Conferences related to Photovoltaic cells

Back to Top

2018 16th IEEE International New Circuits and Systems Conference (NEWCAS)

NEWCAS2018 will encompass a wide range of special sessions and keynote talks given by prominent expertscovering key areas of research in microsystems in order to provide all attendees a unique forum for the exchange of ideas and results. The program of the conference will be tailored to reflect the wide spectrum of topics and research interest shared by researchers in this field.

  • 2017 15th IEEE International New Circuits and Systems Conference (NEWCAS)

    IEEE International NEWCAS Conference is tailored to reflect the wide spectrum of topics and research interests shared among the organizing entities. This collaboration will be oriented towards advanced research and development activities from academia, research institutions, and industry. Topics include, but are not limited to analog, mixed-signal, and digital integrated circuits and systems, radio-frequency circuits, computer architecture and memories, microsystems, sensors and actuators, test and verification, telecommunication, technology trends, power and energy circuits and systems, biomedical circuits, energy harvesting, computer-aided design tools, device modeling, and embedded portable devices.

  • 2016 14th IEEE International New Circuits and Systems Conference (NEWCAS)

    IEEE International NEWCAS Conference is tailored to reflect the wide spectrum of topics and research interests shared among the organizing entities. This collaboration will be oriented towards advanced research and development activities from academia, research institutions, and industry. Topics include, but are not limited to analog, mixed-signal, and digital integrated circuits and systems, radio-frequqncy circuits, computer architecture and memories, microsystems, sensors and actuators, test and verification, telecommunication, technology trends, power and energy circuits and systems, biomedical circuits, energy harvesting, computer-aided design tools, and embedded portable devices.

  • 2015 IEEE 13th International New Circuits and Systems Conference (NEWCAS)

    The program of the conference will be tailored to reflect the wide spectrum of topics and research interest shared among the organizing entities. This collaboration will be oriented towards advanced research in adaptive systems which constitutes the highlights of the NEWCAS conference, but also areas related to analog and digital signal processing, low power consumption, and circuits and systems designs. The topics include, but are not limited to: Computer architecture and memories, Analog circuit design, Digital and mixed-signal circuit design, RF circuit design, Microsystems, sensors and actuators, Test and verification, Telecom, microwaves and RF, Technology Trends, Data and signal processing, Neural networks and artificial vision, CAD and design tools, Low-Power circ. & syst. techniques, Imaging & image sensors, Embedded hand-held devices, Biomed. circuits & systems, Energy Harvesting / Scavenging

  • 2014 IEEE 12th International New Circuits and Systems Conference (NEWCAS)

    will encompass a wide range of special sessions and keynote talks given by prominent experts covering key areas of research in microsystems in order to provide all attendees a unique forum for the exchange of ideas and results. The program of the conference will be tailored to reflect the wide spectrum of topics and research interest shared by researchers in this field.

  • 2013 IEEE 11th International New Circuits and Systems Conference (NEWCAS)

    NEWCAS is a major international conference presenting design methodologies, techniques and experimental results in emerging electronics, circuits and systems topics. The NEWCAS conference deals with analog and digital signal processing, low power consumption, circuits and systems design.

  • 2012 IEEE 10th International New Circuits and Systems Conference (NEWCAS)

    The conference will include regular and special session on emerging electronic systems and design methods, plenary sessions on selected advanced aspects of the theory, design and applications of electronic systems, as well as tutorials given by experts on specific topics.

  • 2011 IEEE 9th International New Circuits and Systems Conference (NEWCAS)

    NEWCAS is a major international conference presenting design methodologies, techniques and experimental results in emerging electronics, circuits and systems topics. The NEWCAS conference deals with analog and digital signal processing, low power consumption, circuits and systems design.

  • 2010 8th IEEE International NEWCAS Conference (NEWCAS)

    The conference will include regular and special session on emerging electronic systems and design methods, plenary sessions on selected advanced aspects of the theory, design and applications of electronic systems, as well as tutorials given by experts on specific topics.

  • 2009 Joint IEEE North-East Workshop on Circuits and Systems (NEWCAS) and TAISA Conference (NEWCAS-TAISA 2009)

    Advance in microelectronics in addition to signal analog processing, and their applications to telecommunications, artificial vision and biomedical. This include: system architectures, circuit (digital, analog and mixed) and system-level design, test and verification, data and signal processing, microsystems, memories and sensors and associated analog processing, mathematical methods and design tools.

