Nitrogen

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Nitrogen is a chemical element that has the symbol N, atomic number of 7 and atomic mass 14.00674 u. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Nitrogen

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2015 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Sciences (ICOPS)

Basic Processes in Fully and Partially Ionized Plasmas; Microwave Generation and Plasma Interactions; Charged Particle Beams and Sources; High Energy Density Plasmas and Applications; Industrial, Commercial, and Medical Plasma Applications; Plasma Diagnostics; Pulsed Power and other Plasma Applications.

  • 2012 IEEE 39th International Conference on Plasma Sciences (ICOPS)

    Fully and partially ionized plasmas, microwave-plasma interaction, charged particle beams and sources; high energy density plasmas and applications, industrial and medical applications of plasmas; plasma diagnostics; pulsed power and other plasma applictions

  • 2011 IEEE 38th International Conference on Plasma Sciences (ICOPS)

    The ICOPS is the state of the art plasma science conference that covers all aspects of the general plasma science and its applications in various research fields.

  • 2010 IEEE 37th International Conference on Plasma Sciences (ICOPS)

  • 2009 IEEE 36th International Conference on Plasma Sciences (ICOPS)

    The conference features an exciting technical program with reports from around the globe about new and innovative developments in the field of pulsed power, plasma science and engineering. Leading researchers gather to explore pulsed power plasmas, basic plasma physics, high-energy-density-plasmas, inertial confinement fusion, magnetic fusion, plasma diagnostics, microwave generation, lighting, micro and nano applications of plasmas, medical applications and plasma processing.

  • 2008 IEEE 35th International Conference on Plasma Sciences (ICOPS)

    The 35th IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science will feature an exciting technical program with reports from around the globe about new and innovative developments in the field of plasma science and engineering: 1. Basic processes in fully and partially ionized plasmas 2. Microwave generation and plasma interactions 3. Charged particle beams and sources 4. High energy density plasmas applications 5. Industrial, commercial and medical plasma applications 6. Plasma diagnostics 7. Pulsed power


2014 IEEE 40th Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC)

The PVSC is a technical conference dedicated to the science and application of photovoltaics for solar electricity generation. Technical Program Areas: 1. Fundamentals and New Concepts for Future Technologies 2. Thin Film Polycrystalline Photovoltaics 3. III-V and Concentrator Technologies 4. Crystalline Silicon Technologies 5. Thin Film Silicon Based PV Technologies 6. Organic Photovoltaics 7. Space Technologies 8. Characterization and Measurement Methods 9. PV Modules and Manufacturing 10. PV Systems and Applications 11. PV Velocity Forum


2012 XXVth International Symposium on Discharges and Electrical Insulation in Vacuum (ISDEIV 2012)

The program of the Symposium covers a wide range of scientific and technical areas including vacuum breakdown, vacuum arc physics, pulse power physics and technology, vacuum interrupters and their applications.

  • 2010 24th International Symposium on Discharges and Electrical Insulation in Vacuum (ISDEIV)

    The symposia are interdisciplinary meetings for the exchange of results, presentation of progress, and discussion of ideas and challenges for the future in the field of electrical discharges and insulation in vacuum. Both fundamental and applied aspects are covered. Symposia program consist of invited talks, invited oral contributions, and posters.

  • 2008 XXIII International Symposium on Discharges and Electrical Insulation in Vacuum (ISDEIV 2008)

    The aim of ISDEIV is to bring together scientists from Universities, Research Laboratoires and Industry with the goal of intensive synergic exchange of ideas and knowledge about the latest developments and progress in the field of electrical discharges and insulation in vacuum. Special lecture for young scientists and panel technical discussions will be held. A specific exhibition will be planned.

  • 2006 XXII International Symposium on Discharges and Electrical Insulation in Vacuum (ISDEIV 2006)


2010 International Conference on Environmental Engineering and Applications (ICEEA)

The aim of the ICEEA conference series is to provide a forum for laying the foundations of a new principled approach to Environmental Science and Applications. To this end, the meeting aims to attract participants with different backgrounds, to foster cross-pollination between different research fields, and to expose and discuss innovative theories, frameworks, methodologies, tools, and applications.


