Neurophysiology

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Neurophysiology (from Greek νεῦρον, neuron, "nerve"; φύσις, physis, "nature, origin"; and -λογία, -logia) is a part of physiology. (Wikipedia.org)






Conferences related to Neurophysiology

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2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC)

The conference program will consist of plenary lectures, symposia, workshops andinvitedsessions of the latest significant findings and developments in all the major fields ofbiomedical engineering.Submitted papers will be peer reviewed. Accepted high quality paperswill be presented in oral and postersessions, will appear in the Conference Proceedings and willbe indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE & IEEE Xplore


2019 9th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

Neural Engineering

  • 2017 8th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    Neural Engineering is an emerging core discipline,which coalesces neuroscience with engineering.Members of both the Neuroscience and Engineering Communities areencouraged to attend this highly multidisciplinarymeeting. The conference will highlight the emergingengineering innovations in the restoration andenhancement of impaired sensory, motor, andcognitive functions, novel engineering for deepeningknowledge of brain function, and advanced designand use of neurotechnologies

  • 2015 7th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    Neural engineering deals with many aspects of basic and clinical problemsassociated with neural dysfunction including the representation of sensory and motor information, theelectrical stimulation of the neuromuscular system to control the muscle activation and movement, theanalysis and visualization of complex neural systems at multi -scale from the single -cell and to the systemlevels to understand the underlying mechanisms, the development of novel neural prostheses, implantsand wearable devices to restore and enhance the impaired sensory and motor systems and functions.

  • 2013 6th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    Neural engineering deals with many aspects of basic and clinical problems associated with neural dysfunction including the representation of sensory and motor information, the electrical stimulation of the neuromuscular system to control the muscle activation and movement, the analysis and visualization of complex neural systems at multi-scale from the single-cell and to the system levels to understand the underlying mechanisms, the development of novel neural prostheses, implants and wearable devices to restore and enhance the impaired sensory and motor systems and functions.

  • 2011 5th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    highlight the emerging field, Neural Engineering that unites engineering, physics, chemistry, mathematics, computer science with molecular, cellular, cognitive and behavioral neuroscience and encompasses such areas as replacing or restoring lost sensory and motor abilities, defining the organizing principles and underlying mechanisms of neural systems, neurorobotics, neuroelectronics, brain imaging and mapping, cognitive science and neuroscience.

  • 2009 4th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (NER)

    highlight the emerging field, Neural Engineering that unites engineering, physics, chemistry, mathematics, computer science with molecular, cellular, cognitive and behavioral neuroscience and encompasses such areas as replacing or restoring lost sensory and motor abilities, defining the organizing principles and underlying mechanisms of neural systems, neurorobotics, neuroelectronics, brain imaging and mapping, cognitive science and neuroscience.

  • 2007 3rd International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering

  • 2005 2nd International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering

  • 2003 1st International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering


2019 IEEE 16th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI)

The IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) is the premier forum for the presentation of technological advances in theoretical and applied biomedical imaging.ISBI 2019 will be the 16th meeting in this series. The previous meetings have played a leading role in facilitating interaction between researchers in medical and biological imaging. The 2019 meeting will continue this tradition of fostering cross fertilization among different imaging communities and contributing to an integrative approach to biomedical imaging across all scales of observation.


2019 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics (SMC)

2019 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC2019) will be held in the south of Europe in Bari, one of the most beautiful and historical cities in Italy. The Bari region’s nickname is “Little California” for its nice weather and Bari's cuisine is one of Italian most traditional , based of local seafood and olive oil. SMC2019 is the flagship conference of the IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society. It provides an international forum for researchers and practitioners to report up-to-the-minute innovations and developments, summarize state­of-the-art, and exchange ideas and advances in all aspects of systems science and engineering, human machine systems and cybernetics. Advances have importance in the creation of intelligent environments involving technologies interacting with humans to provide an enriching experience, and thereby improve quality of life.


2019 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS)

The conference covers all aspects of the technology associated with ultrasound generation and detection and their applications.