  • 2008 Joint IEEE North-East Workshop on Circuits and Systems (NEWCAS) and TAISA Conference (NEWCAS-TAISA 2008)

    Advanced research in microelectronics and microsystems constitutes the highlights of the NEWCAS conferences in addition to topics regarding analog data and signal processing and their applications well-established in the TAISA conferences.

  • 2006 IEEE North-East Workshop on Circuits and Systems (NEWCAS 2006)

  • 2005 IEEE North-East Workshop on Circuits and Systems (NEWCAS 2005)

  • 2004 IEEE North-East Workshop on Circuits and Systems (NEWCAS 2004)


2018 IEEE 16th International Conference on Industrial Informatics (INDIN)

The aim of INDIN´18 is to bring together researchers and practitioners from industry and academia and provide them with a platform to report and discuss recent developments, deployments, technology trends and research results, as well as initiatives related to industrial informatics and their application.


2018 IEEE 18th International Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

Nanotechnology

  • 2017 IEEE 17th International Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

    IEEE Nano is one of the largest nanotechnology conferences in the world, directly sponsored by the IEEE Nanotechnology Council. IEEE NANO 2017 will provide an international forum for inspiration, interactions and exchange of ideas in a wide variety of branches of nanotechnology and nanoscience, through feature tutorials, workshops, and track sessions; plenary and invited talks from the world most renowned scientists and engineers; exhibition of software, hardware, equipment, materials, services and literature. It is a must for students, educators, researchers, scientists and engineers engaged in a wide range of nanotechnology fields and related applications, including electronic materials, photonics, biotechnology, medicine, alternative energy, environment and electronic devices.

  • 2016 IEEE 16th International Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

    IEEE-NANO is the flagship IEEE Nanotechnology conference. The conference scope covers a wide range in nanoscience and technology. In particular, it covers nanofabrication, nanomanufacturing, nanomaerials, nanobiomedicine, nanoenergy, nanoplasmonics, nanoelectronics, nanosensors and nanoactuators, characterisation and modelling of nano structures and devices. Research in both experiments and simulation is reported. Industry is encouraged to present its research projects.

  • 2015 IEEE 15th International Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

    The conference scope is to bring together researchers, industry workers, entrepreneurs and funding agency leaders, in the general area of nanotechnology. IEEE NANO 2015 will provide a forum for the exchange of ideas, interaction, networking and collaboration for research and development in nanotechnology with special attention to the latest advances in nanotechnology

  • 2014 IEEE 14th International Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

    NANO is the flagship IEEE conference in Nanotechnology, which makes it a must for students, educators, researchers, scientists and engineers alike, working at the interface of nanotechnology and the many fields of electronic materials, photonics, bio-and medical devices, alternative energy, environmental protection, and multiple areas of current and future electrical and electronic applications. In each of these areas, NANO is the conference where practitioners will see nanotechnologies at work in both their own and related fields, from basic research and theory to industrial applications.

  • 2013 IEEE 13th International Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

    Nanoelectronics, nanomanufacturing, nanomaterials, nanodevice, nanofibration, nanofluidics, nano-bio-medicine, NEMS applications, nanocircuits, nanorobotics, nanomanipulation, nanosensors and actuators, nanophotonics, nanomagnetics, micro-to-nano-scale bridging

  • 2012 IEEE 12th International Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

    The conference scope covers a wide range in nanoscience and technology. In particular, it covers nanofabrication, nanomanufacturing, nanomaerials, nanobiomedicine, nanoenergy, nanoplasmonics, nanoelectronics, nanosensors and nanoactuators, characterisation and modelling of nano structures and devices. Research in both experiments and simulation is reported. Industry is encouraged to present its research projects.

  • 2011 10th Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

    1. Nanomaterials and Nanostructures 2. Nanoelectronics and Nanodevices 3. Nanophotonics 4. Nano biotechnology and Nanomedicine 5. Nanorobotics and NEMS

  • 2011 IEEE 11th International Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

    All areas of nanotechnology within the areas of IEEE interest, as covered by the member societies of the Nanotechnology Council.