2009 International Conference on Energy and Environment Technology (ICEET)

The main topics are listed as follows: Energy efficency and management power generation technology power technology and application water,air pollution and protection



Periodicals related to Nitrogen

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Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, IEEE Transactions on

Electrical insulation common to the design and construction of components and equipment for use in electric and electronic circuits and distribution systems at all frequencies.



Most published Xplore authors for Nitrogen

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Xplore Articles related to Nitrogen

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Scavenging Effects of Echinacea purpurea Extract and Active Ingredient Against Peroxynitrite

Yun-Jing Luo; Jing-Lin Pan; Yan-Shu Pan; Ru Gang Zhong 2009 3rd International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, 2009

The present study was to investigate the protective effect of Echinacea, purpurea (E. purpurea) extract, a natural scavenger of peroxynitrite (ONOO-), on the biomolecules injury induced by ONOO- in vitro. The results showed that E. purpurea extract could prevent the ONOO--mediated damage in tyrosine nitration, low density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation and DNA strand breaks. The ONOO- scavenging ability of E. ...


Dynamic nonoptogalvanic signal polarity and magnitude in prebreakdown gas discharges

N. Yackerson; N. Kopeika IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, 1985

Nitrogen laser pulse irradiation of prebreakdown discharges in Ne and Ar result in pulse responses strikingly similar to those reported for dynamic optogalvanic signals. For the latter, response polarity depends primarily upon atomic transition. Here, it depends primarily upon bias. Nevertheless, analysis of the results points to similar internal processes within the gas concerning metastable generation and destruction. Photoionization-assisted electron ...


Electrochemistry of neural stimulation: Comparison of P-C method with traditional techniques for determining safe ranges of electrode potential

Susan L. Morton; Mark Daroux; J. Thomas Mortimer 1992 14th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 1992

The cathodic potentials at which oxygen reduction and hydrogen evolution begin on gold wire electrodes in phosphate-buffered saline were compared using slow cyclic voltammetry (slow CV), pulse-clamp experiments, and potential transients. The results of this study show that the potential magnitudes at which oxygen reduction and hydrogen evolution occur are significantly higher than those predicted by slow CV and are ...


Interaction between Insulating Paper and Transformer Oil: Bacterial Content and Transport of Sulfur and Nitrogen Compounds [Feature Article]

Martina Levin IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine, 2008

There were variations between different insulating papers, but all contained significant amounts of sulfur. The sulfur showed little migration and it is therefore less likely that transformer paper will contribute, in a significant degree, to the amount of sulfur found in transformer oil in service. Thermally upgraded qualities of transformer paper are treated with different nitrogen- containing compounds. Therefore, the ...


Nitrogen carbon structure and its interaction with lubricant molecules

P. Dai; C. Gao 1998 IEEE International Magnetics Conference (INTERMAG), 1998

First Page of the Article ![](/xploreAssets/images/absImages/00737101.png)


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Educational Resources on Nitrogen

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eLearning

Scavenging Effects of Echinacea purpurea Extract and Active Ingredient Against Peroxynitrite

Yun-Jing Luo; Jing-Lin Pan; Yan-Shu Pan; Ru Gang Zhong 2009 3rd International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, 2009

The present study was to investigate the protective effect of Echinacea, purpurea (E. purpurea) extract, a natural scavenger of peroxynitrite (ONOO-), on the biomolecules injury induced by ONOO- in vitro. The results showed that E. purpurea extract could prevent the ONOO--mediated damage in tyrosine nitration, low density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation and DNA strand breaks. The ONOO- scavenging ability of E. ...


Dynamic nonoptogalvanic signal polarity and magnitude in prebreakdown gas discharges

N. Yackerson; N. Kopeika IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, 1985

Nitrogen laser pulse irradiation of prebreakdown discharges in Ne and Ar result in pulse responses strikingly similar to those reported for dynamic optogalvanic signals. For the latter, response polarity depends primarily upon atomic transition. Here, it depends primarily upon bias. Nevertheless, analysis of the results points to similar internal processes within the gas concerning metastable generation and destruction. Photoionization-assisted electron ...


