a three-way catalyst require a precise control of the Air Fuel Ratio (AFR) fed to the combustion chamber. A stoichiometric mixture is necessary for the proper working of the catalyst. The AFR control is fundamentally composed of two parts: Open Loop (OLC) and Closed Loop ...


A high-performance instrumentation system to measure the fluorescence kinetics of plants for in vivo photosynthesis research

G. Bulgarea; M. Boukadoum IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, 2001

This paper presents the design and application of a new type of pulse amplitude modulated fluorimeter (PAM) that uses an optical system based on an integrating sphere to improve the rapid assessment of in vivo photosynthesis in green plants and algae. The lightweight instrument was designed for rechargeable battery operation and can easily be transported for field measurements. Its integrating ...


Geometric estimation of probability measures in high-dimensions

Mauro Maggioni 2013 Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers, 2013

We are interested in constructing adaptive probability models for high- dimensional data that is well-approximated by low-dimensional geometric structures. We discuss a family of estimators for probability distributions based on data-adaptive multiscale geometric approximations. They are particularly effective when the probability distribution concentrates near low-dimensional sets, having sample and computational complexity depending mildly (linearly in cases of interest) in the ...


Batteries and hypercapacitors selection criteria for a series hybrid bus

G. M. Taraba; J. P. Cebreiro; H. E. Tacca Power Electronics in Transportation, 2002, 2002

Series hybrid propulsion system buses are one of the possible alternatives in order to save fuel and reduce environmental pollution. They also present comfort advantages for the passenger due to the easy vehicle access. This paper introduce different criteria useful to select batteries and hypercapacitors for series hybrid bus propulsion system.


Assessment of Efficiency Improvement Techniques for Future Power Electronics Intensive Hybrid Electric Vehicle Drive Trains

Xin Li; Sheldon S. Williamson 2007 IEEE Canada Electrical Power Conference, 2007

It is obvious that the transportation sector consumes a large portion of the global oil and emits a vast amount of greenhouse gases (GHG). Furthermore, sets of serious issues, such as environmental pollution, global warming, and petroleum shortage have been brought to the attention of governments worldwide. For the latest two decades, with the intention of meeting the rigorous governmental ...


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Educational Resources on Pollution

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eLearning

Development of calibration tools for model based engine control strategies

F. De Cristofaro; A. Funel; S. Scala Proceedings of 2003 IEEE Conference on Control Applications, 2003. CCA 2003., 2003

In order to meet the legislation requirements on pollutant emissions, spark- ignition engines equipped by a three-way catalyst require a precise control of the Air Fuel Ratio (AFR) fed to the combustion chamber. A stoichiometric mixture is necessary for the proper working of the catalyst. The AFR control is fundamentally composed of two parts: Open Loop (OLC) and Closed Loop ...


A high-performance instrumentation system to measure the fluorescence kinetics of plants for in vivo photosynthesis research

G. Bulgarea; M. Boukadoum IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, 2001

This paper presents the design and application of a new type of pulse amplitude modulated fluorimeter (PAM) that uses an optical system based on an integrating sphere to improve the rapid assessment of in vivo photosynthesis in green plants and algae. The lightweight instrument was designed for rechargeable battery operation and can easily be transported for field measurements. Its integrating ...


Geometric estimation of probability measures in high-dimensions

Mauro Maggioni 2013 Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers, 2013

We are interested in constructing adaptive probability models for high- dimensional data that is well-approximated by low-dimensional geometric structures. We discuss a family of estimators for probability distributions based on data-adaptive multiscale geometric approximations. They are particularly effective when the probability distribution concentrates near low-dimensional sets, having sample and computational complexity depending mildly (linearly in cases of interest) in the ...


Batteries and hypercapacitors selection criteria for a series hybrid bus

G. M. Taraba; J. P. Cebreiro; H. E. Tacca Power Electronics in Transportation, 2002, 2002

Series hybrid propulsion system buses are one of the possible alternatives in order to save fuel and reduce environmental pollution. They also present comfort advantages for the passenger due to the easy vehicle access. This paper introduce different criteria useful to select batteries and hypercapacitors for series hybrid bus propulsion system.


Assessment of Efficiency Improvement Techniques for Future Power Electronics Intensive Hybrid Electric Vehicle Drive Trains

Xin Li; Sheldon S. Williamson 2007 IEEE Canada Electrical Power Conference, 2007

It is obvious that the transportation sector consumes a large portion of the global oil and emits a vast amount of greenhouse gases (GHG). Furthermore, sets of serious issues, such as environmental pollution, global warming, and petroleum shortage have been brought to the attention of governments worldwide. For the latest two decades, with the intention of meeting the rigorous governmental ...