  • 2010 IEEE 10th Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

    - More Moore, More than Moore and Beyond-CMOS - Nano-optics, Nano-Photonics, Plasmonics, Nano-optoelectronics - Nanofabrication, Nanolithography, Nano Manipulation, Nanotools - Nanomaterials and Nanostructures - Nanocarbon, Nanodiamond, Graphene and CNT Based Technologies - Nano-sensors and Nano Membranes - Modeling and Simulation - System Integration (Nano/Micro/Macro), NEMS, and Actuators - Molecular Electronics, Inorganic Nanowires, Nanocrystals, Quantum Dots

  • 2009 9th IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

    THE CONFERENCE FOCUSES ON THE APPLICATION OF NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY. SPECIFICALLY, BOTH ENGINEERING ISSUE RELATED TO NANOFABBRICATION , NANOELECTRONICS, SENSOR SYSTEMS WILL BE COVERED IN ADDITION FOUNDAMENTAL ISSUES SUCH AS MODELLING, SYNTHESIS, CARACTARIZATION ETC.

  • 2008 8th IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

    This conference is the sequel to meetings held in Maui (2001), Washington (2002), San Francisco (2003), Munich (2004), Nagoya (2005), Cinncinati (2006), and Hong Kong (2007). The conference focus will be on engineering and business issues related to nanoelectronics, circuits, architectures, sensor systems, integration, reliability and manufacturing in addition to fundamental issues such as modeling, growth/synthesis, and characterization. The conference will feature plenary, invited, and contributed papers

  • 2007 7th IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

  • 2006 6th IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

  • 2005 5th IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

  • 2004 4th IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

  • 2003 3rd IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

  • 2002 2nd IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)

  • 2001 1st IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)


2018 IEEE 18th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference (PEMC)

Promote and co-ordinate the exchange and the publication of technical, scientific and economic information in the field of Power Electronics and Motion Control with special focus on countries less involved in IEEE related activities. The main taget is to create a forum for industrial and academic community.

  • 2016 IEEE International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference (PEMC)

    The IEEE Power Electronics and Motion Control (IEEE-PEMC) conference continues to be the oldest in Europe and is a direct continuation of the conferences held since 1970. Its main goal is to promote and co-ordinate the exchange and publication of technical, scientific and economic information on Power Electronics and Motion Control. One of its main objectives is the cooperation and integration between the long-time divided Western and Eastern Europe, this goal expressed in the conference logo, as well. The conference attracts now a large number (roughly 500+) of participants from the world. An exhibition is organised in parallel with every PEMC Conference, offering space for the industry to present their latest products for Power Electronics and Motion Control. In addition to the regular oral sessions, key notes, round tables, tutorials, workshops, seminars, exhibitions, the dialogue sessions (enlarged “poster” presentations) present to the speakers a better cooperation opportunity.

  • 2014 16th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference (PEMC)

    The purpose of the 16th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference and Exposition (PEMC) is to bring together researchers, engineers and practitioners from all over the world, interested in the advances of power systems, power electronics, energy, electrical drives and education. The PEMC seeks to promote and disseminate knowledge of the various topics and technologies of power engineering, energy and electrical drives. The PEMC aims to present the important results to the international community of power engineering, energy, electrical drives fields and education in the form of research, development, applications, design and technology. It is therefore aimed at assisting researchers, scientists, manufacturers, companies, communities, agencies, associations and societies to keep abreast of new developments in their specialist fields and to unite in finding power engineering issues.

  • 2012 EPE-ECCE Europe Congress

    Power Electronics and Motion Control.

  • 2010 14th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference (EPE/PEMC 2010)

    Semiconductor Devices and Packaging, Power Converters, Electrical Machines, Actuators, Motion Control, Robotics, Adjustable Speed Drives, Application and Design of Power Electronics circuits, Measurements, Sensors, Observing Techniques, Electromagnetic Compatibility, Power Electronics in Transportation, Mechatronics, Power Electronics in Electrical Energy Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Renewable Energy Sources, Active Filtering, Power Factor Correction

  • 2008 13th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference (EPE/PEMC 2008)

  • 2006 12th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference (EPE/PEMC 2006)


2018 IEEE 27th International Symposium on Industrial Electronics (ISIE)

The conference will provide a forum for discussions and presentations of advancements in knowledge, new methods and technologies relevant to industrial electronics, along with their applications and future developments.