Electrochemistry of neural stimulation: Comparison of P-C method with traditional techniques for determining safe ranges of electrode potential

Susan L. Morton; Mark Daroux; J. Thomas Mortimer 1992 14th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 1992

The cathodic potentials at which oxygen reduction and hydrogen evolution begin on gold wire electrodes in phosphate-buffered saline were compared using slow cyclic voltammetry (slow CV), pulse-clamp experiments, and potential transients. The results of this study show that the potential magnitudes at which oxygen reduction and hydrogen evolution occur are significantly higher than those predicted by slow CV and are ...


Interaction between Insulating Paper and Transformer Oil: Bacterial Content and Transport of Sulfur and Nitrogen Compounds [Feature Article]

Martina Levin IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine, 2008

There were variations between different insulating papers, but all contained significant amounts of sulfur. The sulfur showed little migration and it is therefore less likely that transformer paper will contribute, in a significant degree, to the amount of sulfur found in transformer oil in service. Thermally upgraded qualities of transformer paper are treated with different nitrogen- containing compounds. Therefore, the ...


Nitrogen carbon structure and its interaction with lubricant molecules

P. Dai; C. Gao 1998 IEEE International Magnetics Conference (INTERMAG), 1998

First Page of the Article ![](/xploreAssets/images/absImages/00737101.png)


More eLearning Resources

IEEE.tv Videos

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Fossil-Fuel Power

    Enormous increases in the demand for power throughout the world make it imperative to reduce the environmental hazards and pollution associated with power generation. This book discusses the effects that power generation has had on the land, the water, the air, and the biosphere. It reviews the technological means available for abatement and control of damaging environmental effects and describes power generation techniques that could prove more compatible with the environment.To meet the growing demand for power in the United States, generating capacity must be doubled in the next ten years. Plants scheduled to be retired in that interval must also be replaced. Although there are promising, advanced techniques for generating power more efficiently and more cleanly at some future time, the problem at hand is how to construct the needed capacity for the next twenty years. This book focuses on those newer techniques which in realistic engineering terms show promise of large-scale application in that period of time.The primary means of generating power are nuclear, hydroelectric, and fossil fuel. What effects do these have on the environment? Nuclear generating plants and nuclear fuel processing plants release radionuclides in a variety of gaseous, liquid, and solid chemical forms. Hydroelectric dams drastically alter the landscape and produce direct change in the ecology of life systems. Fuel combustion pollutes air with smoke and oxides of sulfur, nitrogen, and carbon. Mining activities scar land and pollute rivers. Nuclear- and fossil-fueled plants waste more energy than is contained in the usable power that they produce; most of the wasted energy warms lakes and rivers whose waters are diverted for cooling purposes.What can be done to control these widespread environme ntal effects? One proposal in this book is to encourage reduction of radioactive wastes from nuclear power generation by reducing the federal guidelines for radiation exposure of the population. This subject is particularly controversial. In separate chapters, the bases for the federal guidelines are questioned and supported by the respective proponents, and the technology for control is reviewed.Another proposal suggests wider application of improved combustion techniques for coal, the most abundant energy resource. Pollutants that formerly went up the stack can now be removed earlier in the process of combustion. Coal is also a source material for gaseous and liquid fuels, for which natural supplies are dwindling and to which our fuel economy is heavily committed.Man's desire for power must be reconciled with the needs of his environment. This book presents the many and varied relationships between power generation and environmental change and provides a basis for understanding the consequences of increased power generation capacity.

  • Appendix A: Full Soil History Regression Equations for China, 1930s–1980s

    In this book Peter Lindert evaluates environmental concerns about soil degradation in two very large countries--China and Indonesia--where anecdotal evidence has suggested serious problems. Lindert does what no scholar before him has done: using new archival data sets, he measures changes in soil productivity over long enough periods of time to reveal the influence of human activity.China and Indonesia are good test cases because of their geography and history. China has been at the center of global concerns about desertification and water erosion, which it may have accelerated with intense agriculture. Most of Indonesia¹s lands were created by volcanoes and erosion, and its rapid deforestation and shifting slash-burn agriculture have been singled out for international censure.Lindert's investigation suggests that human mismanagement is not on average worsening the soil quality in China and Indonesia. Human cultivation lowers soil nitrogen and organic matter, but has offsetting positive effects. Economic development and rising incomes may even lead to better soil. Beyond the importance of Lindert's immediate findings, this book opens a new area of study--quantitative soil history--and raises the standard for debating soil trends.