More eLearning Resources

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Temporal Layering and Interlinking of Cosmopolitan Commons in Nature's Spaces

    With the advent of modernity, the sharing of resources and infrastructures rapidly expanded beyond local communities into regional, national, and even transnational space -- nowhere as visibly as in Europe, with its small-scale political divisions. This volume views these shared resource spaces as the seedbeds of a new generation of technology-rich bureaucratic and transnational commons. Drawing on the theory of cosmopolitanism, which seeks to model the dynamics of an increasingly interdependent world, and on the tradition of commons scholarship inspired by the late Elinor Ostrom, the book develops a new theory of "cosmopolitan commons" that provides a framework for merging the study of technology with such issues as risk, moral order, and sustainability at levels beyond the nation-state. After laying out the theoretical framework, the book presents case studies that explore the empirical nuances: airspace as transport commons, radio broadcasting, hydropower, weather forecasting and genetic diversity as information commons, transboundary air pollution, and two "capstone" studies of interlinked, temporally layered commons: one on overlapping commons within the North Sea for freight, fishing, and fossil fuels; and one on commons for transport, salmon fishing, and clean water in the Rhine.Contributors:Håkon With Andersen, Nil Disco, Paul N. Edwards, Arne Kaijser, Eda Kranakis, Kristiina Korjonen-Kuusipuro, Tiago Saraiva, Nina WormbsThe hardcover edition does not include a dust jacket.

  • The conservative volume element

    This chapter contains sections titled: Mass transport balance, A generalised numerical integration of the conservation equations for mass, heat, momentum, etc., Mass transport balance with chemical reactions, References

  • Hydrogen's Discovery: Phlogiston and Inflammable Air

    Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe. An invisible, tasteless, colorless gas, it can be converted to nonpolluting, zero-emission, renewable energy. When burned in an internal combustion engine, hydrogen produces mostly harmless water vapor. It performs even better in fuel cells, which can be 2.5 times as efficient as internal-combustion engines. Zero- emission hydrogen does not contribute to CO2-caused global warming. Abundant and renewable, it is unlikely to be subject to geopolitical pressures or scarcity concerns. In this new edition of his pioneering book Tomorrow's Energy, Peter Hoffmann makes the case for hydrogen as the cornerstone of a new energy economy. Hoffmann covers the major aspects of hydrogen production, storage, transportation, fuel use, and safety. He explains that hydrogen is not an energy source but a carrier, like electricity, and introduces the concept of "hydricity," the essential interchangeability of electricity and hydrogen. He brings the hydrogen story up to date, reporting on the latest developments, including new hydrogen and fuel-cell cars from GM, Daimler, BMW, Honda, and Toyota. He describes recent political controversies, including Obama administration Energy Secretary (and Nobel laureate in Physics) Steven Chu's inexplicable dismissal of hydrogen--which puts him at odds with major automakers, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, and others. Our current energy system is a complex infrastructure, and phasing in hydrogen will take effort and money. But if we consider the real costs of fossil fuels--pollution and its effects, international tensions over gas and oil supplies, and climate change--we would be wise to promote its development.

  • Index

    Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe. An invisible, tasteless, colorless gas, it can be converted to nonpolluting, zero-emission, renewable energy. When burned in an internal combustion engine, hydrogen produces mostly harmless water vapor. It performs even better in fuel cells, which can be 2.5 times as efficient as internal-combustion engines. Zero- emission hydrogen does not contribute to CO2-caused global warming. Abundant and renewable, it is unlikely to be subject to geopolitical pressures or scarcity concerns. In this new edition of his pioneering book Tomorrow's Energy, Peter Hoffmann makes the case for hydrogen as the cornerstone of a new energy economy. Hoffmann covers the major aspects of hydrogen production, storage, transportation, fuel use, and safety. He explains that hydrogen is not an energy source but a carrier, like electricity, and introduces the concept of "hydricity," the essential interchangeability of electricity and hydrogen. He brings the hydrogen story up to date, reporting on the latest developments, including new hydrogen and fuel-cell cars from GM, Daimler, BMW, Honda, and Toyota. He describes recent political controversies, including Obama administration Energy Secretary (and Nobel laureate in Physics) Steven Chu's inexplicable dismissal of hydrogen--which puts him at odds with major automakers, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, and others. Our current energy system is a complex infrastructure, and phasing in hydrogen will take effort and money. But if we consider the real costs of fossil fuels--pollution and its effects, international tensions over gas and oil supplies, and climate change--we would be wise to promote its development.