More Conferences

Periodicals related to Photovoltaic cells

Back to Top

Electron Devices, IEEE Transactions on

Publishes original and significant contributions relating to the theory, design, performance and reliability of electron devices, including optoelectronics devices, nanoscale devices, solid-state devices, integrated electronic devices, energy sources, power devices, displays, sensors, electro-mechanical devices, quantum devices and electron tubes.


Energy Conversion, IEEE Transaction on

Research, development, design, application, construction, installation, and operation of electric power generating facilities (along with their conventional, nuclear, or renewable sources) for the safe, reliable, and economic generation of electrical energy for general industrial, commercial, public, and domestic consumption, and electromechanical energy conversion for the use of electrical energy


Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on

Theory and applications of industrial electronics and control instrumentation science and engineering, including microprocessor control systems, high-power controls, process control, programmable controllers, numerical and program control systems, flow meters, and identification systems.


Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on

The development and application of electric systems, apparatus, devices, and controls to the processes and equipment of industry and commerce; the promotion of safe, reliable, and economic installations; the encouragement of energy conservation; the creation of voluntary engineering standards and recommended practices.


Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on

Measurements and instrumentation utilizing electrical and electronic techniques.


More Periodicals

Most published Xplore authors for Photovoltaic cells

Back to Top

Xplore Articles related to Photovoltaic cells

Back to Top

Improved bulk-heterojunction polymer solar cells with paraphenylenevinylene and fullerene

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u"Department of Physics and Physical Oceanography, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL A1B 3X7, Canada", u'full_name': u'Yanfei Ding'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u"Department of Physics and Physical Oceanography, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL A1B 3X7, Canada", u'full_name': u'Qiying Chen'}] 2009 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and 2009 Conference on Quantum electronics and Laser Science Conference, None

We report bulk-heterojunction solar cells consisting of poly [2-methoxy, 5 ethyl (2' hexyloxy) paraphenylenevinylene] (MEH-PPV) as a donor and [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) as an acceptor with improved performance after optimization of device parameters.


CIGS absorber layer by single-step non-vacuum intense pulsed light treatment of inkjet-printed film

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'International Advanced Research Center for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI), PO Balapur, Hyderabad 500 005, India', u'full_name': u'Sanjay R. Dhage'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'International Advanced Research Center for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI), PO Balapur, Hyderabad 500 005, India', u'full_name': u'P. S. Chandrasekhar'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'International Advanced Research Center for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI), PO Balapur, Hyderabad 500 005, India', u'full_name': u'S. B. Chandrasekhar'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'International Advanced Research Center for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI), PO Balapur, Hyderabad 500 005, India', u'full_name': u'Shrikant V. Joshi'}] 2014 IEEE 40th Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC), None

Non-vacuum processes are of great interest for development of low-cost chalcopyrite-based photovoltaic technologies. Apart from the expensive vacuum- based routes that are widely adopted, another negative feature of the popularly employed methods is the need for selenization treatment, which significantly impacts the microstructure of the absorber layer and, in turn, also determines the performance of the device. A novel process ...


Electro-optical characterization of n-CdS nanowires/p-CdTe heterojunction solar cell devices

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, and Center for Nanoscale Science and Engineering, (CeNSE), University of Kentucky, Lexington, 40506-0046, U.S.A.', u'full_name': u'Hongmei Dang'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, and Center for Nanoscale Science and Engineering, (CeNSE), University of Kentucky, Lexington, 40506-0046, U.S.A.', u'full_name': u'Vijay P. Singh'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, and Center for Nanoscale Science and Engineering, (CeNSE), University of Kentucky, Lexington, 40506-0046, U.S.A.', u'full_name': u'Sai Guduru'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, and Center for Nanoscale Science and Engineering, (CeNSE), University of Kentucky, Lexington, 40506-0046, U.S.A.', u'full_name': u'John Bowie'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'affiliation': u'Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, and Center for Nanoscale Science and Engineering, (CeNSE), University of Kentucky, Lexington, 40506-0046, U.S.A.', u'full_name': u'Daniel Cambron'}] 2014 IEEE 40th Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC), None

Arrays of 100 nm long n-cadmium sulfide (CdS) nanowires were investigated as window layers for solar cells. These arrays exhibited enhanced transmission especially for wavelengths below 512 nm. Next, films of CdTe were deposited by CSS and the solar cell devices completed. I-V and C-V characteristics were measured in the temperature range of 100-300 °K. Analysis indicated that interface recombination ...