  • China

    In this book Peter Lindert evaluates environmental concerns about soil degradation in two very large countries--China and Indonesia--where anecdotal evidence has suggested serious problems. Lindert does what no scholar before him has done: using new archival data sets, he measures changes in soil productivity over long enough periods of time to reveal the influence of human activity.China and Indonesia are good test cases because of their geography and history. China has been at the center of global concerns about desertification and water erosion, which it may have accelerated with intense agriculture. Most of Indonesia¹s lands were created by volcanoes and erosion, and its rapid deforestation and shifting slash-burn agriculture have been singled out for international censure.Lindert's investigation suggests that human mismanagement is not on average worsening the soil quality in China and Indonesia. Human cultivation lowers soil nitrogen and organic matter, but has offsetting positive effects. Economic development and rising incomes may even lead to better soil. Beyond the importance of Lindert's immediate findings, this book opens a new area of study--quantitative soil history--and raises the standard for debating soil trends.

  • Index

    Enormous increases in the demand for power throughout the world make it imperative to reduce the environmental hazards and pollution associated with power generation. This book discusses the effects that power generation has had on the land, the water, the air, and the biosphere. It reviews the technological means available for abatement and control of damaging environmental effects and describes power generation techniques that could prove more compatible with the environment.To meet the growing demand for power in the United States, generating capacity must be doubled in the next ten years. Plants scheduled to be retired in that interval must also be replaced. Although there are promising, advanced techniques for generating power more efficiently and more cleanly at some future time, the problem at hand is how to construct the needed capacity for the next twenty years. This book focuses on those newer techniques which in realistic engineering terms show promise of large-scale application in that period of time.The primary means of generating power are nuclear, hydroelectric, and fossil fuel. What effects do these have on the environment? Nuclear generating plants and nuclear fuel processing plants release radionuclides in a variety of gaseous, liquid, and solid chemical forms. Hydroelectric dams drastically alter the landscape and produce direct change in the ecology of life systems. Fuel combustion pollutes air with smoke and oxides of sulfur, nitrogen, and carbon. Mining activities scar land and pollute rivers. Nuclear- and fossil-fueled plants waste more energy than is contained in the usable power that they produce; most of the wasted energy warms lakes and rivers whose waters are diverted for cooling purposes.What can be done to control these widespread environme ntal effects? One proposal in this book is to encourage reduction of radioactive wastes from nuclear power generation by reducing the federal guidelines for radiation exposure of the population. This subject is particularly controversial. In separate chapters, the bases for the federal guidelines are questioned and supported by the respective proponents, and the technology for control is reviewed.Another proposal suggests wider application of improved combustion techniques for coal, the most abundant energy resource. Pollutants that formerly went up the stack can now be removed earlier in the process of combustion. Coal is also a source material for gaseous and liquid fuels, for which natural supplies are dwindling and to which our fuel economy is heavily committed.Man's desire for power must be reconciled with the needs of his environment. This book presents the many and varied relationships between power generation and environmental change and provides a basis for understanding the consequences of increased power generation capacity.

  • Appendix B: Soil Chemistry Averages by Province for China, 1981–1986

    In this book Peter Lindert evaluates environmental concerns about soil degradation in two very large countries--China and Indonesia--where anecdotal evidence has suggested serious problems. Lindert does what no scholar before him has done: using new archival data sets, he measures changes in soil productivity over long enough periods of time to reveal the influence of human activity.China and Indonesia are good test cases because of their geography and history. China has been at the center of global concerns about desertification and water erosion, which it may have accelerated with intense agriculture. Most of Indonesia¹s lands were created by volcanoes and erosion, and its rapid deforestation and shifting slash-burn agriculture have been singled out for international censure.Lindert's investigation suggests that human mismanagement is not on average worsening the soil quality in China and Indonesia. Human cultivation lowers soil nitrogen and organic matter, but has offsetting positive effects. Economic development and rising incomes may even lead to better soil. Beyond the importance of Lindert's immediate findings, this book opens a new area of study--quantitative soil history--and raises the standard for debating soil trends.