  • Flow of Fluids

    This revised edition of Taylor's classic work on the internal-combustion engine incorporates changes and additions in engine design and control that have been brought on by the world petroleum crisis, the subsequent emphasis on fuel economy, and the legal restraints on air pollution.The fundamentals and the topical organization, however, remain the same. The analytic rather than merely descriptive treatment of actual engine cycles, the exhaustive studies of air capacity, heat flow, friction, and the effects of cylinder size, and the emphasis on application have been preserved. These are the basic qualities that have made Taylor's work indispensable to more than one generation of engineers and designers of internal-combustion engines, as well as to teachers and graduate students in the fields of power, internal-combustion engineering, and general machine design.Charles Fayette Taylor is Professor of Automotive Engineering Emeritus at MIT. He directed the Sloan Automotive Laborator es at MIT from 1926 to 1960

  • Multi-box models

    This chapter contains sections titled: Multi-box models without chemical reactions, Multi-box models with chemical reactions, Simple box models, Simple box models with chemical reactions, The simple box model as a street-level submodel, References

  • Contamination Flashover Models

    This chapter contains sections titled: General Classification of Partial Discharges Dry-Band Arcing on Contaminated Surfaces Electrical Arcing on Wet, Contaminated Surfaces Residual Resistance of Polluted Layer dc Pollution Flashover Modeling ac Pollution Flashover Modeling Theoretical Modeling for Cold-Fog Flashover Future Directions for Pollution Flashover Modeling Précis References

  • The Bright Side

    Aluminum shaped the twentieth century. It enabled high-speed travel and gravity-defying flight. It was the material of a streamlined aesthetic that came to represent modernity. And it became an essential ingredient in industrial and domestic products that ranged from airplanes and cars to designer chairs and artificial Christmas trees. It entered modern homes as packaging, foil, pots and pans and even infiltrated our bodies through food, medicine, and cosmetics. In Aluminum Dreams, Mimi Sheller describes how the materiality and meaning of aluminum transformed modern life and continues to shape the world today. Aluminum, Sheller tells us, changed mobility and mobilized modern life. It enabled air power, the space age and moon landings. Yet, as Sheller makes clear, aluminum was important not only in twentieth- century technology, innovation, architecture, and design but also in underpinning global military power, uneven development, and crucial environmental and health concerns. Sheller describes aluminum's shiny utopia but also its dark side. The unintended consequences of aluminum's widespread use include struggles for sovereignty and resource control in Africa, India, and the Caribbean; the unleashing of multinational corporations; and the pollution of the earth through mining and smelting (and the battle to save it). Using a single material as an entry point to understanding a global history of modernization and its implications for the future, Aluminum Dreams forces us to ask: How do we assemble the material culture of modernity and what are its environmental consequences? Aluminum Dreams includes a generous selection of striking images of iconic aluminum designs, many in color, drawn from advertisements by Alcoa, Bohn, Kaiser, and other major corporations, p amphlets, films, and exhibitions.

  • Analysis of Light, Spring Indicator Diagram

    This revised edition of Taylor's classic work on the internal-combustion engine incorporates changes and additions in engine design and control that have been brought on by the world petroleum crisis, the subsequent emphasis on fuel economy, and the legal restraints on air pollution.The fundamentals and the topical organization, however, remain the same. The analytic rather than merely descriptive treatment of actual engine cycles, the exhaustive studies of air capacity, heat flow, friction, and the effects of cylinder size, and the emphasis on application have been preserved. These are the basic qualities that have made Taylor's work indispensable to more than one generation of engineers and designers of internal-combustion engines, as well as to teachers and graduate students in the fields of power, internal-combustion engineering, and general machine design.Charles Fayette Taylor is Professor of Automotive Engineering Emeritus at MIT. He directed the Sloan Automotive Laborator es at MIT from 1926 to 1960

  • Appendix B: U.S. Renewable Energy Funding

    Ten years ago, America's brief love affair with renewable energy sources came to an abrupt end, the victim of declining oil prices and government indifference. But renewable energy remains the only viable long-term alternative to depletable and polluting oil, gas, and coal. Cool Energy provides the first major review of progress in the field of renewable energy technologies - solar, wind, biomass (plant matter), hydroelectric, and geothermal - since the mid-1980s. It analyzes their near-term and long-term potential to displace fossil fuels, and illuminates the role they could play in mitigating environmental problems such as air pollution, acid rain, and global warming.Energy-policy specialist Michael Brower argues that, with the right policies, renewable energy could provide as much as half of America's energy needs within forty years. He identifies the market barriers that will have to be removed and argues that if the hidden costs of fossil fuels are taken into consideration, renewables appear to be a cheaper source of new energy supply than fossil fuels: the reliability and efficiency of their equipment have improved and the cost of installing, maintaining, and running renewable systems has declined.Brower devotes a chapter to each renewable energy source, describes its current application, and discusses its costs. He also analyzes new technologies under development and assesses their positive and negative attributes. Introductory chapters set renewables in the context of current energy and environmental policy, and the last chapter outlines steps that can help speed the transition to a renewable-energy economy.Michael Brower is a physicist and holds the position of Research Director for the Union of Concerned Scientists.



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