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Periodicals related to Neurophysiology

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Biomedical Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on

The Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems addresses areas at the crossroads of Circuits and Systems and Life Sciences. The main emphasis is on microelectronic issues in a wide range of applications found in life sciences, physical sciences and engineering. The primary goal of the journal is to bridge the unique scientific and technical activities of the Circuits and Systems ...


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in

The IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering will review the state-of-the-art and trends in the emerging field of biomedical engineering. This includes scholarly works, ranging from historic and modern development in biomedical engineering to the life sciences and medicine enabled by technologies covered by the various IEEE societies.


Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Broad coverage of concepts and methods of the physical and engineering sciences applied in biology and medicine, ranging from formalized mathematical theory through experimental science and technological development to practical clinical applications.


Computer Graphics and Applications, IEEE

IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications (CG&A) bridges the theory and practice of computer graphics. From specific algorithms to full system implementations, CG&A offers a strong combination of peer-reviewed feature articles and refereed departments, including news and product announcements. Special Applications sidebars relate research stories to commercial development. Cover stories focus on creative applications of the technology by an artist or ...


Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, IEEE

Both general and technical articles on current technologies and methods used in biomedical and clinical engineering; societal implications of medical technologies; current news items; book reviews; patent descriptions; and correspondence. Special interest departments, students, law, clinical engineering, ethics, new products, society news, historical features and government.


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Most published Xplore authors for Neurophysiology

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Xplore Articles related to Neurophysiology

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Discussion on Dr. J.A.V. Bate's paper 'Significance of Information Theory in Neurophysiology'

Transactions of the IRE Professional Group on Information Theory, 1953

None


A microprobe with integrated amplifiers for neurophysiology

1971 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference. Digest of Technical Papers, 1971

A multielectrode probe containing integrated buffer amplifiers, capable of recording the activity of single neurons in the brain, has been fabricated using IC technology, The probe overcomes the stray coupling-noise limitations of conventional microelectrode recording systems.


Time dependent entropy analysis of multiunit activity in the cortex following the hypoxic-ischemic brain injury

First International IEEE EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, 2003. Conference Proceedings., 2003

Previous study has shown that the scalp electrical activity (e.g. EEG) could provide information on hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury. The time dependent entropy (TDE) of EEG was applied as a means to segment the injury and recovery phases. A reduction in entropy during the injury was explained as the result of the spiking or bursting activity during the recovery of ...


Motor unit contribution to surface-EMG. I. Experimental findings

Proceedings of 18th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 1996

Insight in the "building-stones" of EMG is essential for a proper interpretation of one of the most widely applied electrophysiological techniques. In the present paper, results from a comprehensive study on the contribution of single motor units (MUs) to surface EMG recordings are presented. This study gives insight in the contribution to the surface EMG of the motor unit potentials ...


An instrument for anti-aliased display of biological signals

Proceedings of 17th International Conference of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 1995

An instrument for the graphical reconstruction of a biological signal is presented. A high quality anti-aliasing techniques is used, together with features for optimum reproduction of the traditional EEG paper tracing.


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Educational Resources on Neurophysiology

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IEEE.tv Videos

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IEEE-USA E-Books

  • Discussion on Dr. J.A.V. Bate's paper 'Significance of Information Theory in Neurophysiology'

    None

  • A microprobe with integrated amplifiers for neurophysiology

    A multielectrode probe containing integrated buffer amplifiers, capable of recording the activity of single neurons in the brain, has been fabricated using IC technology, The probe overcomes the stray coupling-noise limitations of conventional microelectrode recording systems.

  • Time dependent entropy analysis of multiunit activity in the cortex following the hypoxic-ischemic brain injury

    Previous study has shown that the scalp electrical activity (e.g. EEG) could provide information on hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury. The time dependent entropy (TDE) of EEG was applied as a means to segment the injury and recovery phases. A reduction in entropy during the injury was explained as the result of the spiking or bursting activity during the recovery of HI injury. The aim of this study is to investigate the spiking activity in the cortex during (HI) brain injury. The multiunit activity recorded from the cortex (CTX MUA) is analyzed with TDE methods. The spike sensitive TDE tracks the electric activity at the cellular level. The CTX MUA has high TDE value after the HI injury, which gradually returns to the baseline level as the brain recovers. This is the first report of cellular electrical response to global ischemic injury.