  • Fossil-Fueled Civilization

    This chapter contains sections titled: Fossil Fuels and Electricity, Coals, Crude Oils, Natural Gases, Steam Engines, Steam Turbines, Water Turbines, Fission Reactors, Transmission, Electric Motors, Lights, Internal Combustion Engines, Gas Turbines, Blast Furnaces, Aluminum, Nitrogen, Nuclear Weapons

  • Cooling and Thermal Insulation Systems

    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Anatomy of a Cryostat Cryogenic Fluids for Cooling HTS Magnets Direct Cooling with Cryogens Indirect or Conduction Cooling Refrigeration Systems Open Loop Cooling with Liquid Nitrogen Magnet Materials Current Leads Example Cryostat Design Summary References

  • Emissions of Carbon, Nitrogen, and Sulfur from Biomass Burning in Nigeria

    This chapter contains sections titled: Extent of Biomass Burning by Geographical Area, Estimation of Emission Rates, Impact on Biogeochemical Cycling of Elements, Discussion, Acknowledgment

  • Nuclear Power and Radionuclides in the Environment

    Enormous increases in the demand for power throughout the world make it imperative to reduce the environmental hazards and pollution associated with power generation. This book discusses the effects that power generation has had on the land, the water, the air, and the biosphere. It reviews the technological means available for abatement and control of damaging environmental effects and describes power generation techniques that could prove more compatible with the environment.To meet the growing demand for power in the United States, generating capacity must be doubled in the next ten years. Plants scheduled to be retired in that interval must also be replaced. Although there are promising, advanced techniques for generating power more efficiently and more cleanly at some future time, the problem at hand is how to construct the needed capacity for the next twenty years. This book focuses on those newer techniques which in realistic engineering terms show promise of large-scale application in that period of time.The primary means of generating power are nuclear, hydroelectric, and fossil fuel. What effects do these have on the environment? Nuclear generating plants and nuclear fuel processing plants release radionuclides in a variety of gaseous, liquid, and solid chemical forms. Hydroelectric dams drastically alter the landscape and produce direct change in the ecology of life systems. Fuel combustion pollutes air with smoke and oxides of sulfur, nitrogen, and carbon. Mining activities scar land and pollute rivers. Nuclear- and fossil-fueled plants waste more energy than is contained in the usable power that they produce; most of the wasted energy warms lakes and rivers whose waters are diverted for cooling purposes.What can be done to control these widespread environme ntal effects? One proposal in this book is to encourage reduction of radioactive wastes from nuclear power generation by reducing the federal guidelines for radiation exposure of the population. This subject is particularly controversial. In separate chapters, the bases for the federal guidelines are questioned and supported by the respective proponents, and the technology for control is reviewed.Another proposal suggests wider application of improved combustion techniques for coal, the most abundant energy resource. Pollutants that formerly went up the stack can now be removed earlier in the process of combustion. Coal is also a source material for gaseous and liquid fuels, for which natural supplies are dwindling and to which our fuel economy is heavily committed.Man's desire for power must be reconciled with the needs of his environment. This book presents the many and varied relationships between power generation and environmental change and provides a basis for understanding the consequences of increased power generation capacity.

  • Conclusions and Implications

    In this book Peter Lindert evaluates environmental concerns about soil degradation in two very large countries--China and Indonesia--where anecdotal evidence has suggested serious problems. Lindert does what no scholar before him has done: using new archival data sets, he measures changes in soil productivity over long enough periods of time to reveal the influence of human activity.China and Indonesia are good test cases because of their geography and history. China has been at the center of global concerns about desertification and water erosion, which it may have accelerated with intense agriculture. Most of Indonesia¹s lands were created by volcanoes and erosion, and its rapid deforestation and shifting slash-burn agriculture have been singled out for international censure.Lindert's investigation suggests that human mismanagement is not on average worsening the soil quality in China and Indonesia. Human cultivation lowers soil nitrogen and organic matter, but has offsetting positive effects. Economic development and rising incomes may even lead to better soil. Beyond the importance of Lindert's immediate findings, this book opens a new area of study--quantitative soil history--and raises the standard for debating soil trends.



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