Deeply etched grating structures for enhanced absorption in thin c-Si solar cells

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'Gratings Inc., Albuquerque, NM, USA', u'full_name': u'S. H. Zaidi'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'Gratings Inc., Albuquerque, NM, USA', u'full_name': u'R. Marquadt'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'full_name': u'B. Minhas'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'full_name': u'J. W. Tringe'}] Conference Record of the Twenty-Ninth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 2002., None

Sub-wavelength periodic structures in crystalline-silicon (c-Si) for solar cell applications can be designed for maximizing optical absorption in thin films. We have investigated optical response of deeply etched c-Si grating structures using rigorous modeling, hemispherical reflectance, one-sun LIV, and internal quantum efficiency measurements. Model calculations predict that almost ∼ 100 % optical absorption can be achieved in subwavelength 2D structures ...


Defect Diagnostics of Scribing Failures and Cu-Rich Debris in Cu(In,Ga)Se<inline-formula><tex-math>$_2$ </tex-math></inline-formula> Thin-Film Solar Modules With Electroluminescence and Thermography

[{u'author_order': 1, u'affiliation': u'IEK-5 Photovoltaik, Forschungszentrum J&#252;lich, J&#x00FC;lich, Germany', u'full_name': u'Boris Misic'}, {u'author_order': 2, u'affiliation': u'IEK-5 Photovoltaik, Forschungszentrum J&#252;lich, J&#x00FC;lich, Germany', u'full_name': u'Bart E. Pieters'}, {u'author_order': 3, u'affiliation': u'Manz AG, Reutlingen, Germany', u'full_name': u'Ulrich Schweitzer'}, {u'author_order': 4, u'affiliation': u'IEK-5 Photovoltaik, Forschungszentrum J&#252;lich, J&#x00FC;lich, Germany', u'full_name': u'Andreas Gerber'}, {u'author_order': 5, u'affiliation': u'IEK-5 Photovoltaik, Forschungszentrum J&#252;lich, J&#x00FC;lich, Germany', u'full_name': u'Uwe Rau'}] IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, 2015

We study the appearance of both scribing failures and Cu-rich debris, formed during Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) coevaporation, in electroluminescence (EL) and dark lock-in thermography (DLIT) images. We observe that for most of the defect types, there is a characteristic appearance of EL and DLIT that allows reliable diagnostics. We also point to defect scenarios where different defects appear similar. With regard ...


More Xplore Articles

Educational Resources on Photovoltaic cells

Back to Top

eLearning

No eLearning Articles are currently tagged "Photovoltaic cells"

IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Two- and Three-Dimensional Numerical Simulation of Advanced Silicon Solar Cells

  • The Next Generation

    This chapter reviews what the First Solar Generation had achieved by the end of the authors' time frame, as the photovoltaic (PV) sector got ready to pass the batten to the next generation. In the search for a balanced view of what the sector had so far achieved, it puts the First Solar Generation in the spotlight, being interviewed by the renowned hard‐nosed reporter A Sceptical World (ASW). Accordingly, the responses in this interview are based on the situation and information available at the end of the nineteenth century. The early driver of energy security remains extremely prominent. The major obstacle, high cost, is rapidly being overcome. The Second Solar Generation is already in the driving seat. The global PV industry is immensely larger than that which ended the previous century.

  • Photovoltaic Devices

    The history and advancement of solar cell device technology has been remarkable due to the tremendous advances in solar energy conversion efficiency and the breadth of materials used in photovoltaics. Never has the timing been more important than now for this clean and abundant energy source to become a major, if not dominant component of humankind's energy resource. This chapter provides an historical review from the early days of photovoltaic research and development to the present day in which efficiencies exceeding 40% have been widely demonstrated, silicon photovoltaics have produced performance close to theoretical boundaries for that material system, polycrystalline thin films on inexpensive substrates are en route to economic viability, and nanostructure-enabled physics is being adapted for use in new generations of photovoltaic technologies.

  • Economics of Solar Generation

    This chapter discusses the comparative economics for off‐grid and grid‐linked applications. It then looks at the factors that drive solar system costs, and shows how prices developed after the heady $100+/W level inherited from the space industry. The measure used in the chapter, dollars per watt, is obtained simply by dividing the price1 in US dollars by the nominal output under standard test conditions in watts peak (Wp) of the solar cell, module, or system. To derive the total system cost, one can simply add the balance‐of‐system costs to the module. To obtain a target for the required cost of PV, people need to do is define the electricity price they have to compete with, and run this calculation backward to find the acceptable capital cost. The MUSIC FM study conducted for the European Commission in 1996 identified how solar module costs equivalent to about $0.70/W could be achieved.