  • Motor unit contribution to surface-EMG. I. Experimental findings

    Insight in the "building-stones" of EMG is essential for a proper interpretation of one of the most widely applied electrophysiological techniques. In the present paper, results from a comprehensive study on the contribution of single motor units (MUs) to surface EMG recordings are presented. This study gives insight in the contribution to the surface EMG of the motor unit potentials (MUPs) of motor units at different depths below the skin. It is shown that a distinct difference between the positive and the negative peak of MUPs exists, the latter with a more steep amplitude decline with MU depth. The signal area of the MUPs is least affected by the depth of the MU.

  • An instrument for anti-aliased display of biological signals

    An instrument for the graphical reconstruction of a biological signal is presented. A high quality anti-aliasing techniques is used, together with features for optimum reproduction of the traditional EEG paper tracing.

  • Estimation of motor unit territory using surface electrode arrays

    Electrical signals from muscles can be detected by electromyography (EMG). They enable neuromuscular disorders to be diagnosed and the distinction between diseases of muscle (myopathy) and of nerve (neuropathy) to be made. The major drawback of EMG is that it requires the use of a needle electrode. The development of a non-invasive technique would have a major influence on the acceptability of EMG and its deployment in clinical neurophysiology. The effects of disease on motor units (MUs) (groups of muscle fibres, each supplied by a single motor nerve fibre) have been the focus of much research. Multi-electrode needle studies have demonstrated changes in the cross- sectional territory of MUs in different pathological states. We show here that it is possible to detect these changes in motor unit territory (MUT) using non-invasive surface electrode arrays.

  • The cumulative vibratory index and recovery curve parameters of the soleus H-reflex in dystonia and spasticity: a discriminant analysis

    Soleus H-reflex studies were carried out in a control group consisting of 43 healthy individuals, 22 patients with upper motoneuron lesions having spasticity, and six patients with dystonia. H-M recruitment curves with and without vibration of the Achilles tendon as well as H-reflex recovery curves at H-max and half H-max intensity were determined. From the experimental data several variables were derived, such as the cumulative vibratory index and the local maxima and minima of the recovery curves. To assess the collective values of several features, a discriminant analysis was performed. The methods presented improve the specificity of the quantitative neurophysiological measure of dystonia and spasticity.<<ETX>>

  • Feedback error learning control of time delay systems

    Feedback error learning (FEL) method has been proposed by Kawato et. al. as a scheme of brain motor control in neurophysiology. Recently, Miyamura and Kimura have established a control theoretical validity of the FEL method in the framework of adaptive control and proved its stability based on the strictly positive realness. In this paper, we propose another scheme for the feedback error learning method which does not require any positive real conditions. By taking such advantage, the scheme is extended to time delay systems.

  • Complexity analysis of EEG signals

    Electroencephalogram (EEG) is known to be a complex time series signal and also is important in clinical neurophysiology. Here the technique of easily calculable measure of complexity C was applied to the analysis of EEG signals. Sixteen-channel EEG signals of 20 normal and 20 apoplectic subjects between 55 and 78 years of age were measured monopolarly according to the international ten-twenty system with the ipsilateral ear (A1 or A2) as the reference. The results show that the C values for the normal population are significantly higher than those of the apoplectic population at 0.01 confidence level for all channels and the authors propose that complexity C could help determine if EEG is normal or abnormal.

  • An integrated computational model of an autonomous, visually guided undersea vehicle

    This paper reports progress made on the development of a computational model of a visually guided autonomous underwater vehicle. The model is based on knowledge obtained from laboratory studies in psychophysics and neurophysiology as well as on new developments in computer science. It is embodied in a computer simulation of a predatory SWIMMER-an underwater creature capable of finding food in its simulated undersea world on the basis of an excellent understanding of its visual and spatial environment. Brief discussions of the visual image processing, decision making, and navigational aspects of the simulation are presented. The work can be considered to be either a psychological theory of visual perception or an initial step leading to functional programming for autonomous visual control of an underwater vehicle.<<ETX>>



Standards related to Neurophysiology

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