  • Solar&#x2010;Cell&#x2010;Integrated Antennas

    This chapter contains sections titled: Integration of Antennas with Solar Cells Nonplanar Solar‐Cell‐Integrated Antennas Planar Solar‐Cell‐Integrated Antennas Conclusions References

  • CMOS Dual&#x2010;mode Energy&#x2010;harvesting&#x2010;image Sensor

    Recently, with the benefit of low power, high speed, and feasibility of system‐on‐chip (SoC) integration, Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) image sensors (CIS) are replacing power‐hungry charge‐coupled devices (CCD) in many biomedical applications. This chapter introduces an energy harvesting type ultra‐low‐power CIS design with an integrated power management system (PMS) towards personal diagnosis application. It explains the design details of the new energy high‐energy harvesting image (EHI) pixel structure and pixel operations. The chapter describes the details of the readout circuitry block design, as well as other ultra‐low power functional imaging and energy harvesting blocks. It also introduces the overall architecture of the EHI imager with PMS. With the 96 × 96 sensor array under 1‐V power supply, the power consumption is only 6 μW with 5 fps speed, and simulated and measured performance characteristics of the EHI CIS are also presented.

  • Large Area Electronics

    Progress made in thin film technology in the last century has underpinned some of the major developments in large area electronics, which encompass devices ranging from displays and imaging arrays to solar cells. The thin-film transistor backplane has become the key component in active matrix flat-panel displays based on liquid crystal technology and organic light emitting diodes, and large area (human size) bio-medical imaging. The technology also forms the basis of thin film solar cells which occupy a significant portion of the energy market. This chapter provides an overview of some of the most important breakthroughs in the field of large area electronics.

  • Photovoltaic Research

    This chapter deals with research and development on hardware components of photovoltaic (PV) installations. It considers PV technology and the research activities devoted to improving its performance. The chapter focuses on the ways of increasing the efficiency of crystalline solar cells. Major PV companies, even those whose commercial business was in crystalline silicon, had substantial thin film research programs. Solar cells are much more tolerant and could successfully be made on many of these off‐grade wafers; so PV cell producers bought the semiconductor industry's rejects. Organic solar cells are often offered in flexible plastic packages. Flexible modules continue to feature in the market today, but mainly in minority consumer applications. The direction of travel suggests that heterojunctions and multijunctions are likely to form an increasingly important part of the sector as demand for more efficient solar cells develops.

  • Terrestrial Solar Applications

    The main stand‐alone professional applications for solar power are in the transport, telecommunications, and petroleum sectors. Solar generation offers similar benefits in off‐grid rural communities, where it can replace expensive - and often dangerous ‐ energy sources such as kerosene and diesel. Off‐grid rural applications cover in principle everything for which a remote community might require electricity. The chapter highlights the following four applications that were most prevalent during our time frame: pumping, health clinics, lighting and rural community power. As solar power became cheaper and more reliable, it was able to replace primary batteries in portable products. The chapter deals primarily with household products. Power from solar installations on buildings can be supplied directly to the occupants, displacing electricity they would otherwise buy from the grid. National and international aid agencies and funders such as the World Bankqv supported solar rural electrification projects in many parts of the developing world.

  • How: Research and Technology

    This chapter looks at the efficiency of solar cells, both theoretical and actual, and the technical details of the standards against which they are tested. Air mass (AM), nominal operating cell temperature (NOCT), standard test conditions (STC) and 1 sun apply to the testing and qualification of solar cells, modules, and systems. To be accredited against the international standards discussed in the chapter, solar modules are rated in terms of watts peak under standard test conditions. They are then tested to ensure they are adequately strong, safe, and weatherproof, with a series of tests. The chapter lists tests that are typically performed and the results are used to validate ratings given by the manufacturer. For thin film modules, some additional tests are carried out: light soak; thermal annealing; and wet leakage current.



Standards related to Photovoltaic cells

Back to Top

No standards are currently tagged "Photovoltaic cells"


Jobs related to Photovoltaic cells

Back to Top